java.util.zip - Recreating directory structure(转)-阿里云开发者社区

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java.util.zip - Recreating directory structure(转)

简介: include my own version for your reference. We use this one to zip up photos to download so it works with various unzip programs.

 

include my own version for your reference.
We use this one to zip up photos to download so it works with various unzip programs. It preserves the directory structure and timestamps.

public static void createZipFile(File srcDir, OutputStream out,
   boolean verbose) throws IOException {

  List<String> fileList = listDirectory(srcDir);
  ZipOutputStream zout = new ZipOutputStream(out);

  zout.setLevel(9);
  zout.setComment("Zipper v1.2");

  for (String fileName : fileList) {
   File file = new File(srcDir.getParent(), fileName);
   if (verbose)
    System.out.println("  adding: " + fileName);

   // Zip always use / as separator
   String zipName = fileName;
   if (File.separatorChar != '/')
    zipName = fileName.replace(File.separatorChar, '/');
   ZipEntry ze;
   if (file.isFile()) {
    ze = new ZipEntry(zipName);
    ze.setTime(file.lastModified());
    zout.putNextEntry(ze);
    FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(file);
    byte[] buffer = new byte[4096];
    for (int n; (n = fin.read(buffer)) > 0;)
     zout.write(buffer, 0, n);
    fin.close();
   } else {
    ze = new ZipEntry(zipName + '/');
    ze.setTime(file.lastModified());
    zout.putNextEntry(ze);
   }
  }
  zout.close();
 }

 public static List<String> listDirectory(File directory)
   throws IOException {

  Stack<String> stack = new Stack<String>();
  List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();

  // If it's a file, just return itself
  if (directory.isFile()) {
   if (directory.canRead())
    list.add(directory.getName());
   return list;
  }

  // Traverse the directory in width-first manner, no-recursively
  String root = directory.getParent();
  stack.push(directory.getName());
  while (!stack.empty()) {
   String current = (String) stack.pop();
   File curDir = new File(root, current);
   String[] fileList = curDir.list();
   if (fileList != null) {
    for (String entry : fileList) {
     File f = new File(curDir, entry);
     if (f.isFile()) {
      if (f.canRead()) {
       list.add(current + File.separator + entry);
      } else {
       System.err.println("File " + f.getPath()
         + " is unreadable");
       throw new IOException("Can't read file: "
         + f.getPath());
      }
     } else if (f.isDirectory()) {
      list.add(current + File.separator + entry);
      stack.push(current + File.separator + f.getName());
     } else {
      throw new IOException("Unknown entry: " + f.getPath());
     }
    }
   }
  }
  return list;
 }
}

SEPARATOR constant is initialised with the System.getProperty("file.separator") which will give me the OS default file separator.
I would never hardcode a separator since that assumes that your code will only be deployed on a given OS

Don't use File.separator in ZIP. The separator must be "/" according to the spec. If you are on Windows, you must open file as "D:\dir\subdir\file" but ZIP entry must be "dir/subdir/file"

Just go through the source of java.util.zip.ZipEntry. It treats a ZipEntry as directory if its name ends with "/" characters. Just suffix the directory name with "/". Also you need to remove the drive prefix to make it relative.

 

Here is another example (recursive) which also lets you include/exclude the containing folder form the zip:

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.zip.ZipEntry;
import java.util.zip.ZipOutputStream;

public class ZipUtil {

  private static final int DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE = 1024 * 4;

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    zipFile("C:/tmp/demo", "C:/tmp/demo.zip", true);
  }

  public static void zipFile(String fileToZip, String zipFile, boolean excludeContainingFolder)
    throws IOException {        
    ZipOutputStream zipOut = new ZipOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(zipFile));    

    File srcFile = new File(fileToZip);
    if(excludeContainingFolder && srcFile.isDirectory()) {
      for(String fileName : srcFile.list()) {
        addToZip("", fileToZip + "/" + fileName, zipOut);
      }
    } else {
      addToZip("", fileToZip, zipOut);
    }

    zipOut.flush();
    zipOut.close();

    System.out.println("Successfully created " + zipFile);
  }

  private static void addToZip(String path, String srcFile, ZipOutputStream zipOut)
    throws IOException {        
    File file = new File(srcFile);
    String filePath = "".equals(path) ? file.getName() : path + "/" + file.getName();
    if (file.isDirectory()) {
      for (String fileName : file.list()) {             
        addToZip(filePath, srcFile + "/" + fileName, zipOut);
      }
    } else {
      zipOut.putNextEntry(new ZipEntry(filePath));
      FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(srcFile);

      byte[] buffer = new byte[DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE];
      int len;
      while ((len = in.read(buffer)) != -1) {
        zipOut.write(buffer, 0, len);
      }

      in.close();
    }
  }
}

 

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1399126/java-util-zip-recreating-directory-structure

 

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