仿百度壁纸客户端(一)——主框架搭建,自定义Tab+ViewPager+Fragment-阿里云开发者社区

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仿百度壁纸客户端(一)——主框架搭建,自定义Tab+ViewPager+Fragment

简介: <div class="markdown_views"> <h1 id="仿百度壁纸客户端一主框架搭建自定义tabviewpagerfragment">仿百度壁纸客户端(一)——主框架搭建,自定义Tab+ViewPager+Fragment</h1> <hr> <h2 id="百度壁纸系列">百度壁纸系列</h2> <blockquote> <p><a href="ht

仿百度壁纸客户端(一)——主框架搭建,自定义Tab+ViewPager+Fragment


百度壁纸系列

仿百度壁纸客户端(一)——主框架搭建,自定义Tab + ViewPager + Fragment

仿百度壁纸客户端(二)——主页自定义ViewPager广告定时轮播图

仿百度壁纸客户端(三)——首页单向,双向事件冲突处理,壁纸列表的实现

仿百度壁纸客户端(四)——自定义上拉加载实现精选壁纸墙

仿百度壁纸客户端(五)——实现搜索动画GestureDetector手势识别,动态更新搜索关键字

仿百度壁纸客户端(六)——完结篇之Gallery画廊实现壁纸预览已经项目细节优化


这是个不错的教程,自己学完了之后就拿出来分享了,本来想一个帖子写完,但是发现这样对自己写博客的效率有点出入,而且吃了一次亏,大家看我的群英传第六章笔记就知道,到现在还没写完,实在是太长了,为了让大家看的舒服点,所以分开来写,我们先开看下百度壁纸的客户端是什么样子的

这里写图片描述

我们先来写个主页的框架,我们新建一个项目——BaiDuWallPaper

这里写图片描述

写个Item

layout_tab_item

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true">

        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/tabImg"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/tabText"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_below="@+id/tabImg"
            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
            android:text="@string/app_name"
            android:textColor="@android:color/white"
            android:textSize="16sp" />


    </RelativeLayout>

</RelativeLayout>

然后我们再写个布局

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="70dp"
    android:orientation="horizontal">

    <include
        android:id="@+id/homeLayout"
        layout="@layout/layout_tab_item"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <include
        android:id="@+id/selectLayout"
        layout="@layout/layout_tab_item"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <include
        android:id="@+id/searchLayout"
        layout="@layout/layout_tab_item"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <include
        android:id="@+id/locationLayout"
        layout="@layout/layout_tab_item"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <include
        android:id="@+id/settingLayout"
        layout="@layout/layout_tab_item"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1" />


</LinearLayout>

这样我们就可以自定义组合控件了

MyBottomLayout

package com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.view;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.R;

/**
 * 底部布局
 * Created by lgl on 16/3/31.
 */
public class MyBottomLayout extends LinearLayout {

    //跟布局是RelativeLayout
    private RelativeLayout homeLayout, selectLayout, searchLayout, locationLayout, settingLayout;
    //布局加载
    private LayoutInflater inflater;

    //构造方法
    public MyBottomLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);

        initView();
    }

    /**
     * 初始化
     */
    private void initView() {
        inflater = LayoutInflater.from(getContext());
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.layout_bottom, this);
        findView(view);
        initData();
        setonClick();
    }

    /**
     * 初始化数据
     */
    private void initData() {
        homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_home_down);
        TextView tvHome = (TextView) homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
        tvHome.setText("首页");
        tvHome.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);

        selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_search);
        TextView tvSelect = (TextView) selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
        tvSelect.setText("精选");
        tvSelect.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

        searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_find);
        TextView tvSearch = (TextView) searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
        tvSearch.setText("搜索");
        tvSearch.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

        locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_manage);
        TextView tvLoaction = (TextView) locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
        tvLoaction.setText("本地");
        tvLoaction.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

        settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_more);
        TextView tvSetting = (TextView) settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
        tvSetting.setText("设置");
        tvSetting.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
    }

    /**
     * 找到控件的方法
     *
     * @param view
     */
    private void findView(View view) {
        homeLayout = (RelativeLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.homeLayout);
        selectLayout = (RelativeLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.selectLayout);
        searchLayout = (RelativeLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.searchLayout);
        locationLayout = (RelativeLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.locationLayout);
        settingLayout = (RelativeLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.settingLayout);
    }

    /**
     * 控件的点击事件
     */
    private void setonClick() {
        homeLayout.setOnClickListener(new lister());
        selectLayout.setOnClickListener(new lister());
        searchLayout.setOnClickListener(new lister());
        locationLayout.setOnClickListener(new lister());
        settingLayout.setOnClickListener(new lister());
    }

    /**
     * 点击接口
     */
    private class lister implements OnClickListener {

        /**
         * 点击后改变点击状态
         * 切换页面
         *
         * @param v
         */
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            switch (v.getId()) {
                case R.id.homeLayout:
                    initPix(0);
                    break;
                case R.id.selectLayout:
                    initPix(1);
                    break;
                case R.id.searchLayout:
                    initPix(2);
                    break;
                case R.id.locationLayout:
                    initPix(3);
                    break;
                case R.id.settingLayout:
                    initPix(4);
                    break;
            }
            iCallbackListener.clic(v.getId());
        }
    }

    /**
     * 切换卡的位置
     */
    public void initPix(int i) {
        switch (i) {
            case 0:
                homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_home_down);
                TextView tvHome0 = (TextView) homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvHome0.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);

                selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_search);
                TextView tvSelect0 = (TextView) selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSelect0.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_find);
                TextView tvSearch0 = (TextView) searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSearch0.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_manage);
                TextView tvLocation0 = (TextView) locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvLocation0.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_more);
                TextView tvSetting0 = (TextView) settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSetting0.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                break;
            case 1:

                homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_home);
                TextView tvHome1 = (TextView) homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvHome1.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_search_down);
                TextView tvSelect1 = (TextView) selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSelect1.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);

                searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_find);
                TextView tvSearch1 = (TextView) searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSearch1.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_manage);
                TextView tvLocation1 = (TextView) locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvLocation1.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_more);
                TextView tvSetting1 = (TextView) settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSetting1.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                break;
            case 2:

                homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_home);
                TextView tvHome2 = (TextView) homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvHome2.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_search);
                TextView tvSelect2 = (TextView) selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSelect2.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_find_down);
                TextView tvSearch2 = (TextView) searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSearch2.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);

                locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_manage);
                TextView tvLocation2 = (TextView) locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvLocation2.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_more);
                TextView tvSetting2 = (TextView) settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSetting2.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);


                break;
            case 3:

                homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_home);
                TextView tvHome3 = (TextView) homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvHome3.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_search);
                TextView tvSelect3 = (TextView) selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSelect3.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_find);
                TextView tvSearch3 = (TextView) searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSearch3.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_manage_down);
                TextView tvLocation3 = (TextView) locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvLocation3.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);

                settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_more);
                TextView tvSetting3 = (TextView) settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSetting3.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                break;
            case 4:

                homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_home);
                TextView tvHome4 = (TextView) homeLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvHome4.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_search);
                TextView tvSelect4 = (TextView) selectLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSelect4.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_find);
                TextView tvSearch4 = (TextView) searchLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSearch4.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_manage);
                TextView tvLocation4 = (TextView) locationLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvLocation4.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);

                settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabImg).setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.image_tabbar_button_more_down);
                TextView tvSetting4 = (TextView) settingLayout.findViewById(R.id.tabText);
                tvSetting4.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);

                break;
        }
    }
}

我们运行一下

这里写图片描述

接下来我们让他可以切换选项卡,我们定义一个接口

 /**
     * 切换页面的接口
     */
    public interface ICallbackListener {
        public void clic(int id);
    }

    ICallbackListener iCallbackListener = null;

    public void setonCallbackListener(ICallbackListener iCallbackListener) {
        this.iCallbackListener = iCallbackListener;
    }

接着初始化数据

/**
     * 设置默认的第一页数据
     */
    private void initPagerContent(android.app.Fragment fragment) {
        FragmentManager manager = getFragmentManager();
        android.app.FragmentTransaction ft = manager.beginTransaction();
        ft.replace(R.id.myContent,fragment);
        ft.commit();
    }

然后我们引用的时候就可以直接new了

/**
     * 切换接口
     */
    private class MyCallbackListener implements MyBottomLayout.ICallbackListener {

        @Override
        public void clic(int id) {
            switch (id) {
                case R.id.homeLayout:
                    initPagerContent(new HomeFragment());

                    break;
                case R.id.selectLayout:
                    initPagerContent(new SelectFragment());

                    break;
                case R.id.searchLayout:
                    initPagerContent(new SearchFragment());

                    break;
                case R.id.locationLayout:
                   initPagerContent(new LoactionFragment());

                    break;
                case R.id.settingLayout:
                   initPagerContent(new SettingFragment());

                    break;

            }
        }
    }

我们在运行一下

这里写图片描述

但是有一点我们要知道,我们还要实现滑动,这样的话,我们就要使用viewpager了

layout_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">


    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        android:id="@+id/myViewPager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_above="@+id/myBottomLayout" />

    <com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.view.MyBottomLayout
        android:id="@+id/myBottomLayout"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:background="@mipmap/image_titlebar_background" />
</RelativeLayout>

具体的,我就直接把MainActivity的代码贴上吧

package com.lgl.baiduwallpaper;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentActivity;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentPagerAdapter;
import android.support.v4.view.ViewPager;

import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.fragment.HomeFragment;
import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.fragment.LoactionFragment;
import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.fragment.SearchFragment;
import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.fragment.SelectFragment;
import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.fragment.SettingFragment;
import com.lgl.baiduwallpaper.view.MyBottomLayout;

/**
 * 主界面
 */
public class MainActivity extends FragmentActivity {

    private MyBottomLayout myBottomLayout;
    private ViewPager viewpager;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        initView();
    }

    /**
     * 初始化
     */
    private void initView() {
//        initPagerContent(new HomeFragment());
        findView();
        setOnclick();
    }

//    /**
//     * 设置默认的第一页数据
//     */
//    private void initPagerContent(android.app.Fragment fragment) {
//        FragmentManager manager = getFragmentManager();
//        android.app.FragmentTransaction ft = manager.beginTransaction();
//        ft.replace(R.id.myContent,fragment);
//        ft.commit();
//    }

    /**
     * 点击事件
     */
    private void setOnclick() {
        myBottomLayout.setonCallbackListener(new MyCallbackListener());
    }

    /**
     * 找寻控件
     */
    private void findView() {
        myBottomLayout = (MyBottomLayout) findViewById(R.id.myBottomLayout);

        viewpager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.myViewPager);
        viewpager.setAdapter(new MyFragmentAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager()));
        //页面监听
        viewpager.setOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {

            }

            @Override
            public void onPageSelected(int position) {
                myBottomLayout.initPix(position);
            }

            @Override
            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {

            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * 切换接口
     */
    private class MyCallbackListener implements MyBottomLayout.ICallbackListener {

        @Override
        public void clic(int id) {
            switch (id) {
                case R.id.homeLayout:
//                    initPagerContent(new HomeFragment());
                    viewpager.setCurrentItem(0);
                    break;
                case R.id.selectLayout:
//                    initPagerContent(new SelectFragment());
                    viewpager.setCurrentItem(1);
                    break;
                case R.id.searchLayout:
//                    initPagerContent(new SearchFragment());
                    viewpager.setCurrentItem(2);
                    break;
                case R.id.locationLayout:
//                    initPagerContent(new LoactionFragment());
                    viewpager.setCurrentItem(3);
                    break;
                case R.id.settingLayout:
//                    initPagerContent(new SettingFragment());
                    viewpager.setCurrentItem(4);
                    break;

            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * viewpager的adapter
     */
    private class MyFragmentAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter {

        public MyFragmentAdapter(FragmentManager fm) {
            super(fm);
        }

        @Override
        public Fragment getItem(int position) {
            switch (position) {
                case 0:
                    return new HomeFragment();
                case 1:
                    return new SelectFragment();
                case 2:
                    return new SearchFragment();
                case 3:
                    return new LoactionFragment();
                case 4:
                    return new SettingFragment();
            }
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public int getCount() {
            //5个页面
            return 5;
        }
    }
}

主要是你切换的时候setCurrentItem(id);同时监听viewpager的滑动,就可以自由切换了,我们运行一下

这里写图片描述

本来是想提供完整的Demo的,不过感觉这个框架已经许多人用得上,所以我就单独上传了

Demo下载:http://download.csdn.net/detail/qq_26787115/9477918

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