@bdi/node-hdb-pool
HDB connection pool ============= SAP HANA connection pool based on [node-hdb](https://github.com/SAP/node-hdb) driver and [node-pool](https://github.com/coopernurse/node-pool) generic pool.
Last updated 7 months ago by bdi.team.biz .
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HDB connection pool

SAP HANA connection pool based on node-hdb driver and node-pool generic pool.

The HDB connection pool is able to connect with:

  • username + password
  • SAML bearer assertion
  • username + SAP HANA session cookie

The connection pool can be used in standalone mode, or with a webserver in HTTP mode.

Installation

$ npm install node-hdb-pool

Getting started

This is a very simple example how to configure the pool:

var hdbPool = require('node-hdb-pool');

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool({
	host: 'hostname',
	env: 'PROD',
	port: 30015,
	user: 'user',
	password: 'secret',
	maxPoolSize: 5
});

And how to use it in standalone mode:

if (hpool) {
    var sql = '...';    // can be either DDL or DML
    var prepArgs = [];	// prepared statement arguments
    hpool.exec(sql, prepArgs, function(err, result) {
        if (err) {
            // handle error
            return;
        }

        // use result
    }
}

And how to use it in HTTP mode:

var express = require('express'),
    app = express();

app.get('/insertrow', function(req, res) {
	if (hpool) {
	    var sql = 'INSERT INTO ... VALUES (?, ?, ?)';  // can be either DDL or DML
        var prepArgs = ['val1', 'val2', 'val3'];	// prepared statement arguments
	    hpool.exec(sql, prepArgs, req, res, function(err) {
			if (err) {
				console.log(err);
				res.send('ERROR');
			}
			// if no error happened the result will be automatically sent back to the client. (in case of insert, the result contains the number of affected rows)
		});
	}
	else {
		console.log('No pool is available!');
		res.send('No pool is available!');
	}
});

app.listen(3000, function () {
	console.log('Example app listening on port 3000!');
});

And how to use it in HTTP mode with streaming:

var express = require('express'),
    app = express();

app.get('/csvdata', function(req, res) {
	if (hpool) {
	    var sql = '...';
        var prepArgs = [];	// prepared statement arguments
	    hpool.stream(sql, prepArgs, req, [hdbPool.createCsvStringifier, res], function(err) {
			if (err) {
				console.log(err);
				res.send('ERROR');
			}
		});
	}
	else {
		console.log('No pool is available!');
		res.send('No pool is available!');
	}
});

app.listen(3000, function () {
	console.log('Example app listening on port 3000!');
});

And how to use it with socket.io:

var express = require('express'),
    http = require('http'),
    app = express();

var HttpServer = http.createServer(app).listen(3000),
    SocketIO = require('socket.io')(HttpServer);

SocketIO.on('connection', function(sock) {
    var req = sock.request;
    
    // pass socket-events to the underlying request (hdb-pool registers events on the request like close, error)
    sock.on('disconnect', function() {
		req.emit('close');
	});
    sock.on('error', function(err) {
		req.emit('error', err);
	});

    sock.on('insertrow', function(payload) {
        if (hpool) {
            var sql = 'INSERT INTO ... VALUES (?, ?, ?)';  // can be either DDL or DML
            var prepArgs = payload;    // prepared statement arguments can be sent by the client
            
            // the 4th argument (response) needs to be null
            hpool.exec(sql, prepArgs, req, null, function(err) {
                if (err) {
                    console.log(err);
                    // emit message if the client needs to know about this error
                }
                // emit message if the client needs to know if the insert was successful
            });
        }
        else {
            console.log('No pool is available!');
            // emit message if the client needs to know about this error
        }
    });
});

Config parameter details:

  • host: hostname. Required.
  • port: port. Required.
  • env: short symbolic name of the environment, e.g. SAND, PROD, etc. Optional, if not specified hostname will be used.
  • user: username for SAP HANA Database. Optional when assertion is used, otherwise required.
  • password: password for the SAP HANA user. Optional when assertion or sessionCookie is used, otherwise required.
  • assertion: a signed SAML bearer assertion or assertion factory function. See more.
  • sessionCookie: an SAP HANA sessionCookie. See more.
  • maxPoolSize: maximum number of resources to create at any given time. Optional, default to 1.
  • minPoolSize: minimum number of resources to keep in the pool at any given time. Optional, default to 0.
  • idleTimeoutMillis: max milliseconds a resource can stay idle in the pool before being removed. Optional, default to 30000.
  • refreshIdle: boolean that specifies whether idle resources at or below the min threshold should be destroyed/re-created. Optional, default to true.
  • genericPoolLog: if verbose log of node-pool package should be displayed. Optional, default to false.
  • resphPrefix: Optional prefix concatenated to response header in case of HTTP mode.
  • logger: Optional. False by default. In order to enable logging, reference to a configured tracer logger should be set.
  • defaultSchema: Optional. Default schema. By default no schema is setup, so the default schema of the user will be used.

Recommended logger setup:

var colors = require('colors');
var logger = require('tracer').colorConsole({
	dateformat: 'HH:MM:ss',
	stackIndex: 1, // this is important to be setup in order to see a full log
	filters: {
		trace: colors.cyan,
		debug: colors.yellow,
		info: colors.green,
		warn: colors.yellow,
		error: [ colors.red ]
	}
});

Standalone mode

Pool configuration connecting with username + password

var hdbPool = require('node-hdb-pool');

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool({
	host: 'hostname',
	env: 'PROD',
	port: 30015,
	user: 'user',
	password: 'secret',
	maxPoolSize: 5,
	idleTimeoutMillis: 30000,
	logger: logger,
	genericPoolLog: true
});

Pool configuration connecting with SAML bearer assertion

var hdbPool = require('node-hdb-pool'),
    fs = require('fs');

// fake pid to pass to HANA in order to retain sessionCookie between restarts
hdbPool.setPid(1111);

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool({
	host: 'hostname',
	env: 'PROD',
	port: 30015,
	assertion: fs.readFileSync('path/to/signed_saml_assertion.xml', 'utf-8'),
	maxPoolSize: 5,
	minPoolSize: 1, // keep at least one connection alive in order to keep HANA session cookie alive
	idleTimeoutMillis: 30000,
	refreshIdle: false, // keep alive at least _minPoolSize_ connections (if it would be true, connections are destroyed and re-created in every _idleTimeoutMillis_)
	logger: logger,
	genericPoolLog: true
});

Pool configuration connecting with SAP HANA session cookie

var hdbPool = require('node-hdb-pool');

// fake pid to pass to HANA in order to retain sessionCookie between restarts
hdbPool.setPid(1111);

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool({
	host: 'hostname',
	env: 'PROD',
	port: 30015,
	user: 'user',
	sessionCookie: 'sessionCookie'
	maxPoolSize: 5,
	minPoolSize: 1, // keep at least one connection alive in order to keep HANA session cookie alive
	idleTimeoutMillis: 30000,
	refreshIdle: false, // keep alive at least _minPoolSize_ connections (if it would be true, connections are destroyed and re-created in every _idleTimeoutMillis_)
	logger: logger,
	genericPoolLog: true
});

Usage of the pool in standalone mode

if (hpool) {
	hpool.exec('SELECT system_id SID, host, version FROM M_DATABASE', [], function(err, rows) {
		if (err || rows.length !== 1) {
			console.error('Error while getting system information on ' + env);
		}
		else {
		    var env = hpool.env;
			console.log('System information of ' + env + ':');
			console.log(rows[0]);
		}
	});
}

HTTP mode

Pool configuration connecting with username + password

var hdbPool = require('node-hdb-pool');

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool({
	host: 'hostname',
	env: 'PROD',
	port: 30015,
	user: 'user',
	password: 'secret',
	maxPoolSize: 5,
	idleTimeoutMillis: 30000,
	logger: logger,
	resphPrefix: 'x-customprefix'
});

Pool configuration connecting with SAML bearer assertion

var hdbPool = require('node-hdb-pool'),
    fs = require('fs');

// fake pid to pass to HANA in order to retain sessionCookie between restarts
hdbPool.setPid(1111);

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool({
	host: 'hostname',
	env: 'PROD',
	port: 30015,
	assertion: fs.readFileSync('path/to/signed_saml_assertion.xml', 'utf-8'),
	maxPoolSize: 5,
	minPoolSize: 1, // keep at least one connection alive in order to keep HANA sessionCookie alive
	idleTimeoutMillis: 30000,
	refreshIdle: false, // keep alive at least _minPoolSize_ connections (if it would be true, connections are destroyed and recreated in every _idleTimeoutMillis_)
	logger: logger,
	resphPrefix: 'x-customprefix'
});

Usage of the pool in HTTP mode

Default response headers:

  • query-time: actual execution time in milliseconds (it does not include waiting time for free resource)
  • waiting-time: time in milliseconds spent on waiting for free resource
// setup a server
var express = require('express'),
    app = express();

var sql = 'SELECT system_id SID, host, version FROM M_DATABASE';
var prepArgs = [];	// prepared statement arguments

app.get('/csvsysinfo', function(req, res) {
	if (hpool) {
		hpool.exec(sql, prepArgs, req, res, function(err) {
			if (err) {
				console.log(err);
				res.send('ERROR');
			}
		});
	}
	else {
		console.log('No pool is available!');
		res.send('No pool is available!');
	}
});

app.listen(3000, function () {
	console.log('Example app listening on port 3000!');
});

// NOTE: in case of minPoolSize > 0, pool needs to be killed manually
setTimeout(function() {
	if (hpool && hpool.pool) {
	    hpool.pool.min = 0;
		hpool.pool.drain(function() {
			hpool.pool.destroyAllNow();
			console.log('Pool destroyed on ' + hpool.env);
			hpool = null;	// clean the reference
		});
	}
}, 1*60*60*1000);   // kill the pool periodically in every hour

Usage of the pool in HTTP mode with streaming

Available streaming outputs:

  • CSV (Comma Separated Values): hdbPool.createCsvStringifier
  • SSV (Semi-colon Separated Values): hdbPool.createSsvStringifier
  • JSON: hdbPool.createJSONStringifier

Default response headers:

  • query-time: actual execution time in milliseconds (it does not include waiting time for free resource)
  • waiting-time: time in milliseconds spent on waiting for free resource
// setup a server
var express = require('express'),
    app = express();

var sql = 'SELECT system_id SID, host, version FROM M_DATABASE';
var prepArgs = [];	// prepared statement arguments

app.get('/csvsysinfo', function(req, res) {
	if (hpool) {
		hpool.stream(sql, prepArgs, req, [hdbPool.createCsvStringifier, res], function(err) {
			if (err) {
				console.log(err);
				res.send('ERROR');
			}
		});
	}
	else {
		console.log('No pool is available!');
		res.send('No pool is available!');
	}
});

app.listen(3000, function () {
	console.log('Example app listening on port 3000!');
});

// NOTE: in case of minPoolSize > 0, pool needs to be killed manually
setTimeout(function() {
	if (hpool && hpool.pool) {
	    hpool.pool.min = 0;
		hpool.pool.drain(function() {
			hpool.pool.destroyAllNow();
			console.log('Pool destroyed on ' + hpool.env);
			hpool = null;	// clean the reference
		});
	}
}, 1*60*60*1000);   // kill the pool periodically in every hour

Configure the pool with SessionStore

In case of HTTP mode if minPoolSize > 0 and SAML bearer assertion is used for connecting to SAP HANA, the acquired HANA session cookie can be stored in the sessionStore by simply passing the req as second argument.

var hpool = hdbPool.createPool(poolOpts, req);

Notes about SAML bearer assertion and HANA session cookie

  • SAML bearer assertion has to be signed otherwise SAP HANA does not accept it
    • in SAP HANA, one needs to setup the public key-pair of the private key which was used to sign the assertion
  • an example SAML bearer assertion is
<saml2:Assertion ID="_2068a633d1c4b262c8fdc768a1d53346" IssueInstant="2016-01-14T09:38:49.437Z" Version="2.0" xmlns:saml2="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
  <saml2:Issuer></saml2:Issuer>
  <ds:Signature xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
    <ds:SignedInfo>
      <ds:CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"/>
      <ds:SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmldsig-more#rsa-sha256"/>
      <ds:Reference URI="">
        <ds:Transforms>
          <ds:Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature"/>
          <ds:Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#">
            <ec:InclusiveNamespaces PrefixList="xsd" xmlns:ec="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"/>
          </ds:Transform>
        </ds:Transforms>
        <ds:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#sha256"/>
        <ds:DigestValue />
      </ds:Reference>
    </ds:SignedInfo>
    <ds:SignatureValue />
    <ds:KeyInfo>
      <ds:X509Data />
    </ds:KeyInfo>
  </ds:Signature>
  <saml2:Subject xmlns:saml2="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion">
    <saml2:NameID Format="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:unspecified" NameQualifier="http://idp.example.org/" SPNameQualifier="sp1">USERNAME</saml2:NameID>
    <saml2:SubjectConfirmation Method="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:cm:bearer">
      <saml2:SubjectConfirmationData Address="127.0.0.1" InResponseTo="_aeefedf622b60752a564" NotOnOrAfter="2016-01-14T09:43:49.487Z" Recipient="http://sp1.example.org/callback"/>
    </saml2:SubjectConfirmation>
  </saml2:Subject>
  <saml2:Conditions NotBefore="2010-01-01T00:00:00Z" NotOnOrAfter="2017-01-01T00:00:00Z" xmlns:saml2="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion">
  </saml2:Conditions>
  <saml2:AuthnStatement AuthnInstant="2016-01-14T09:37:07.687Z" SessionIndex="_eab1b512b946bcfaeb0c9b5dd85bd275" xmlns:saml2="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion">
    <saml2:SubjectLocality Address="example.org"/>
    <saml2:AuthnContext>
      <saml2:AuthnContextClassRef>urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:ac:classes:PasswordProtectedTransport</saml2:AuthnContextClassRef>
    </saml2:AuthnContext>
  </saml2:AuthnStatement>
</saml2:Assertion>
  • once connection with a valid SAML bearer assertion is done, the user gets a HANA session cookie
  • HANA session cookies can be seen in SESSION_COOKIES system view
  • HANA session cookies without alive connections are wiped out periodically
    • quick reconnect with a previously used cookie usually works
  • a HANA session cookie is valid only for a given user from a given host+PID (OS process ID)
    • if the OS process is restarted and it gets a new PID, a previously used session cookie cannot be used to connect to HANA
    • to avoid this behaviour, use the hdbPool.setPid(XXXX); to setup a static PID before calling hdbPool.createPool(...)

Query metadata

Metadata for a query can be retrieved by hpool.meta().

if (hpool) {
    hpool.meta('SELECT system_id SID, host, version FROM M_DATABASE', [], function(err, meta) {
        if (err) {
            console.error('Error while getting metadata ' + env);
        }
        else {
            console.log(meta);
        }
    });
}

Running tests

For the tests a database connection has to be established to an SAP HANA database. Therefore you need to copy the configuration test/config.js.tpl file into test/config.js and change it with your connection data. An example config file can be seen here:

var fs = required('fs');

var config = {
	host: 'example.host.com',
	port: 30015,
	user: 'username',
	password: 'secret',
	assertion: fs.readFileSync('path/to/signed_saml_assertion.xml', 'utf-8')
};

exports.config = config;

To run the unit tests go to the node-hdb-pool folder and type:

$ npm test

Todo

  • Implement periodic reconnection-logic if database host becomes unavailable
  • Improve documentation
  • Improve test coverage

FAQ

Calling stored procedures and sending messages

Example stored procedure to insert a user into a table:

CREATE PROCEDURE INSERTUSER (
    p_username varchar(255)
)
SQL SECURITY DEFINER AS
BEGIN SEQUENTIAL EXECUTION
    DECLARE STATUS_MESSAGE CONDITION FOR SQL_ERROR_CODE 10001;
    DECLARE EXIT HANDLER FOR STATUS_MESSAGE
        SELECT ::SQL_ERROR_CODE AS "errno", ::SQL_ERROR_MESSAGE AS "errmsg" FROM DUMMY;

    DECLARE USER_EXISTS INT = 0;

    SELECT COUNT(USER_NAME) INTO USER_EXISTS FROM USERS WHERE USER_NAME = :p_username;
	IF (:USER_EXISTS > 0) THEN
        SIGNAL STATUS_MESSAGE SET MESSAGE_TEXT = '{"status": "error", "code": 1, "message": "user already exist"}';
    ELSE
        INSERT INTO USERS VALUES (:p_username);
		SIGNAL STATUS_MESSAGE SET MESSAGE_TEXT = \'{"status": "success", "code": 0, "message": "user created"}';
	END IF;
END;

Example code how to call the above procedure:

hpool.exec('CALL INSERTUSER(?)', ['newuser'], function(err, rows) {
    if (err || !rows || rows.status) {
        // handle error
    }
    else {
        if (rows.status === 'error') {
            // handle error from stored proc
        }
        else if (rows.status === 'success') {
            // handle success from stored proc
        }
    }
});

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