阿里云一键部署 Hadoop 分布式集群-阿里云开发者社区

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阿里云一键部署 Hadoop 分布式集群

简介: Hadoop是一个能够让用户轻松架构和使用的开源分布式计算框架,以一种可靠、高效、可伸缩的方式进行数据处理。通过ROS资源编排服务可以在阿里云上一键部署Hadoop集群。

Hadoop是一个能够让用户轻松架构和使用的开源分布式计算框架,一种可靠、高效、可伸缩的方式进行数据处理。本文主要目的是为大家提供一种非常简单的方法,在阿里云上部署Hadoop集群。
通过<阿里云ROS资源编排服务>,将VPC、NAT Gateway、ECS创建和Hadoop部署过程自动化,使大家能够非常方便地部署一个Hadoop集群。本文创建的Hadoop集群包含三个节点:master.hadoop,slave1.hadoop,slave2.hadoop。

UserData中安装Hadoop四部曲

正常安装Hadoop分为四步:配置ssh无密码登录,安装Java JDK,安装配置Hadoop tar包,和启动测试集群。

1. 配置ssh无密码登录

集群中的所有主机应该可以无密码ssh登录,因此3台ECS都应该执行如下命令,保证所有的主机中临时密钥和公钥均相同,这样3台ECS就可以无密码登录了。

    "ssh-keygen -t rsa -P '' -f '/root/.ssh/id_rsa' \n",
    "cd /root/.ssh \n",
    "mv id_rsa bak.id_rsa \n",
    "mv id_rsa.pub bak.id_rsa.pub \n",
    "echo '-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----' > id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'MIIEowIBAAKCAQEAzfQ/QHwWB1njU9+Wu3RYi9g+g5rydSpAE0klefTJuZjtcaic' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'SCeBN5avih8UToZ148+Ef2YzOtoosqluZpoYLCPSpAqr8pmviBJIU3vfu9mnDG9L' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'oevT6K8w3wCBRCmqu+vc0Tpju/EeCuYK3+8w7e2I6F3+zIYzhhX3qmkocje7ACnV' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'yh2DB/2m3sogTMc0RT+5y3kJAnC6TOIlGsYjOOkPbEF3Ifn1o4ZjOFOmQlcRJer4' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '1E6rTdXAxS2uDNMFBCf9Xyx7O9J+ELTCAXc4h7AE6WLdQb5Apzv4t1KswCAtRenP' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '1xGcUYY8I/JUT2VvBWtQJennrk9jrPZUFDcmcwIDAQABAoIBAAwzDZQaRYvF7UtI' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'kTslVyFhe8J76SS7jfQWfxvMPi66OkZjQG6duG+8g0VhNei42j7WSfjp6trvlT2P' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '/7QgKJJkxNNmtmy2Ycljm9kmG0ibSePYq9g5ieHcjr6G3yFUfoKHJBtYpBO74pWu' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'rrI5DuLpERUCjFc9E8w7fOIhPH4XZ6wk/EmPxHTgxZk+aMvqptyPSbUyiUOvCiZf' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'MD0ircs9vgtslMVDlz9m6CoiNz6B3Yf6eLRoGGMiGnsQzZHIfnHCMX8i65Jc+TvQ' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'fLopIHzwBwI55xpcOIBRgYiEAQJhLsSNSFugoxMcwe9RalTGGS21HOQu4b3ZylKM' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '8ofEVKECgYEA/Y4MzN04wAsM1yNuHN+9sdiVLG28LWH3dgpcXqa9gyNsWs9Gf8uf' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'qbuvQGeKDRXCW93wO1jO+pCYVrkyY3l+KhBKIqmkJT5gFsa8dBUvEBLALiHNg3+o' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'jR2Vqsemk8kMZA8zfJ3FKcMb1pt4S2GqepqsdC3DgzIIsxufCh7jSzsCgYEAz/Cv' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'Z7gAdSFC8q6QxFxSyhfZwGA6QW6ZU7rZv9ZdGySvZg+vHbpNVmQ0BAQzJui3Qs9u' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'XQMpYafXWzKsPzG6ZWvYXTF7fuxlovvG8Qd2A2QnGtGMB9YtQMHVqbsUDwxMjiTn' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'VBZILkDf+WCwQ98P5UMoumI0goIcNZ+AXhcqrikCgYBkSwLvKfYfqH9Mvfv5Odsr' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '9NKUv1c20FB1BYYh/mxp6eIbTW/CbwXZup6IqCvoHxpBAlna77b3T6iibSDsTgtE' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'kirw6Q8/mBukBrpWZGa4QeJ4nPBQuncuUmx4H/7Y6CaZkZW5DiMF8OIbEmYT0y7+' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'zh222r9CLtFYH23aL/uSLwKBgQCS1xyG2eE41aw5RBznDWtJW15iA5If8sJD5ocu' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'eWp2aImUQS8ghxdmEozI6U5WA7CmdWUyObFXTPc/Z6FLXwqJ5IZ+CRt0neuIFNSA' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'EQy9iFQ1FBUW06BRQpBns7yOg9jr6BOTxchjIV0I9caDp1nKRIrWU9NQ9iCFnYVA' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '7IsvQQKBgFxgF7UOhwaiMb/ATSuhm2v9kVvRPEO9umdo7YJ9I4L09lYbAtpcnusQ' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'fIROYL25VeEMgYcQyInc3Fm/sgJdbXQnUy+3QbbCcBCmcLj27LPQyxuu7p9hbPPT' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'Mxx37OmYvOkSVTQz0T9HfDGvOJgt4t4cXD4T/7ewk62p6jdpSQrt' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo '-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----' >> id_rsa \n",
    "echo 'ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQDN9D9AfBYHWeNT35a7dFiL2D6DmvJ1KkATSSV59Mm5mO1xqJxIJ4E3lq+KHxROhnXjz4R/ZjM62iiyqW5mmhgsI9KkCqvyma+IEkhTe9+72acMb0uh69PorzDfAIFEKaq769zROmO78R4K5grf7zDt7YjoXf7MhjOGFfeqaShyN7sAKdXKHYMH/abeyiBMxzRFP7nLeQkCcLpM4iUaxiM46Q9sQXch+fWjhmM4U6ZCVxEl6vjUTqtN1cDFLa4M0wUEJ/1fLHs70n4QtMIBdziHsATpYt1BvkCnO/i3UqzAIC1F6c/XEZxRhjwj8lRPZW8Fa1Al6eeuT2Os9lQUNyZz root@iZ2zee53wf4ndvajz30cdvZ' > id_rsa.pub \n",
    "cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys \n",
    "chmod 600 authorized_keys \n",
    "chmod 600 id_rsa \n",
    "sed -i 's/#   StrictHostKeyChecking ask/StrictHostKeyChecking no/' /etc/ssh/ssh_config \n",
    "sed -i 's/GSSAPIAuthentication yes/GSSAPIAuthentication no/' /etc/ssh/ssh_config \n",
    "service sshd restart \n",

为了保证安全,防止对外泄露密钥和公钥。我们要在master上执行下述命令,替换掉公开的临时密钥与公钥:

    "scp -r /root/.ssh/bak.*  root@$ipaddr_slave1:/root/.ssh/  \n",
    "scp -r /root/.ssh/bak.*  root@$ipaddr_slave2:/root/.ssh/  \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave1 \"cd /root/.ssh; rm -f id_rsa; mv bak.id_rsa id_rsa; rm -f id_rsa.pub; mv bak.id_rsa.pub id_rsa.pub; rm -f authorized_keys; cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys; chmod 600 authorized_keys; chmod 600 id_rsa; exit\" \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave2 \"cd /root/.ssh; rm id_rsa; mv bak.id_rsa id_rsa; rm id_rsa.pub; mv bak.id_rsa.pub id_rsa.pub; rm authorized_keys; cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys; chmod 600 authorized_keys; chmod 600 id_rsa; exit\" \n",
    "cd /root/.ssh \n rm id_rsa \n mv bak.id_rsa id_rsa \n rm id_rsa.pub \n mv bak.id_rsa.pub id_rsa.pub \n rm authorized_keys \n cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys \n chmod 600 authorized_keys \n chmod 600 id_rsa \n cd \n",

2. 安装配置JDK

master 上安装JDK,并远程控制在slaves上安装JDK。

    "yum -y install aria2 \n",
    "aria2c --header='Cookie: oraclelicense=accept-securebackup-cookie' $JdkUrl \n",
    "mkdir -p $JAVA_HOME \ntar zxvf jdk*-x64.tar.gz -C $JAVA_HOME \ncd $JAVA_HOME \nmv jdk*.*/* ./ \nrmdir jdk*.* \n",
    "echo  >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export JAVA_HOME=$JAVA_HOME >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib:$CLASSPATH >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$PATH >> /etc/profile \n",
    "source /etc/profile \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave1 \"mkdir -p $JAVA_HOME; exit\" \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave2 \"mkdir -p $JAVA_HOME; exit\" \n",
    "scp -r $JAVA_HOME/*  root@$ipaddr_slave1:$JAVA_HOME \n",
    "scp -r $JAVA_HOME/*  root@$ipaddr_slave2:$JAVA_HOME \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave1 \"echo >> /etc/profile; echo export JAVA_HOME=$JAVA_HOME >> /etc/profile; echo export JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre >> /etc/profile; echo export CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib:$CLASSPATH >> /etc/profile; echo export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$PATH >> /etc/profile; source /etc/profile; exit\" \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave2 \"echo >> /etc/profile; echo export JAVA_HOME=$JAVA_HOME >> /etc/profile; echo export JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre >> /etc/profile; echo export CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib:$CLASSPATH >> /etc/profile; echo export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$PATH >> /etc/profile; source /etc/profile; exit\" \n",
    " \n",

3. 安装配置Hadoop

下载安装Hadoop:

    "aria2c $HadoopUrl \n",
    "mkdir -p $HADOOP_HOME \ntar zxvf hadoop-*.tar.gz -C $HADOOP_HOME \ncd $HADOOP_HOME \nmv hadoop-*.*/* ./ \nrmdir hadoop-*.* \n",
    "echo  >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_COMMON_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_COMMON_LIB_NATIVE_DIR=$HADOOP_HOME/lib/native >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export YARN_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_HDFS_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_CONF_DIR=$HADOOP_HOME/etc/hadoop >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export HADOOP_OPTS=-Djava.library.path=$HADOOP_HOME/lib:$HADOOP_HOME/lib/native >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export PATH=$HADOOP_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin:$PATH >> /etc/profile \n",
    "echo export CLASSPATH=.:$CLASSPATH:$HADOOP__HOME/lib >> /etc/profile \n",
    "source /etc/profile \n",
    " \n",
    "mkdir -p $HADOOP_HOME/tmp \n",
    "mkdir -p $HADOOP_HOME/dfs/name \n",
    "mkdir -p $HADOOP_HOME/dfs/data \n",
###  
    此处要对这4个文件进行正确配置,具体内容请参考模板Hadoop_Distributed_Env_3_ecs.json.
    core-site.xml,hdfs-site.xml,mapred-site.xml,yarn-site.xml
###
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave1 \"mkdir -p $HADOOP_HOME; exit\" \n",
    "ssh root@$ipaddr_slave2 \"mkdir -p $HADOOP_HOME; exit\" \n",
    "scp -r $HADOOP_HOME/*  root@$ipaddr_slave1:$HADOOP_HOME \n",
    "scp -r $HADOOP_HOME/*  root@$ipaddr_slave2:$HADOOP_HOME \n",
    " \n",
    "cd $HADOOP_HOME/etc/hadoop \n",
    "echo $ipaddr_slave1 > slaves \n",
    "echo $ipaddr_slave2 >> slaves \n",

4. 启动测试集群

最后格式化HDFS,关闭防火墙,启动集群。

    "hadoop namenode -format \n",
    "systemctl stop  firewalld \n",
    "start-dfs.sh \n",
    "start-yarn.sh \n",

急速部署Hadoop集群

一键部署Hadoop集群>>
screenshot

注意:

测试部署结果

创建完成后,查看资源栈概况:
screenshot

浏览器中输入图中的的WebsiteUrl,得到如下结果,则部署成功:
screenshot

ROS示例模板

Hadoop_Distributed_Env_3_ecs.json:通过该模板可以一键部署上面的集群。
Hadoop_Distributed_ecsgroup.json:  该模板允许用户指定slaves节点的数量。
screenshot

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