使用javascript获取wx.config内部字段解决微信分享-阿里云开发者社区

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使用javascript获取wx.config内部字段解决微信分享

简介: 背景 在微信分享开发的时候我们通常的流程是 微信分享 wx.config({ appId: '', timestamp...

背景

在微信分享开发的时候我们通常的流程是

 <?php
    require_once "jssdk.php";
    $jssdk = new JSSDK("yourAppID", "yourAppSecret");
    $signPackage = $jssdk->GetSignPackage();
?>
    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html lang="en">
    <head>
        <meta charset="UTF-8">
        <title>微信分享</title>
    </head>
    <body>
    </body>
    <script src="http://res.wx.qq.com/open/js/jweixin-1.0.0.js"></script>
    <script>
        wx.config({
            appId: '<?php echo $signPackage["appId"];?>',
            timestamp: <?php echo $signPackage["timestamp"];?>,
            nonceStr: '<?php echo $signPackage["nonceStr"];?>',
            signature: '<?php echo $signPackage["signature"];?>',
            jsApiList: ['onMenuShareTimeline'
                'onMenuShareAppMessage'
            ]
        });

        wx.ready(function() {
            
            wx.onMenuShareTimeline({
                title: '', // 分享标题
                link: '', // 分享链接
                imgUrl: '', // 分享图标
                success: function() {
                    // 用户确认分享后执行的回调函数
                },
                cancel: function() {
                    // 用户取消分享后执行的回调函数
                }
            });

            wx.onMenuShareAppMessage({
                title: '', // 分享标题
                desc: '', // 分享描述
                link: '', // 分享链接
                imgUrl: '', // 分享图标
                type: '', // 分享类型,music、video或link,不填默认为link
                dataUrl: '', // 如果type是music或video,则要提供数据链接,默认为空
                success: function() {
                    // 用户确认分享后执行的回调函数
                },
                cancel: function() {
                    // 用户取消分享后执行的回调函数
                }
            });

        });
    </script>

    </html>

上面是一个php文件,这样的代码的一个很大缺点是前后端未分离耦合度太高,再一就是混合写不是很美观,所以我们要让PHP和HTML分离,要实现分享功能,首先就是要调用用微信的jssdk Api获取到配置参数, 这个必须是要通过php后台语言来获取的,然后将这些参数配置于wx.config中,在wx.config之前要先引入http://res.wx.qq.com/open/js/jweixin-1.0.0.js 然后就可以写分享的函数了,他们的依赖关系是wx.config 需要js库和config内部的参数,分享依赖wx.config
所以最重要的就把php的配置参数分离出来单独获取即可

解决方案

将获取配置参数的PHP写作为接口,在js里使用ajax调用,获取参数并转换为对象,再通过回调函数将ajax获取的参数塞到wx.config中

代码结构及功能


img_5aa94b384cc68a4b4f89a0f8f6731190.png

  • index.html 页面入口
  • weixin.php 服务器端获取配置参数
  • configdata.php将配置转为借口输出
  • getconfig.js 用ajax获取configdata.php的数据
  • share.js 分享回调函
  • webpack.config.js webpack配置文件
  • index.js 打包后最终html调用js文件

index.html html静态文件

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>静态页面微信分享测试</title>
</head>
<body>
    <script src="http://res.wx.qq.com/open/js/jweixin-1.0.0.js"></script>
        <script src="statics/js/index.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

configdata.php 后台获取配置的参数 注意url要写上自己被分享的页面url不然会报invalid signature错误

 
<?php
class JSSDK {
  private $appId;
  private $appSecret;

  public function __construct($appId, $appSecret) {
    $this->appId = $appId;
    $this->appSecret = $appSecret;
  }

  public function getSignPackage() {
    $jsapiTicket = $this->getJsApiTicket();
    $url = "http://$_SERVER[HTTP_HOST]$_SERVER[REQUEST_URI]";
    $timestamp = time();
    $nonceStr = $this->createNonceStr();

    // 这里参数的顺序要按照 key 值 ASCII 码升序排序
    $string = "jsapi_ticket=$jsapiTicket&noncestr=$nonceStr&timestamp=$timestamp&url=$url";

    $signature = sha1($string);

    $signPackage = array(
      "appId"     => $this->appId,
      "nonceStr"  => $nonceStr,
      "timestamp" => $timestamp,
      "url"       => $url,
      "signature" => $signature,
      "rawString" => $string
    );
    return $signPackage; 
  }

  private function createNonceStr($length = 16) {
    $chars = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789";
    $str = "";
    for ($i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
      $str .= substr($chars, mt_rand(0, strlen($chars) - 1), 1);
    }
    return $str;
  }

  private function getJsApiTicket() {
    // jsapi_ticket 应该全局存储与更新,以下代码以写入到文件中做示例
    $data = json_decode(file_get_contents("jsapi_ticket.json"));
    if ($data->expire_time < time()) {
      $accessToken = $this->getAccessToken();
      $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/ticket/getticket?type=jsapi&access_token=$accessToken";
      $res = json_decode($this->httpGet($url));
      $ticket = $res->ticket;
      if ($ticket) {
        $data->expire_time = time() + 7000;
        $data->jsapi_ticket = $ticket;
        $fp = fopen("jsapi_ticket.json", "w");
        fwrite($fp, json_encode($data));
        fclose($fp);
      }
    } else {
      $ticket = $data->jsapi_ticket;
    }

    return $ticket;
  }

  private function getAccessToken() {
    // access_token 应该全局存储与更新,以下代码以写入到文件中做示例
    $data = json_decode(file_get_contents("access_token.json"));
    if ($data->expire_time < time()) {
      $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/token?grant_type=client_credential&appid=$this->appId&secret=$this->appSecret";
      $res = json_decode($this->httpGet($url));
      $access_token = $res->access_token;
      if ($access_token) {
        $data->expire_time = time() + 7000;
        $data->access_token = $access_token;
        $fp = fopen("access_token.json", "w");
        fwrite($fp, json_encode($data));
        fclose($fp);
      }
    } else {
      $access_token = $data->access_token;
    }
    return $access_token;
  }

  private function httpGet($url) {
    $curl = curl_init();
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 500);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $url);

    $res = curl_exec($curl);
    curl_close($curl);

    return $res;
  }
}

weixin.php 将配置参数格式化输出

 <?php

    require_once "weixin.php";
    $jssdk = new JSSDK(appId, appSecretecret);
    $signPackage = $jssdk->GetSignPackage();
  
    class Config{  
        var $appId;  
        var $timestamp;  
        var $nonceStr;  
        var $signature;  
        var $url;
    }  
      
    $config = new Config();  
      
    $config -> appId = $signPackage["appId"];  
    $config -> timestamp = $signPackage["timestamp"];  
    $config -> nonceStr = $signPackage["nonceStr"];  
    $config -> signature = $signPackage["signature"];
    $config -> url = $signPackage["url"]; 
      
    echo json_encode($config);
?>


getconfig.js 使用ajax获取接口数据(配置参数)

var getConfig = function(callback) {
    $.ajax({
        url: "http://www.goxueche.com/api/configdata.php",
        type: "get",
        success: function(data) {
            callback(data);
        }
    })
}

module.exports = getConfig;

share.js 分享函数

var getWeixincofig = require("./getconfig.js");
getWeixincofig(shareweixin);


function shareweixin(data) {

  var data = JSON.parse(data);
  console.log(data);

  window.wx.config({
    debug:true,
    appId: data.appId,
    timestamp: data.timestamp,
    nonceStr: data.nonceStr,
    signature: data.signature,
    jsApiList: ['checkJsApi', 'onMenuShareTimeline', 'onMenuShareAppMessage']
  });

  wxShare();
}

function wxShare() {
  //检测api是否生效
  wx.ready(function() {
    wx.checkJsApi({
      jsApiList: [
        'getNetworkType',
        'previewImage'
      ],
      success: function(res) {
        console.log(JSON.stringify(res));
      }
    });
    //分享给好友
    wx.onMenuShareAppMessage({
      title: '趣学车-有温度的互联网驾校',
      desc: '想去学车,就趣学车!',
      link: 'http://www.goxueche.com',
      imgUrl: 'http://www.goxueche.com/....png'
    });
    
    //分享到朋友圈
    wx.onMenuShareTimeline({
      title: '趣学车-有温度的互联网驾校',
      desc: '想去学车,就趣学车!',
      link: 'http://www.goxueche.com',
      imgUrl: 'http://www.goxueche.com/....png'
    });

  });
}

webpack.config.js

var webpack = require('webpack'); 
module.exports = {   
    entry: {
        index: './share.js',
    },
    output: {
        path: './',
        filename: '[name].js'
    }
};

webpack打包

查看分享效果
img_2317d04b502a7041f18b17b598cebb15.png

参考文档

http://203.195.235.76/jssdk/
http://www.cnblogs.com/txw1958/p/weixin-js-sdk-demo.html

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