[转] Oracle数据库维护常用SQL语句集合-阿里云开发者社区

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[转] Oracle数据库维护常用SQL语句集合

简介:

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进程相关:

 

1、 求当前会话的SID,SERIAL#

 

SELECT Sid, Serial#

FROM V$session

WHERE Audsid = Sys_Context('USERENV', 'SESSIONID');

2、 查询session的OS进程ID

 

SELECT p.Spid "OS Thread", b.NAME "Name-User", s.Program, s.Sid, s.Serial#,

s.Osuser, s.Machine

FROM V$process p, V$session s, V$bgprocess b

WHERE p.Addr = s.Paddr

AND p.Addr = b.Paddr

And (s.sid=&1 or p.spid=&1)

UNION ALL

SELECT p.Spid "OS Thread", s.Username "Name-User", s.Program, s.Sid,

s.Serial#, s.Osuser, s.Machine

FROM V$process p, V$session s

WHERE p.Addr = s.Paddr

And (s.sid=&1 or p.spid=&1)

AND s.Username IS NOT NULL;

3、根据sid查看对应连接正在运行的sql

 

SELECT /*+ PUSH_SUBQ */

Command_Type, Sql_Text, Sharable_Mem, Persistent_Mem, Runtime_Mem, Sorts,

Version_Count, Loaded_Versions, Open_Versions, Users_Opening, Executions,

Users_Executing, Loads, First_Load_Time, Invalidations, Parse_Calls,

Disk_Reads, Buffer_Gets, Rows_Processed, SYSDATE Start_Time,

SYSDATE Finish_Time, '>' || Address Sql_Address, 'N' Status

FROM V$sqlarea

WHERE Address = (SELECT Sql_Address

FROM V$session

WHERE Sid = &sid );

4、查找object为哪些进程所用

 

SELECT p.Spid, s.Sid, s.Serial# Serial_Num, s.Username User_Name,

a.TYPE Object_Type, s.Osuser Os_User_Name, a.Owner,

a.OBJECT Object_Name,

Decode(Sign(48 - Command), 1, To_Char(Command), 'Action Code #' || To_Char(Command)) Action,

p.Program Oracle_Process, s.Terminal Terminal, s.Program Program,

s.Status Session_Status

FROM V$session s, V$access a, V$process p

WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr

AND s.TYPE = 'USER'

AND a.Sid = s.Sid

AND a.OBJECT = '&obj'

ORDER BY s.Username, s.Osuser

 

5、查看有哪些用户连接

 

SELECT s.Osuser Os_User_Name,

Decode(Sign(48 - Command),1,To_Char(Command),

'Action Code #' || To_Char(Command)) Action,

p.Program Oracle_Process, Status Session_Status, s.Terminal Terminal,

s.Program Program, s.Username User_Name,

s.Fixed_Table_Sequence Activity_Meter, '' Query, 0 Memory,

0 Max_Memory, 0 Cpu_Usage, s.Sid, s.Serial# Serial_Num

FROM V$session s, V$process p

WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr

AND s.TYPE = 'USER'

ORDER BY s.Username, s.Osuser

 

6、根据v.sid查看对应连接的资源占用等情况

 

SELECT n.NAME, v.VALUE, n.CLASS, n.Statistic#

FROM V$statname n, V$sesstat v

WHERE v.Sid = &sid

AND v.Statistic# = n.Statistic#

ORDER BY n.CLASS, n.Statistic#

 

7、查询耗资源的进程(top session)

 

SELECT s.Schemaname Schema_Name,

Decode(Sign(48 - Command),

1, To_Char(Command), 'Action Code #' || To_Char(Command)) Action,

Status Session_Status, s.Osuser Os_User_Name, s.Sid, p.Spid,

s.Serial# Serial_Num, Nvl(s.Username, '[Oracle process]') User_Name,

s.Terminal Terminal, s.Program Program, St.VALUE Criteria_Value

FROM V$sesstat St, V$session s, V$process p

WHERE St.Sid = s.Sid

AND St.Statistic# = To_Number('38')

AND ('ALL' = 'ALL' OR s.Status = 'ALL')

AND p.Addr = s.Paddr

ORDER BY St.VALUE DESC, p.Spid ASC, s.Username ASC, s.Osuser ASC

8、查看锁(lock)情况

 

SELECT /*+ RULE */

Ls.Osuser Os_User_Name, Ls.Username User_Name,

Decode(Ls.TYPE,

'RW', 'Row wait enqueue lock', 'TM', 'DML enqueue lock',

'TX', 'Transaction enqueue lock', 'UL', 'User supplied lock') Lock_Type,

o.Object_Name OBJECT,

Decode(Ls.Lmode,

1, NULL, 2, 'Row Share', 3, 'Row Exclusive',

4, 'Share', 5, 'Share Row Exclusive', 6, 'Exclusive',

NULL) Lock_Mode,

o.Owner, Ls.Sid, Ls.Serial# Serial_Num, Ls.Id1, Ls.Id2

FROM Sys.Dba_Objects o,

(SELECT s.Osuser, s.Username, l.TYPE, l.Lmode, s.Sid, s.Serial#, l.Id1,

l.Id2

FROM V$session s, V$lock l

WHERE s.Sid = l.Sid) Ls

WHERE o.Object_Id = Ls.Id1

AND o.Owner <> 'SYS'

ORDER BY o.Owner, o.Object_Name

9、查看等待(wait)情况

 

SELECT Ws.CLASS, Ws.COUNT COUNT, SUM(Ss.VALUE) Sum_Value

FROM V$waitstat Ws, V$sysstat Ss

WHERE Ss.NAME IN ('db block gets', 'consistent gets')

GROUP BY Ws.CLASS, Ws.COUNT

10、求process/session的状态

 

SELECT p.Pid, p.Spid, s.Program, s.Sid, s.Serial#

FROM V$process p, V$session s

WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr;

 

11、求谁阻塞了某个session(10g)

 

SELECT Sid, Username, Event, Blocking_Session, Seconds_In_Wait, Wait_Time

FROM V$session

WHERE State IN ('WAITING')

AND Wait_Class != 'Idle';

 

12、查会话的阻塞

col user_name format a32

 

SELECT /*+ rule */

Lpad(' ', Decode(l.Xidusn, 0, 3, 0)) || l.Oracle_Username User_Name,

o.Owner, o.Object_Name, s.Sid, s.Serial#

FROM V$locked_Object l, Dba_Objects o, V$session s

WHERE l.Object_Id = o.Object_Id

AND l.Session_Id = s.Sid

ORDER BY o.Object_Id, Xidusn DESC;

 

col username format a15

col lock_level format a8

col owner format a18

col object_name format a32

 

SELECT /*+ rule */

s.Username,

Decode(l.TYPE, 'tm', 'table lock', 'tx', 'row lock', NULL) Lock_Level,

o.Owner, o.Object_Name, s.Sid, s.Serial#

FROM V$session s, V$lock l, Dba_Objects o

WHERE l.Sid = s.Sid

AND l.Id1 = o.Object_Id(+)

AND s.Username IS NOT NULL;

 

13、求等待的事件及会话信息/求会话的等待及会话信息

 

SELECT Se.Sid, s.Username, Se.Event, Se.Total_Waits, Se.Time_Waited,

Se.Average_Wait

FROM V$session s, V$session_Event Se

WHERE s.Username IS NOT NULL

AND Se.Sid = s.Sid

AND s.Status = 'ACTIVE'

AND Se.Event NOT LIKE '%SQL*Net%'

ORDER BY s.Username;

 

SELECT s.Sid, s.Username, Sw.Event, Sw.Wait_Time, Sw.State,

Sw.Seconds_In_Wait

FROM V$session s, V$session_Wait Sw

WHERE s.Username IS NOT NULL

AND Sw.Sid = s.Sid

AND Sw.Event NOT LIKE '%SQL*Net%'

ORDER BY s.Username;

14、求会话等待的file_id/block_id

col event format a24

col p1text format a12

col p2text format a12

col p3text format a12

 

SELECT Sid, Event, P1text, P1, P2text, P2, P3text, P3

FROM V$session_Wait

WHERE Event NOT LIKE '%SQL%'

AND Event NOT LIKE '%rdbms%'

AND Event NOT LIKE '%mon%'

ORDER BY Event;

 

SELECT NAME, Wait_Time

FROM V$latch l

WHERE EXISTS (SELECT 1

FROM (SELECT Sid, Event, P1text, P1, P2text, P2, P3text, P3

FROM V$session_Wait

WHERE Event NOT LIKE '%SQL%'

AND Event NOT LIKE '%rdbms%'

AND Event NOT LIKE '%mon%') x

WHERE x.P1 = l.Latch#);

15、求会话等待的对象

col owner format a18

col segment_name format a32

col segment_type format a32

 

SELECT Owner, Segment_Name, Segment_Type

FROM Dba_Extents

WHERE File_Id = &File_Id

AND &Block_Id BETWEEN Block_Id AND Block_Id + Blocks - 1;

16、求出某个进程,并对它进行跟踪

 

SELECT s.Sid, s.Serial#

FROM V$session s, V$process p

WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr

AND p.Spid = &1;

 

Exec Dbms_System.Set_Sql_Trace_In_Session(&1, &2, TRUE);

Exec Dbms_System.Set_Sql_Trace_In_Session(&1, &2, FALSE);

17、求当前session的跟踪文件

 

SELECT P1.VALUE || '/' || P2.VALUE || '_ora_' || p.Spid || '.ora' Filename

FROM V$process p, V$session s, V$parameter P1, V$parameter P2

WHERE P1.NAME = 'user_dump_dest'

AND P2.NAME = 'instance_name'

AND p.Addr = s.Paddr

AND s.Audsid = Userenv('SESSIONID')

AND p.Background IS NULL

AND Instr(p.Program, 'CJQ') = 0;

18、求出锁定的对象

SELECT Do.Object_Name, Session_Id, Process, Locked_Mode

FROM V$locked_Object Lo, Dba_Objects Do

WHERE Lo.Object_Id = Do.Object_Id;

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    本文转自wenglabs博客园博客,原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/arxive/p/5735688.html,如需转载请自行联系原作者


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