Henson common utilities
Last updated 5 months ago by anpingli .
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Henson Common Utilities Library

Table of Contents

config - Configuration

Read properties from configuration file. Supports Henson standard configuration file ConfigData.json and any other JSON files.

It also read from environment variable and environment takes priority.

Loaded files are monitored and will be reloaded when change is detected. A good practice for application is to get from this API every time, so that new value will always be used.

File Path

In production mode, the config path is /opt/miep/etc/config/, otherwise it loads from config/ under current working directory. You can override the path by calling from() or setting environment variable CONFIG_FILE_PATH.

If configuration file doesn't exist, the API response is different depends on running mode:

  • In production mode, an error is thrown when try to read configuration from a non-exist file.
  • In non-production mode, missing configuration file is treated as an empty file was loaded.

Environment Variable

Config API reads environment variable first and the same name property in config file will be override.

For property inside standard configuration file ConfigData.json, environment variable name is the property name.

For other configuration files, environment variable should be named in the format of [file]_[property], where file is the relative file path and name with suffix. For example: sam/Configuration.json_authentication.user.

ⓘ Shell doesn't allow to set environment variable which contains character / or .. It is intended to be used with Docker.



  • get(property: string, options?: Option): any

    Get property from Henson standard configuration file or environment variable.

  • get(file: string, property: string, options?: Option): any

    Get property from specific configuration file. File name may contain relative path, extension can be omitted (because it's always .json).

  • getAll(file: string): any

    Get the whole property tree from specific configuration file.

  • register(file: string, onReloaded: () => void): void

    Register a callback which will be called when the file is reloaded.

  • from(path?: string): void

    Override the default path to load configure files from. Setting a new path will clear all files loaded before. Reload callbacks will no longer work as well. Calling it without parameter will reset path to default. It's mainly used in test case to switch configuration.

  • exists(file: string): boolean

    Check if the configuration file exists in configuration path


  • default: any - The default value when configuration item is undefined
  • undefinable: boolean - Behavior when the configuration item is undefined and has no default value
    • true - Return undefined
    • false (default) - Throw error


import {config} from '@anpingli/common';

// read property from Henson standard config 'ConfigData.json'
const alias = config.get('dmsLdapHomePageAlias');

// read from specify config file 'SppServiceMapConfig.json',
// an object is returned
const sms = config.get('SppServiceMapConfig', 'SMS');

// read a property through the tree
const sms = config.get('InformationForwarding',

// read property in array notation
const sms = config.get('users["Bill Gate"].email');

// get undefined property will throw Error
// give default value if the property can be omitted
const p = config.get('someProperty', {default: 100});

See source code and test case for more detail.

applog - Application Logging

The logging API internally use the Jigsaw modified version of bunyan, which is a logging library outputs in JSON format.

Output Destination

The philosophy of logging is to log directly to stdout and allowing the deployment environment to decide where that should go. The application just handle its core business and keep the flexibility to let auxiliary affairs to be handled by others.

During development, just simply pipe stdout to bunyan CLI to render the log in console.

$ node src/index.js | bunyan

In production, redirect stdout to a file. Log file rotation can be done by common Linux tool e.g. logrotate.

$ NODE_ENV=production node lib/index.js >> /var/log/miep/myapp.log 2>&1 &


Each module should use its name to create a logger.

init is not necessary since v10.2.0

import { applog } from '@anpingli/common';
const log = applog.logger('backend');  // e.g. current file is 'backend.ts'

log.debug('Current directory: %s', process.cwd());

Log check points when trace is hit or process.env.TRACER_DEBUG is true.

import {applog} from '@anpingli/common';

// each module should use its name to create the logger
const log = applog.logger('test');

log.check('step1'); // log msg: step1
// ...
log.check('step2'); // log msg: step1 -> step2
// ...
log.check('step3'); // log msg: step1 -> step2 -> step3
// ...

Read bunyan document for detail about log method.

Output Level

The output level of loggers are configured in file applogconfig.json. Please check config API document for the file path.

  "myapp" : {
    "level" : "debug",
    "modules" : {
      "index" : "warn",
      "backend" : "info"
  "anotherapp" : {
    "level" : "info"

Modification on log config file will take effect immediatelly.

If there is no configuration for the app, in non-production mode the default output level is TRACE, which means everything, in production mode (NODE_ENV === ‘production’) the default level is INFO.

Suppress Logging Output

During unit test, the logging output mixes with test report will make test report unreadable. Using bunyan CLI filtering feature can suppress most of normal logging output.

$ gulp test | bunyan -l fatal

metrics - Service Metrics Reporting

Collect metrics data and report in InfluxDB line protocol.

Metric Types

The following metric types are available:


A gauge is a metric that represents a single numerical value that can arbitrarily go up and down. Gauges are typically used for measured values like current memory usage.


  • from(readFn: () => number): void: Use a read function to retrieve value on read
  • value(value: number): void: Set current value. The value is ignore if a read function is given in from()


  • value


counter is a cumulative metric that represents a single numerical value that can increase or decrease. A counter is typically used to count requests served, tasks completed, errors occurred, etc.

A special use case of counter is to measure rate of events over time (per second). It should only be increased when it's used in this way.


  • inc(n: number = 1): void
  • dec(n: number = 1): void
  • reset(n: number = undefined): void


  • autoreset : whether auto reset counter value to zero when value is reported. Default is true.


  • count : Counter value
  • count_s : Average rate per second in a report period. Exist only when autoreset is true.


histogram samples observations (usually things like request durations or response sizes). It calculates configurable quantiles (percentiles) and counts them in configurable bins. It also provides sum, max, min of all observed values.

To limit CPU and memory footprint, records are stored in a fix size reservoir. When the reservoir is full, it drop records randomly and only keep samples. Percentiles and bins fields are not absolute accurate.




  • record(value: number): void


  • percentiles: number[]: Percentile fields. Default is [0.9, 0.95, 0.99], which outputs 90%, 95% and 99% percentile.
  • binEdges: number[]: Define the bins to count records into value ranges. Bins need not be of equal width. Right most edge can be Infinity. Example: [0, 100, 1000, Infinity]. By default there is no bin setup.


  • max: max record value
  • min: min record value
  • mean: average value of all records
  • sum: sum of all records
  • count: number of records
  • pNN: percentile at NN, e.g. p90, p95 and p99. Configured by percentiles[] in options.
  • bin_L_R: number of records in a bin, where L and R are the left (include) and right (exclude) edge of the bin, e.g. bin_0_100, bin_100_1000 and bin_1000_inf. Configured by binEdges[] in options.


Timing is a helper base on histogram to measure distribution of duration (usually things like request durations).


  • begin(): Stopwatch: Begins duration timing.
  • end(stopwatch: Stopwatch): Usually call Stopwatch.end() rather than this method.
  • Stopwatch.end(): Ends duration timing and record the duration into underlay histogram


  • Same as histgram.


  • All fields in histgram
  • ongoing: number of stopwatches that has began but not ended.


Current only supports InfluxDB.

The InfluxDb reporter is able to write data in InfluxDB line protocol format into a given logger, for debug without connection to a InfluxDB server.


  • host?: string - InfluxDB address. Omitting will disable sending data to server.
  • port?: number - InfluxDB port, default is 8086.
  • db: string - Metrics database to report to. Each application should have its database.
  • logPoints?: boolean - Write data into log, default is false.
  • logger?: (data: string) => void - The logger function, used when logPoints is true.
  • defaultTags?: Tags - Default tags are added to all metric points.


See JsDoc for API detail. Example can be found in test/metrics/demo-metrics.ts.

Use only alphanumeric and underscore in metrics and tag naming.

import {metrics} from '@anpingli/common';

metrics.reportTo(new metrics.reporter.InfluxDb({
  host: '',
  db: 'test',
  defaultTags: {      // default tags are added to all metric points
    zone: 'cgc'

// create measurements in collection
let metricsCollection = metrics.newCollection();

// how to sepcify the type of a metric
let counterC: metrics.Measurement<metrics.metric.Counter>;

// for some metric type, there can be options as third parameter
counterC = metricsCollection.counter('counter_C', {}, { autoreset: true });

metricsCollection.gauge('service_gauge').tag({ service: 'z' }).value(100);

metricsCollection.counter('incoming').tag({ bucket: 1 }).inc();

// shorthand style, if no tag to be added

// assign metric to variable beforehead

// default tag `node` will be added to add points
let m = metricsCollection.counter('outgoing', { node: 'local' });
m.tag({ bucket: 1 }).inc();
m.tag({ bucket: 2 }).inc();

// release internal memory when the collection is no long used

Be careful on memory footprint when design the tags. For each tags combination there will be a metric created.

ES6 Promise Enhancement

This module enhances ES6 Promise by adding methods to it. It's described in the book ECMAScript 6 入门.


finally( () => void ): Promise

The callback passed into finally method will be called no matter a promise is resolved or rejected. Original value in the promise is returned.

import '@anpingli/common';

  .then( () => {
    // do something
  .finally( () => {
    // always perform clean up

utils - Small Common Used Functions

utils includes some useful small function:


Generate a unique identifier by random.

function uid(len: number): string

uid(10);  // => "FDaS435D2z"

The probability of duplicates in n IDs of length L is:

p(n) ≈ n²/(2*62^L)

ID has length 21 has lower probability of duplicates then type 4 (random) UUID. Generally length 10 is enough for million of IDs.


Return the hash of a string, range in [0, n).

⚠ Set n to a prime number to minimize collisions (achieve even distribution).

function hash(s: string, n: number): number


Pause logic flow for a duration. It must be called inside async function using await.

function sleep(millisec:number): Promise<void>

await sleep(3000);
// continue following task


Encode a string or a buffer to url-safe base64 string.

function urlSafeBase64Encode(value: string | Buffer, encoding?: string): string




Decode a url-safe base64 string to a normal string;

function urlSafeBase64Decode(value: string, encoding?: string): string



Return a random integer in range [min, max]. Both min and max are inclusive and must be integer.

It's a simplified version of lodash random. If you're looking for floating random in a range, use lodash one.

random(1, 3);  // possible returned value: 1, 2, 3


Stringify a simple object to JSON and make the keys sorted. It can be used as key in Map.

  type: 1,
  value: {
    y: 2,
    x: 1,
  name: 'foo',

// In output JSON, key is sorted:
// {"name":"foo","type":1,"value":{"x":1,"y":2}}'}


Get module name from package.json. :warning: The application must start with 'npm start', or the module name will be undefined.

const moduleName = getModuleName();
if (!moduleName) {
  logger.error('can not get the module name');


Convert an object to another case-style object recursively.



  • function convertCase<T, U>(input: T, convertStr: (name: string) => string): U Generic convert function that requires a specific convert function
  • function toKebabCase<T, U>(input: T): U Convert an object to a kebab-case object recursively
  • function toCamelCase<T, U>(input: T): U Convert an object to a camel-case object recursively
  • function toSnakeCase<T, U>(input: T): U Convert an object to a snake-case object recursively
import * as utils from '@anpingli/common';
import * as _ from 'lodash';

const snakeCase = [
    a_bb_ccc: {
      d_ee_ff: [1, 2, { r_ss_ttt: [4, 5, 6] }],
      j_kk_lll: true,
    x_yy_zzz: {
      o_pp_qqq: undefined,
      g_hh_iii: 'whats up',
    // tslint:disable:no-null-keyword
    m_nn_ooo: null,

const camelCase = [
    aBbCcc: {
      dEeFf: [1, 2, { rSsTtt: [4, 5, 6] }],
      jKkLll: true,
    xYyZzz: {
      oPpQqq: undefined,
      gHhIii: 'whats up',
    // tslint:disable:no-null-keyword
    mNnOoo: null,

const kebabCase = [
    'a-bb-ccc': {
      'd-ee-ff': [1, 2, { 'r-ss-ttt': [4, 5, 6] }],
      'j-kk-lll': true,
    'x-yy-zzz': {
      'o-pp-qqq': undefined,
      'g-hh-iii': 'whats up',
    // tslint:disable:no-null-keyword
    'm-nn-ooo': null,

toCamelCase(snakeCase);               // camelCase
toCamelCase(kebabCase);               // camelCase
convertCase(snakeCase, _.camelCase);  // camelCase

toKebabCase(snakeCase);  // kebabCase
toKebabCase(camelCase);  // kebabCase

toSnakeCase(camelCase);  // snakeCase
toSnakeCase(kebabCase);  // snakeCase


Convert an number to timestamp string.



  • function getTimeString(time: number, options = { inputFormat: TimeFormat.Millisecond, outputFormat: TimeFormat.Millisecond }): string
  • time: millisecond or second
  • options.inputFormat: Millisecond(1572941171964) or Second(1572941171)
  • options.outputFormat: Millisecond(2019-11-05T08:06:11.964Z) or Second(2019-11-05T08:06:11Z)

const timestamp = utils.getTimeString(1572941171, {
  inputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Second,
  outputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Second,
// 2019-11-05T08:06:11Z

const timestamp = utils.getTimeString(1572941171, {
  inputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Second,
  outputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Millisecond,
// 2019-11-05T08:06:11.000Z

const timestamp = utils.getTimeString(1572941171964, {
  inputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Millisecond,
  outputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Second,
// 2019-11-05T08:06:11Z

const timestamp = utils.getTimeString(1572941171964, {
  inputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Millisecond,
  outputFormat: utils.TimeFormat.Millisecond,
// 2019-11-05T08:06:11.964Z

collection - Collection API


A Map that has capacity limitation and data expiration. Can be used as cache.

The API is compatible with ES6 Map.

When maximum capacity is specified and the map is already full, oldest entry will be removed (no matter expired or not) on adding new entry.

Whether to return expired value on get is configurable by option getExpiredValue. If you choose to keep returning expired value, expired entries won't be auto cleared. When this is the case, make sure you have either set maximum capacity or call clearTimeout periodically to limit memory usage.


ExpiringMap<KEY, VALUE>(ttl: number, options: ExpiringMapOptions)

ttl is the entries' time to live in millisecond.


  • maxCapacity: number - default is unlimited.
  • getExpiredValue: boolean - Whether return expired value on get(). Default is false.
  • updateTimestampOnGet: boolean - Whether update timestamp (prolong expire time) on get(). Default is false.


  • size: number

  • set(key: KEY, value: VALUE): VALUE - Returns the value just being set

  • get(key: KEY): VALUE | undefined - Returns the value of a key

  • getOrSet(key: KEY, defaultValue: VALUE): VALUE - Set key to default value if it's undefined

  • delete(key: KEY): boolean - Returns false when key doesn't exist

  • clear(): void - Remove all entries.

  • clearExpired(time?: number): boolean Remove all expired entries from collection. If time isn't specified, default to now. Return true if any entry is deleted.

  • keys(): Iterable<KEY> - Expired entries are included.

  • values(): Iterable<KEY> - Expired entries are included.

  • entries(): Iterable<[KEY, VALUE]> - Expired entries are included.


  • evict

An entry is evicted because of expiration or map size reaches maximum limit.

  map.on('evict', function(key: KEY, value: VALUE): void {
    // item evicted


  import {collection} from '@anpingli/common';
  const testMap = new collection.ExpiringMap<string, number>(1000);

  testMap.set('one', 1);
  testMap.set('two', 2);
  testMap.set('three', 3);


  // delete key. return true if delete success.
  if (testMap.delete('one')) {
    console.log('delete success');

  // iterator for map
  for (let [key, value] of testMap) {
    // ...
  // iterator for key-value pairs.
  for (let [key, value] of testMap.entries()) {
    // ...
  // iterator for keys.
  for (let key of testMap.keys()) {
    // ...
  // iterator for values.
  for (let value of testMap.values()) {
    // ...

  // build an array for keys.
  // ['one', 'two', 'three']

  // build an array for values.
  // [1, 2, 3]

  // build an array for key-value pairs.
  // [['one', 1], ['two', 2], ['three', 3]]

  // build an array for key-value pairs.
  // [['one', 1], ['two', 2], ['three', 3]]


BinaryHeap stores a collection of objects in such a way that the highest priority element is always on top.


  • BinaryHeap<T>(compareFn?: (a: T, b: T) => number)

    • compareFn

      Function to compare the priority of a and b. Returns positive if a has higher priority than b; returns negitave if b has higer priority than a. If this parameter is omitted, use T.compare() if exist, otherwise native number/string comparation.


  • size


  • push(element: T): number

    Adds an element into the collection and return the new size of the collection.

    Alias: enqueue

  • pop(): T

    Returns the element of the top of the collection and removes it from the collection.

    Alias: dequeue

  • peek(): T

    Returns the element of the top of the collection without removing it.

  • pollLast(): T

    Remove the element at the end of the collection and retures it.

    ⚠ Heap is not sorted, the element at the end may not be the lowest priority.

  • clear()


const heap = new BinaryHeap<number>();
// Content: 1, -1, 0
console.log(heap.size) // -> 3
heap.pop();            // --> 1
heap.pop();            // --> 0
heap.pop();            // --> -1


A FIFO data structure with optional high and low watermarks.


  • size


  • constructor<T>(lowWaterMark: number = 0, highWaterMark: number = Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER)
  • enqueue(data: T): void
  • dequeue(): T
  • peek(): T
  • isEmpty(): boolean


const queue = new Queue<number>(2, 4);
queue.underLowWatermark();  // returns true
queue.aboveHighWatermark(); // returns true
queue.peek();               // returns 1
queue.dequeue();            // returns 1
queue.dequeue();            // returns 2

tellog - TEL log API for sending TEL to 'whttp'.


  • Design TEL.

  • Hardcode TEL in 'henson-cpp': 'henson-cpp/OMS/OMTEL/OMTELSERV/src/TelAsn1Info.cpp'.

  • Use tellog API to send TEL to 'telserver'.


  • Harcode in TelAsn1Info.cpp.
   insertObjectInfo("", "updateApnsTokenStatus", NoneE, true, ConstructedE, 1);
   insertObjectInfo("", "xTransactionId", StringE, false);
   insertObjectInfo("", "apnsTokens", StringE, false );
   insertObjectInfo("", "tokenStatus", StringE, false );
   insertObjectInfo("", "errorCode", StringE, true );
   insertObjectInfo("", "errorMsg", StringE, true );
  • Use 'tellog' API in node.js.
  import {tellog} from '@anpingli/common';
  // init(name: string, ip: string = '', port: number = 9999);
  // don't forget to init.
  tellog.init('test', '', 9999);

  // create a TelLogObject.
  let telLogObj: TelLogObject = {
  sesProcWtdr: {
    wtdrId: 1,
    imsi: '460001123313123',
    actionList: {
      sesAction: {
        updateApnsTokenStatus: {
          TransactionId: '123123123132',
          apnsTokens: '12312313123',
          tokenStatus: 'valid'

  // send log to 'telserver';
  // if success, return true.
  // if fail, throw an error.
  try {
    await tellog.log(telLogObj);
  } catch(error) {
    // ...


  sesProcWtdr: {
    wtdrId: number; // mandatory
    xTransactionId?: string;
    recordingEntity?: string;
    msisdn?: string;
    url?: string;
    httpMethod?: string;
    sessionId?: string;
    sourceIPAddress?: string;
    sourcePort?: number;
    imsi?: string;
    returnCode?: number;
    failureReason?: string;
    uaIdentificationString?: string;
    manufacturer?: string;
    model?: string;
    requestInTime?: string;
    responseOutTime?: string;
    virtualGWName?: string;
    virtualGWExternalIpAddress?: string;
    timeStamp?: string;
    imei?: string;
    deliveryResult?: string;
    actionList: { // mandatory
      sesAction: any; // contains the specific fields of TEL.

EgressLog - EgressLog Api to save EgressLog to disk

EgressLog is the log record operation to external node(i.e: provision of AAA), below is record field description:

Field Type optional Detail Description
sequence number no The sequence number of the transaction.
transactionId string no The transaction identification.
subscriberId Object yes Key attributes of the request that identify a subscription (i.e. vIMSI).
subscriberId.msisdn string yes MSISDN as a subscriber ID.
subscriberId.imsi string yes IMSI as a subscriber ID.
subscriberId.vImsi string yes vIMSI as a subscriber ID.
subscriberId.userId string yes User ID as a subscriber ID.
subscriberId.eid string yes EID as a subscriber ID.
subscriberId.deviceInfo Object yes DeviceInfo as a subscriber ID. It contains device ID and application category
subscriberId.deviceInfo.deviceId string yes Refer to subscriberId.deviceInfo.
subscriberId.deviceInfo.applicationCategory string yes Refer to subscriberId.deviceInfo.
subscriberId.operatorId string yes The operatorId corresponding to the imsi, msisdn
apiUser string yes The user name of HTTP authentication used to send the request.
hostName string no The identity of the Henson instance.
startTime number no The time when the transaction begins. The format is ISO8601 "YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.sssZ.
executionTime number no The response duration (ms).
backendNodeType string no The backend node that the request is sent to.
sourceIp string yes The source IP of the request.
sourcePort number yes The source port of the request.
destinationIp string yes The destination IP of the request.
destinationPort number yes The destination port of the request.
action string no Brief action of the request
errorDescrption string yes Error description that indicates error message or exceptions
request Object no Detail fields of the request, so the fields start with request. below.
request.method string yes HTTP method of the request.
request.path string yes HTTP path of the request.
request.headers Object yes HTTP headers of the request.
request.query Object yes HTTP query of the request.
request.body Object yes HTTP body of the request.
response object yes Detail fields of the response, so the fields start with response. below.
response.statusCode Object yes HTTP status code of the response.
response.headers Object yes HTTP headers of the response.
response.body Object yes HTTP body of the response.



interface Request {
  method?: string;
  path?: string;
  headers?: any;
  query?: any;
  body?: any;

interface Response {
  statusCode?: number;
  headers?: any;
  body?: any;

interface SubscriberId {
  msisdn?: string;
  imsi?: string;
  vImsi?: string;
  userId?: string;
    deviceId: string;
    applicationCategory: string
  eid?: string;

interface EgressLog {
  transactionId: string;
  subscriberId?: SubscriberId;
  apiUser?: string;
  startTime: number; // timestamp in ms
  executionTime: number;
  backendNodeType: string;
  sourceIp?: string;
  sourcePort?: number;
  destinationIp?: string;
  destinationPort?: number;
  action: string;
  errorDescription?: string;
  request: Request;
  response?: Response;


  • isEnabled(): boolean Check whether egress log is enabled or not.

  • log(egressLog: EgressLog): Promise<void> Output the egress log to the module's egress log file. :warning: It may throw errer, so catch is mandotory.

import { egresslog } from '@anpingli/common';

if(egresslog.isEnabled()) {
  const request:egresslog.Request = {
    body: {
      name: '401017519417201@proxy.com',
      imsi: '999990000047056',
      msisdn: '13475593529',
      apn: 'ims.tmus',
      userStatus: 'enable',
      certificateId: '3792402676649527712',
      certificateIssuerName: 'DC=org, DC=gsm1900, CN=T-Mobile USA DES Issuer CA 01',
      transactionId: '522361529377014390401017519417201',

  const response:egresslog.Response = {
    body: {
      message: '1 object(s) created.',

  const startTime = Date.now();

  const endTime = Date.now();

  const egressLog:egresslog.EgressLog = {
    transactionId: '146161521617280893999990027162514',
    subscriberId: {
      imsi: '999990000047056'
    action: 'xxx',
    apiUser: 'mts',
    backendNodeType: 'aaa',
    sourceIp: '',
    sourcePort: 2356,
    destinationIp: '',
    destinationPort: 22,
    executionTime: endTime - startTime,

    logger.error(`failed to output egress log`, error);

alarm - alarm Api for sending alarms

In linux, now we use commandline tool agentxtrap to send trap to net-snmp. Then net-snmp send trap to ESA.

Alarm Config

Each process should have its own config file, for example sam.json and sam_customized.json

sam.json is the default configuration file.

  "samDbConnFailure": {
    "oid": "",
    "threshold": 50,
    "interval": 60,
    "active": true,
    "moduleId": "sesSam",
    "errorCode": 101,
    "severity": 3,
    "modelDescription": "SAM failed to connect to SDD.",
    "activeDescription": "SAM failed to connect to SDD.",
    "eventType": 2,
    "probableCause": 506,
    "documentation": {
      "description": "SAM failed to connect to SDD.",
      "alarmingObject": "SAM",
      "raisedBy": "SAM received null or failure responses from SDD.",
      "clearedBy": "SAM gets successful responses from SDD.",
      "proposedRepairAction": "- Check the SDD status.\n - Verify the network between SAM and SDD."
  "crossSiteSamConnFailure": {
    "oid": "",
    "threshold": 50,
    "interval": 60,
    "active": true,
    "moduleId": "sesSam",
    "errorCode": 201,
    "severity": 3,
    "modelDescription": "SAM failed to receive any response or received 5xx error responses from the SAM server on the other Henson site.",
    "activeDescription": "SAM failed to receive any response or received 5xx error responses from the SAM server on the other Henson site.",
    "eventType": 2,
    "probableCause": 506,
    "documentation": {
      "description": "The SAM server failed to receive any response, or received 5xx error responses from the SAM server on the other Henson site during OAuth authorization.",
      "alarmingObject": "SAM",
      "raisedBy": "The total number of no response and error responses with status code 5xx that SAM received from the other SAM server reached the alarm raising threshold.",
      "clearedBy": "The total number of no response and error responses with status code 5xx that MTS received from other SAM server is lower than the alarm clearing threshold.",
      "proposedRepairAction": "Check that the network between the two SAM servers is working."

sam_customized.json is the customized configuration file. Customer can configure the threshold, interval, etc.

If the default alarm configuration file name is test.json then the customized configuration file name must be test_customized.json.

      "description":"This alarm is sent when it is not possible to connect to the database server.",
      "threshold": 70, //Alarm will send when alarms > 80%. Alarm will clear when alarms < 80% * 0.7.
      "interval":60 //if interval is equal to 0, then alarm will send and clear immediately.

      "description":"This alarm is sent when it is not possible to connect to the cross-site SAM",
      "threshold": 70,

The alarm module reads the sam.json by default, and overwrite the properties configured in sam_customized.json


import {applog, alarm} from '@anpingli/common';

let logger = applog.logger('alarm');
let sender = new alarm.AgentxTrap({ logger: logger.warn.bind(logger) });
alarm.init('sam', sender); //parameter 'sam' is the file name of alarm 'sam.json'.

let dbConnAlarm = alarm.getAlarm('samDbConnFailure');
dbConnAlarm.ttl = 300 * 1000; // this step is optional. The ttl is a millisecond property as life cycle of alarm. Default value is 0. Alarm will be automatically cleared after ttl. If interval of alarm or ttl is equal to 0, no automatic clearing.

function monitor(): void {
  let myDate = new Date();
  logger.debug('Start monitor!, time = ' + myDate.getTime() / 1000);
  let query = 'SELECT 1';

  pgPool.query(query).then((result) => {
    if (result.rows.length >= 0) {
      logger.debug('monitor db ok');
    } else {
      logger.error('monitor db fail, query result is null');
  }).catch((e) => {
    logger.error('monitor db fail, error is %s', e);

tracer - trace api for call stack trace

Use tracer to trace call stack in node.js. Support Promise.



enum TraceTypeId {
  ip = 0,


interface TraceIdentity {
  traceTypeId: TraceTypeId;
  userIdentity: string;


  • trace(traceId: string | TraceIdentity[], transactionId: string, callback: TraceFunction): TraceFunction

    trace function callback. All function in the call stack of callback will be traced. transactionId should not be undefined. If traceId is an array of TraceIdentity, then check traceId with configurations in TraceLogConfig.json to determine whether trace is hit. If traceId is string, then trace is hit. If traceId is undefined, then trace is not hit. If environment variable TRACER_DEBUG is set, then tracer ignores the validation of traceId.

  • isHit(): boolean

    check whether trace is hit.

  • getTraceId(): string

    get traceId of current trace context if trace is hit.

  • getTransactionId(): string

    get transactionId of current trace context if trace is hit.

  • set(key: string, value: any): boolean

    set a value on the current trace context if trace is hit.

  • get(key: string): any

    get a value on the current trace context if trace is hit.


  • Normal Function.
import {tracer} from '@anpingli/common';

function normalFunction(test: string): string {
   return test;

function testFunction1(test: string): string {
  tracer.set('test', test);
  return testFunction2();

function testFunction2(): string {
  return tracer.get('test');

function testFunction3(): string {
  return tracer.get('test');

// normal call
normalFunction('test'); // return 'test';

// trace normalFunction
tracer.trace('traceId', 'transactionId', testFunction1)('test'); // return 'test';

// normal call
testFunction1('test'); // return undefined

// trace testFunction1. testFunction2 is traced too because it is in the call stack of testFunction1.
tracer.trace('traceId', 'transactionId', testFunction1)('test'); // return 'test'

// normal call
testFunction3(); // return undefined;

// trace by ids.
const traceIds: tracer.TraceIdentity[] = [];
traceIds.push({ traceTypeId: tracer.TraceTypeId.msisdn, userIdentity: '+8613988889999' });
traceIds.push({ traceTypeId: tracer.TraceTypeId.imsi, userIdentity: '4300000000000001' });
tracer.trace(traceIds, 'transactionId', testFunction1)('test'); // return 'test'

  • Promise.
import {tracer} from '@anpingli/common';

function testFunction1(test: string): Promise<string> {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    return resolve(test);

// normal call
let normalResult = await testFunction1('test');

// trace testFunction1. testFunction2 is traced too because it is in the call stack of testFunction1.
let traceResult = await tracer.trace('traceId', 'transactionId', testFunction1)('test'); // traceResult === normalResult

expressTrace - trace middleware for exress


  • trace(options?: TraceOptions): express.RequestHandler


    serviceName: string. service name to generate transaction-id when transaction-id can not be gotten from request, mandatory.

    traceIdName: string. trace id name in http request header, case-insensitive, default is 'trace-id'.

    transactionIdName: string. transaction id name in http request header, case-insensitive, default is 'x-transaction-id'.

    setHeader: boolean. whether set header transaction-id and trace-id in response. default is false.

import * as express from 'express';
import {expressTrace} from '@anpingli/common';

let app = express();

//all middleware used in express will be traced;
  serviceName: 'test',
  traceIdName: 'x-trace-id',
  transactionIdName: 'x-transaction-id',
  setHeader: true

//only router 'index' will traced;
app.use('/index', expressTrace.trace({
  serviceName: 'test',
  traceIdName: 'x-trace-id',
  transactionIdName: 'x-transaction-id'

coder - general text encode/decode module

coder provides unified interfaces to encode/decode text. The format of input text must be utf8. The general encode format is:

Byte Encode Format
0 0x09
1-n Base64 Encode Text

The Base64 Encode Text format is:

Byte Encode Format
0 Version
1-n Encode Text

The available Version and Encode Text Algorithm types are:

Version Encode Algorithm
0 AES-256-CBC with static IV


  • encode(version: number, text: string, password?: string): string;

encode text

  • decode(text: string, password?: string): string;

decode text. If text doesn't start with 0x09, return original text.


import {coder} from '@anpingli/common';

const password = 'I am password';
const text = 'Test Successfully.';

const encodeResult = coder.encode(0, text, password);
const decodeResult = coder.decode(encodeResult, password);

Exception - custom error object

It is considered good practice to only throw the Error object itself or an object using the Error object as base objects for user-defined exceptions. The fundamental benefit of Error objects is that they automatically keep track of where they were built and originated. Another benefit is that error handling can be organized with instanceof.

Creating custom error is often necessary because built-in Error class only accept a message parameter on construction, however in application it's usually need to have more information about an application exception, such as error code.

@anpingli/common provides a custom error class Exception. It extends built-in Error with extra properties:

  • code: string - Application defined error code
  • valueObject: any - An arbitrary object to store additional information in error

Application can directly throw Exception, or extends it to create specific error types. Inside catch block, it's convenience to handle different error types separately by testing error type by instanceof.

Read below example on how to use:

import { Exception } from '@anpingli/common';

throw new Exception(message, code, valueObject);
throw new Exception(message, code);
throw new Exception(message, valueObject);
throw new Exception(message);    // = Error(message)

class CommunicationError extends Exception {
    constructor(message: string, reason: {url: string} ) {
        super(message, 'ERROR-001', reason);

class DatabaseError extends Exception {
    constructor(message: string) {
        super(message, 'ERROR-002');

try {
    throw new CommunicationError('error message...', {url});
} catch (e) {
    if (e instanceof CommunicationError) {
        // commication error
        log.error(`Failed to connect to ${e.valueObject.url}`, e);
    } else if (e instanceof DatabaseError) {
		// database error
    } else {
        // other error

MemSessionStore - In-Memory store for express-session

A session store implementation for express-session.

Because the default MemoryStore for express-session will lead to a memory leak due to it haven't a suitable way to make them expire.

The sessions are still stored in memory, so they're not shared with other processes or services.


  • Constructor(ttl: number, maxCapacity?: number)

    ttl is the item to live in millisecond.

    maxCapacity is maximal capacity of the store, default is unlimited.

import * as express from 'express';
import * as session from 'express-session';
import { MemSessionStore } from '@anpingli/common';

class Portal {
  private app: express.Express;

  constructor() {
    this.app = express();
    const sessionTimeOut = 30 * 1000 * 60; // 30 minutes

    // Use session with MemSessionStore
      secret: 'your secret',
      resave: false,
      saveUninitialized: false,
      cookie: {
        httpOnly: false,
        secure: true
      store: new MemSessionStore(sessionTimeOut, 100000)

Cidr - utilities to validate/match IP (v4/v6) address/subnet

Cidr provides utilities to validate/match IP address

  • Class Cidr: a utility to validate IP address/subnet and to match an address/subnet to another address/subnet
  • Function isMatched: a utility to match an address/subnet to another address/subnet



  • Cidr The Cidr class is a type for validate and match CIDR (IP Classless Inter-Domain Routing) addresss, supporting both IPv4 and IPv6.

    A host IP address is treated as a CIDR address too. For example, is equivalent to

Class Methods:

  • new Cidr(ipstr: string)

    Create a new Cidr object from a string (ipstr must be trimmed).

  • 'Cidr.from(ipstr: string)'

    Allocate a Cidr from a string. Cidr.from is recommended rather than new Cidr.

  • ipVersion(): number

    Get IP version

    • 0 for invalid address.
    • 4 for IPv4.
    • 6 for IPv6.
  • isValid(): boolean

    Check if the Cidr object is valid, as new Cidr(...) and Cidr.from(...) never throw errors, use this function to validate.

  • netmask(): number

    Get the netmask length (treat an IPv4 address as an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address).

    For example, if the IP is, it will be treated as ::FFFF:

  • toString(): string

    Get the original IP string.

  • isMatched(cidr: Cidr | string): boolean

    Match this object with another CIDR (whether it is a host/subnet of the target cidr).

  • Cidr.isMatched(matcher: Cidr | string, matchee: Cidr | string): boolean

    Match Cidr object or CIDR string (whether matcher is a host/subnet of the target matchee).

import { Cidr, isMatched } from '@anpingli/common';

const CidrEntity1 = new Cidr('');
CidrEntity1.isValid();      // true, valid host/subnet
CidrEntity1.ipVersion();    // 4, IPv4
CidrEntity1.netmask();      // 118 (22 + 96), IPv4 is treated as a IPv6 `::FFFF:`

const ip4Host1 = '';
const ip4Host2 = '';
const ip4Host5 = '';
const ip4Cidr12 = '';
const ip4Cidr125 = '';

const cidrEntity1 = new Cidr(ip4Host1);
const cidrEntity2 = Cidr.from(ip4Host2);
const cidrEntity5 = Cidr.from(ip4Host5);
const cidrEntityCidr12 = new Cidr(ip4Cidr12);
const cidrEntityCidr125 = new Cidr(ip4Cidr125);

cidrEntity1.isMatched(cidrEntityCidr12);  // true, `` is in ``
Cidr.isMatched(ip4Host1, ip4Cidr12);      // true, `` is in ``
Cidr.isMatched(ip4Cidr12, ip4Host1);      // false, notice the order of the 2 parameters
cidrEntity5.isMatched(cidrEntityCidr12);  // false, `` is NOT in ``
cidrEntity5.isMatched(cidrEntityCidr125); // true, `` is in ``
isMatched(ip4Host5, ip4Cidr125);          // true

const ip6Host1 = '2001:DB8::88F1';
const ip6Host2 = '2001:DB8::88F2';
const ip6HostE = '2001:DB8::88FE';
const ip6Cidr12 = '2001:DB8::88F0/126';
const ip6Cidr12E = '2001:DB8::88F0/124';

const ip6Check1 = new Cidr(ip6Host1);
const ip6Check2 = new Cidr(ip6Host2);
const ip6CheckE = new Cidr(ip6HostE);
const ip6CheckCidr12 = new Cidr(ip6Cidr12);
const ip6CheckCidr12E = new Cidr(ip6Cidr12E);

ip6Check1.isMatched(ip6CheckCidr12); // true
Cidr.isMatched(ip6Host1, ip6Cidr12); // true
ip6CheckE.isMatched(ip6CheckCidr12); // false
Cidr.isMatched(ip6HostE, ip6Cidr12); // false

CachingFileReader A cached version of node.js fs module read-only API implementation

  • Constructor(ttl: number = 1000 * 60 * 15)

    ttl is the maximum millisecound for the cached file live in memory, default to 15 minutes.

There are only one API exposed by this module, they have the same parameters with those in node.js' fs module.

  • CachingFileReader.readFile(path[,options]): Promise<string|Buffer>

NOTE If no encoding is specified, a promise with raw buffer is returned.

NOTE When the path is instanceof URL, cache mechanism will lose efficacy.

import { CachingFileReader } from '@anpingli/common';

// default to 15 minutes expire time
const fs = new CachingFileReader();

fs.readFile('foo.txt').then((content) => {
  // Normal speed this time.
  fs.readFile('foo.txt').then((content) => {
    // Much faster this time.

const content = fs.readFileSync('foo.txt');

Application Common

internal-service - utility to manage internal services

internal-service supports function(s) to manage internal services (services which are deployed on internal-data-network).


  • type InternalService = http.Server | https.Server

    The type of return value when initInternalService and startInternalService is successful.


  • initInternalService(app: express.Express) : InternalService

    Initialize an Henson service that is deployed on internal-data-network. Whether HTTP or HTTPS is applied depends on the parameter palInternalServiceProtocol.

    The function might throw expections:

    • Exception thrown by @anpingli/common's config.get.
    • Exception thrown by fs.readFileSync.

    So it must be wrapped by try-catch.

    ⚠ The returned server is only initialized without listening.


  • startInternalService(app: express.Express, port: number, errorHandler: (error: Error) => void)) : InternalService

    Initialize and start an Henson service that is deployed on internal-data-network. Whether HTTP or HTTPS is applied depends on the parameter palInternalServiceProtocol.

    The function might throw expections:

    • Exception thrown by fs.readFileSync.
    • Exception thrown by express's Application.listen.

    So it must be wrapped by try-catch.

    errorHandler is used to handle the asynchronous error events of the server listening.

import { initInternalService, startInternalService, InternalService } from '@anpingli/common';

const internalDataNetwork: string = <string>process.env.INTERNAL_DATA_IP;

function initErrorHandler(error: Error): void {
  logger.error('init service failed with error', error);

function startErrorHandler(error: Error): void {
  logger.error('start service failed with error', error);

function successCallback(): void {
  logger.info('start service successfully');

const app = express();

let service: InternalService;

 * 1st usage: init and then start

// init service
try {
  service = initInternalService(app);
} catch (error) {

// start service
service.listen(8080, internalDataNetwork, successCallback).on('error', startErrorHandler);

 * 2nd usage: start in one step
try {
  service = startInternalService(app, 8080, startErrorHandler);
} catch (error) {

logger.info('start service successfully');

 * stop service if needed, for both usages

cluster - enable cluster mode for your application

  • start(workerFile: string, workerNumber: number): void

    start cluster for your application.

    workerFile: File name of worker file, default is main.

    workerNumber: Number of worker thread, default is 3.

Your application should contain two files, one is the worker file, you may name it main.ts, which looks like:

import * as http from 'http';

http.createServer((_req: http.IncomingMessage, res: http.ServerResponse) => {
  res.writeHead(200, { 'Content-Type': 'text/plain' });
}).listen(8080, '', () => {
  console.log('listen succesfully!');

The other one is the index file named index.ts, which looks like:

import { cluster } from '@anpingli/common';

cluster.start('main', 3);

Then after building and starting your application with node build/src/index.js or NODE_ENV=production node lib/index.js, your application is started in cluster mode and 3 worker threads are created.

Process Title

When there are multiple node.js applications running, all processes are shown the same in ps output and make it hard to distinguish.

$ ps -x
2491 pts/6    Sl+    0:00 node lib/index.js --param xxx
2492 pts/6    Sl+    0:00 node lib/index.js --param xxx

When the application is run by npm start, this library enhances the process title output to replace script name with package name from package.json. If the package name has scope (e.g. @anpingli/myservice), the scope will be stripped from the name. No API is exposed for this function, just importing the library do the trick.

$ ps -x
2491 pts/6    Sl+    0:00 node myservice --param xxx
2491 pts/6    Sl+    0:00 node anotherservice --param xxx

⚠ Because the process title string is pre-allocated underlay, the replaced pacakge name can not longer than original script name. If the package name is too long, it will be trancated.

$ ps -x
2491 pts/6    Sl+    0:00 node my-long-serv --param xxx
                               ^^^^^^^^^^^^ trancated


It's common issue that a promise is returned but forget to catch the rejection. Node only prints UnhandledPromiseRejectionWarning to stderr without stack trace, which makes it difficult to find out the place where catch is missed.

This module is implicitly imported to write an error log into logger main on unhandled promise rejection.

configFilter - filter Api for common formatted configuration

Get 1st-matched value from a collection of filter/value objects for a target object.


  • configFilter(objCollection: Array<{ [index: string]: any }>, targetObj: { [index: string]: any }, options: Options = {}): any

    objCollection An array of objects, each of which contains a set of filter/value.

    targetObj The target object to match.

    options An option defines the filter/value key, match policy and default value once targetObj matches nothing in objCollection.

    • options.filterKey The key of the filter (default: "filter").
    • options.valueKey The key of the value that determines to return.
      • string: the valueKey-indexed part of the matched object will be returned.
      • undefined: the whole matched object will be returned.
    • options.matchPolicies The match policy for some filter properties.
      • MatchPolicy.Equal: equal value (default)
      • MatchPolicy.RegExp: regular expression (only applicable for string)
    • options.defaultValue The return value when no candidate matches.

import { applog, MatchPolicy, FilterOptions, configFilter } from '@anpingli/common';

const logger = applog.logger('configFilter');

const configuration = {
  "clients": {
    "specific": [{
        "filter": {
          "requestorName": "client-A"
        "rules": {
          "authentication": {
            "basic": [{
              "username": "root-A",
              "password": "wapwap-A"
            "oauth": {
              "channel": "External"
          "applicationCategory": "app-cat-ott-A",
          "supportedServiceNames": [
          "scopes": [
        "filter": {
          "requestorName": "client-B",
          "otherField": [1, 2, 3]
        "rules": {
          "authentication": {
            "basic": [{
              "username": "root-B",
              "password": "wapwap-B"
            "oauth": {
              "channel": "External"
          "applicationCategory": "app-cat-ott-B",
          "supportedServiceNames": [
          "scopes": [
        "filter": {
          "requestorName": "client-C",
          "otherField": [1, 2, 3],
          "otherField2": "other2"
        "rules": {
          "authentication": {
            "basic": [{
              "username": "root-C",
              "password": "wapwap-C"
            "oauth": {
              "channel": "External"
          "applicationCategory": "app-cat-ott-C",
          "supportedServiceNames": [
          "scopes": [
        "filter": {
          "requestorName": "client-D",
          "otherField2": "^[A-Za-z0-9]+$"
        "rules": {
          "authentication": {
            "basic": [{
              "username": "root-D",
              "password": "wapwap-D"
            "oauth": {
              "channel": "External"
          "applicationCategory": "app-cat-ott-D",
          "supportedServiceNames": [
          "scopes": [
    "default": {
      "authentication": {
        "basic": [{
          "username": "root-default",
          "password": "wapwap-default"
      "applicationCategory": "app-cat-ott-default",
      "supportedServiceNames": [
      "scopes": []
  "serverCertificate": {
    "key": "/opt/miep/certs/origin_server_ssl/server_cert/dummy.key",
    "certificate": "/opt/miep/certs/origin_server_ssl/server_cert/dummy.cert"
  "servicePort": {
    "http": 9198,
    "https": 8091

// target only has one field, `client-A` will be selected.
const objCollection = configuration.clients.specific;
const objTarget = { requestorName: 'client-A' };
const objOptions: FilterOptions = {
  filterKey: 'filter',
  valueKey: 'rules'
const ret = configFilter(objCollection, objTarget, objOptions);
if (ret.applicationCategory === 'app-cat-ott-A') {
  logger.info('rules in client-A will be selected');
// target has two fields, the `otherField` is included in the array of `client-B`, `client-B` will be selected.
const objCollection = configuration.clients.specific;
const objTarget = { requestorName: 'client-B', otherField: 3 };
const objOptions: FilterOptions = {
  filterKey: 'filter',
  valueKey: 'rules'
const ret = configFilter(objCollection, objTarget, objOptions);
if (ret.applicationCategory === 'app-cat-ott-B') {
  logger.info('rules in client-B will be selected');
// target has two fields, the `otherField` is not included in the array of `client-B`, `default` will be selected.
const objCollection = configuration.clients.specific;
const objTarget = { requestorName: 'client-B', otherField: 9 };
const objOptions: FilterOptions = {
  filterKey: 'filter',
  valueKey: 'rules',
  defaultValue: configuration.clients.default
const ret = configFilter(objCollection, objTarget, objOptions);
if (ret.applicationCategory === 'app-cat-ott-default') {
  logger.info('rules in default will be selected');
// target has more fileds than filter, `client-C` will be selected.
const objCollection = configuration.clients.specific;
const objTarget = { requestorName: 'client-C', otherField: 2, otherField2: 'other2', otherField3: 'other3' };
const objOptions: FilterOptions = {
  filterKey: 'filter',
  valueKey: 'rules'
const ret = configFilter(objCollection, objTarget, objOptions);
if (ret.applicationCategory === 'app-cat-ott-C') {
  logger.info('rules in client-C will be selected');
// one field in target using regular expression
const objCollection = configuration.clients.specific;
const objTarget = { requestorName: 'client-D', otherField2: 'abc123xyz' };
const objOptions: FilterOptions = {
  filterKey: 'filter',
  valueKey: 'rules',
  defaultValue: configuration.clients.default,
  matchPolicies: {
    requestorName: MatchPolicy.Equal,
    otherField2: MatchPolicy.RegExp
const ret = configFilter(objCollection, objTarget, objOptions);
if (ret.applicationCategory === 'app-cat-ott-D') {
  logger.info('rules in client-D will be selected');
// options without valueKey, return all { key:value } object
const objCollection = configuration.clients.specific;
const objTarget = { requestorName: 'client-A' };
const objOptions: FilterOptions = {
  filterKey: 'filter'
const ret = configFilter(objCollection, objTarget, objOptions);
if (ret.rules.applicationCategory === 'app-cat-ott-A') {
  logger.info('whole client-A object will be selected');

FileCache An in-memory filecache and format convertion API implementation

This API is to cache the local file into the memory, in addition, prov

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