@node-ts/logger-core
Defines a logging adapter contract between consumers and implementations
Last updated 8 months ago by adenhertog .
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@node-ts/logger-core

The core logger abstraction that should be referenced throughout any package or application that requires logging functionality.

By default a raw console-based logger is provided. However, switching out the logger implementation (eg with Winston, Morgan etc) can be done by loading the module of that adapter.

Currently only one logger adapter is provided:

Creating a new log adapter is relatively simple; and we do welcome pull requests to this monorepo.

Using the default console adapter

The logger should be injected into your target classes through constructor parameters, eg:

// my-service.ts
import { injectable, inject } from 'inversify'
import { LOGGER_SYMBOLS, Logger } from '@node-ts/logger-core'

@injectable()
export class MyService {

  constructor (
    @inject(LOGGER_SYMBOLS.Logger) private readonly logger: Logger
  ) {
  }

  action (): void {
    this.logger.info('Logging is now enabled')
  }

}

This is done by loading the LoggerModule and creating a binding of the Logger when it's injected into the service:

// application-container.ts
import { Container } from 'inversify'
import { LoggerModule, LoggerFactory, LOGGER_SYMBOLS } from '@node-ts/logger-core'
import { MyService } from './my-service'

export class ApplicationContainer extends Container {

  constructor () {
    super (bind => {
      bind(LOGGER_SYMBOLS.Logger)
        .toDynamicValue(context => {
          const builder = context.container.get<LoggerFactory>(LOGGER_SYMBOLS.LoggerFactory)
          return builder.build('My Service', context)
        })
        .whenInjectedInto(MyService)
    })
  }

  start (): void {
    this.load(new LoggerModule())
  }
}

Using a different adapter

For a list of prebuilt adapters, please search for @node-ts/logger- on npmjs.

Creating a new adapter

Creation of your own logger adapter is done by implementing the Logger interface (to do the actual logging), and also implementing the LoggerFactory interface (to customize how loggers are built).

For example, a Logger implementation for the default logger looks something like:

// console-logger.ts
import { Logger } from './logger'
import { injectable } from 'inversify'

@injectable()
export class ConsoleLogger implements Logger {

  constructor (
    private readonly name: string, // The name of this instance of the logger
    private readonly jsConsole = console // Used for testing
  ) {
  }

  debug (message: string, data?: object): void {
    log(this.jsConsole.debug.bind(this), this.name, message, data)
  }

  // ...additional logger functions as defined in `Logger`
}

function log (
  consoleLog: (message: string, ...optionalParams: any[]) => void,
  name: string,
  message: string,
  data?: object
): void {
  const namedMessage = `${name}: ${message}`
  if (data) {
    consoleLog(namedMessage, data)
  } else {
    consoleLog(namedMessage)
  }
}

Building a logger of this instance is managed by the ConsoleLoggerFactory that implements the LoggerFactory as such:

import { injectable, interfaces } from 'inversify'
import { LoggerFactory } from './logger-factory'
import { ConsoleLogger } from './console-logger'
import { Logger } from './logger'

@injectable()
export class ConsoleLoggerFactory implements LoggerFactory {
  build (name: string, _: interfaces.Container): Logger {
    // The container can be used to get and inject any other dependencies used by the logger implementation
    return new ConsoleLogger(name)
  }
}

These two classes need to be exposed via your module. This is done by module rebinding, eg:

// my-console-logger-module.ts
import { ContainerModule } from 'inversify'
import { LOGGER_SYMBOLS } from './logger-symbols'
import { ConsoleLoggerFactory } from './console-logger-factory'

export class MyConsoleLoggerModule extends ContainerModule {
  constructor () {
    super((_, __, ___, rebind) => {
      rebind(LOGGER_SYMBOLS.LoggerFactory).to(ConsoleLoggerFactory)
    })
  }
}

Dynamically creating named loggers

Named loggers help to decorate each log message with the name of the class that produced it. Setting up a name for each logger when binding can get repetitive, so a utility function is provided to build loggers with the name of the type its being injected into.

For example, when binding a simple service, the bindLogger function can be used:

// application-container.ts
import { Container } from 'inversify'
import { LoggerModule, bindLogger } from '@node-ts/logger-core'
import { MyService } from './my-service'
import { MyOtherService } from './my-other-service'

export class ApplicationContainer extends Container {

  constructor () {
    super (bind => {
      bind(MyService).toSelf()
      // Create and bind a logger named 'MyService'
      bindLogger(bind, MyService)

      bind(MyOtherService).toSelf()
      // Create and bind a logger named 'MyOtherService'
      bindLogger(bind, MyOtherService)
    })
  }

  start (): void {
    this.load(new LoggerModule())
  }
}

Automatically binding named loggers

In the above example, a named logger is explicitly defined for each target it's to be injected into. To automatically bind all usages of LOGGER_SYMBOLS.Logger to a named logger for that target type, use autoBindLogger() instead:

// application-container.ts
import { Container } from 'inversify'
import { LoggerModule, autoBindLogger } from '@node-ts/logger-core'
import { MyService } from './my-service'
import { MyOtherService } from './my-other-service'

export class ApplicationContainer extends Container {

  constructor () {
    super (bind => {
      bind(MyService).toSelf()
      bind(MyOtherService).toSelf()

      // Creates new named loggers for all targets in the container, including the above services
      autoBindLogger(bind)
    })
  }

  start (): void {
    this.load(new LoggerModule())
  }
}

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