Flash message middleware for Connect.
Last updated 7 years ago by jaredhanson .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
$ cnpm install connect-flash 
SYNC missed versions from official npm registry.


The flash is a special area of the session used for storing messages. Messages are written to the flash and cleared after being displayed to the user. The flash is typically used in combination with redirects, ensuring that the message is available to the next page that is to be rendered.

This middleware was extracted from Express 2.x, after Express 3.x removed direct support for the flash. connect-flash brings this functionality back to Express 3.x, as well as any other middleware-compatible framework or application. +1 for radical reusability.


$ npm install connect-flash


Express 3.x

Flash messages are stored in the session. First, setup sessions as usual by enabling cookieParser and session middleware. Then, use flash middleware provided by connect-flash.

var flash = require('connect-flash');
var app = express();

app.configure(function() {
  app.use(express.cookieParser('keyboard cat'));
  app.use(express.session({ cookie: { maxAge: 60000 }}));

With the flash middleware in place, all requests will have a req.flash() function that can be used for flash messages.

app.get('/flash', function(req, res){
  // Set a flash message by passing the key, followed by the value, to req.flash().
  req.flash('info', 'Flash is back!')

app.get('/', function(req, res){
  // Get an array of flash messages by passing the key to req.flash()
  res.render('index', { messages: req.flash('info') });


For an example using connect-flash in an Express 3.x app, refer to the express3 example.


$ npm install --dev
$ make test

Build Status



The MIT License

Copyright (c) 2012-2013 Jared Hanson <>

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