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Android进阶篇-百度地图获取地理信息

简介: Android进阶篇-百度地图获取地理信息 Android中获取用户的地理信息的方式有很多种,各有各得优点和缺点。 这里主要介绍的方法是通过调用百度提供的地图API获取用户的地理位置信息。
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Android进阶篇-百度地图获取地理信息

Android中获取用户的地理信息的方式有很多种,各有各得优点和缺点。

这里主要介绍的方法是通过调用百度提供的地图API获取用户的地理位置信息。

首要不可缺少的还是百度提供的标准Application类

复制代码
public class BMapApiApplication extends Application {
    
    public static BMapApiApplication mDemoApp;
    
    public static float mDensity;
    
    //百度MapAPI的管理类
    public BMapManager mBMapMan = null;
    
    // 授权Key
    // TODO: 请输入您的Key,
    // 申请地址:http://dev.baidu.com/wiki/static/imap/key/
    public String mStrKey = "F9FBF9FAA9BA37C0C6085BD280723A659EC51B20";
    public boolean m_bKeyRight = true;    // 授权Key正确,验证通过
    
    // 常用事件监听,用来处理通常的网络错误,授权验证错误等
    public static class MyGeneralListener implements MKGeneralListener {
        @Override
        public void onGetNetworkState(int iError) {
            Toast.makeText(BMapApiApplication.mDemoApp.getApplicationContext(), "您的网络出错啦!",
                    Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetPermissionState(int iError) {
            if (iError ==  MKEvent.ERROR_PERMISSION_DENIED) {
                // 授权Key错误:
                Toast.makeText(BMapApiApplication.mDemoApp.getApplicationContext(), 
                        "请在BMapApiDemoApp.java文件输入正确的授权Key!",
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                BMapApiApplication.mDemoApp.m_bKeyRight = false;
            }
        }
        
    }
    
    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        mDemoApp = this;
        mBMapMan = new BMapManager(this);
        mBMapMan.init(this.mStrKey, new MyGeneralListener());
        
        mDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
        
        super.onCreate();
    }
    
    @Override
    //建议在您app的退出之前调用mapadpi的destroy()函数,避免重复初始化带来的时间消耗
    public void onTerminate() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        if (mBMapMan != null) {
            mBMapMan.destroy();
            mBMapMan = null;
        }
        super.onTerminate();
    }

}
复制代码

然后是通过注册百度地图调用相应的接口获取经纬度获取相应的信息

复制代码
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
    /** 上下文 */
    private BMapApiApplication mApplication;
    /** 定义搜索服务类 */
    private MKSearch mMKSearch;
    
    /** 记录当前经纬度的MAP*/
    private HashMap<String, Double> mCurLocation = new HashMap<String, Double>();
    //城市名
    private String cityName;
    
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        
        mApplication = (BMapApiApplication) this.getApplication();
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan == null) {
            mApplication.mBMapMan = new BMapManager(getApplication());
            mApplication.mBMapMan.init(mApplication.mStrKey,
                    new BMapApiApplication.MyGeneralListener());
        }
        
        /** 初始化MKSearch */
        mMKSearch = new MKSearch();
        mMKSearch.init(mApplication.mBMapMan, new MySearchListener());
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onStart() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onStart();
        this.registerLocationListener();
    }

    private void registerLocationListener() {
        mApplication.mBMapMan.getLocationManager().requestLocationUpdates(
                mLocationListener);
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan != null) {
            /** 开启百度地图API */
            mApplication.mBMapMan.start();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onStop();
        this.unRegisterLocationListener();
    }

    private void unRegisterLocationListener() {
        mApplication.mBMapMan.getLocationManager().removeUpdates(
                mLocationListener);
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan != null) {
            /** 终止百度地图API */
            mApplication.mBMapMan.stop();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan != null) {
            /** 程序退出前需调用此方法 */
            mApplication.mBMapMan.destroy();
            mApplication.mBMapMan = null;
        }
        super.onDestroy();
    }

    /** 注册定位事件 */
    private LocationListener mLocationListener = new LocationListener() {

        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (location != null) {
                try {
                    int longitude = (int) (1000000 * location.getLongitude());
                    int latitude = (int) (1000000 * location.getLatitude());

                    /** 保存当前经纬度 */
                    mCurLocation.put("longitude", location.getLongitude());
                    mCurLocation.put("latitude", location.getLatitude());

                    GeoPoint point = new GeoPoint(latitude, longitude);
                    /** 查询该经纬度值所对应的地址位置信息 */
                    Weather_WelcomeActivity.this.mMKSearch
                            .reverseGeocode(new GeoPoint(latitude, longitude));
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    };

    /** 内部类实现MKSearchListener接口,用于实现异步搜索服务 */
    private class MySearchListener implements MKSearchListener {
        @Override
        public void onGetAddrResult(MKAddrInfo result, int iError) {
            if( iError != 0 || result == null){
                Toast.makeText(Weather_WelcomeActivity.this, "获取地理信息失败", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }else {
                Log.info("json", "result= " + result);
                cityName =result.addressComponents.city;
                Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
                bundle.putString("cityName", cityName.substring(0, cityName.lastIndexOf("")));
                Intent intent = new Intent(Weather_WelcomeActivity.this,Weather_MainActivity.class);
                intent.putExtras(bundle);
                startActivity(intent);
                Weather_WelcomeActivity.this.finish();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetDrivingRouteResult(MKDrivingRouteResult result,
                int iError) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetPoiResult(MKPoiResult result, int type, int iError) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetTransitRouteResult(MKTransitRouteResult result,
                int iError) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetWalkingRouteResult(MKWalkingRouteResult result,
                int iError) {
        }
    }
复制代码

其他方式获取当前的城市名:

复制代码
/**
     * 抓取当前的城市信息
     * 
     * @return String 城市名
     */
    public String getCurrentCityName(){
        String city = "";
        TelephonyManager telManager = (TelephonyManager) getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);
        GsmCellLocation glc = (GsmCellLocation) telManager.getCellLocation();
        
        if (glc != null){
            int cid = glc.getCid(); // value 基站ID号
            int lac = glc.getLac();// 写入区域代码
            String strOperator = telManager.getNetworkOperator();
            int mcc = Integer.valueOf(strOperator.substring(0, 3));// 写入当前城市代码
            int mnc = Integer.valueOf(strOperator.substring(3, 5));// 写入网络代码
            String getNumber = "";
            getNumber += ("cid:" + cid + "\n");
            getNumber += ("cid:" + lac + "\n");
            getNumber += ("cid:" + mcc + "\n");
            getNumber += ("cid:" + mnc + "\n");
            DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
            BasicHttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
            HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(params, 20000);
            HttpPost post = new HttpPost("http://www.google.com/loc/json");
            
            try{
                JSONObject jObject = new JSONObject();
                jObject.put("version", "1.1.0");
                jObject.put("host", "maps.google.com");
                jObject.put("request_address", true);
                if (mcc == 460)
                    jObject.put("address_language", "zh_CN");
                else
                    jObject.put("address_language", "en_US");

                JSONArray jArray = new JSONArray();
                JSONObject jData = new JSONObject();
                jData.put("cell_id", cid);
                jData.put("location_area_code", lac);
                jData.put("mobile_country_code", mcc);
                jData.put("mobile_network_code", mnc);
                jArray.put(jData);
                jObject.put("cell_towers", jArray);
                StringEntity se = new StringEntity(jObject.toString());
                post.setEntity(se);

                HttpResponse resp = client.execute(post);
                BufferedReader br = null;
                if (resp.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == HttpStatus.SC_OK){
                    br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(resp
                            .getEntity().getContent()));
                    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();

                    String result = br.readLine();
                    while (result != null){
                        sb.append(getNumber);
                        sb.append(result);
                        result = br.readLine();
                    }
                    String s = sb.toString();
                    s = s.substring(s.indexOf("{"));
                    JSONObject jo = new JSONObject(s);
                    JSONObject arr = jo.getJSONObject("location");
                    JSONObject address = arr.getJSONObject("address");
                    city = address.getString("city");
                }
            }
            catch (JSONException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            catch (ClientProtocolException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            catch (IOException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            finally{
                post.abort();
                client = null;
            }
        }
        return city;
    }
复制代码

 加入这两个权限:

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION"/>
。!

Android进阶篇-百度地图获取地理信息

Android中获取用户的地理信息的方式有很多种,各有各得优点和缺点。

这里主要介绍的方法是通过调用百度提供的地图API获取用户的地理位置信息。

首要不可缺少的还是百度提供的标准Application类

复制代码
public class BMapApiApplication extends Application {
    
    public static BMapApiApplication mDemoApp;
    
    public static float mDensity;
    
    //百度MapAPI的管理类
    public BMapManager mBMapMan = null;
    
    // 授权Key
    // TODO: 请输入您的Key,
    // 申请地址:http://dev.baidu.com/wiki/static/imap/key/
    public String mStrKey = "F9FBF9FAA9BA37C0C6085BD280723A659EC51B20";
    public boolean m_bKeyRight = true;    // 授权Key正确,验证通过
    
    // 常用事件监听,用来处理通常的网络错误,授权验证错误等
    public static class MyGeneralListener implements MKGeneralListener {
        @Override
        public void onGetNetworkState(int iError) {
            Toast.makeText(BMapApiApplication.mDemoApp.getApplicationContext(), "您的网络出错啦!",
                    Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetPermissionState(int iError) {
            if (iError ==  MKEvent.ERROR_PERMISSION_DENIED) {
                // 授权Key错误:
                Toast.makeText(BMapApiApplication.mDemoApp.getApplicationContext(), 
                        "请在BMapApiDemoApp.java文件输入正确的授权Key!",
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                BMapApiApplication.mDemoApp.m_bKeyRight = false;
            }
        }
        
    }
    
    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        mDemoApp = this;
        mBMapMan = new BMapManager(this);
        mBMapMan.init(this.mStrKey, new MyGeneralListener());
        
        mDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
        
        super.onCreate();
    }
    
    @Override
    //建议在您app的退出之前调用mapadpi的destroy()函数,避免重复初始化带来的时间消耗
    public void onTerminate() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        if (mBMapMan != null) {
            mBMapMan.destroy();
            mBMapMan = null;
        }
        super.onTerminate();
    }

}
复制代码

然后是通过注册百度地图调用相应的接口获取经纬度获取相应的信息

复制代码
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
    /** 上下文 */
    private BMapApiApplication mApplication;
    /** 定义搜索服务类 */
    private MKSearch mMKSearch;
    
    /** 记录当前经纬度的MAP*/
    private HashMap<String, Double> mCurLocation = new HashMap<String, Double>();
    //城市名
    private String cityName;
    
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        
        mApplication = (BMapApiApplication) this.getApplication();
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan == null) {
            mApplication.mBMapMan = new BMapManager(getApplication());
            mApplication.mBMapMan.init(mApplication.mStrKey,
                    new BMapApiApplication.MyGeneralListener());
        }
        
        /** 初始化MKSearch */
        mMKSearch = new MKSearch();
        mMKSearch.init(mApplication.mBMapMan, new MySearchListener());
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onStart() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onStart();
        this.registerLocationListener();
    }

    private void registerLocationListener() {
        mApplication.mBMapMan.getLocationManager().requestLocationUpdates(
                mLocationListener);
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan != null) {
            /** 开启百度地图API */
            mApplication.mBMapMan.start();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onStop();
        this.unRegisterLocationListener();
    }

    private void unRegisterLocationListener() {
        mApplication.mBMapMan.getLocationManager().removeUpdates(
                mLocationListener);
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan != null) {
            /** 终止百度地图API */
            mApplication.mBMapMan.stop();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        if (mApplication.mBMapMan != null) {
            /** 程序退出前需调用此方法 */
            mApplication.mBMapMan.destroy();
            mApplication.mBMapMan = null;
        }
        super.onDestroy();
    }

    /** 注册定位事件 */
    private LocationListener mLocationListener = new LocationListener() {

        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (location != null) {
                try {
                    int longitude = (int) (1000000 * location.getLongitude());
                    int latitude = (int) (1000000 * location.getLatitude());

                    /** 保存当前经纬度 */
                    mCurLocation.put("longitude", location.getLongitude());
                    mCurLocation.put("latitude", location.getLatitude());

                    GeoPoint point = new GeoPoint(latitude, longitude);
                    /** 查询该经纬度值所对应的地址位置信息 */
                    Weather_WelcomeActivity.this.mMKSearch
                            .reverseGeocode(new GeoPoint(latitude, longitude));
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    };

    /** 内部类实现MKSearchListener接口,用于实现异步搜索服务 */
    private class MySearchListener implements MKSearchListener {
        @Override
        public void onGetAddrResult(MKAddrInfo result, int iError) {
            if( iError != 0 || result == null){
                Toast.makeText(Weather_WelcomeActivity.this, "获取地理信息失败", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }else {
                Log.info("json", "result= " + result);
                cityName =result.addressComponents.city;
                Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
                bundle.putString("cityName", cityName.substring(0, cityName.lastIndexOf("")));
                Intent intent = new Intent(Weather_WelcomeActivity.this,Weather_MainActivity.class);
                intent.putExtras(bundle);
                startActivity(intent);
                Weather_WelcomeActivity.this.finish();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetDrivingRouteResult(MKDrivingRouteResult result,
                int iError) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetPoiResult(MKPoiResult result, int type, int iError) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetTransitRouteResult(MKTransitRouteResult result,
                int iError) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetWalkingRouteResult(MKWalkingRouteResult result,
                int iError) {
        }
    }
复制代码

其他方式获取当前的城市名:

复制代码
/**
     * 抓取当前的城市信息
     * 
     * @return String 城市名
     */
    public String getCurrentCityName(){
        String city = "";
        TelephonyManager telManager = (TelephonyManager) getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);
        GsmCellLocation glc = (GsmCellLocation) telManager.getCellLocation();
        
        if (glc != null){
            int cid = glc.getCid(); // value 基站ID号
            int lac = glc.getLac();// 写入区域代码
            String strOperator = telManager.getNetworkOperator();
            int mcc = Integer.valueOf(strOperator.substring(0, 3));// 写入当前城市代码
            int mnc = Integer.valueOf(strOperator.substring(3, 5));// 写入网络代码
            String getNumber = "";
            getNumber += ("cid:" + cid + "\n");
            getNumber += ("cid:" + lac + "\n");
            getNumber += ("cid:" + mcc + "\n");
            getNumber += ("cid:" + mnc + "\n");
            DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
            BasicHttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
            HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(params, 20000);
            HttpPost post = new HttpPost("http://www.google.com/loc/json");
            
            try{
                JSONObject jObject = new JSONObject();
                jObject.put("version", "1.1.0");
                jObject.put("host", "maps.google.com");
                jObject.put("request_address", true);
                if (mcc == 460)
                    jObject.put("address_language", "zh_CN");
                else
                    jObject.put("address_language", "en_US");

                JSONArray jArray = new JSONArray();
                JSONObject jData = new JSONObject();
                jData.put("cell_id", cid);
                jData.put("location_area_code", lac);
                jData.put("mobile_country_code", mcc);
                jData.put("mobile_network_code", mnc);
                jArray.put(jData);
                jObject.put("cell_towers", jArray);
                StringEntity se = new StringEntity(jObject.toString());
                post.setEntity(se);

                HttpResponse resp = client.execute(post);
                BufferedReader br = null;
                if (resp.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == HttpStatus.SC_OK){
                    br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(resp
                            .getEntity().getContent()));
                    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();

                    String result = br.readLine();
                    while (result != null){
                        sb.append(getNumber);
                        sb.append(result);
                        result = br.readLine();
                    }
                    String s = sb.toString();
                    s = s.substring(s.indexOf("{"));
                    JSONObject jo = new JSONObject(s);
                    JSONObject arr = jo.getJSONObject("location");
                    JSONObject address = arr.getJSONObject("address");
                    city = address.getString("city");
                }
            }
            catch (JSONException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            catch (ClientProtocolException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            catch (IOException e){
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            finally{
                post.abort();
                client = null;
            }
        }
        return city;
    }
复制代码

 加入这两个权限:

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION"/>

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奥特曼超人
KARL-Dujinyang-奥特曼超人。作者目前任职于银狐、泡椒游戏公司,曾任职腾为CTO,CSDN技术专家,曾创办过创业go、造梦工厂、米奇云,万能孵化器等,领域涉及逆向安全专家以及全栈工程师,作者目前出书中。
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