.NET生成MongoDB中的主键ObjectId

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简介: .NET生成MongoDB中的主键ObjectId

前言

因为很多场景下我们需要在创建MongoDB数据的时候提前生成好主键,像在EF中我们可以通过Guid.NewGuid()来生成主键,本来想着要不要实现一套MongoDB中ObjectId的,结果发现网上各种各样的实现都有,不过好在阅读C#MongoDB驱动mongo-csharp-driver代码的时候发现有ObjectId.GenerateNewId()的方法提供,我们可以直接调用即可,不需要我们在花费多余的时间设计重写了。

MongoDB ObjectId类型概述

每次插入一条数据系统都会自动插入一个_id键,键值不可以重复,它可以是任何类型的,也可以手动的插入,默认情况下它的数据类型是ObjectId,由于MongoDB在设计之初就是用作分布式数据库,所以使用ObjectId可以避免不同数据库中_id的重复(如果使用自增的方式在分布式系统中就会出现重复的_id的值)。ObjectId使用12字节的存储空间,每个字节可以存储两个十六进制数字,所以一共可以存储24个十六进制数字组成的字符串,在这24个字符串中,前8位表示时间戳,接下来6位是一个机器码,接下来4位表示进程id,最后6位表示计数器。

MongoDB 采用 ObjectId 来表示主键的类型,数据库中每个文档都拥有一个_id 字段表示主键,_id 的生成规则如下:

其中包括:4-byte Unix 时间戳,3-byte 机器 ID,2-byte 进程 ID,3-byte 计数器(初始化随机)。

601e2b6b  a3203c  c89f   2d31aa
   ↑        ↑       ↑       ↑
 时间戳    机器码   进程ID   随机数

MongoDB.Driver驱动安装

1、直接命令自动安装

Install-Package MongoDB.Driver

2、搜索Nuget手动安装

调用生成主键ObjectId

var primarykeyId = ObjectId.GenerateNewId();
//输出:641c54b2e674000035001dc2

mongo-csharp-driver ObjectId源码详解

关于ObjectId的生成原理大家阅读如下源码即可。

/* Copyright 2010-present MongoDB Inc.
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;
using System.Security;
using System.Threading;
namespace MongoDB.Bson
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Represents an ObjectId (see also BsonObjectId).
    /// </summary>
#if NET45
    [Serializable]
#endif
    public struct ObjectId : IComparable<ObjectId>, IEquatable<ObjectId>, IConvertible
    {
        // private static fields
        private static readonly ObjectId __emptyInstance = default(ObjectId);
        private static readonly int __staticMachine = (GetMachineHash() + GetAppDomainId()) & 0x00ffffff;
        private static readonly short __staticPid = GetPid();
        private static int __staticIncrement = (new Random()).Next();
        // private fields
        private readonly int _a;
        private readonly int _b;
        private readonly int _c;
        // constructors
        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of the ObjectId class.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bytes">The bytes.</param>
        public ObjectId(byte[] bytes)
        {
            if (bytes == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("bytes");
            }
            if (bytes.Length != 12)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("Byte array must be 12 bytes long", "bytes");
            }
            FromByteArray(bytes, 0, out _a, out _b, out _c);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of the ObjectId class.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bytes">The bytes.</param>
        /// <param name="index">The index into the byte array where the ObjectId starts.</param>
        internal ObjectId(byte[] bytes, int index)
        {
            FromByteArray(bytes, index, out _a, out _b, out _c);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of the ObjectId class.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="timestamp">The timestamp (expressed as a DateTime).</param>
        /// <param name="machine">The machine hash.</param>
        /// <param name="pid">The PID.</param>
        /// <param name="increment">The increment.</param>
        public ObjectId(DateTime timestamp, int machine, short pid, int increment)
            : this(GetTimestampFromDateTime(timestamp), machine, pid, increment)
        {
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of the ObjectId class.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="timestamp">The timestamp.</param>
        /// <param name="machine">The machine hash.</param>
        /// <param name="pid">The PID.</param>
        /// <param name="increment">The increment.</param>
        public ObjectId(int timestamp, int machine, short pid, int increment)
        {
            if ((machine & 0xff000000) != 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("machine", "The machine value must be between 0 and 16777215 (it must fit in 3 bytes).");
            }
            if ((increment & 0xff000000) != 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("increment", "The increment value must be between 0 and 16777215 (it must fit in 3 bytes).");
            }
            _a = timestamp;
            _b = (machine << 8) | (((int)pid >> 8) & 0xff);
            _c = ((int)pid << 24) | increment;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of the ObjectId class.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="value">The value.</param>
        public ObjectId(string value)
        {
            if (value == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("value");
            }
            var bytes = BsonUtils.ParseHexString(value);
            FromByteArray(bytes, 0, out _a, out _b, out _c);
        }
        // public static properties
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets an instance of ObjectId where the value is empty.
        /// </summary>
        public static ObjectId Empty
        {
            get { return __emptyInstance; }
        }
        // public properties
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the timestamp.
        /// </summary>
        public int Timestamp
        {
            get { return _a; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the machine.
        /// </summary>
        public int Machine
        {
            get { return (_b >> 8) & 0xffffff; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the PID.
        /// </summary>
        public short Pid
        {
            get { return (short)(((_b << 8) & 0xff00) | ((_c >> 24) & 0x00ff)); }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the increment.
        /// </summary>
        public int Increment
        {
            get { return _c & 0xffffff; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the creation time (derived from the timestamp).
        /// </summary>
        public DateTime CreationTime
        {
            get { return BsonConstants.UnixEpoch.AddSeconds(Timestamp); }
        }
        // public operators
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares two ObjectIds.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="lhs">The first ObjectId.</param>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId</param>
        /// <returns>True if the first ObjectId is less than the second ObjectId.</returns>
        public static bool operator <(ObjectId lhs, ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return lhs.CompareTo(rhs) < 0;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares two ObjectIds.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="lhs">The first ObjectId.</param>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId</param>
        /// <returns>True if the first ObjectId is less than or equal to the second ObjectId.</returns>
        public static bool operator <=(ObjectId lhs, ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return lhs.CompareTo(rhs) <= 0;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares two ObjectIds.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="lhs">The first ObjectId.</param>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId.</param>
        /// <returns>True if the two ObjectIds are equal.</returns>
        public static bool operator ==(ObjectId lhs, ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return lhs.Equals(rhs);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares two ObjectIds.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="lhs">The first ObjectId.</param>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId.</param>
        /// <returns>True if the two ObjectIds are not equal.</returns>
        public static bool operator !=(ObjectId lhs, ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return !(lhs == rhs);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares two ObjectIds.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="lhs">The first ObjectId.</param>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId</param>
        /// <returns>True if the first ObjectId is greather than or equal to the second ObjectId.</returns>
        public static bool operator >=(ObjectId lhs, ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return lhs.CompareTo(rhs) >= 0;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares two ObjectIds.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="lhs">The first ObjectId.</param>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId</param>
        /// <returns>True if the first ObjectId is greather than the second ObjectId.</returns>
        public static bool operator >(ObjectId lhs, ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return lhs.CompareTo(rhs) > 0;
        }
        // public static methods
        /// <summary>
        /// Generates a new ObjectId with a unique value.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>An ObjectId.</returns>
        public static ObjectId GenerateNewId()
        {
            return GenerateNewId(GetTimestampFromDateTime(DateTime.UtcNow));
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Generates a new ObjectId with a unique value (with the timestamp component based on a given DateTime).
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="timestamp">The timestamp component (expressed as a DateTime).</param>
        /// <returns>An ObjectId.</returns>
        public static ObjectId GenerateNewId(DateTime timestamp)
        {
            return GenerateNewId(GetTimestampFromDateTime(timestamp));
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Generates a new ObjectId with a unique value (with the given timestamp).
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="timestamp">The timestamp component.</param>
        /// <returns>An ObjectId.</returns>
        public static ObjectId GenerateNewId(int timestamp)
        {
            int increment = Interlocked.Increment(ref __staticIncrement) & 0x00ffffff; // only use low order 3 bytes
            return new ObjectId(timestamp, __staticMachine, __staticPid, increment);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Packs the components of an ObjectId into a byte array.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="timestamp">The timestamp.</param>
        /// <param name="machine">The machine hash.</param>
        /// <param name="pid">The PID.</param>
        /// <param name="increment">The increment.</param>
        /// <returns>A byte array.</returns>
        public static byte[] Pack(int timestamp, int machine, short pid, int increment)
        {
            if ((machine & 0xff000000) != 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("machine", "The machine value must be between 0 and 16777215 (it must fit in 3 bytes).");
            }
            if ((increment & 0xff000000) != 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("increment", "The increment value must be between 0 and 16777215 (it must fit in 3 bytes).");
            }
            byte[] bytes = new byte[12];
            bytes[0] = (byte)(timestamp >> 24);
            bytes[1] = (byte)(timestamp >> 16);
            bytes[2] = (byte)(timestamp >> 8);
            bytes[3] = (byte)(timestamp);
            bytes[4] = (byte)(machine >> 16);
            bytes[5] = (byte)(machine >> 8);
            bytes[6] = (byte)(machine);
            bytes[7] = (byte)(pid >> 8);
            bytes[8] = (byte)(pid);
            bytes[9] = (byte)(increment >> 16);
            bytes[10] = (byte)(increment >> 8);
            bytes[11] = (byte)(increment);
            return bytes;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Parses a string and creates a new ObjectId.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="s">The string value.</param>
        /// <returns>A ObjectId.</returns>
        public static ObjectId Parse(string s)
        {
            if (s == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("s");
            }
            ObjectId objectId;
            if (TryParse(s, out objectId))
            {
                return objectId;
            }
            else
            {
                var message = string.Format("'{0}' is not a valid 24 digit hex string.", s);
                throw new FormatException(message);
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Tries to parse a string and create a new ObjectId.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="s">The string value.</param>
        /// <param name="objectId">The new ObjectId.</param>
        /// <returns>True if the string was parsed successfully.</returns>
        public static bool TryParse(string s, out ObjectId objectId)
        {
            // don't throw ArgumentNullException if s is null
            if (s != null && s.Length == 24)
            {
                byte[] bytes;
                if (BsonUtils.TryParseHexString(s, out bytes))
                {
                    objectId = new ObjectId(bytes);
                    return true;
                }
            }
            objectId = default(ObjectId);
            return false;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Unpacks a byte array into the components of an ObjectId.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bytes">A byte array.</param>
        /// <param name="timestamp">The timestamp.</param>
        /// <param name="machine">The machine hash.</param>
        /// <param name="pid">The PID.</param>
        /// <param name="increment">The increment.</param>
        public static void Unpack(byte[] bytes, out int timestamp, out int machine, out short pid, out int increment)
        {
            if (bytes == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("bytes");
            }
            if (bytes.Length != 12)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("bytes", "Byte array must be 12 bytes long.");
            }
            timestamp = (bytes[0] << 24) + (bytes[1] << 16) + (bytes[2] << 8) + bytes[3];
            machine = (bytes[4] << 16) + (bytes[5] << 8) + bytes[6];
            pid = (short)((bytes[7] << 8) + bytes[8]);
            increment = (bytes[9] << 16) + (bytes[10] << 8) + bytes[11];
        }
        // private static methods
        private static int GetAppDomainId()
        {
#if NETSTANDARD1_5 || NETSTANDARD1_6
            return 1;
#else
            return AppDomain.CurrentDomain.Id;
#endif
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the current process id.  This method exists because of how CAS operates on the call stack, checking
        /// for permissions before executing the method.  Hence, if we inlined this call, the calling method would not execute
        /// before throwing an exception requiring the try/catch at an even higher level that we don't necessarily control.
        /// </summary>
        [MethodImpl(MethodImplOptions.NoInlining)]
        private static int GetCurrentProcessId()
        {
            return Process.GetCurrentProcess().Id;
        }
        private static int GetMachineHash()
        {
            // use instead of Dns.HostName so it will work offline
            var machineName = GetMachineName();
            return 0x00ffffff & machineName.GetHashCode(); // use first 3 bytes of hash
        }
        private static string GetMachineName()
        {
            return Environment.MachineName;
        }
        private static short GetPid()
        {
            try
            {
                return (short)GetCurrentProcessId(); // use low order two bytes only
            }
            catch (SecurityException)
            {
                return 0;
            }
        }
        private static int GetTimestampFromDateTime(DateTime timestamp)
        {
            var secondsSinceEpoch = (long)Math.Floor((BsonUtils.ToUniversalTime(timestamp) - BsonConstants.UnixEpoch).TotalSeconds);
            if (secondsSinceEpoch < int.MinValue || secondsSinceEpoch > int.MaxValue)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("timestamp");
            }
            return (int)secondsSinceEpoch;
        }
        private static void FromByteArray(byte[] bytes, int offset, out int a, out int b, out int c)
        {
            a = (bytes[offset] << 24) | (bytes[offset + 1] << 16) | (bytes[offset + 2] << 8) | bytes[offset + 3];
            b = (bytes[offset + 4] << 24) | (bytes[offset + 5] << 16) | (bytes[offset + 6] << 8) | bytes[offset + 7];
            c = (bytes[offset + 8] << 24) | (bytes[offset + 9] << 16) | (bytes[offset + 10] << 8) | bytes[offset + 11];
        }
        // public methods
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares this ObjectId to another ObjectId.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="other">The other ObjectId.</param>
        /// <returns>A 32-bit signed integer that indicates whether this ObjectId is less than, equal to, or greather than the other.</returns>
        public int CompareTo(ObjectId other)
        {
            int result = ((uint)_a).CompareTo((uint)other._a);
            if (result != 0) { return result; }
            result = ((uint)_b).CompareTo((uint)other._b);
            if (result != 0) { return result; }
            return ((uint)_c).CompareTo((uint)other._c);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares this ObjectId to another ObjectId.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="rhs">The other ObjectId.</param>
        /// <returns>True if the two ObjectIds are equal.</returns>
        public bool Equals(ObjectId rhs)
        {
            return
                _a == rhs._a &&
                _b == rhs._b &&
                _c == rhs._c;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Compares this ObjectId to another object.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="obj">The other object.</param>
        /// <returns>True if the other object is an ObjectId and equal to this one.</returns>
        public override bool Equals(object obj)
        {
            if (obj is ObjectId)
            {
                return Equals((ObjectId)obj);
            }
            else
            {
                return false;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the hash code.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>The hash code.</returns>
        public override int GetHashCode()
        {
            int hash = 17;
            hash = 37 * hash + _a.GetHashCode();
            hash = 37 * hash + _b.GetHashCode();
            hash = 37 * hash + _c.GetHashCode();
            return hash;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Converts the ObjectId to a byte array.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>A byte array.</returns>
        public byte[] ToByteArray()
        {
            var bytes = new byte[12];
            ToByteArray(bytes, 0);
            return bytes;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Converts the ObjectId to a byte array.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="destination">The destination.</param>
        /// <param name="offset">The offset.</param>
        public void ToByteArray(byte[] destination, int offset)
        {
            if (destination == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("destination");
            }
            if (offset + 12 > destination.Length)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("Not enough room in destination buffer.", "offset");
            }
            destination[offset + 0] = (byte)(_a >> 24);
            destination[offset + 1] = (byte)(_a >> 16);
            destination[offset + 2] = (byte)(_a >> 8);
            destination[offset + 3] = (byte)(_a);
            destination[offset + 4] = (byte)(_b >> 24);
            destination[offset + 5] = (byte)(_b >> 16);
            destination[offset + 6] = (byte)(_b >> 8);
            destination[offset + 7] = (byte)(_b);
            destination[offset + 8] = (byte)(_c >> 24);
            destination[offset + 9] = (byte)(_c >> 16);
            destination[offset + 10] = (byte)(_c >> 8);
            destination[offset + 11] = (byte)(_c);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Returns a string representation of the value.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>A string representation of the value.</returns>
        public override string ToString()
        {
            var c = new char[24];
            c[0] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 28) & 0x0f);
            c[1] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 24) & 0x0f);
            c[2] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 20) & 0x0f);
            c[3] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 16) & 0x0f);
            c[4] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 12) & 0x0f);
            c[5] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 8) & 0x0f);
            c[6] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_a >> 4) & 0x0f);
            c[7] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar(_a & 0x0f);
            c[8] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 28) & 0x0f);
            c[9] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 24) & 0x0f);
            c[10] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 20) & 0x0f);
            c[11] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 16) & 0x0f);
            c[12] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 12) & 0x0f);
            c[13] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 8) & 0x0f);
            c[14] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_b >> 4) & 0x0f);
            c[15] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar(_b & 0x0f);
            c[16] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 28) & 0x0f);
            c[17] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 24) & 0x0f);
            c[18] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 20) & 0x0f);
            c[19] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 16) & 0x0f);
            c[20] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 12) & 0x0f);
            c[21] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 8) & 0x0f);
            c[22] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar((_c >> 4) & 0x0f);
            c[23] = BsonUtils.ToHexChar(_c & 0x0f);
            return new string(c);
        }
        // explicit IConvertible implementation
        TypeCode IConvertible.GetTypeCode()
        {
            return TypeCode.Object;
        }
        bool IConvertible.ToBoolean(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        byte IConvertible.ToByte(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        char IConvertible.ToChar(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        DateTime IConvertible.ToDateTime(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        decimal IConvertible.ToDecimal(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        double IConvertible.ToDouble(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        short IConvertible.ToInt16(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        int IConvertible.ToInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        long IConvertible.ToInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        sbyte IConvertible.ToSByte(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        float IConvertible.ToSingle(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        string IConvertible.ToString(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            return ToString();
        }
        object IConvertible.ToType(Type conversionType, IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            switch (Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType))
            {
                case TypeCode.String:
                    return ((IConvertible)this).ToString(provider);
                case TypeCode.Object:
                    if (conversionType == typeof(object) || conversionType == typeof(ObjectId))
                    {
                        return this;
                    }
                    if (conversionType == typeof(BsonObjectId))
                    {
                        return new BsonObjectId(this);
                    }
                    if (conversionType == typeof(BsonString))
                    {
                        return new BsonString(((IConvertible)this).ToString(provider));
                    }
                    break;
            }
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        ushort IConvertible.ToUInt16(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        uint IConvertible.ToUInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
        ulong IConvertible.ToUInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            throw new InvalidCastException();
        }
    }
}


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MongoDB数据库入门实验。
快速掌握 MongoDB 数据库
本课程主要讲解MongoDB数据库的基本知识,包括MongoDB数据库的安装、配置、服务的启动、数据的CRUD操作函数使用、MongoDB索引的使用(唯一索引、地理索引、过期索引、全文索引等)、MapReduce操作实现、用户管理、Java对MongoDB的操作支持(基于2.x驱动与3.x驱动的完全讲解)。 通过学习此课程,读者将具备MongoDB数据库的开发能力,并且能够使用MongoDB进行项目开发。 &nbsp; 相关的阿里云产品:云数据库 MongoDB版 云数据库MongoDB版支持ReplicaSet和Sharding两种部署架构,具备安全审计,时间点备份等多项企业能力。在互联网、物联网、游戏、金融等领域被广泛采用。 云数据库MongoDB版(ApsaraDB for MongoDB)完全兼容MongoDB协议,基于飞天分布式系统和高可靠存储引擎,提供多节点高可用架构、弹性扩容、容灾、备份回滚、性能优化等解决方案。 产品详情: https://www.aliyun.com/product/mongodb
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