exports-loader
exports loader module for webpack
Last updated 8 days ago by evilebottnawi .
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exports-loader

Allow to setup exports module.exports/export for source files.

Useful when a source file does not contain exports or something does not export.

For further hints on compatibility issues, check out Shimming of the official docs.

⚠ By default loader generate ES module named syntax.

⚠ Be careful, existing exports (export/module.exports/exports) in the original code and exporting new values can cause a failure.

Getting Started

To begin, you'll need to install exports-loader:

$ npm install exports-loader --save-dev

Inline

Then add the loader to the desired import statemtnt and require calls. For example:

import { myFunction } from 'exports-loader?exports=myFunction!./file.js';
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// export { myFunction }

myFunction('Hello world');
import {
  myVariable,
  myFunction,
} from 'exports-loader?exports[]=myVariable&exports[]=myFunction!./file.js';
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// export { myVariable, myFunction };

const newVariable = myVariable + '!!!';

console.log(newVariable);

myFunction('Hello world');
import { file } from 'exports-loader?[name]!./file.js';
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// export { file };

file('string');
const {
  myFunction,
} = require('exports-loader?type=commonjs&exports=myFunction!./file.js');
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// module.exports = { myFunction }

myFunction('Hello world');

The | or %20 (space) allow to separate the syntax, name and alias of export.

%20 is space in a query string, because you can't use spaces in URLs

// Alternative syntax:
// import myFunction from 'exports-loader?exports=default%20myFunction!./file.js';
import myFunction from 'exports-loader?exports=default|myFunction!./file.js';
// `%20` is space in a query string, equivalently `default myFunction`
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// exports default myFunction;

myFunction('Hello world');
const myFunction = require('exports-loader?type=commonjs&exports=single|myFunction!./file.js');
// `|` is separator in a query string, equivalently `single|myFunction`
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// module.exports = myFunction;

myFunction('Hello world');
import { myFunctionAlias } from 'exports-loader?exports=named|myFunction|myFunctionAlias!./file.js';
// `|` is separator in a query string, equivalently `named|myFunction|myFunctionAlias`
// Adds the following code to the file's source:
//
// exports { myFunction as myFunctionAlias };

myFunctionAlias('Hello world');

Description of string values can be found in the documentation below.

Using Configuration

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        // You can use `regexp`
        // test: /vendor\.js/$
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: 'myFunction',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

And run webpack via your preferred method.

Options

Name Type Default Description
type {String} module Format of generated exports
exports {String\|Object\|Array<String\|Object>} undefined List of exports

type

Type: String Default: module

Format of generated exports.

Possible values - commonjs (CommonJS module syntax) and module (ES module syntax).

commonjs

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'commonjs',
          exports: 'Foo',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

module.exports = { Foo };

module

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'module',
          exports: 'Foo',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export { Foo };

exports

Type: String|Array Default: undefined

List of exports.

String

Allows to use a string to describe an export.

Syntax

The " " or | (space) separate command parts.

String values let you specify export syntax, name and alias.

String syntax - [[syntax] [name] [alias]] or [[syntax]|[name]|[alias]], where:

  • [syntax] (may be omitted) -

    • if type is module- can be default and named,
    • if type is commonjs- can be single and multiple
  • [name] - name of an exported value (required)

  • [alias] - alias of an exported value (may be omitted)

Examples:

  • [Foo] - generates export { Foo };.
  • [default Foo] - generates export default Foo;.
  • [named Foo] - generates export { Foo };.
  • [named Foo FooA] - generates export { Foo as FooA };.
  • [single Foo] - generates module.exports = Foo;.
  • [multiple Foo] - generates module.exports = { Foo };.
  • [multiple Foo FooA] - generates module.exports = { 'FooA': Foo };.
  • [[name]] - generates ES module named exports and exports a variable equal to the filename, for single.js it will be single, generates export { single };.
  • [named [name] [name]Alias] - generates ES module named exports and exports a value equal to the filename under other name., for single.js it will be single and singleAlias, generates export { single as singleAlias };.

⚠ You need to set type: "commonjs" to use single or multiple syntaxes.

⚠ Aliases can't be used together with default or single syntaxes.

Examples
ES Module Default Export

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: 'default Foo',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export default Foo;
ES Module Named Exports

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: 'named Foo FooA',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export { Foo as FooA };
CommonJS Single Export

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'commonjs',
          exports: 'single Foo',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

module.exports = Foo;
CommonJS Multiple Exports

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'commonjs',
          exports: 'multiple Foo FooA',
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

module.exports = { FooA: Foo };

Object

Allows to use an object to describe an export.

Properties:

  • syntax - can be default or named for the module type (ES modules module format), and single or multiple for the commonjs type (CommonJS module format) (may be omitted)
  • name - name of an exported value (required)
  • alias - alias of an exported value (may be omitted)
Examples
ES Module Default Export

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: {
            syntax: 'default',
            name: 'Foo',
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export default Foo;
ES Module Named Exports

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: {
            syntax: 'named',
            name: 'Foo',
            alias: 'FooA',
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export { Foo as FooA };
CommonJS Single Export

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'commonjs',
          exports: {
            syntax: 'single',
            name: 'Foo',
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

module.exports = Foo;
CommonJS Multiple Exports

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'commonjs',
          exports: {
            syntax: 'multiple',
            name: 'Foo',
            alias: 'FooA',
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

module.exports = { FooA: Foo };

Array

Allow to specify multiple exports. Each item can be a string or an object.

⚠ Not possible to use single and multiple syntaxes together due to CommonJS format limitations.

⚠ Not possible to use multiple default values due to ES module format limitations.

⚠ Not possible to use multiple single values due to CommonJS format limitations.

Examples
CommonJS Multiple Exports

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          type: 'commonjs',
          exports: ['Foo', 'multiple Bar', 'multiple Baz BazA'],
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

module.exports = { Foo, Bar, BazA: Bar };
ES Module Default Export And Named Exports Together

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: ['default Foo', 'named Bar BarA'],
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export default Foo;
export { Bar as BarA };
Named Exports

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: require.resolve('./path/to/vendor.js'),
        loader: 'exports-loader',
        options: {
          exports: [
            { syntax: 'named', name: 'Foo', alias: 'FooA' },
            { syntax: 'named', name: 'Bar' },
            'Baz',
          ],
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Generate output:

// ...
// Code
// ...

export { Foo as FooA, Bar, Baz };

Contributing

Please take a moment to read our contributing guidelines if you haven't yet done so.

CONTRIBUTING

License

MIT

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