MacOS下的AMQP服务器以及PHP扩展搭建

简介: MacOS下的AMQP服务器以及PHP扩展搭建

环境说明

  • macOS版本, macOS Sierra 10.12.3 (16D32)
  • PHP集成环境, XAMPP 7.0.15-0
  • Apache 2.4.25,
  • MariaDB 10.1.21
  • PHP 7.0.15

前期准备

修改本地path文件

sudo vi /etc/paths

在文件的最上面添加/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/bin

重启中端

bogon:~ xiaoyu$ php -v
PHP 7.0.15 (cli) (built: Jan 20 2017 07:22:25) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies

安装RabbitMQ扩展

wget http://www.rabbitmq.com/releases/rabbitmq-server/v3.6.6/rabbitmq-server-mac-standalone-3.6.6.tar.xz
tar -xf rabbitmq-server-mac-standalone-3.6.6.tar.xz 
cd rabbitmq_server-3.6.6/
sbin/rabbitmq-server

报错 ERROR: epmd error for host bogon: timeout (timed out)

修改hosts , 增加 127.0.0.1 bogon

继续

bogon:rabbitmq_server-3.6.6 xiaoyu$ sbin/rabbitmq-server
              RabbitMQ 3.6.6. Copyright (C) 2007-2016 Pivotal Software, Inc.
  ##  ##      Licensed under the MPL.  See http://www.rabbitmq.com/
  ##  ##
  ##########  Logs: /Applications/XAMPP/rabbitmq_server-3.6.6/var/log/rabbitmq/rabbit@bogon.log
  ######  ##        /Applications/XAMPP/rabbitmq_server-3.6.6/var/log/rabbitmq/rabbit@bogon-sasl.log
  ##########
              Starting broker...
 completed with 0 plugins.

添加到本地PATH

sudo vi /etc/paths

添加所在sbin路径/Applications/XAMPP/rabbitmq_server-3.6.6/sbin

重启终端

再次启动服务

rabbitmq-server

安装 RabbitMQ management UI

这个图形化界面是一个插件

bogon:~ xiaoyu$ rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management
The following plugins have been enabled:
  mochiweb
  webmachine
  rabbitmq_web_dispatch
  amqp_client
  rabbitmq_management_agent
  rabbitmq_management
Applying plugin configuration to rabbit@bogon... failed.
 * Could not contact node rabbit@bogon.
   Changes will take effect at broker restart.
 * Options: --online  - fail if broker cannot be contacted.
            --offline - do not try to contact broker.

重启服务后,就会变成completed with 6 plugins.

访问图形化登录界面的地址为http://localhost:15672/

用户管理

# 创建用户
rabbitmqctl add_user demo pwd
# 赋予超级管理员权限
rabbimqctl set_user_tags  demo administrator

之后就可以登录图形化管理界面了

用户标签

在创建用户的之后,需要通过标签的形式给用户赋予对应的权限

administrator | monitoring | policymaker | management |

Comma-separated list of tags to apply to the user. Currently supported by the management plugin:

  • management
    User can access the management plugin
  • policymaker
    User can access the management plugin and manage policies and parameters for the vhosts they have access to.
  • monitoring
    User can access the management plugin and see all connections and channels as well as node-related information.
  • administrator
    User can do everything monitoring can do, manage users, vhosts and permissions, close other user’s connections, and manage policies and parameters for all vhosts.
    Note that you can set any tag here; the links for the above four tags are just for convenience.

安装AMQP扩展

sudo pecl install amqp
#失败
configure: error: Please reinstall the librabbitmq distribution itself or (re)install librabbitmq development package if it available in your system

安装 rabbitmq-c

git clone git://github.com/alanxz/rabbitmq-c.git
cd rabbitmq-c
git submodule init
git submodule update
#报错
bogon:rabbitmq-c xiaoyu$  autoreconf -i && ./configure && make && sudo make install
Can't exec "aclocal": No such file or directory at /usr/local/Cellar/autoconf/2.69/share/autoconf/Autom4te/FileUtils.pm line 326.
autoreconf: failed to run aclocal: No such file or directory

安装 aclocal

`aclocal’ is part of automake package, try to install it first.

所以需要重新安装automake

brew install automake

继续安装rabbitmq-c

autoreconf -i
#报错 
Makefile.am:6: error: Libtool library used but 'LIBTOOL' is undefined
brew install libtool
autoreconf -i
#报错
Can't exec "libtoolize": No such file or directory at /usr/local/share/autoconf/Autom4te/FileUtils.pm line 344, <GEN3> line 4.
autoreconf: failed to run libtoolize: No such file or directory
autoreconf: libtoolize is needed because this package uses Libtool
#添加PATH /usr/local/Cellar/libtool/2.4.6_1/bin
brew install boost double-conversion gflags glog libevent
sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/glibtoolize /usr/local/bin/libtoolize

继续

autoreconf -i
./configure && make && sudo make install
#报错
./librabbitmq/amqp_openssl_bio.h:26:10: fatal error: 'openssl/bio.h' file not found
#include <openssl/bio.h>
         ^
1 error generated.
make[1]: *** [librabbitmq/librabbitmq_librabbitmq_la-amqp_openssl.lo] Error 1
make: *** [all] Error 2
#xcode安装openssl
xcode-select --install
xcode-select -p #找到xcode的路径
找不到 对应文件夹,失败
#编译安装openssl
git clone  https://github.com/openssl/openssl.git
cd openssl
./config
make
make test
make install 
## 编译安装报错
Cannot find "ERR_get_error(3)" in podpath: cannot find suitable replacement path, cannot resolve link
经过下面验证可以用

继续

./configure && make && sudo make install

继续安装AMQP

sudo pecl install amqp
#成功
Build process completed successfully
Installing '/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/amqp.so'
install ok: channel://pecl.php.net/amqp-1.8.0
configuration option "php_ini" is not set to php.ini location
You should add "extension=amqp.so" to php.ini

修改配置文件

重启服务器

php -m
# 扩展安装成功
[PHP Modules]
**amqp**
bcmath
bz2
calendar
Core
.....

编写测试代码

创建项目

创建 composer.json文件

{
  "require": {
      "php-amqplib/php-amqplib": "2.6.*"
  }
}

在项目所在目录执行composer install

测试demo

配置文件config.php

<?php
require_once __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';
define('HOST', 'bogon');
define('PORT', 5672);
define('USER', 'guest');
define('PASS', 'guest');
define('VHOST', '/');
//If this is enabled you can see AMQP output on the CLI
define('AMQP_DEBUG', true);

demo文件test.php

<?php
include(__DIR__ . '/config.php');
use PhpAmqpLib\Connection\AMQPStreamConnection;
use PhpAmqpLib\Message\AMQPMessage;
$exchange = 'basic_get_test';
$queue = 'basic_get_queue';
$connection = new AMQPStreamConnection(HOST, PORT, USER, PASS, VHOST);
$channel = $connection->channel();
/*
    The following code is the same both in the consumer and the producer.
    In this way we are sure we always have a queue to consume from and an
        exchange where to publish messages.
*/
/*
    name: $queue
    passive: false
    durable: true // the queue will survive server restarts
    exclusive: false // the queue can be accessed in other channels
    auto_delete: false //the queue won't be deleted once the channel is closed.
*/
$channel->queue_declare($queue, false, true, false, false);
/*
    name: $exchange
    type: direct
    passive: false
    durable: true // the exchange will survive server restarts
    auto_delete: false //the exchange won't be deleted once the channel is closed.
*/
$channel->exchange_declare($exchange, 'direct', false, true, false);
$channel->queue_bind($queue, $exchange);
$toSend = new AMQPMessage('test message', array('content_type' => 'text/plain', 'delivery_mode' => 2));
$channel->basic_publish($toSend, $exchange);
$message = $channel->basic_get($queue);
$channel->basic_ack($message->delivery_info['delivery_tag']);
var_dump($message->body);
$channel->close();
$connection->close();

命令行运行代码php test.php,得到debug信息,和正确的返回

< [hex]: 
0000  41 4D 51 50 00 00 09 01                            AMQP.... 
waiting for 10,10
waiting for a new frame
> 10,10: Connection.start
Start from server, version: 0.9, properties: capabilities=(publisher_confirms=1, exchange_exchange_bindings=1, basic.nack=1, consumer_cancel_notify=1, connection.blocked=1, consumer_priorities=1, authentication_failure_close=1, per_consumer_qos=1, direct_reply_to=1), cluster_name=rabbit@bogon, copyright=Copyright (C) 2007-2016 Pivotal Software, Inc., information=Licensed under the MPL.  See http://www.rabbitmq.com/, platform=Erlang/OTP, product=RabbitMQ, version=3.6.6, mechanisms: AMQPLAIN, PLAIN, locales: en_US
< 10,11:: Connection.start_ok
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 00 00 00 01 31 00  0A 00 0B 00 00 00 F3 07   ......1. ......?.
0010  70 72 6F 64 75 63 74 53  00 00 00 07 41 4D 51 50   productS ....AMQP
0020  4C 69 62 08 70 6C 61 74  66 6F 72 6D 53 00 00 00   Lib.plat formS...
0030  03 50 48 50 07 76 65 72  73 69 6F 6E 53 00 00 00   .PHP.ver sionS...
0040  03 32 2E 36 0B 69 6E 66  6F 72 6D 61 74 69 6F 6E   .2.6.inf ormation
0050  53 00 00 00 00 09 63 6F  70 79 72 69 67 68 74 53   S.....co pyrightS
0060  00 00 00 00 0C 63 61 70  61 62 69 6C 69 74 69 65   .....cap abilitie
0070  73 46 00 00 00 8C 1C 61  75 74 68 65 6E 74 69 63   sF...?.a uthentic
0080  61 74 69 6F 6E 5F 66 61  69 6C 75 72 65 5F 63 6C   ation_fa ilure_cl
0090  6F 73 65 74 01 12 70 75  62 6C 69 73 68 65 72 5F   oset..pu blisher_
00A0  63 6F 6E 66 69 72 6D 73  74 01 16 63 6F 6E 73 75   confirms t..consu
00B0  6D 65 72 5F 63 61 6E 63  65 6C 5F 6E 6F 74 69 66   mer_canc el_notif
00C0  79 74 01 1A 65 78 63 68  61 6E 67 65 5F 65 78 63   yt..exch ange_exc
00D0  68 61 6E 67 65 5F 62 69  6E 64 69 6E 67 73 74 01   hange_bi ndingst.
00E0  0A 62 61 73 69 63 2E 6E  61 63 6B 74 01 12 63 6F   .basic.n ackt..co
00F0  6E 6E 65 63 74 69 6F 6E  2E 62 6C 6F 63 6B 65 64   nnection .blocked
0100  74 01 08 41 4D 51 50 4C  41 49 4E 00 00 00 23 05   t..AMQPL AIN...#.
0110  4C 4F 47 49 4E 53 00 00  00 05 67 75 65 73 74 08   LOGINS.. ..guest.
0120  50 41 53 53 57 4F 52 44  53 00 00 00 05 67 75 65   PASSWORD S....gue
0130  73 74 05 65 6E 5F 55 53  CE                        st.en_US ?
< 10,11:: Connection.start_ok
waiting for 10,20, 10,30
waiting for a new frame
> 10,30: Connection.tune
< 10,31:: Connection.tune_ok
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 00 00 00 00 0C 00  0A 00 1F FF FF 00 02 00   ........ ...??...
0010  00 00 00 CE                                        ...?
< 10,31:: Connection.tune_ok
< 10,40:: Connection.open
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 00 00 00 00 08 00  0A 00 28 01 2F 00 00 CE   ........ ..(./..?
< 10,40:: Connection.open
waiting for 10,41
waiting for a new frame
> 10,41: Connection.open_ok
Open OK! known_hosts: 
using channel_id: 1
< 20,10:: Channel.open
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 05 00  14 00 0A 00 CE            ........ ....?
< 20,10:: Channel.open
waiting for 20,11
waiting for a new frame
> 20,11: Channel.open_ok
Channel open
< 50,10:: Queue.declare
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 1B 00  32 00 0A 00 00 0F 62 61   ........ 2.....ba
0010  73 69 63 5F 67 65 74 5F  71 75 65 75 65 02 00 00   sic_get_ queue...
0020  00 00 CE                                           ..?
< 50,10:: Queue.declare
waiting for 50,11
waiting for a new frame
> 50,11: Queue.declare_ok
< 40,10:: Exchange.declare
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 21 00  28 00 0A 00 00 0E 62 61   ......!. (.....ba
0010  73 69 63 5F 67 65 74 5F  74 65 73 74 06 64 69 72   sic_get_ test.dir
0020  65 63 74 02 00 00 00 00  CE                        ect..... ?
< 40,10:: Exchange.declare
waiting for 40,11
waiting for a new frame
> 40,11: Exchange.declare_ok
< 50,20:: Queue.bind
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 2B 00  32 00 14 00 00 0F 62 61   ......+. 2.....ba
0010  73 69 63 5F 67 65 74 5F  71 75 65 75 65 0E 62 61   sic_get_ queue.ba
0020  73 69 63 5F 67 65 74 5F  74 65 73 74 00 00 00 00   sic_get_ test....
0030  00 00 CE                                           ..?
< 50,20:: Queue.bind
waiting for 50,21
waiting for a new frame
> 50,21: Queue.bind_ok
< 60,40:: Basic.publish
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 17 00  3C 00 28 00 00 0E 62 61   ........ <.(...ba
0010  73 69 63 5F 67 65 74 5F  74 65 73 74 00 00 CE 02   sic_get_ test..?.
0020  00 01 00 00 00 1A 00 3C  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00   .......< ........
0030  00 0C 90 00 0A 74 65 78  74 2F 70 6C 61 69 6E 02   ..?..tex t/plain.
0040  CE 03 00 01 00 00 00 0C  74 65 73 74 20 6D 65 73   ?....... test mes
0050  73 61 67 65 CE                                     sage?
< 60,70:: Basic.get
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 17 00  3C 00 46 00 00 0F 62 61   ........ <.F...ba
0010  73 69 63 5F 67 65 74 5F  71 75 65 75 65 00 CE      sic_get_ queue.?
< 60,70:: Basic.get
waiting for 60,71, 60,72
waiting for a new frame
> 60,71: Basic.get_ok
waiting for a new frame
waiting for a new frame
< 60,80:: Basic.ack
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 0D 00  3C 00 50 00 00 00 00 00   ........ <.P.....
0010  00 00 01 00 CE                                     ....?
< 60,80:: Basic.ack
string(12) "test message"
< 20,40:: Channel.close
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 01 00 00 00 0B 00  14 00 28 00 00 00 00 00   ........ ..(.....
0010  00 00 CE                                           ..?
< 20,40:: Channel.close
waiting for 20,41
waiting for a new frame
> 20,41: Channel.close_ok
< 10,50:: Connection.close
< [hex]: 
0000  01 00 00 00 00 00 0B 00  0A 00 32 00 00 00 00 00   ........ ..2.....
0010  00 00 CE                                           ..?
< 10,50:: Connection.close
waiting for 10,51
waiting for a new frame
> 10,51: Connection.close_ok
closing input
closing socket

到此,环境配置完成

总结

本次配置环境涉及到了

  • 不同bash下的环境变量的修改
  • 软件环境的相互依赖关系
  • 编译的报错以及排查
  • 出现问题之后的问题搜索技巧
  • 只要可能出问题就一定出问题的墨菲定律

参考资料

相关实践学习
RocketMQ一站式入门使用
从源码编译、部署broker、部署namesrv,使用java客户端首发消息等一站式入门RocketMQ。
消息队列 MNS 入门课程
1、消息队列MNS简介 本节课介绍消息队列的MNS的基础概念 2、消息队列MNS特性 本节课介绍消息队列的MNS的主要特性 3、MNS的最佳实践及场景应用 本节课介绍消息队列的MNS的最佳实践及场景应用案例 4、手把手系列:消息队列MNS实操讲 本节课介绍消息队列的MNS的实际操作演示 5、动手实验:基于MNS,0基础轻松构建 Web Client 本节课带您一起基于MNS,0基础轻松构建 Web Client
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