带你根据源码了解View的事件触发流程,主要讲解为什么子View返回true,ViewGroup就无法接收到事件的过程-阿里云开发者社区

开发者社区> 开发与运维> 正文
登录阅读全文

带你根据源码了解View的事件触发流程,主要讲解为什么子View返回true,ViewGroup就无法接收到事件的过程

简介: 转载请标明出处!http://blog.csdn.net/sahadev_/article/details/23839039 ,当然一般也没人转载。。。 一直想彻底了解View的事件分发过程,在网上也看了很多大神的博客,但是总有一些东西不是很明白,于是自己就根据源码画了一个流程草图,思路总算是清晰了。

转载请标明出处!http://blog.csdn.net/sahadev_/article/details/23839039 ,当然一般也没人转载。。。


一直想彻底了解View的事件分发过程,在网上也看了很多大神的博客,但是总有一些东西不是很明白,于是自己就根据源码画了一个流程草图,思路总算是清晰了。


文章分为View和ViewGroup两部分介绍,首先来讲讲View的事件分发:

打开View的源码,顺着onTouch方法向上找到dispatchPointerEvent(MotionEvent event)的这个方法,在View中再没有其它地方调用它,估计事件就是从这里传过来的吧。

来贴一下这个方法的源码:

    public final boolean dispatchPointerEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        if (event.isTouchEvent()) {
            return dispatchTouchEvent(event);
        } else {
            return dispatchGenericMotionEvent(event);
        }
    }
看到在这个方法中调用了dispatchTouchEvent的这个方法,dispatchTouchEven()暂时没找到它的相关说明,权当它返回了true,进入dispatchTouchEvent方法:

    public boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        if (mInputEventConsistencyVerifier != null) {
            mInputEventConsistencyVerifier.onTouchEvent(event, 0);
        }

        if (onFilterTouchEventForSecurity(event)) {
            //noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
            ListenerInfo li = mListenerInfo;
            if (li != null && li.mOnTouchListener != null && (mViewFlags & ENABLED_MASK) == ENABLED
                    && li.mOnTouchListener.onTouch(this, event)) {
                return true;
            }

            if (onTouchEvent(event)) {
                return true;
            }
        }

        if (mInputEventConsistencyVerifier != null) {
            mInputEventConsistencyVerifier.onUnhandledEvent(event, 0);
        }
        return false;
    }

可以看到在这个方法中调用了onTouchEvent(Event),所以可知onTouchEvent(event)是由dispatchTouchEvent触发的。如果有人对onFilterTouchEventForSecurity这方法有疑问,API中是这么解释的:True if the event should be dispatched, false if the event should be dropped.这句话就不用翻译了吧,相信大家都懂。

如果onTouchEvent返回了true,那么dispatchTouchEvent的返回值也为true. 对于dispatchTouchEvent的返回值说明是这么解释的:True if the event was handled by the view, false otherwise. 如果返回true,说明这个事件就被当前的这个View消费掉了,这里的返回值大家一定要清楚,一会在ViewGroup的说明中需要对这块很熟悉。


接下来说一说ViewGroup的事件分发方法:

ViewGroup的事件处理相对View相对有些复杂,ViewGroup继承于View,在View中dispatchTouchEvent是由dispatchPointerEvent触发的,所以ViewGroup也是由dispatchPointerEvent触发的,这里不重要,接着看ViewGroup的dispatchTouchEvent的源代码:

    @Override
    public boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
        if (mInputEventConsistencyVerifier != null) {
            mInputEventConsistencyVerifier.onTouchEvent(ev, 1);
        }

        boolean handled = false;
        if (onFilterTouchEventForSecurity(ev)) {
            final int action = ev.getAction();
            final int actionMasked = action & MotionEvent.ACTION_MASK;

            // Handle an initial down.
            if (actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
                // Throw away all previous state when starting a new touch gesture.
                // The framework may have dropped the up or cancel event for the previous gesture
                // due to an app switch, ANR, or some other state change.
                cancelAndClearTouchTargets(ev);
                resetTouchState();
            }

            // Check for interception.
            final boolean intercepted;
            if (actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN
                    || mFirstTouchTarget != null) {
                final boolean disallowIntercept = (mGroupFlags & FLAG_DISALLOW_INTERCEPT) != 0;
                if (!disallowIntercept) {
                    intercepted = onInterceptTouchEvent(ev);
                    ev.setAction(action); // restore action in case it was changed
                } else {
                    intercepted = false;
                }
            } else {
                // There are no touch targets and this action is not an initial down
                // so this view group continues to intercept touches.
                intercepted = true;
            }

            // Check for cancelation.
            final boolean canceled = resetCancelNextUpFlag(this)
                    || actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL;

            // Update list of touch targets for pointer down, if needed.
            final boolean split = (mGroupFlags & FLAG_SPLIT_MOTION_EVENTS) != 0;
            TouchTarget newTouchTarget = null;
            boolean alreadyDispatchedToNewTouchTarget = false;
            if (!canceled && !intercepted) {
                if (actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN
                        || (split && actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_DOWN)
                        || actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_HOVER_MOVE) {
                    final int actionIndex = ev.getActionIndex(); // always 0 for down
                    final int idBitsToAssign = split ? 1 << ev.getPointerId(actionIndex)
                            : TouchTarget.ALL_POINTER_IDS;

                    // Clean up earlier touch targets for this pointer id in case they
                    // have become out of sync.
                    removePointersFromTouchTargets(idBitsToAssign);

                    final int childrenCount = mChildrenCount;
                    if (newTouchTarget == null && childrenCount != 0) {
                        final float x = ev.getX(actionIndex);
                        final float y = ev.getY(actionIndex);
                        // Find a child that can receive the event.
                        // Scan children from front to back.
                        final View[] children = mChildren;

                        final boolean customOrder = isChildrenDrawingOrderEnabled();
                        for (int i = childrenCount - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
                            final int childIndex = customOrder ?
                                    getChildDrawingOrder(childrenCount, i) : i;
                            final View child = children[childIndex];
                            if (!canViewReceivePointerEvents(child)
                                    || !isTransformedTouchPointInView(x, y, child, null)) {
                                continue;
                            }

                            newTouchTarget = getTouchTarget(child);
                            if (newTouchTarget != null) {
                                // Child is already receiving touch within its bounds.
                                // Give it the new pointer in addition to the ones it is handling.
                                newTouchTarget.pointerIdBits |= idBitsToAssign;
                                break;
                            }

                            resetCancelNextUpFlag(child);
                            if (dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, false, child, idBitsToAssign)) {
                                // Child wants to receive touch within its bounds.
                                mLastTouchDownTime = ev.getDownTime();
                                mLastTouchDownIndex = childIndex;
                                mLastTouchDownX = ev.getX();
                                mLastTouchDownY = ev.getY();
                                newTouchTarget = addTouchTarget(child, idBitsToAssign);
                                alreadyDispatchedToNewTouchTarget = true;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    if (newTouchTarget == null && mFirstTouchTarget != null) {
                        // Did not find a child to receive the event.
                        // Assign the pointer to the least recently added target.
                        newTouchTarget = mFirstTouchTarget;
                        while (newTouchTarget.next != null) {
                            newTouchTarget = newTouchTarget.next;
                        }
                        newTouchTarget.pointerIdBits |= idBitsToAssign;
                    }
                }
            }

            // Dispatch to touch targets.
            if (mFirstTouchTarget == null) {
                // No touch targets so treat this as an ordinary view.
                handled = dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, canceled, null,
                        TouchTarget.ALL_POINTER_IDS);
            } else {
                // Dispatch to touch targets, excluding the new touch target if we already
                // dispatched to it.  Cancel touch targets if necessary.
                TouchTarget predecessor = null;
                TouchTarget target = mFirstTouchTarget;
                while (target != null) {
                    final TouchTarget next = target.next;
                    if (alreadyDispatchedToNewTouchTarget && target == newTouchTarget) {
                        handled = true;
                    } else {
                        final boolean cancelChild = resetCancelNextUpFlag(target.child)
                                || intercepted;
                        if (dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, cancelChild,
                                target.child, target.pointerIdBits)) {
                            handled = true;
                        }
                        if (cancelChild) {
                            if (predecessor == null) {
                                mFirstTouchTarget = next;
                            } else {
                                predecessor.next = next;
                            }
                            target.recycle();
                            target = next;
                            continue;
                        }
                    }
                    predecessor = target;
                    target = next;
                }
            }

            // Update list of touch targets for pointer up or cancel, if needed.
            if (canceled
                    || actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP
                    || actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_HOVER_MOVE) {
                resetTouchState();
            } else if (split && actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_POINTER_UP) {
                final int actionIndex = ev.getActionIndex();
                final int idBitsToRemove = 1 << ev.getPointerId(actionIndex);
                removePointersFromTouchTargets(idBitsToRemove);
            }
        }

        if (!handled && mInputEventConsistencyVerifier != null) {
            mInputEventConsistencyVerifier.onUnhandledEvent(ev, 1);
        }
        return handled;
    }

ViewGroup的dispatchTouchEvent的方法有些长,在代码中可以看到,ViewGroup将View的该方法彻底重写了,没有很明显的看到super.dispatchTouchEvent的字样,也就是说还没有着急把事件交给View去处理。

前几行和View都差不错,往下看

 if (actionMasked == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN
                    || mFirstTouchTarget != null) {
                final boolean disallowIntercept = (mGroupFlags & FLAG_DISALLOW_INTERCEPT) != 0;
                if (!disallowIntercept) {
                    intercepted = onInterceptTouchEvent(ev);
                    ev.setAction(action); // restore action in case it was changed
                } else {
                    intercepted = false;
                }
            } else {
                // There are no touch targets and this action is not an initial down
                // so this view group continues to intercept touches.
                intercepted = true;
            }
在第5行中调用了onInterceptTouchEvent(ev);该方法表示当按下事件触发的时候是否要拦截本次事件,这个方法的源码是这样的:
    public boolean onInterceptTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
        return false;
    }
如果不对它进行重写的话,它总是返回false,也就是说intercepted的值恒为false,接着往下看,看到 if (!canceled && !intercepted) {这一行的时候,由于intercepted为false,所以事件可以进入if内执行,接着往下看:
 for (int i = childrenCount - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
                            final int childIndex = customOrder ?
                                    getChildDrawingOrder(childrenCount, i) : i;
                            final View child = children[childIndex];
                            if (!canViewReceivePointerEvents(child)
                                    || !isTransformedTouchPointInView(x, y, child, null)) {
                                continue;
                            }

                            newTouchTarget = getTouchTarget(child);
                            if (newTouchTarget != null) {
                                // Child is already receiving touch within its bounds.
                                // Give it the new pointer in addition to the ones it is handling.
                                newTouchTarget.pointerIdBits |= idBitsToAssign;
                                break;
                            }

                            resetCancelNextUpFlag(child);
                            if (dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, false, child, idBitsToAssign)) {
                                // Child wants to receive touch within its bounds.
                                mLastTouchDownTime = ev.getDownTime();
                                mLastTouchDownIndex = childIndex;
                                mLastTouchDownX = ev.getX();
                                mLastTouchDownY = ev.getY();
                                newTouchTarget = addTouchTarget(child, idBitsToAssign);
                                alreadyDispatchedToNewTouchTarget = true;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
看到这段代码中dispatchTransformedTouchEvent的这个方法开始对ViewGroup的子View进行事件传递了:
 /**
     * Transforms a motion event into the coordinate space of a particular child view,
     * filters out irrelevant pointer ids, and overrides its action if necessary.
     * If child is null, assumes the MotionEvent will be sent to this ViewGroup instead.
     */
    private boolean dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(MotionEvent event, boolean cancel,
            View child, int desiredPointerIdBits) {
        final boolean handled;

        // Canceling motions is a special case.  We don't need to perform any transformations
        // or filtering.  The important part is the action, not the contents.
        final int oldAction = event.getAction();
        if (cancel || oldAction == MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL) {
            event.setAction(MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL);
            if (child == null) {
                handled = super.dispatchTouchEvent(event);
            } else {
                handled = child.dispatchTouchEvent(event);
            }
            event.setAction(oldAction);
            return handled;
        }

        // Calculate the number of pointers to deliver.
        final int oldPointerIdBits = event.getPointerIdBits();
        final int newPointerIdBits = oldPointerIdBits & desiredPointerIdBits;

        // If for some reason we ended up in an inconsistent state where it looks like we
        // might produce a motion event with no pointers in it, then drop the event.
        if (newPointerIdBits == 0) {
            return false;
        }

        // If the number of pointers is the same and we don't need to perform any fancy
        // irreversible transformations, then we can reuse the motion event for this
        // dispatch as long as we are careful to revert any changes we make.
        // Otherwise we need to make a copy.
        final MotionEvent transformedEvent;
        if (newPointerIdBits == oldPointerIdBits) {
            if (child == null || child.hasIdentityMatrix()) {
                if (child == null) {
                    handled = super.dispatchTouchEvent(event);
                } else {
                    final float offsetX = mScrollX - child.mLeft;
                    final float offsetY = mScrollY - child.mTop;
                    event.offsetLocation(offsetX, offsetY);

                    handled = child.dispatchTouchEvent(event);

                    event.offsetLocation(-offsetX, -offsetY);
                }
                return handled;
            }
            transformedEvent = MotionEvent.obtain(event);
        } else {
            transformedEvent = event.split(newPointerIdBits);
        }

        // Perform any necessary transformations and dispatch.
        if (child == null) {
            handled = super.dispatchTouchEvent(transformedEvent);
        } else {
            final float offsetX = mScrollX - child.mLeft;
            final float offsetY = mScrollY - child.mTop;
            transformedEvent.offsetLocation(offsetX, offsetY);
            if (! child.hasIdentityMatrix()) {
                transformedEvent.transform(child.getInverseMatrix());
            }

            handled = child.dispatchTouchEvent(transformedEvent);
        }

        // Done.
        transformedEvent.recycle();
        return handled;
    }

该方法的最终返回值是布尔值,意思为是否被处理了,请看这里:

        // Perform any necessary transformations and dispatch.
        if (child == null) {
            handled = super.dispatchTouchEvent(transformedEvent);
        } else {
            final float offsetX = mScrollX - child.mLeft;
            final float offsetY = mScrollY - child.mTop;
            transformedEvent.offsetLocation(offsetX, offsetY);
            if (! child.hasIdentityMatrix()) {
                transformedEvent.transform(child.getInverseMatrix());
            }

            handled = child.dispatchTouchEvent(transformedEvent);
        }
这里开始对子View进行事件传递,调用子View的dispatchTouchEvent的方法,如果被子View消费掉了本次事件,dispatchTransformedTouchEvent就返回true,再回到那个循环:
 if (dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, false, child, idBitsToAssign)) {
                                // Child wants to receive touch within its bounds.
                                mLastTouchDownTime = ev.getDownTime();
                                mLastTouchDownIndex = childIndex;
                                mLastTouchDownX = ev.getX();
                                mLastTouchDownY = ev.getY();
                                newTouchTarget = addTouchTarget(child, idBitsToAssign);
                                alreadyDispatchedToNewTouchTarget = true;
                                break;
                            }
请注意这个方法:
                                newTouchTarget = addTouchTarget(child, idBitsToAssign);
这个方法中的代码是这样的:
    private TouchTarget addTouchTarget(View child, int pointerIdBits) {
        TouchTarget target = TouchTarget.obtain(child, pointerIdBits);
        target.next = mFirstTouchTarget;
        mFirstTouchTarget = target;
        return target;
    }
注意将mFirstTouchTarget赋了值,不再是null,先记住这里,待会有用。

好了,子View循环完成之后,代码会执行到这里:

   // Dispatch to touch targets.
            if (mFirstTouchTarget == null) {
                // No touch targets so treat this as an ordinary view.
                handled = dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, canceled, null,
                        TouchTarget.ALL_POINTER_IDS);
            } else {
                // Dispatch to touch targets, excluding the new touch target if we already
                // dispatched to it.  Cancel touch targets if necessary.
                TouchTarget predecessor = null;
                TouchTarget target = mFirstTouchTarget;
                while (target != null) {
                    final TouchTarget next = target.next;
                    if (alreadyDispatchedToNewTouchTarget && target == newTouchTarget) {
                        handled = true;
                    } else {
                        final boolean cancelChild = resetCancelNextUpFlag(target.child)
                                || intercepted;
                        if (dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, cancelChild,
                                target.child, target.pointerIdBits)) {
                            handled = true;
                        }
                        if (cancelChild) {
                            if (predecessor == null) {
                                mFirstTouchTarget = next;
                            } else {
                                predecessor.next = next;
                            }
                            target.recycle();
                            target = next;
                            continue;
                        }
                    }
                    predecessor = target;
                    target = next;
                }
            }
注意到刚刚mFirstTouchTarget被赋了值,不再是null,不为null,就不会执行if中的语句,if中的语句都做了些什么呢?
 handled = dispatchTransformedTouchEvent(ev, canceled, null,
                        TouchTarget.ALL_POINTER_IDS);
注意第3个参数是Null,咱们再返回到dispatchTransformedTouchEvent中(刚才已经贴过方法内的代码):

该方法内有3处super.dispatchTouchEvent(event);因为刚才mFirstTouchTarget的值不为null,所以没有进入if,所以ViewGroup没法去调用super.dispatchTouchEvent(event);所以当子View把事件消费完成之后,ViewGroup就无法接收到onTouchEvent事件,这就是为什么子View返回true,ViewGroup就无法处理的原因。


事件传递到这里也就讲完了,不知道大家有没有听明白,如果有什么疑问可以在下面留言,欢迎转载!

版权声明:本文内容由阿里云实名注册用户自发贡献,版权归原作者所有,阿里云开发者社区不拥有其著作权,亦不承担相应法律责任。具体规则请查看《阿里云开发者社区用户服务协议》和《阿里云开发者社区知识产权保护指引》。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,填写侵权投诉表单进行举报,一经查实,本社区将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

分享:
开发与运维
使用钉钉扫一扫加入圈子
+ 订阅

集结各类场景实战经验,助你开发运维畅行无忧

其他文章