Linux系统之温度监控工具——lm_sensors的安装和基本使用

简介: Linux系统之温度监控工具——lm_sensors的安装和基本使用

一、lm_sensors介绍

lm_sensors,是一款基于linux系统的硬件监控的软件。可以监控主板,CPU的工作电压,温度等数据。

二、检测安装环境

1.检查yum仓库

[root@192 ~]# yum repolist all |grep enable
base/7/x86_64               CentOS-7 - Base - mirrors.aliyun.com enabled: 10,072
epel/x86_64                 Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux  enabled: 13,758
extras/7/x86_64             CentOS-7 - Extras - mirrors.aliyun.c enabled:    512
updates/7/x86_64            CentOS-7 - Updates - mirrors.aliyun. enabled:  4,088

2.检查系统版本

[root@server data]# cat /etc/os-release 
NAME="CentOS Linux"
VERSION="7 (Core)"
ID="centos"
ID_LIKE="rhel fedora"
VERSION_ID="7"
PRETTY_NAME="CentOS Linux 7 (Core)"
ANSI_COLOR="0;31"
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:centos:centos:7"
HOME_URL="https://www.centos.org/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.centos.org/"

CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT="CentOS-7"
CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT_VERSION="7"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="centos"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION="7"

三、安装lm_sensors

[root@192 ~]# yum install lm_sensors -y
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
base                                                                                                                                                    | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
epel                                                                                                                                                    | 4.7 kB  00:00:00     
extras                                                                                                                                                  | 2.9 kB  00:00:00     
updates                                                                                                                                                 | 2.9 kB  00:00:00     
(1/3): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                                                                           | 1.1 MB  00:00:00     
(2/3): epel/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                           | 7.0 MB  00:00:04     
(3/3): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                      |  16 MB  00:00:10     
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package lm_sensors.x86_64 0:3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: lm_sensors-libs = 3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7 for package: lm_sensors-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package lm_sensors-libs.x86_64 0:3.4.0-6.20160601gitf9185e5.el7 will be updated
---> Package lm_sensors-libs.x86_64 0:3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

===============================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                    Arch                              Version                                                    Repository                       Size
===============================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 lm_sensors                                 x86_64                            3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7                             base                            141 k
Updating for dependencies:
 lm_sensors-libs                            x86_64                            3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7                             base                             42 k

Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package
Upgrade             ( 1 Dependent package)

Total download size: 182 k
Downloading packages:
No Presto metadata available for base
(1/2): lm_sensors-libs-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                        |  42 kB  00:00:00     
(2/2): lm_sensors-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                             | 141 kB  00:00:00     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                          734 kB/s | 182 kB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Updating   : lm_sensors-libs-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                       1/3 
  Installing : lm_sensors-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                            2/3 
  Cleanup    : lm_sensors-libs-3.4.0-6.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                       3/3 
  Verifying  : lm_sensors-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                            1/3 
  Verifying  : lm_sensors-libs-3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                       2/3 
  Verifying  : lm_sensors-libs-3.4.0-6.20160601gitf9185e5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                       3/3 

Installed:
  lm_sensors.x86_64 0:3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7                                                                                                                           

Dependency Updated:
  lm_sensors-libs.x86_64 0:3.4.0-8.20160601gitf9185e5.el7                                                                                                                      

Complete!

四、侦测硬件

[root@server data]# sensors-detect 
# sensors-detect revision 3.4.0-8 (2016-06-01)
# System: onebot Mini [Default string]
# Board: Default string Default string
# Kernel: 3.10.0-957.el7.x86_64 x86_64
# Processor: Intel(R) Celeron(R) N5095 @ 2.00GHz (6/156/0)

This program will help you determine which kernel modules you need
to load to use lm_sensors most effectively. It is generally safe
and recommended to accept the default answers to all questions,
unless you know what you're doing.

Some south bridges, CPUs or memory controllers contain embedded sensors.
Do you want to scan for them? This is totally safe. (YES/no): yes
Silicon Integrated Systems SIS5595...                       No
VIA VT82C686 Integrated Sensors...                          No
VIA VT8231 Integrated Sensors...                            No
AMD K8 thermal sensors...                                   No
AMD Family 10h thermal sensors...                           No
AMD Family 11h thermal sensors...                           No
AMD Family 12h and 14h thermal sensors...                   No
AMD Family 15h thermal sensors...                           No
AMD Family 16h thermal sensors...                           No
AMD Family 17h thermal sensors...                           No
AMD Family 15h power sensors...                             No
AMD Family 16h power sensors...                             No
Intel digital thermal sensor...                             Success!
    (driver `coretemp')
Intel AMB FB-DIMM thermal sensor...                         No
Intel 5500/5520/X58 thermal sensor...                       No
VIA C7 thermal sensor...                                    No
VIA Nano thermal sensor...                                  No

Some Super I/O chips contain embedded sensors. We have to write to
standard I/O ports to probe them. This is usually safe.
Do you want to scan for Super I/O sensors? (YES/no): yes
Probing for Super-I/O at 0x2e/0x2f
Trying family `National Semiconductor/ITE'...               No
Trying family `SMSC'...                                     No
Trying family `VIA/Winbond/Nuvoton/Fintek'...               No
Trying family `ITE'...                                      Yes
Found unknown chip with ID 0x8613
Probing for Super-I/O at 0x4e/0x4f
Trying family `National Semiconductor/ITE'...               No
Trying family `SMSC'...                                     No
Trying family `VIA/Winbond/Nuvoton/Fintek'...               No
Trying family `ITE'...                                      No

Some systems (mainly servers) implement IPMI, a set of common interfaces
through which system health data may be retrieved, amongst other things.
We first try to get the information from SMBIOS. If we don't find it
there, we have to read from arbitrary I/O ports to probe for such
interfaces. This is normally safe. Do you want to scan for IPMI
interfaces? (YES/no): yes
Probing for `IPMI BMC KCS' at 0xca0...                      No
Probing for `IPMI BMC SMIC' at 0xca8...                     No

Some hardware monitoring chips are accessible through the ISA I/O ports.
We have to write to arbitrary I/O ports to probe them. This is usually
safe though. Yes, you do have ISA I/O ports even if you do not have any
ISA slots! Do you want to scan the ISA I/O ports? (YES/no): yes
Probing for `National Semiconductor LM78' at 0x290...       No
Probing for `National Semiconductor LM79' at 0x290...       No
Probing for `Winbond W83781D' at 0x290...                   No
Probing for `Winbond W83782D' at 0x290...                   No

Lastly, we can probe the I2C/SMBus adapters for connected hardware
monitoring devices. This is the most risky part, and while it works
reasonably well on most systems, it has been reported to cause trouble
on some systems.
Do you want to probe the I2C/SMBus adapters now? (YES/no): yes
Found unknown SMBus adapter 8086:4da3 at 0000:00:1f.4.
Sorry, no supported PCI bus adapters found.
Module i2c-dev loaded successfully.


Now follows a summary of the probes I have just done.
Just press ENTER to continue: 

Driver `coretemp':
  * Chip `Intel digital thermal sensor' (confidence: 9)

Do you want to overwrite /etc/sysconfig/lm_sensors? (YES/no): yes
Unloading i2c-dev... OK

五、查看温度

[root@server data]# 
[root@server data]# sensors
acpitz-virtual-0
Adapter: Virtual device
temp1:        +27.8°C  (crit = +119.0°C)

coretemp-isa-0000
Adapter: ISA adapter
Physical id 0:  +53.0°C  (high = +105.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 0:         +48.0°C  (high = +105.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 1:         +48.0°C  (high = +105.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 2:         +48.0°C  (high = +105.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 3:         +48.0°C  (high = +105.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)

iwlwifi-virtual-0
Adapter: Virtual device
temp1:            N/A

六、动态监控温度


[root@server data]# watch sensors

在这里插入图片描述

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