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交通灯管理系统

简介:



项目需求

   异步随机生成按照各个线路行驶的车辆。

       例如:

           由南向而来去往北向的车辆(南--->北)-------直行车辆

           由西向而来去往南向的车辆(西--->南)-------直行车辆

           由东向而来去往北向的车辆(东--->北)-------直行车辆

   信号灯忽略黄灯,只考虑红灯和绿灯。

   应考虑左转车辆控制信号灯,右转车辆不受信号灯控制

   具体信号灯控制逻辑与现实生活中的普通交通灯控制逻辑相同,不考虑特殊情况下的控制

       注:南北向车辆与东西向车辆交替放行,同方向等待车辆应先放行直行车辆后,才放行左转车辆。

   每辆车通过路口的时间为1秒(提示:可以通过线程sleep的方式模拟)

   随机生成车辆的时间间隔以及红绿灯交换的时间间隔自定义,可以设置。

   不要求实现GUI,只考虑系统逻辑实现,可通过log方式展现程序运行结果

设计类

找名词:

      线路、车辆、信号灯(红、绿)、规则  

找动词:

       生成车辆(左转车辆等)、红绿灯交换、设置红绿灯变换的时间间隔、设置生成车辆的时间间隔

车辆行驶的总共线路图

规则线路图(有哪些路线是可以一起行驶的)

类图

(由于这次画图的时候没有考虑好,导致理线都花了不少时间1小时30分吧下次得注意)

示例代码:做是做出来了,效果也达到了但是我用到多线程的地方好少,怕不对吧。。。。。。上代码

项目工程结构图比上面的类图多个了类,RulesManger(规则管理者)

AbstractLine类

package abstractsline;

import java.util.concurrent.CopyOnWriteArrayList;

import vehicle.Vehicle;
import blinker.Blinker;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : AbstractLine.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//


public abstract class AbstractLine{
	public AbstractLine(){
		
	}
	protected int count = 1;
	protected Blinker blinker = new Blinker();
	protected String name;
	protected CopyOnWriteArrayList<Vehicle> vehicles = new CopyOnWriteArrayList<Vehicle>();
	
	
	
	public CopyOnWriteArrayList<Vehicle> getVehicles() {
		return vehicles;
	}
	public void setVehicles(CopyOnWriteArrayList<Vehicle> vehicles) {
		this.vehicles = vehicles;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public Blinker getBlinker() {
		return blinker;
	}
	public void setBlinker(Blinker blinker) {
		this.blinker = blinker;
	}
	public void generationVehicles(Vehicle vehicle){
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
//				try {
					//Thread.sleep(timeDifference);
					this.vehicles.add(vehicle);
					System.out.println(vehicle.getName()+"汽车选择了,"+name+"线路!");
//				} catch (InterruptedException e) {
//					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
//					e.printStackTrace();
//				}
	};	
	public Vehicle removeVechides(Vehicle vehicle) throws InterruptedException{
		Thread.sleep(1000);
		vehicles.remove(vehicle);
		System.out.println(this.name+"线路的"+blinker.getColor()+"亮,可以通行,"+"汽车"+vehicle.getName()+"已经离开"+this.name+"线路");
		return vehicle;
	};
}

AbstractRule

package abstractsrule;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.concurrent.CopyOnWriteArrayList;

import abstractsline.AbstractLine;
import blinker.Blinker;
import constant.Constant;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : AbstractRule.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public abstract class AbstractRule {
	//private AbstractLine[] lines = new AbstractLine[10];//感觉用动态数组好些,可以迭代
	protected ArrayList<AbstractLine> lines = new ArrayList<AbstractLine>();
	
	protected String name;
	
	protected static int timeDifference = 5000;
	
	
	
	public static int getTimeDifference() {
		return timeDifference;
	}

	public void setTimeDifference(int timeDifference) {
		this.timeDifference = timeDifference;
	}

	public AbstractRule(Constant cons){}
	
	public void letVehicleGo(){
		Iterator<AbstractLine> iter = lines.iterator();//迭代设计模式
		final CopyOnWriteArrayList<AbstractLine> tempLines = new CopyOnWriteArrayList<AbstractLine>();	
		while(iter.hasNext()){
			tempLines.add(iter.next());
		}
		for (int i = 0; i < tempLines.size(); i++) {
			final int temp = i;
			new Thread(new Runnable() {
				@Override
				public void run() {
					// TODO Auto-generated method stub
					AbstractLine al = tempLines.get(temp);
					Blinker blinker= al.getBlinker();
					blinker.changingBlinker();
					switch (al.getBlinker().getColor()) {
					case READ:
						System.out.println(al.getName()+"线路的"+blinker.getColor().toString()+"亮了,"+al.getName()+
								"线路的车不可以通行!");
						break;
					case GREEN:
						System.out.println(al.getName()+"线路的"+blinker.getColor().toString()+"亮了,"+al.getName()+
								"线路的车可以通行!");
						break;
					}
				}
			}).start();
		}
		
//		while (iter.hasNext()) {//这里用while循环,如果程序慢点的话,达不到多个方法的灯在同一时间点上更改
//			AbstractLine al = iter.next();
//			Blinker blinker= al.getBlinker();
//			blinker.changingBlinker();
//			switch (blinker.getColor()) {
//			case READ:
//				System.out.println(al.getName()+"线路的"+blinker.getColor().toString()+"亮了,"+al.getName()+
//						"线路的车不可以通行!");
//				break;
//			case GREEN:
//				System.out.println(al.getName()+"线路的"+blinker.getColor().toString()+"亮了,"+al.getName()+
//						"线路的车可以通行!");
//				break;
//			}
//		}
//		System.out.println("--------------------------------------------");
	}
	
	public void letVehicleDontGo(){
		Iterator<AbstractLine> iter = lines.iterator();
		while (iter.hasNext()) {
			AbstractLine al = iter.next();
			Blinker blinker= al.getBlinker();
			blinker.changingBlinker();
			System.out.println(al.getName()+"线路的"+blinker.getColor().toString()+"亮了,"+al.getName()+
					"线路的车不可以通行!");
		}
	}
}

Blinker类

package blinker;

import enumerate.Color;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : Blinker.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class Blinker {
	/**
	 * 改变灯的颜色
	 */
	private Color color = Color.READ;
	
	
	
	public Color getColor() {
		return color;
	}



	public void setColor(Color color) {
		this.color = color;
	}



	public void changingBlinker() {
		if (color.hashCode()==Color.READ.hashCode()) {
			color = Color.GREEN;
		}else{
			color = Color.READ;
		}
		
	}
}

Constant类

package constant;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import line.EastNorthLine;
import line.EastSouthLine;
import line.EastWestLine;
import line.NorthEastLine;
import line.NorthSouthLine;
import line.NorthWestLine;
import line.SouthEastLine;
import line.SouthNorthLine;
import line.SouthWestLine;
import line.WestEastLine;
import line.WestNorthtLine;
import line.WestSouthLine;
import abstractsline.AbstractLine;

public class Constant {
	private ArrayList<AbstractLine> lines = new ArrayList<AbstractLine>();
	
	
	public ArrayList<AbstractLine> getLines() {
		return lines;
	}


	public void setLines(ArrayList<AbstractLine> lines) {
		this.lines = lines;
	}


	public Constant(){
		lines.add(new EastNorthLine());
		lines.add(new EastSouthLine());
		lines.add(new EastWestLine());
		lines.add(new NorthEastLine());
		lines.add(new NorthSouthLine());
		lines.add(new NorthWestLine());
		lines.add(new SouthEastLine());
		lines.add(new SouthNorthLine());
		lines.add(new SouthWestLine());
		lines.add(new WestEastLine());
		lines.add(new WestNorthtLine());
		lines.add(new WestSouthLine());
		
	}
}

Color类

package enumerate;

public enum Color {
	READ,GREEN;
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		switch (this) {
			case READ:
				return "红灯";
	
			case GREEN:
				return "绿灯";
		};
	return "异常灯";
	}
}

EastNorthLine类

package line;

import vehicle.Vehicle;
import abstractsline.AbstractLine;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : EastNorthLine.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class EastNorthLine extends AbstractLine {

	public EastNorthLine(){
		this.name = "东北";
	}
	
}

EastSouthLine类

package line;

import abstractsline.AbstractLine;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : EastSouthLine.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class EastSouthLine extends AbstractLine {
	public EastSouthLine(){
		this.name = "东南";
	}
}
其他的和这2个都差不多只是赋值不一样

Main类

package main;

import java.util.Random;
import runle.LinesManager;
import vehicle.Vehicle;
import abstractsline.AbstractLine;
import constant.Constant;
import enumerate.Color;

public class Main {

	/**
	 * @param args
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		final Constant cons = new Constant();
		final LinesManager lm = new LinesManager(cons);
		
		new Thread(new Runnable() {
			
			@Override
			public void run() {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				try {
					lm.start();
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
		}).start();
		
		new Thread(new Runnable() {
			
			@Override
			public void run() {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				int i = 1;
				while (true) {
					Vehicle vehicle = new Vehicle(i);
					int j = new Random().nextInt(12);
					//汽车选择车道
					AbstractLine al = cons.getLines().get(j);
					vehicle.setAbstractLine(al);
					al.generationVehicles(vehicle);
					try {
						Thread.sleep(vehicle.getTimeDifference());
					} catch (InterruptedException e) {
						// TODO Auto-generated catch block
						e.printStackTrace();
					}
				i++;
				}
			}
		}).start();
		
		
		/**
		 * 每个线路上的第一个车辆,看交通灯
		 */
		for (int i = 0; i < 12; i++) {
			final int temp = i; 
			new Thread(new Runnable() {
				
				@Override
				public void run() {
					// TODO Auto-generated method stub
					AbstractLine al = cons.getLines().get(temp);
					while (true) {
						try {
							Thread.sleep(1000);//12个线程,一起开启,不等待的话,cpu一下次用了%100后果很严重
						} catch (InterruptedException e1) {
							// TODO Auto-generated catch block
							e1.printStackTrace();
						}
						if(al.getVehicles().size()!=0){
							Vehicle vehicle = al.getVehicles().get(0);
							AbstractLine vehicleOnLine = vehicle.getAbstractLine();
							Color color = vehicleOnLine.getBlinker().getColor();
							switch (color) {
							case READ:
								System.out.println(vehicleOnLine.getName()+"线路的"+color+"亮,不让通行,"+"汽车"+vehicle.getName()+"正在"
													+vehicleOnLine.getName()+"线路上等待!");
								break;

							case GREEN:
								try {
									vehicleOnLine.removeVechides(vehicle);
								} catch (InterruptedException e) {
									// TODO Auto-generated catch block
									e.printStackTrace();
								}
//								System.out.println(vehicleOnLine+"线路的"+color+"亮,可以通行,"+"汽车"+vehicle+"已经离开"
//										+vehicleOnLine+"线路!");
								break;
							}					
						}
					}					
				}
			}).start();
		}
	}

}

LinesManager类

package runle;

import abstractsrule.AbstractRule;
import constant.Constant;

public class LinesManager {
	public LinesManager(Constant cons){
		 ruleOne = new RuleOne(cons);
		 ruleTwo = new RuleTwo(cons);
		 ruleThree = new RuleThree(cons);
		 ruleFour = new RuleFour(cons);
	}
	AbstractRule ruleOne ;
	AbstractRule ruleTwo ;
	AbstractRule ruleThree ;
	AbstractRule ruleFour;
	public void start() throws Exception{
//		int time = RuleOne.getTimeDifference();//Cannot make a static reference to the non-static method getTimeDifference() 
		                                       //from the type AbstractRule这里为什么要用静态的啊
		while(true){
			ruleOne.letVehicleGo();//放行车辆
			Thread.sleep(RuleOne.getTimeDifference());
			ruleOne.letVehicleDontGo();//不放行车辆
			
			ruleTwo.letVehicleGo();
			Thread.sleep(RuleTwo.getTimeDifference());
			ruleTwo.letVehicleDontGo();
			
			ruleThree.letVehicleGo();
			Thread.sleep(RuleThree.getTimeDifference());
			ruleThree.letVehicleDontGo();
			
			ruleFour.letVehicleGo();
			Thread.sleep(RuleFour.getTimeDifference());
			ruleFour.letVehicleDontGo();
			
		}
		
	}
}

RuleFour类

package runle;

import constant.Constant;
import line.EastNorthLine;
import line.NorthEastLine;
import line.SouthEastLine;
import line.WestSouthLine;
import abstractsrule.AbstractRule;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : RuleFour.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class RuleFour extends AbstractRule {
	public RuleFour(Constant cons){
		super(cons);
		name = "规则四";
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(0));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(11));
	}
}

RuleOne类

package runle;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import constant.Constant;
import abstractsrule.AbstractRule;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : RuleOne.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class RuleOne extends AbstractRule {
	public RuleOne(Constant cons){
		super(cons);
		name = "规则一";
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(9));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(2));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(3));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(8));
	}
}

RuleThree类

package runle;

import constant.Constant;
import line.EastSouthLine;
import line.NorthSouthLine;
import line.SouthNorthLine;
import line.WestNorthtLine;
import abstractsrule.AbstractRule;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : RuleThree.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class RuleThree extends AbstractRule {
	public RuleThree(Constant cons){
		super(cons);
		name = "规则三";
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(10));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(1));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(4));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(7));
	}
}

RuleTwo类

package runle;

import constant.Constant;
import line.NorthEastLine;
import line.NorthWestLine;
import line.SouthEastLine;
import abstractsrule.AbstractRule;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : RuleTwo.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class RuleTwo extends AbstractRule {
	public RuleTwo(Constant cons){
		super(cons);
		name = "规则二";
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(5));
		lines.add(cons.getLines().get(6));
	}
}

Vehicle类

package vehicle;

import java.util.Random;

import abstractsline.AbstractLine;

//
//
//  Generated by StarUML(tm) Java Add-In
//
//  @ Project : Untitled
//  @ File Name : AbstractVehicle.java
//  @ Date : 2014/6/7
//  @ Author : 
//
//




public class Vehicle {
	protected int timeDifference;
	private Random random = new Random();
	private AbstractLine abstractLine;
	
	
	
	public int getTimeDifference() {
//		System.out.println(timeDifference);
		return timeDifference;
	}


	public void setTimeDifference(int timeDifference) {
		this.timeDifference = timeDifference;
	}


	public AbstractLine getAbstractLine() {
		return abstractLine;
	}


	public void setAbstractLine(AbstractLine abstractLine) {
		this.abstractLine = abstractLine;
	}


	public Vehicle(Object name){
		timeDifference = 1000 + random.nextInt(5000)+1;//1000-60000的数
		this.name = name;
	}
	private Object name;
	
	
	public Object getName() {
		return name;
	}


	public void setName(Object name) {
		this.name = name;
	}


//	public void lookBlinker() {
//		
//	}
}

(自己写完了,然后看完了视频,感觉出了不一样的感觉):面向对象可以将复杂事情简单化。

给自己说的话:这个系统花了大概1天半不到的时间完成这样了,我现在的水平大概这样,等过段时间记得回来看的话,就拿来比较比较看自己成长了多少






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