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ssb-keys
keyfile operations for ssb
Last updated 2 months ago by staltz .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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SSB-Keys

supplies key loading and other cryptographic functions needed in secure-scuttlebutt apps.

var ssbKeys = require("ssb-keys");

// Load or create keys in this way:
var keys = ssbKeys.loadOrCreateSync("<path-to-file>");
/* keys =>
  {
    "curve": "ed25519",
    "public": "cFVodZoKwLcmXbM6UeASdl8+7+Uo8PNOuFnlcqk7qUc=.ed25519",
    "private": "lUqlXYxjkM0/ljtGnwoM0CfP6ORA2DKZnzsQ4dJ1tKJwVWh1mgrAtyZdszpR4BJ2Xz7v5Sjw8064WeVyqTupRw==.ed25519",
    "id": "@cFVodZoKwLcmXbM6UeASdl8+7+Uo8PNOuFnlcqk7qUc=.ed25519"
  }
*/

// `.generate()` is useful for testing purposes.
var keys = ssbKeys.generate();
/* keys =>
  {
    "curve": "ed25519",
    "public": "YSa2zbx07RNKQrrFX1vS5mFN+Pbnul61hd9GGymao1o=.ed25519",
    "private": "XhEkyFWb0TkhRU5t/yDTCI6Q9gwhsJM/SpL02UUwVtZhJrbNvHTtE0pCusVfW9LmYU349ue6XrWF30YbKZqjWg==.ed25519",
    "id": "@YSa2zbx07RNKQrrFX1vS5mFN+Pbnul61hd9GGymao1o=.ed25519"
  }
*/

// hmac_key` is a shared secret between two peers used to authenticate the sent
// data and can be an empty 32-byte Buffer:
var hmac_key = Buffer.alloc(32);
// Or a random Crypto buffer:
var hmac_key = crypto.randomBytes(32);
// Or a 32-byte Buffer as base-64 string:
var hmac_key = Buffer.from("7b6m0wZtYR0TevSgeNstWZUZam3IIG2B").toString(
  "base64"
);

// The `hmac_key` is a fixed value that applies to _THIS_ signature and is used
// to authenticate the data, `k` is the sender keys
var obj = ssbKeys.signObj(k, hmac_key, { foo: "bar" });
/* obj => 
  {
    "foo": "bar",
    "signature": "H39taOYa2emULWa1YDEaoLJBrbZ2GHsuVA6VsE9A1hbtpMcWpqXmZisH+nItx8BQR6JOO58K/uohMJkCrUKABQ==.sig.ed25519"
  }
*/

// Share your `hmac_key` with the message receiver so it can verify it.
ssbKeys.verifyObj(k, hmac_key, obj); // => true

api

keys

in the below methods, keys is an object of the following form:

{
  "curve": "ed25519",
  "public": "<base64_public_key>.ed25519",
  "private": "<base64_private_key>.ed25519",
  "id": "@<base64_public_key>.ed25519"
}

The format of the id feed is described in the protocol guide - keys and identities

when stored in a file, the file also contains a comment warning the reader about safe private key security. Comment lines are prefixed with # after removing them the result is valid JSON.

hash (data, encoding) => id

Returns the sha256 hash of a given data. If encoding is not provided then it is assumed to be binary.

getTag (ssb_id) => tag

The SSB ids contain a tag at the end. This function returns it. So if you have a string like @gaQw6zD4pHrg8zmrqku24zTSAINhRg=.ed25519 this function would return ed25519. This is useful as SSB start providing features for different encryption methods and cyphers.

loadOrCreateSync (filename) => keys

Load a file containing the your private key. the file will also contain a comment with a warning about keeping the file secret.

Works in the browser, or stores the keys is localStorage in the browser. (web apps should be hosted a secure way, for example web-bootloader) In the browser, the filename is used as the localStorage key. (note: web workers do not support localStorage, so the browser storage localtion will likely be changed to indexeddb in the future)

If the file does not exist it will be created. there is also variations and parts loadOrCreate (async), load, create createSync loadSync. But since you only need to load once, using the combined function is easiest.

keys is an object as described in keys section.

loadOrCreate (filename, cb)

If a sync file access method is not available, loadOrCreate can be called with a callback. that callback will be called with cb(null, keys). If loading the keys errored, new keys are created.

generate(curve, seed) => keys

generate a key, with optional seed. curve defaults to ed25519 (and no other type is currently supported) seed should be a 32 byte buffer.

keys is an object as described in keys section.

signObj(keys, hmac_key?, obj)

signs a javascript object, and then adds a signature property to it.

If hmac_key is provided, the object is hmaced before signing, which means it cannot be verified without the correct hmac_key. If each way that signatures are used in your application use a different hmac key, it means that a signature intended for one use cannot be reused in another (chosen protocol attack)

The fine details of the signature format are described in the protocol guide

verifyObj(keys, hmac_key?, obj)

verify a signed object. hmac_key must be the same value as passed to signObj.

box(content, recipients) => boxed

encrypt a message content to many recipients. msg will be JSON encoded, then encrypted with private-box

recipients must be an array of feed ids. your own feed id should be included.

the encryption format is described in the protocol guide - encrypting

unbox (boxed, keys) => content

decrypt a message encrypted with box. If the boxed successfully decrypted, the parsed JSON is returned, if not, undefined is returned.

the decryption process is described in the protocol guide - decrypting

unboxKey (boxed, keys) => msg_key

extract the msg_key used to encrypt this message, or null if it cannot be decrypted. the msg_key if not null, can then be passed to unboxBody

unboxBody (boxed, msg_key) => content

decrypt a message content with a msg_key. returns the plaintext message content or null if this is not the correct msg_key. The purpose of unboxBody and unboxKey is so support messages that are shared then later revealed.

secretBox (obj, key) => boxed

symmetrically encrypt an object with key (a buffer)

secretUnbox (boxed, key) => obj

symmetrically decrypt an object with key (a buffer)

ssbSecretKeyToPrivateBoxSecret(keys)

Convert from the ed25519 secret key (ssb secret key type) to the curve25519 key type that is used by private-box.

LICENSE

MIT

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