我执行一段python脚本报错了,怎么解决??报错-问答-阿里云开发者社区-阿里云

开发者社区> 问答> 正文

我执行一段python脚本报错了,怎么解决??报错

爱吃鱼的程序员 2020-06-10 14:43:12 669
 
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright 2012-2015 Matt Martz
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import os
import re
import sys
import math
import signal
import socket
import timeit
import platform
import threading
__version__ = '0.3.4'
# Some global variables we use
user_agent = None
source = None
shutdown_event = None
scheme = 'http'
# Used for bound_interface
socket_socket = socket.socket
try:
import xml.etree.cElementTree as ET
except ImportError:
try:
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET
except ImportError:
from xml.dom import minidom as DOM
ET = None
# Begin import game to handle Python 2 and Python 3
try:
from urllib2 import urlopen, Request, HTTPError, URLError
except ImportError:
from urllib.request import urlopen, Request, HTTPError, URLError
try:
from httplib import HTTPConnection, HTTPSConnection
except ImportError:
e_http_py2 = sys.exc_info()
try:
from http.client import HTTPConnection, HTTPSConnection
except ImportError:
e_http_py3 = sys.exc_info()
raise SystemExit('Your python installation is missing required HTTP '
'client classes:\n\n'
'Python 2: %s\n'
'Python 3: %s' % (e_http_py2[1], e_http_py3[1]))
try:
from Queue import Queue
except ImportError:
from queue import Queue
try:
from urlparse import urlparse
except ImportError:
from urllib.parse import urlparse
try:
from urlparse import parse_qs
except ImportError:
try:
from urllib.parse import parse_qs
except ImportError:
from cgi import parse_qs
try:
from hashlib import md5
except ImportError:
from md5 import md5
try:
from argparse import ArgumentParser as ArgParser
except ImportError:
from optparse import OptionParser as ArgParser
try:
import builtins
except ImportError:
def print_(*args, **kwargs):
"""The new-style print function taken from
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/six/
"""
fp = kwargs.pop("file", sys.stdout)
if fp is None:
return
def write(data):
if not isinstance(data, basestring):
data = str(data)
fp.write(data)
want_unicode = False
sep = kwargs.pop("sep", None)
if sep is not None:
if isinstance(sep, unicode):
want_unicode = True
elif not isinstance(sep, str):
raise TypeError("sep must be None or a string")
end = kwargs.pop("end", None)
if end is not None:
if isinstance(end, unicode):
want_unicode = True
elif not isinstance(end, str):
raise TypeError("end must be None or a string")
if kwargs:
raise TypeError("invalid keyword arguments to print()")
if not want_unicode:
for arg in args:
if isinstance(arg, unicode):
want_unicode = True
break
if want_unicode:
newline = unicode("\n")
space = unicode(" ")
else:
newline = "\n"
space = " "
if sep is None:
sep = space
if end is None:
end = newline
for i, arg in enumerate(args):
if i:
write(sep)
write(arg)
write(end)
else:
print_ = getattr(builtins, 'print')
del builtins
class SpeedtestCliServerListError(Exception):
"""Internal Exception class used to indicate to move on to the next
URL for retrieving speedtest.net server details
"""
def bound_socket(*args, **kwargs):
"""Bind socket to a specified source IP address"""
global source
sock = socket_socket(*args, **kwargs)
sock.bind((source, 0))
return sock
def distance(origin, destination):
"""Determine distance between 2 sets of [lat,lon] in km"""
lat1, lon1 = origin
lat2, lon2 = destination
radius = 6371 # km
dlat = math.radians(lat2 - lat1)
dlon = math.radians(lon2 - lon1)
a = (math.sin(dlat / 2) * math.sin(dlat / 2) +
math.cos(math.radians(lat1)) *
math.cos(math.radians(lat2)) * math.sin(dlon / 2) *
math.sin(dlon / 2))
c = 2 * math.atan2(math.sqrt(a), math.sqrt(1 - a))
d = radius * c
return d
def build_user_agent():
"""Build a Mozilla/5.0 compatible User-Agent string"""
global user_agent
if user_agent:
return user_agent
ua_tuple = (
'Mozilla/5.0',
'(%s; U; %s; en-us)' % (platform.system(), platform.architecture()[0]),
'Python/%s' % platform.python_version(),
'(KHTML, like Gecko)',
'speedtest-cli/%s' % __version__
)
user_agent = ' '.join(ua_tuple)
return user_agent
def build_request(url, data=None, headers={}):
"""Build a urllib2 request object
This function automatically adds a User-Agent header to all requests
"""
if url[0] == ':':
schemed_url = '%s%s' % (scheme, url)
else:
schemed_url = url
headers['User-Agent'] = user_agent
return Request(schemed_url, data=data, headers=headers)
def catch_request(request):
"""Helper function to catch common exceptions encountered when
establishing a connection with a HTTP/HTTPS request
"""
try:
uh = urlopen(request)
return uh, False
except (HTTPError, URLError, socket.error):
e = sys.exc_info()[1]
return None, e
class FileGetter(threading.Thread):
"""Thread class for retrieving a URL"""
def __init__(self, url, start):
self.url = url
self.result = None
self.starttime = start
threading.Thread.__init__(self)
def run(self):
self.result = [0]
try:
if (timeit.default_timer() - self.starttime) <= 10:
request = build_request(self.url)
f = urlopen(request)
while 1 and not shutdown_event.isSet():
self.result.append(len(f.read(10240)))
if self.result[-1] == 0:
break
f.close()
except IOError:
pass
def downloadSpeed(files, quiet=False):
"""Function to launch FileGetter threads and calculate download speeds"""
start = timeit.default_timer()
def producer(q, files):
for file in files:
thread = FileGetter(file, start)
thread.start()
q.put(thread, True)
if not quiet and not shutdown_event.isSet():
sys.stdout.write('.')
sys.stdout.flush()
finished = []
def consumer(q, total_files):
while len(finished) < total_files:
thread = q.get(True)
while thread.isAlive():
thread.join(timeout=0.1)
finished.append(sum(thread.result))
del thread
q = Queue(6)
prod_thread = threading.Thread(target=producer, args=(q, files))
cons_thread = threading.Thread(target=consumer, args=(q, len(files)))
start = timeit.default_timer()
prod_thread.start()
cons_thread.start()
while prod_thread.isAlive():
prod_thread.join(timeout=0.1)
while cons_thread.isAlive():
cons_thread.join(timeout=0.1)
return (sum(finished) / (timeit.default_timer() - start))
class FilePutter(threading.Thread):
"""Thread class for putting a URL"""
def __init__(self, url, start, size):
self.url = url
chars = '0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ'
data = chars * (int(round(int(size) / 36.0)))
self.data = ('content1=%s' % data[0:int(size) - 9]).encode()
del data
self.result = None
self.starttime = start
threading.Thread.__init__(self)
def run(self):
try:
if ((timeit.default_timer() - self.starttime) <= 10 and
not shutdown_event.isSet()):
request = build_request(self.url, data=self.data)
f = urlopen(request)
f.read(11)
f.close()
self.result = len(self.data)
else:
self.result = 0
except IOError:
self.result = 0
def uploadSpeed(url, sizes, quiet=False):
"""Function to launch FilePutter threads and calculate upload speeds"""
start = timeit.default_timer()
def producer(q, sizes):
for size in sizes:
thread = FilePutter(url, start, size)
thread.start()
q.put(thread, True)
if not quiet and not shutdown_event.isSet():
sys.stdout.write('.')
sys.stdout.flush()
finished = []
def consumer(q, total_sizes):
while len(finished) < total_sizes:
thread = q.get(True)
while thread.isAlive():
thread.join(timeout=0.1)
finished.append(thread.result)
del thread
q = Queue(6)
prod_thread = threading.Thread(target=producer, args=(q, sizes))
cons_thread = threading.Thread(target=consumer, args=(q, len(sizes)))
start = timeit.default_timer()
prod_thread.start()
cons_thread.start()
while prod_thread.isAlive():
prod_thread.join(timeout=0.1)
while cons_thread.isAlive():
cons_thread.join(timeout=0.1)
return (sum(finished) / (timeit.default_timer() - start))
def getAttributesByTagName(dom, tagName):
"""Retrieve an attribute from an XML document and return it in a
consistent format
Only used with xml.dom.minidom, which is likely only to be used
with python versions older than 2.5
"""
elem = dom.getElementsByTagName(tagName)[0]
return dict(list(elem.attributes.items()))
def getConfig():
"""Download the speedtest.net configuration and return only the data
we are interested in
"""
request = build_request('://www.speedtest.net/speedtest-config.php')
uh, e = catch_request(request)
if e:
print_('Could not retrieve speedtest.net configuration: %s' % e)
sys.exit(1)
configxml = []
while 1:
configxml.append(uh.read(10240))
if len(configxml[-1]) == 0:
break
if int(uh.code) != 200:
return None
uh.close()
try:
try:
root = ET.fromstring(''.encode().join(configxml))
config = {
'client': root.find('client').attrib,
'times': root.find('times').attrib,
'download': root.find('download').attrib,
'upload': root.find('upload').attrib}
except AttributeError: # Python3 branch
root = DOM.parseString(''.join(configxml))
config = {
'client': getAttributesByTagName(root, 'client'),
'times': getAttributesByTagName(root, 'times'),
'download': getAttributesByTagName(root, 'download'),
'upload': getAttributesByTagName(root, 'upload')}
except SyntaxError:
print_('Failed to parse speedtest.net configuration')
sys.exit(1)
del root
del configxml
return config
def closestServers(client, all=False):
"""Determine the 5 closest speedtest.net servers based on geographic
distance
"""
urls = [
'://www.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers-static.php',
'://c.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers-static.php',
'://www.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers.php',
'://c.speedtest.net/speedtest-servers.php',
]
errors = []
servers = {}
for url in urls:
try:
request = build_request(url)
uh, e = catch_request(request)
if e:
errors.append('%s' % e)
raise SpeedtestCliServerListError
serversxml = []
while 1:
serversxml.append(uh.read(10240))
if len(serversxml[-1]) == 0:
break
if int(uh.code) != 200:
uh.close()
raise SpeedtestCliServerListError
uh.close()
try:
try:
root = ET.fromstring(''.encode().join(serversxml))
elements = root.getiterator('server')
except AttributeError: # Python3 branch
root = DOM.parseString(''.join(serversxml))
elements = root.getElementsByTagName('server')
except SyntaxError:
raise SpeedtestCliServerListError
for server in elements:
try:
attrib = server.attrib
except AttributeError:
attrib = dict(list(server.attributes.items()))
d = distance([float(client['lat']),
float(client['lon'])],
[float(attrib.get('lat')),
float(attrib.get('lon'))])
attrib['d'] = d
if d not in servers:
servers[d] = [attrib]
else:
servers[d].append(attrib)
del root
del serversxml
del elements
except SpeedtestCliServerListError:
continue
# We were able to fetch and parse the list of speedtest.net servers
if servers:
break
if not servers:
print_('Failed to retrieve list of speedtest.net servers:\n\n %s' %
'\n'.join(errors))
sys.exit(1)
closest = []
for d in sorted(servers.keys()):
for s in servers[d]:
closest.append(s)
if len(closest) == 5 and not all:
break
else:
continue
break
del servers
return closest
def getBestServer(servers):
"""Perform a speedtest.net latency request to determine which
speedtest.net server has the lowest latency
"""
results = {}
for server in servers:
cum = []
url = '%s/latency.txt' % os.path.dirname(server['url'])
urlparts = urlparse(url)
for i in range(0, 3):
try:
if urlparts[0] == 'https':
h = HTTPSConnection(urlparts[1])
else:
h = HTTPConnection(urlparts[1])
headers = {'User-Agent': user_agent}
start = timeit.default_timer()
h.request("GET", urlparts[2], headers=headers)
r = h.getresponse()
total = (timeit.default_timer() - start)
except (HTTPError, URLError, socket.error):
cum.append(3600)
continue
text = r.read(9)
if int(r.status) == 200 and text == 'test=test'.encode():
cum.append(total)
else:
cum.append(3600)
h.close()
avg = round((sum(cum) / 6) * 1000, 3)
results[avg] = server
fastest = sorted(results.keys())[0]
best = results[fastest]
best['latency'] = fastest
return best
def ctrl_c(signum, frame):
"""Catch Ctrl-C key sequence and set a shutdown_event for our threaded
operations
"""
global shutdown_event
shutdown_event.set()
raise SystemExit('\nCancelling...')
def version():
"""Print the version"""
raise SystemExit(__version__)
def speedtest():
"""Run the full speedtest.net test"""
global shutdown_event, source, scheme
shutdown_event = threading.Event()
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, ctrl_c)
description = (
'Command line interface for testing internet bandwidth using '
'speedtest.net.\n'
'------------------------------------------------------------'
'--------------\n'
'https://github.com/sivel/speedtest-cli')
parser = ArgParser(description=description)
# Give optparse.OptionParser an `add_argument` method for
# compatibility with argparse.ArgumentParser
try:
parser.add_argument = parser.add_option
except AttributeError:
pass
parser.add_argument('--bytes', dest='units', action='store_const',
const=('byte', 1), default=('bit', 8),
help='Display values in bytes instead of bits. Does '
'not affect the image generated by --share')
parser.add_argument('--share', action='store_true',
help='Generate and provide a URL to the speedtest.net '
'share results image')
parser.add_argument('--simple', action='store_true',
help='Suppress verbose output, only show basic '
'information')
parser.add_argument('--list', action='store_true',
help='Display a list of speedtest.net servers '
'sorted by distance')
parser.add_argument('--server', help='Specify a server ID to test against')
parser.add_argument('--mini', help='URL of the Speedtest Mini server')
parser.add_argument('--source', help='Source IP address to bind to')
parser.add_argument('--timeout', default=10, type=int,
help='HTTP timeout in seconds. Default 10')
parser.add_argument('--secure', action='store_true',
help='Use HTTPS instead of HTTP when communicating '
'with speedtest.net operated servers')
parser.add_argument('--version', action='store_true',
help='Show the version number and exit')
options = parser.parse_args()
if isinstance(options, tuple):
args = options[0]
else:
args = options
del options
# Print the version and exit
if args.version:
version()
socket.setdefaulttimeout(args.timeout)
# Pre-cache the user agent string
build_user_agent()
# If specified bind to a specific IP address
if args.source:
source = args.source
socket.socket = bound_socket
if args.secure:
scheme = 'https'
if not args.simple:
print_('Retrieving speedtest.net configuration...')
try:
config = getConfig()
except URLError:
print_('Cannot retrieve speedtest configuration')
sys.exit(1)
if not args.simple:
print_('Retrieving speedtest.net server list...')
if args.list or args.server:
servers = closestServers(config['client'], True)
if args.list:
serverList = []
for server in servers:
line = ('%(id)4s) %(sponsor)s (%(name)s, %(country)s) '
'[%(d)0.2f km]' % server)
serverList.append(line)
print_('\n'.join(serverList).encode('utf-8', 'ignore'))
sys.exit(0)
else:
servers = closestServers(config['client'])
if not args.simple:
print_('Testing from %(isp)s (%(ip)s)...' % config['client'])
if args.server:
try:
best = getBestServer(filter(lambda x: x['id'] == args.server,
servers))
except IndexError:
print_('Invalid server ID')
sys.exit(1)
elif args.mini:
name, ext = os.path.splitext(args.mini)
if ext:
url = os.path.dirname(args.mini)
else:
url = args.mini
urlparts = urlparse(url)
try:
request = build_request(args.mini)
f = urlopen(request)
except:
print_('Invalid Speedtest Mini URL')
sys.exit(1)
else:
text = f.read()
f.close()
extension = re.findall('upload_extension: "([^"]+)"', text.decode())
if not extension:
for ext in ['php', 'asp', 'aspx', 'jsp']:
try:
request = build_request('%s/speedtest/upload.%s' %
(args.mini, ext))
f = urlopen(request)
except:
pass
else:
data = f.read().strip()
if (f.code == 200 and
len(data.splitlines()) == 1 and
re.match('size=[0-9]', data)):
extension = [ext]
break
if not urlparts or not extension:
print_('Please provide the full URL of your Speedtest Mini server')
sys.exit(1)
servers = [{
'sponsor': 'Speedtest Mini',
'name': urlparts[1],
'd': 0,
'url': '%s/speedtest/upload.%s' % (url.rstrip('/'), extension[0]),
'latency': 0,
'id': 0
}]
try:
best = getBestServer(servers)
except:
best = servers[0]
else:
if not args.simple:
print_('Selecting best server based on latency...')
best = getBestServer(servers)
if not args.simple:
print_(('Hosted by %(sponsor)s (%(name)s) [%(d)0.2f km]: '
'%(latency)s ms' % best).encode('utf-8', 'ignore'))
else:
print_('Ping: %(latency)s ms' % best)
sizes = [350, 500, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000, 3500, 4000]
urls = []
for size in sizes:
for i in range(0, 4):
urls.append('%s/random%sx%s.jpg' %
(os.path.dirname(best['url']), size, size))
if not args.simple:
print_('Testing download speed', end='')
dlspeed = downloadSpeed(urls, args.simple)
if not args.simple:
print_()
print_('Download: %0.2f M%s/s' %
((dlspeed / 1000 / 1000) * args.units[1], args.units[0]))
sizesizes = [int(.25 * 1000 * 1000), int(.5 * 1000 * 1000)]
sizes = []
for size in sizesizes:
for i in range(0, 25):
sizes.append(size)
if not args.simple:
print_('Testing upload speed', end='')
ulspeed = uploadSpeed(best['url'], sizes, args.simple)
if not args.simple:
print_()
print_('Upload: %0.2f M%s/s' %
((ulspeed / 1000 / 1000) * args.units[1], args.units[0]))
if args.share and args.mini:
print_('Cannot generate a speedtest.net share results image while '
'testing against a Speedtest Mini server')
elif args.share:
dlspeedk = int(round((dlspeed / 1000) * 8, 0))
ping = int(round(best['latency'], 0))
ulspeedk = int(round((ulspeed / 1000) * 8, 0))
# Build the request to send results back to speedtest.net
# We use a list instead of a dict because the API expects parameters
# in a certain order
apiData = [
'download=%s' % dlspeedk,
'ping=%s' % ping,
'upload=%s' % ulspeedk,
'promo=',
'startmode=%s' % 'pingselect',
'recommendedserverid=%s' % best['id'],
'accuracy=%s' % 1,
'serverid=%s' % best['id'],
'hash=%s' % md5(('%s-%s-%s-%s' %
(ping, ulspeedk, dlspeedk, '297aae72'))
.encode()).hexdigest()]
headers = {'Referer': 'http://c.speedtest.net/flash/speedtest.swf'}
request = build_request('://www.speedtest.net/api/api.php',
data='&'.join(apiData).encode(),
headers=headers)
f, e = catch_request(request)
if e:
print_('Could not submit results to speedtest.net: %s' % e)
sys.exit(1)
response = f.read()
code = f.code
f.close()
if int(code) != 200:
print_('Could not submit results to speedtest.net')
sys.exit(1)
qsargs = parse_qs(response.decode())
resultid = qsargs.get('resultid')
if not resultid or len(resultid) != 1:
print_('Could not submit results to speedtest.net')
sys.exit(1)
print_('Share results: %s://www.speedtest.net/result/%s.png' %
(scheme, resultid[0]))
def main():
try:
speedtest()
except KeyboardInterrupt:
print_('\nCancelling...')
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
# vim:ts=4:sw=4:expandtab



 
sh spe.py 
spe.py: line 17: import: command not found
spe.py: line 18: import: command not found
spe.py: line 19: import: command not found
spe.py: line 20: import: command not found
spe.py: line 21: import: command not found
spe.py: line 22: import: command not found
spe.py: line 23: import: command not found
spe.py: line 24: import: command not found
spe.py: line 25: import: command not found
spe.py: line 26: __version__: command not found
spe.py: line 28: user_agent: command not found
spe.py: line 29: source: =: file not found
spe.py: line 30: shutdown_event: command not found
spe.py: line 31: scheme: command not found
spe.py: line 33: socket_socket: command not found
spe.py: line 34: try:: command not found
spe.py: line 35: import: command not found
spe.py: line 36: except: command not found
spe.py: line 37: try:: command not found
spe.py: line 38: import: command not found
spe.py: line 39: except: command not found
spe.py: line 40: from: command not found
spe.py: line 41: ET: command not found
spe.py: line 43: try:: command not found
spe.py: line 44: from: command not found
spe.py: line 45: except: command not found
spe.py: line 46: from: command not found
spe.py: line 47: try:: command not found
spe.py: line 48: from: command not found
spe.py: line 49: except: command not found
spe.py: line 50: syntax error near unexpected token `('
spe.py: line 50: `e_http_py2 = sys.exc_info()'



机器学习/深度学习 XML JavaScript Java Shell API Apache 开发工具 数据格式 Python
分享到
取消 提交回答
全部回答(1)
  • 爱吃鱼的程序员
    2020-06-10 14:43:29

    你的python脚本用sh执行???哈哈贴这么长的代码都不会有人愿意看的

    0 0
开发与运维
使用钉钉扫一扫加入圈子
+ 订阅

集结各类场景实战经验,助你开发运维畅行无忧

推荐文章
相似问题