Oracle 10g AND Oracle 11g手工建库案例--Oracle 11g-阿里云开发者社区

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Oracle 10g AND Oracle 11g手工建库案例--Oracle 11g

简介:

系统环境:

操作系统: RedHat EL6

Oracle:  Oracle 10g and Oracle 11g


   手工建库相对来说很容易实现,本案例是从10g和11g,通过手工建库的方式做一个简单的对比,可以看出11g和10g之间的一个简单的差异!

案例二:

在Oracle 11g 环境下手工建库

DB_NAME='test1'

INSTANCE_NAME='test1'

1、建立Instance的初始化参数文件和口令文件

[oracle@rh6 dbs]$cat inittest1.ora

db_name='test1'

memory_target=400m      //Oracle 11g增加了内存自动管理

processes = 150

audit_file_dest='$ORACLE_BASE/admin/test1/adump'

audit_trail ='db'

db_block_size=8192

db_domain=''

open_cursors=300

remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'

undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'

# You may want to ensure that control files are created on separate physical

# devices

control_files = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/control01.ctl

compatible ='11.2.0'


[oracle@rh6 dbs]$ orapwd file=orapwtest1 password=oracle entries=3


2、建立数据库相关的目录

Oracle 11g增加了diagnostic directory,默认的为$ORACLE_BASE

[oracle@rh6 dbs]$ mkdir -p $ORACLE_BASE/admin/test1/adump

[oracle@rh6 dbs]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1


3、建立建库脚本

[oracle@rh6 ~]$ cat cr_db.sql

CREATE DATABASE test1

   USER SYS IDENTIFIED BY oracle

   USER SYSTEM IDENTIFIED BY oracle

   LOGFILE

      GROUP 1 ('/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/redo01a.log') SIZE 50M ,

      GROUP 2 ('/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/redo02a.log') SIZE 50M

   MAXLOGFILES 10

   MAXLOGMEMBERS 5

   MAXLOGHISTORY 1

   MAXDATAFILES 200

   CHARACTER SET zhs16gbk

   DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/system01.dbf' SIZE 325M REUSE

   SYSAUX DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/sysaux01.dbf' SIZE 325M REUSE

   DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE tempts1

      TEMPFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/temp01.dbf'

      SIZE 100M REUSE

   UNDO TABLESPACE undotbs1

      DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/undotbs01.dbf'

      SIZE 200M REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE UNLIMITED;


4、启动Instance并建立数据库

[oracle@rh6 ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=test1

[oracle@rh6 ~]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Wed May 21 10:59:58 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

10:59:59 SYS@ test1>startup nomount;

ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  417546240 bytes

Fixed Size                  2213936 bytes

Variable Size             268437456 bytes

Database Buffers          142606336 bytes

Redo Buffers                4288512 bytes

11:00:12 SYS@ test1>@/home/oracle/cr_db

Database created.

Elapsed: 00:01:23.44

11:01:51 SYS@ test1>


建库告警日志:

CREATE TABLESPACE sysaux DATAFILE  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/sysaux01.dbf' SIZE 325M REUSE

  EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO ONLINE

Wed May 21 11:01:08 2014

Completed: CREATE TABLESPACE sysaux DATAFILE  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/sysaux01.dbf' SIZE 325M REUSE  

  EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO ONLINE

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dplsql.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dtxnspc.bsq

CREATE UNDO TABLESPACE UNDOTBS1 DATAFILE  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/undotbs01.dbf'

      SIZE 200M REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE UNLIMITED

Wed May 21 11:01:23 2014

Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.

Completed: CREATE UNDO TABLESPACE UNDOTBS1 DATAFILE  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/undotbs01.dbf'

      SIZE 200M REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE UNLIMITED

CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMPTS1 TEMPFILE  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/temp01.dbf'

      SIZE 100M REUSE   

Completed: CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMPTS1 TEMPFILE  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/temp01.dbf'

      SIZE 100M REUSE   

ALTER DATABASE DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMPTS1

Completed: ALTER DATABASE DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMPTS1

ALTER DATABASE DEFAULT TABLESPACE SYSTEM 

Completed: ALTER DATABASE DEFAULT TABLESPACE SYSTEM 

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dfmap.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/denv.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/drac.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dsec.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/doptim.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dobj.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/djava.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dpart.bsq

Wed May 21 11:01:34 2014

processing ?/rdbms/admin/drep.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/daw.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dsummgt.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dtools.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dexttab.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/ddm.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/dlmnr.bsq

processing ?/rdbms/admin/ddst.bsq

Wed May 21 11:01:43 2014

SMON: enabling tx recovery

Starting background process SMCO

Wed May 21 11:01:44 2014

SMCO started with pid=17, OS id=2816 

Wed May 21 11:01:50 2014

replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)

Starting background process QMNC

Wed May 21 11:01:50 2014

QMNC started with pid=20, OS id=2826 

Completed: CREATE DATABASE test1

   USER SYS IDENTIFIED BY ****USER SYSTEM IDENTIFIED BY ****LOGFILE

      GROUP 1 ('/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/redo01a.log') SIZE 50M ,

      GROUP 2 ('/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/redo02a.log') SIZE 50M

   MAXLOGFILES 10

   MAXLOGMEMBERS 5

   MAXLOGHISTORY 1

   MAXDATAFILES 200

   CHARACTER SET zhs16gbk

   DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/system01.dbf' SIZE 325M REUSE

   SYSAUX DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/sysaux01.dbf' SIZE 325M REUSE

   DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE tempts1

      TEMPFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/temp01.dbf'

      SIZE 100M REUSE

   UNDO TABLESPACE undotbs1

      DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/undotbs01.dbf'

      SIZE 200M REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE UNLIMITED


5、建立数据字典

数据字典脚本:

[oracle@rh6 ~]$ cat cr_dict.sql

@?/rdbms/admin/catalog.sql

@?/rdbms/admin/catproc.sql

conn system/oracle

@?/sqlplus/admin/pupbld.sql


11:00:12 SYS@ test1>@/home/oracle/cr_dict.sql


6、建立Users表空间并设为默认表空间

系统默认的表空间为system,如果以system为默认表空间,会影响数据库的管理和性能

12:09:56 SQL> create tablespace users

12:10:01   2   datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/test1/user01.dbf' size 100m;

Tablespace created.

 12:10:41 SQL> alter database default tablespace users;

Database altered.


7、添加example案例

12:11:45 SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql

Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

[oracle@oracle ~]$ 

    从以上Oracle 10g 和 Oracle 11g 手工建库,没有什么大的变化;只是Oracle 11g增加内存自动管理和诊断目录等新的特性,所以在建库时略微有点变化!

@至此,手工建库完成!











本文转自 客居天涯 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/tiany/1414608,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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