Redux实现组合计数器

简介: Redux是一种解决数据共享的方案import {createStore} from 'redux';import React from 'react';import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';imp...

Redux是一种解决数据共享的方案

import {createStore} from 'redux';
import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import {connect, createProvider} from 'react-redux'


// data
let allNum = {num :1000}

// 创建reducer, 名字的默认值为
function reducer(state, action) {
    let tmp = {}
    if (action.type == "decrease"){
        allNum.num = allNum.num - action.value;
        tmp = Object.assign({}, state, {num: allNum.num})
        return tmp
    }else if(action.type == "increase"){
        allNum.num = allNum.num + action.value;
        tmp = Object.assign({}, state, {num: allNum.num})
        return tmp
    }else{
        return state
    }
}

// 创建store存储数据(传入处理函数reducer, 核心数据allNum)
let store = createStore(reducer, allNum)
console.log("初始化的数据为",store.getState('num'))

// 添加监听函数
store.subscribe(() => {console.log("监听函数发出:", store.getState())});

// 发出action
let tmp = {};
tmp = store.dispatch({type: "decrease", value: 10})
console.log("---->", tmp);
tmp = store.dispatch({type: "decrease", value: 100})
console.log("---->", tmp);
tmp = store.dispatch({type: "increase", value: 31})
console.log("---->", tmp);
tmp = store.dispatch({type: "increase", value: 123})
console.log("---->", tmp);

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  render() {return <div>Hello World</div>;}
}

ReactDOM.render(<MyComponent />, document.getElementById("root"));

React和Redux组合使用

  • React组件, 有两个数据集, propsstate
  • props表示外部传入组件的参数(数据由外部传入, 可以被外部更改)
  • state表示组件固有的属性(数据私有, 不可以被外部更改)
  • 我们可以把多个React组件的props交由Redux进行管理, 这样就实现了React组件之间数据的共享

组件如何读写数据

组件通过action发送信号, reducer处理action, story内的值被reducer修改, 由于React组件已经被绑定到story中, 所以story内的数据被修改后, 可以直接同步到React的组件中


小案例: 实现一个组合计数器

  • 单个计数器的数据由组件自身state管理
  • 三个计数器的数据只和由Redux管理
动图演示
  • 实现的源码如下

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>react-webpack-demo</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="root"></div>
</body>
</html>

index.js

import 'babel-polyfill';
import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import './index.scss';
import Redux from 'redux';
import { connect, Provider } from 'react-redux';
import { createStore } from 'redux';
import { PropTypes } from 'prop-types';

class ManageCounter extends React.Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
    }

    render() {
        return ( <div>
            <p className="title">计数器</p> 
            <Counter id = "0" />
            <Counter id = "1" />
            <Counter id = "2" />
            <p className="result"> 组件值的和为: { this.props.sum } </p> 
            </div> )
    }
}


class Counter extends React.Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.changeSum = this.changeSum.bind(this)
        this.decrease = this.decrease.bind(this)
        this.increase = this.increase.bind(this)
        this.state = { value: 0 };
    }
    changeSum() {
        this.props.dispatch({ type: 'changeSum', payload: { id: this.props.id, value: this.state.value } })
    }
    decrease() {
        let self = this;
        this.setState({ value: this.state.value - 1 }, () => {
            self.changeSum()

        })
    }

    increase() {
        let self = this;
        self.setState({ value: this.state.value + 1 }, () => {
            self.changeSum()
        })
    }

    render() {
        const { value } = this.state;
        let { id } = this.props;
        return ( <div >
            <input type = "button"value = "减1" onClick = { this.decrease }/>  
            <span > { value } < /span><br/ >
            <input type = "button" value = "加1" onClick = { this.increase }/>
            </div> )
    }
}

// 创建reducer
function reducer(state = { number: [0, 0, 0], sum: 0 }, action = {}) {
    if (action.type == 'changeSum') {
        let { id, value } = action.payload
        console.log("id:", id, "value:", value);
        state.number[id] = value
        let tmpSum = 0;
        for (let i = 0; i < state.number.length; i++) {
            tmpSum += state.number[i]
        }
        return Object.assign({}, state, { sum: tmpSum });
    } else {
        return state;
    }
}

const CounterMapStateToProps = (state) => ({

})

const ManageCounterMapStateToProps = (state) => ({
    sum: state.sum
})

const mapDispatchToProps = (dispatch) => ({
    dispatch: dispatch
})


// 创建store
let store = createStore(reducer)
// connect连接
Counter = connect(CounterMapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps)(Counter)
ManageCounter = connect(ManageCounterMapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps)(ManageCounter)

ReactDOM.render(
    <Provider store = { store }>
    <ManageCounter />
    </Provider> ,
    document.getElementById('root'));

index.scss

$designWidth: 750;
@function px2rem($px) {
    @return $px*10/$designWidth+rem;
}

#root {
    div {
        p {
            font-size: px2rem(300);
            color: #5EA1F3;
            text-align: center;
        }
        div {
            font-size: px2rem(500);
            display: flex;
            color: #64B587;
            border: 1px solid #F0BB40;
            input {
                flex: 1 1 auto;
                background-color: #64B587;
                font-size: px2rem(200);
                outline: none;
                color:#ffffff;
            }
            span {
                width: 300px;
                flex: 1 1 auto;
                text-align: center;
            }
        }
        .title {
            color: #BDBDBD;
        }
        .result {

            font-size: px2rem(200);
        }
    }
}

小结

redux的设计思想是很简单的, 也有了很成熟的库函数供我们调用, 所以面对一个问题时, 我们考虑的重点是: React组件内哪些数据需要被Redux管理?把重点问题考虑清楚, 问题也就解决了大半!

为便于管理, 相关资源整合到一张独立的帖子,链接如下:
http://www.jianshu.com/p/4f28e1ae08b1

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