@chcaa/web-extractor
Extract DOM content and take screenshots based on user defined rules
Last updated 2 months ago by pbvahlst .
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Web Extractor

A tool for extracting DOM content and taking screenshots of web pages.

Provided a list of urls and a set of extraction rules Web Extractor loads each url and test each rule against the page until a rule succeeds or there are no more rules. If a rule succeeds the data described in the rule's extract method is exported.

Web Extractor can be used as a CLI program or as a npm module.

CLI Installation

  • Install node.js version 12.9 or higher
  • Clone this repository
  • Navigate to the root of the repository and run
npm install

Usage

  • Navigate to the root of the repository and run
node extract -h 

CLI options

  • -u, --urls <file> [required] - A path to a file with a list of urls for extraction. Each url in the file should be on it's own line
  • -d, --destination <directory> [required] - A path to the dir where data should be saved. If the dir already contains previous collected data the new data will be appended to the existing files
  • -r, --rules <directory> [optional] - A path to the dir where extraction rules are located. If not set the "rules" folder in the project will be used as default
  • -c, --concurrency <integer> [optional, default=15] - The maximum simultaneous loaded pages
  • -n, --no-screenshot [optional] - Disable screenshots
  • -t, --page-timeout <integer> [optional, default=90000] - Milliseconds to wait for the initial loading of a page
  • -h, --headless [optional, default=true] - run browser on headless mode
  • -i, --use-id-for-screenshot-name [optional] - Use an universal unique id for screenshot names instead of the url
  • -x, --debug [optional] - Print more detailed error information

NOTE if cpm-data.json contains many results with a requestStrategy equal to domContentLoaded or errors.json contains many TimeoutError errors, try lowering concurrency or increase page-timeout.

Full Example

$ node extract -u /data/urls.txt-d /data/web-extract -c 35 -t 90000

Analyze each url in '/data/urls.txt' and save the results in '/data/web-extract'. Load a maximum of 35 simultaneous pages and wait a maximum of 90000ms for each page to load.

NPM Module Installation

run:

npm install @chcaa/web-extractor

Usage

To get started with some simple extractions, create a simple rule (see Extraction Rules) and do the following:

const WebExtractor = require('@chcaa/web-extractor');

async function run() {
    let urls = ['https://www.dr.dk', 'tv2.dk'];

    let rule = {
        extractor: {
            extract: function() {
                return document.querySelector('h1');
            }
        }
    };

    let destDir = '/temp/data/web-extractor';

    let extractor = new WebExtractor(urls, rule, destDir);

    await extractor.execute();
}

run();

API

The following methods and properties are available:

constructor(urls, rules, destDir, [options])
  • urls - an array of urls or a path to a file with urls. (one url pr. line). If further input is needed along with the url the url can be and object with a property named url the object will the be passed in to relevant methods of the extraction rules (see Creating Rules). If the url's are located in a file each line can be a string in JSON-format.

  • rules - the dir where the extraction rules are located or a rule object or an array of rule objects (see Creating Rules)

  • destDir - the dir where the extracted data, screenshots and logs should be saved

  • options - additional options in the format

    • {
          useIdForScreenshotName: {boolean} default false,
          maxConcurrency: {integer} default 15,
          pageTimeoutMs: {integer} default 90000,
          headless: {boolean} default true,
          output: {
              screenshot: {boolean} default true,
              logs: {boolean} default true,
              data: {boolean} default true
          }
          printProgression: {boolean} default false
      }
      
execute([progressionListener]) <async>
  • progressionListener - a function which will be notified on progression during the extraction

Returns: Promise<undefined> - resolves when extraction completes or fails if an unhandled error occurred

errors <static>

An object with the internal custom errors thrown by Web Extractor. Can be used in rules which want to be able to throw the same kinds of errors for e.g. consistency in the error-log.

debug([enable]) <static>
  • enable a boolean enabling or disabling debug information to the console.

Results

If the destination path does not contain data from a previous extraction session a new directory will be created with the name "data-{DATE-TIME}". The created directory has the following structure:

  • data.json
  • no-rule-match-urls.txt
  • errors.json
  • ./screenshots

data.json contains the extracted data for each url where a matching rule could be found. Each line is a self contained json-object, which makes it easy to parse large files line by line.

no-rule-match-urls.txt contains a list of urls which did not match any of the rules.

errors.json contains a json object for each error occurred during the extraction process.

screenshots contains one or more screenshots for each url where a rule matched.

Resuming a Previous Extraction

If a path to a directory containing previous extracted data is passed in, Web Extractor will add to the existing files and screenshot directory instead of creating a new directory.

Screenshots

If screenshots are enabled (default) a screenshot will taken of every page which can be reached. So even if no rule does match or there are no rules at all a screenshot is still taken.

For further control each rule can specify if additional screenshots should be taken (see extractor.beforeExtract).

Extraction Rules

Rules defines what should be extracted from given web-page as well as when the extraction should take place.

Each rule is tested one by one in alphabetical order until a match is found. In the event of a match the result is saved and any remaining rules are aborted.

If no rules path is passed in the rules (if any) located in the rules directory of the project, will be used.

Disabling and Deleting Rules

A rule can be temporarily disabled by prefixing the file name with double underscore e.g. __cookiebot.js. To completely remove a rule simply delete the file.

Creating Rules

Each rule is a node.js module with the following structure:

module.exports = {
    name: 'name of the rule', //required

    dataTemplate: function() {} // optional
    
    extractor: {
        beforeExtract: async function(page, url) {}, // optional 
        extract: function(template, url) {} // optional
        afterExtract: function(data, rul) {} // optional
     }
    
};
name <string>

The name of the rule or some other name identifying the extracted data. If only one rule is used the name can be omitted.

init(options) <async>
  • options - an object with relevant config data from the extractor:

    • {
          destDir: {string}
      }
      

Returns: Promise<undefined>

If defined this method will be called once before any extraction takes place.

Can be used for initializing the rule or other preparations which should take place before rule is processed.

dataTemplate()

Returns: Object - a template object to use as a starting point in the first extractor for the rule

If the function is defined it must return a JSON compliant object which will be passed into the first extractor of the rule (see below). For each url the rule i tested against a new clone of the template object, so it is safe to modify the template object in the extract method.

extractor <object | array>

The extractor object should have at least one of the following methods:

extractor.beforeExtract(page, [url]) <async>
  • page - an instance of a puppeteer page
  • url - the url or url object currently being processed

Returns: Promise<object | undefined> - a control object for what to do when beforeExtract succeeds or undefined (default) if the normal order of execution should be followed

The returned object can have the following options:

  • screenshot - take a screenshot
  • nextExctractorIndex - continue with the extractor at the following index. Makes selection and iteration possible
{
    screenshot: {boolean}, // optional
    nextExctractorIndex: {integer} // optional
}

The extraction engine will wait for this method to complete before running the extract method.

In the case of a puppeteer.errors.TimeoutError the next rule (if present) wil we tested. All other errors will be seen as an actual error and the following rules will be aborted and the error logged.

To wait for a given DOM-element to become present and then take a screenshot you could do:

extractor: { 
    beforeExtract: async function(page) {
        await page.waitFor('#my-element' {timeout: 5000});
        return {
            screenshot: true
        };
    },
    extract() {...}
}

When the extractor is made up of more extractors (see Multiple Extractors) it can be desirable to be able to choose which extractor to run next depending on a condition in beforeExtract. This can be controlled by returning an object with the property nextExctractorIndex which determines the next extractor to run. E.g.

extractor: {
    beforeExtract: async function(page) {
        try {
            await page.waitFor('#my-element' {timeout: 5000});
            return 2;
        } catch(e) {
            return 3;
        }
    }
}
extractor.extract([template], [url])
  • template - a clone of the template object returned by dataTemplate() or null if dataTemplate() is not defined
  • url - the url or url object currently being processed

Returns: the extraction result or one of: null, undefined, [] or {} if no result was found

The extract method is executed in the context of the page so you have access to document, window etc.

To extract all paragraph text from a page you could do:

extractor: {
    extract: function() {
        let results = [];
        let paragraphs = document.querySelector('p');
        if (p) {
            for (let p of paragraphs) {
                results.push(p.textContent);
            }
        }
        return results;
    }
}
extractor.extractPuppeteer(page, [template], [url]) <async>
  • page - a puppeteer page instance.
  • template - a clone of the template object returned by dataTemplate() or null if dataTemplate() is not defined
  • url - the url or url object currently being processed

Returns Promise<?>: the extraction result or one of: null, undefined, [] or {} if no result was found

Use this method of you need to have access to the page object and wants to its methods for extraction.

If both extractor.extractPuppeteer and extractor.extract is present extractor.extractPuppeteer will be executed first.

To extract all paragraph text from a page you could do:

extractor: {
    extractPuppeteer: async function(page) {
        let results = await page.$$('p', (elements) => elements.map((element) => element.textContent));
        return results;
    }
}
extractor.afterExtract(data, [url]) <async>
  • data - the extracted data from extractor.extract
  • url - the url or url object currently being processed

Returns: Promise<data | undefined> return the processed version of the passed in data or undefined if you will handle saving the data yourself

This method will only be called on a successful return value from extractor.extract

Use this method to do post processing of the extracted data or to handle further saving of data yourself. In the case of returning undefined the extractor chain will be broken and no further extractors will be called.

Multiple Extractors

Sometimes it is required to click buttons, wait for events to happen etc. to complete an extraction. The extractor can then be divided into multiple sections by providing an array of objects with one or both of beforeExtract and extract. Each extractor will get passed the return value from the previous extractor so you can add to this to get a combined result (if present the template will be passed to the first object's extract method).

if an extractor return one of null, undefined, [] or {} the extraction chain will be aborted and no result will be saved for this rule. If there are more rules the next rule in line will be tested.

To wait for an element to appear, extract some text, click next and extract some more text you could do:

extractor: [
    {
        beforeExtract: async function(page) {
            await page.waitFor('.popup');
        },
        extract: function() {
            let data = {
                popupPage1: document.querySelector('.popup-text').textContent;
            }
            return data;
        }
    }, {
        beforeExtract: async function(page) {
            await page.click('.popup .next-button');
            await page.waitFor('.popup .page2');
        },
        extract: function(data) { // data is the object returned in the extractor above
            data['popupPage2'] = document.querySelector('.popup-text').textContent;
            return data;
        }
    }

]

All this could also have been done in the extractor alone using the DOM, events and mutation-observers etc., so the above is only an easier way to do it.

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