开发者社区> 科技小能手> 正文
阿里云
为了无法计算的价值
打开APP
阿里云APP内打开

linux下生成openssl证书

简介:
+关注继续查看
下载安装openssl,进入/bin/下面,执行命令(把ssl目录下的openssl.cnf 拷贝到bin目录下)

1.首先要生成服务器端的私钥(key文件):

openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 1024

[root@airwaySSL openssl]# cd ssl/

[root@airwaySSL ssl]# pwd

/home/openssl/ssl

[root@airwaySSL ssl]# ls

certs  man  misc  openssl.cnf  private  server.csr  server.key

运行时会提示输入密码,此密码用于加密key文件(参数des3便是指加密算法,当然也可以选用其他你认为安全的算法.),以后每当需读取此文件(通过openssl提供的命令或API)都需输入口令.如果觉得不方便,也可以去除这个口令,但一定要采取其他的保护措施!

去除key文件口令的命令:

openssl rsa -in server.key -out server.key

2.openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr -config openssl.cnf

[root@airwaySSL bin]# openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr -config openssl.cnf

Enter pass phrase for server.key:12345

You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated

into your certificate request.

What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.

There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank

For some fields there will be a default value,

If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.

-----

Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:CN

State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:china

Locality Name (eg, city) []:wuhan

Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:airway

Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:airway

Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:airway

Email Address []:



Please enter the following 'extra' attributes

to be sent with your certificate request

A challenge password []:

An optional company name []:



生成Certificate Signing Request(CSR),生成的csr文件交给CA签名后形成服务端自己的证书.屏幕上将有提示,依照其指示一步一步输入要求的个人信息即可.

3.对客户端也作同样的命令生成key及csr文件:

openssl genrsa -des3 -out client.key 1024



Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus

...........++++++

..++++++

e is 65537 (0x10001)

Enter pass phrase for client.key:12345

Verifying - Enter pass phrase for client.key:12345



openssl req -new -key client.key -out client.csr -config openssl.cnf



[root@airwaySSL bin]# openssl req -new -key client.key -out client.csr -config openssl.cnf

Enter pass phrase for client.key:12345

You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated

into your certificate request.

What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.

There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank

For some fields there will be a default value,

If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.

-----

Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:cn

State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:china

Locality Name (eg, city) []:wuhan

Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:airway

Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:airway

Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:airway

Email Address []:



Please enter the following 'extra' attributes

to be sent with your certificate request

A challenge password []:

An optional company name []:



4.CSR文件必须有CA的签名才可形成证书.可将此文件发送到verisign等地方由它验证,要交一大笔钱,何不自己做CA呢.

openssl req -new -x509 -keyout ca.key -out ca.crt -config openssl.cnf



[root@airwaySSL bin]# openssl req -new -x509 -keyout ca.key -out ca.crt -config openssl.cnf

Generating a 1024 bit RSA private key

...++++++

...................++++++

writing new private key to 'ca.key'

Enter PEM pass phrase:12345

Verifying - Enter PEM pass phrase:

-----

You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated

into your certificate request.

What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.

There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank

For some fields there will be a default value,

If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.

-----

Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:CN

State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:china

Locality Name (eg, city) []:wuhan

Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:airway

Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:airway

Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:airway

Email Address []:

在继续下面操作前,将openssl.conf文件打开,查看其dir路径将其修改为dir = /home/openssl/bin/demoCA /,否则下面的步骤会提示路径无法找到。



  自己手动创建一个CA目录结构:
  [weigw@TEST bin]$ mkdir ./demoCA
  [weigw@TEST bin]$ mkdir demoCA/newcerts
  创建个空文件:
  [weigw@TEST bin]$ vi demoCA/index.txt
  向文件中写入01:
  [weigw@TEST bin]$ vi demoCA/serial

5.用生成的CA的证书为刚才生成的server.csr,client.csr文件签名:

openssl ca -in server.csr -out server.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -config openssl.cnf



[root@airwaySSL bin]# openssl ca -in server.csr -out server.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -config openssl.cnf

Using configuration from openssl.cnf

Enter pass phrase for ca.key:

Check that the request matches the signature

Signature ok

Certificate Details:

       Serial Number: 1 (0x1)

       Validity

           Not Before: Feb 26 04:15:02 2009 GMT

           Not After : Feb 26 04:15:02 2010 GMT

       Subject:

           countryName               = CN

           stateOrProvinceName       = china

           organizationName          = airway

           organizationalUnitName    = airway

           commonName                = airway

       X509v3 extensions:

           X509v3 Basic Constraints: 

           CA:FALSE

           Netscape Comment: 

           OpenSSL Generated Certificate

           X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: 

           30:70:D2:EB:9B:73:AE:7B:0E:8E:F6:94:33:7C:53:5B:EF:93:FC:38

           X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: 

           keyid:DB:D6:83:BB:7F:28:C2:A9:40:6A:D8:32:FC:01:E0:5C:48:27:51:19



Certificate is to be certified until Feb 26 04:15:02 2010 GMT (365 days)

Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y





1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y

Write out database with 1 new entries

Data Base Updated



openssl ca -in client.csr -out client.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -config openssl.cnf



[root@airwaySSL bin]# openssl ca -in client.csr -out client.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -config openssl.cnf

Using configuration from openssl.cnf

Enter pass phrase for ca.key:

Check that the request matches the signature

Signature ok

The countryName field needed to be the same in the

CA certificate (CN) and the request (cn)

现在我们所需的全部文件便生成了.

另:

client使用的文件有:ca.crt,client.crt,client.key

server使用的文件有:ca.crt,server.crt,server.key



本文转自Devin 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/devingeng/1355878

版权声明:本文内容由阿里云实名注册用户自发贡献,版权归原作者所有,阿里云开发者社区不拥有其著作权,亦不承担相应法律责任。具体规则请查看《阿里云开发者社区用户服务协议》和《阿里云开发者社区知识产权保护指引》。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,填写侵权投诉表单进行举报,一经查实,本社区将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

相关文章
文章
问答
文章排行榜
最热
最新
相关电子书
更多
ECS系统指南之Linux系统诊断
立即下载
Decian GNU/Linux安全合规之路
立即下载
ECS运维指南 之 Linux系统诊断
立即下载