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Apache中httpd.conf 配置详解

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版本:Apache2.2.19(Win32)
 

 
# Apache服务器主配置文件. 包括服务器指令的目录设置.
# 配置标识由三个基本部分组成:
# 1. 作为一个整体来控制Apache服务器进程的标识 (the 'global environment').
# 2. 用于定义主(默认)服务器参数的标识。
#     响应虚拟主机不能处理的请求。
#     同时也提供所有虚拟主机的设置值。
# 3. 虚拟主机的设置。在一个Apache服务器进程中配置不同的IP地址和主机名。
#
# 注: 指定的文件名需要用"/"代替"\"。
 
# 部分 1: 全局环境
# 这里设置的参数将影响整个Apache服务器的行为;
 
#ServerRoot: 目录树的根结点。服务器配置、出错信息、日志文件都保存在根目录下。
ServerRoot "C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2"
 
#Listen: 允许将Apache绑顶到指定的IP地址和端口,作为默认值的辅助选项。
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80
 
 
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
# 动态共享对象支持(Dynamic Shared Object,DSO)
# 为了能够使用那些以DSO模式编译的模块中的函数,你必须有相应的“LoadModule”行,
# 因此,在这里包含了这些指令,以便能在使用它之前激活。
# 注:模块载入的顺序很重要。没有专家的建议,不要修改以下的顺序。
 
LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
#LoadModule authn_alias_module modules/mod_authn_alias.so
#LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
#LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
#LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_default_module modules/mod_authn_default.so
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
#LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
#LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_default_module modules/mod_authz_default.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
#LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
#LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
#LoadModule charset_lite_module modules/mod_charset_lite.so
#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
#LoadModule dav_lock_module modules/mod_dav_lock.so
#LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so
#LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
#LoadModule disk_cache_module modules/mod_disk_cache.so
#LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
#LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
#LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so
#LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
#LoadModule ident_module modules/mod_ident.so
#LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
#LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule isapi_module modules/mod_isapi.so
#LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so
#LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
#LoadModule log_forensic_module modules/mod_log_forensic.so
#LoadModule mem_cache_module modules/mod_mem_cache.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
#LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
#LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
#LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
#LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
#LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
#LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
 
<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
<IfModule !mpm_winnt_module>
# User/Group:运行httpd的用户和组
#
User daemon
Group daemon
 
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
 
# 第二部分: 主服务器配置
#
# 此部分的标识用于主服务器所有的设置值
# 所有的标识可能会在<VirtualHost>中出现。
# 对应的默认值会被虚拟主机重新定义覆盖。
#
#
# ServerAdmin:你的邮件地址,当发生问题时Apache将向你发出邮件。
ServerAdmin localhod@163.com
 
#
# ServerName指定Apache用于识别自身的名字和端口号。
# 注: 主机名不能随便指定。必须是你的机器有效的DNS名称。否则无法正常工作。
#
#ServerName www.localhost.com:80
 
#
# DocumentRoot:你的文档的根目录。默认情况下,所有的请求从这个目录进行应答。
# 但是可以使用符号链接和别名来指向到其他的位置。
#
DocumentRoot "C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/htdocs"
 
#
#
# Apache可以存取的每个目录都可以配置存取权限(包括它的子目录)。
#
# 首先,我们配置一个高限制的特征。
# 这将禁止访问文件系统所在的目录,并添加你希望允许访问的目录块。
#
<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
</Directory>
 
#
# 注意从这里开始你一定要明确地允许哪些特别的特征能够被使用。
# - 所以,如果Apache没有象你所期待的那样工作的话,
# 请检查你是否在下面明确的指定它可用。
#
#
# 这将改变到你设置的DocumentRoot
#
<Directory "C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/htdocs">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
 
    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None
 
    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

</Directory>
 
 
# DirectoryIndex: 预设的HTML目录索引文件名。
# 用空格来分隔多个文件名。
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
</IfModule>
 
#
# 同时,一般会用类似.htpasswd的文件保存密码。
# 这些文件同样可以得到保护。
#
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
    Satisfy All
</FilesMatch>
 
# ErrorLog: 错误记录文件的地址
# 如果在<VirtualHost>中明确指定了错误记录文件,
# 则错误将记录在那儿而不是这儿。
ErrorLog "logs/error.log"
 
#
# LogLevel:控制记录在错误日志文件中的日志信息数量。
# 可能的值包括:debug,info,notice,warn,error,crit,alert,emerg。
#
LogLevel warn
 
<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
 
    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>
 
    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    CustomLog "logs/access.log" common
 
    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog "logs/access.log" combined
</IfModule>
 
<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.localhost.com/bar
 
    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.
 
    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/cgi-bin/"
 
</IfModule>
 
<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock logs/cgisock
</IfModule>
 
#
# "C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>
 
#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain
 
<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig conf/mime.types
 
    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
 
    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
 
    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var
 
    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>
 
#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
 
#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.localhost.com/subscription_info.html
#
 
#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off
 
# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary.
 
# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
 
# Multi-language error messages
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf
 
# Fancy directory listings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
 
# Language settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf
 
# User home directories
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
 
# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf
 
# Virtual hosts
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
 
# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf
 
# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf
 
# Various default settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf
 
# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>
 

 



      本文转自许琴 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/xuqin/1140655,如需转载请自行联系原作者






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