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如何在eclipse调试storm程序

简介:

 一、介绍 

     storm提供了两种运行模式:本地模式和分布式模式。本地模式针对开发调试storm topologies非常有用。

      Storm has two modes of operation: local mode and distributed mode. In local mode, Storm executes completely in process by simulating worker nodes with threads. Local mode is useful for testing and development of topologies

      因为多数程序开发者都是使用windows系统进行程序开发,如果在本机不安装storm环境的情况下,开发、调试storm程序。如果你正在为此问题而烦恼,请使用本文提供的方法。

  二、实施步骤

      如何基于eclipse+maven调试storm程序,步骤如下:

      1.搭建好开发环境(eclipse+maven,本人使用的是eclipse Kepler 与maven3.1.1)

       2.创建maven项目,并修改pom.xml,内容如pom.xml(机器联网,下载所需的依赖jar)

          Github上的pom.xml,引入的依赖太多,有些不需要,详细可以参考:

          https://github.com/nathanmarz/storm-starter/blob/master/m2-pom.xml

       3. 编写storm程序,指定为本地模式运行。本文提供的程序是wordcount

          重要的是LocalCluster cluster = new LocalCluster();这一句

Config conf = new Config();
conf.setDebug(true);
conf.setNumWorkers(2);

LocalCluster cluster = new LocalCluster();
cluster.submitTopology("test", conf, builder.createTopology());
Utils.sleep(10000);
cluster.killTopology("test");
cluster.shutdown();

pom.xml文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>storm.starter</groupId>
	<artifactId>storm-starter</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>jar</packaging>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
	</properties>

	<repositories>
		<repository>
			<id>github-releases</id>
			<url>http://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/github-releases/</url>
		</repository>
		<repository>
			<id>clojars.org</id>
			<url>http://clojars.org/repo</url>
		</repository>
	</repositories>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<version>4.11</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>storm</groupId>
			<artifactId>storm</artifactId>
			<version>0.9.0.1</version>
			<!-- keep storm out of the jar-with-dependencies -->
			<scope>provided</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-collections</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-collections</artifactId>
			<version>3.2.1</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>

storm程序

package storm.starter;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import storm.starter.spout.RandomSentenceSpout;
import backtype.storm.Config;
import backtype.storm.LocalCluster;
import backtype.storm.StormSubmitter;
import backtype.storm.topology.BasicOutputCollector;
import backtype.storm.topology.OutputFieldsDeclarer;
import backtype.storm.topology.TopologyBuilder;
import backtype.storm.topology.base.BaseBasicBolt;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Tuple;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;

/**
 * This topology demonstrates Storm's stream groupings and multilang
 * capabilities.
 */
public class WordCountTopology {
	public static class SplitSentence extends BaseBasicBolt {
		@Override
		public void execute(Tuple input, BasicOutputCollector collector) {
			try {
				String msg = input.getString(0);
				System.out.println(msg + "-------------------");
				if (msg != null) {
					String[] s = msg.split(" ");
					for (String string : s) {
						collector.emit(new Values(string));
					}
				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}

		@Override
		public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer declarer) {
			declarer.declare(new Fields("word"));
		}
	}

	public static class WordCount extends BaseBasicBolt {
		Map<String, Integer> counts = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

		@Override
		public void execute(Tuple tuple, BasicOutputCollector collector) {
			String word = tuple.getString(0);
			Integer count = counts.get(word);
			if (count == null)
				count = 0;
			count++;
			counts.put(word, count);
			collector.emit(new Values(word, count));
		}

		@Override
		public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer declarer) {
			declarer.declare(new Fields("word", "count"));
		}
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

		TopologyBuilder builder = new TopologyBuilder();

		builder.setSpout("spout", new RandomSentenceSpout(), 5);

		builder.setBolt("split", new SplitSentence(), 8).shuffleGrouping(
				"spout");
		builder.setBolt("count", new WordCount(), 12).fieldsGrouping("split",
				new Fields("word"));

		Config conf = new Config();
		conf.setDebug(true);

		if (args != null && args.length > 0) {
			conf.setNumWorkers(3);

			StormSubmitter.submitTopology(args[0], conf,
					builder.createTopology());
		} else {
			conf.setMaxTaskParallelism(3);

			LocalCluster cluster = new LocalCluster();
			cluster.submitTopology("word-count", conf, builder.createTopology());

			Thread.sleep(10000);

			cluster.shutdown();
		}
	}
}
package storm.starter.spout;

import backtype.storm.spout.SpoutOutputCollector;
import backtype.storm.task.TopologyContext;
import backtype.storm.topology.OutputFieldsDeclarer;
import backtype.storm.topology.base.BaseRichSpout;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;
import backtype.storm.utils.Utils;

import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Random;

public class RandomSentenceSpout extends BaseRichSpout {
  SpoutOutputCollector _collector;
  Random _rand;


  @Override
  public void open(Map conf, TopologyContext context, SpoutOutputCollector collector) {
    _collector = collector;
    _rand = new Random();
  }

  @Override
  public void nextTuple() {
    Utils.sleep(100);
    String[] sentences = new String[]{ "the cow jumped over the moon", "an apple a day keeps the doctor away",
        "four score and seven years ago", "snow white and the seven dwarfs", "i am at two with nature" };
    String sentence = sentences[_rand.nextInt(sentences.length)];
    _collector.emit(new Values(sentence));
  }

  @Override
  public void ack(Object id) {
  }

  @Override
  public void fail(Object id) {
  }

  @Override
  public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer declarer) {
    declarer.declare(new Fields("word"));
  }

}

三、参考资料

https://xumingming.sinaapp.com/163/twitter-storm-%E6%9C%AC%E5%9C%B0%E6%A8%A1%E5%BC%8F%E7%AE%80%E4%BB%8B/

https://github.com/nathanmarz/storm/wiki/Tutorial

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