yoem
Your own Oembed tool
Last updated 3 years ago by jdrydn .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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yoem

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Unopinionated self-hosted oembed URL expansion. Drop into your existing Node.js application or fire up an independent Serverless microservice.


This library can be used to expand URLs according to the Oembed specification, either by using a service's official oembed endpoint or by using the available tags on the webpage.

This is an open-source re-implementation of Car Throttle's embed service, which handles link-expansion in various points of the platform, most commonly in link posts like this and video posts like this.

Not to be mistaken for wrender, an open-source re-implementation of Car Throttle's image delivery service.

There are three distinct recommended use-cases. The first is part of a larger Node.js application, drop this into your existing Express.js / Koa.js / other framework. The second is as a dedicated microservice, run independently / containerised / serverless. The third is programatically, fetching embeds as-and-when.

GET /embed?url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0jNvJU52LvU HTTP/1.1
Accept: */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive
Host: localhost:3000
User-Agent: HTTPie/1.0.2
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 682
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Date: Sun, 29 Mar 2020 14:29:30 GMT
X-Yoem-Response-Time: 100ms
X-Yoem-Service: youtube
{
  "embed": {
    "type": "video",
    "version": "1.0",
    "title": "Marvel Studios’ Avengers: Endgame | “To the End”",
    "thumbnail_height": 360,
    "author_name": "Marvel Entertainment",
    "height": 270,
    "provider_url": "https://www.youtube.com/",
    "provider_name": "YouTube",
    "html": "<iframe width=\"480\" height=\"270\" src=\"https://www.youtube.com/embed/0jNvJU52LvU?feature=oembed\" frameborder=\"0\" allow=\"accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture\" allowfullscreen></iframe>",
    "thumbnail_width": 480,
    "thumbnail_url": "https://i.ytimg.com/vi/0jNvJU52LvU/hqdefault.jpg",
    "width": 480,
    "author_url": "https://www.youtube.com/user/MARVEL"
  }
}

Installation

$ npm install --save yoem

Usage

Options

const yoem = require('yoem');

const options = {

  services: {
    // You can specify a fixed list of services that you wish to support,
    // Either from the list of pre-defined ones or by specifying your own:
    facebookPost: yoem.service.facebookPost,
    facebookVideo: yoem.service.facebookVideo,
    twitter: yoem.service.twitter,
    youtube: yoem.service.youtube,
    spotify: yoem.service.spotify,
    imgur: yoem.service.imgur,

    // Realistically you'll want to use the default collection of services
    ...yoem.services,
    // And include some of your own
    someimportantcompany: {
      name: 'SomeImportantService',
      matches: [ 'someimportantcompany.com/**' ],
      // See below for detailed examples of writing your own services:
      url: 'https://someimportantcompany.com/oembed.json?url={{url}}'
    },
  },

  // Specify a timeout, uses the ms syntax
  timeout: '30s',

  // Add a blacklist of URLs to reject
  blacklist: [ '*.wikia.com/**' ],
  // Or specify a whitelist of URLs if that's preferred
  whitelist: [ '**facebook.com/**', '**twitter.com/**', '**instagram.com/**' ],

  // Override the default fallback fetch function
  async fallback(opts) {
    // `opts.url` => The URL being expanded
    // `opts.timeout` => The timeout key above
    // `opts.blacklist` => The blacklist array above
    // `opts.whitelist` => The whitelist array above
    // ... => And the rest of the properties are passed into yoem({ ... })
    //
    // Should return the embed object
  },

};
  • micromatch syntax is used to find an appropriate service, or detect blacklisted/whitelisted URLs.

Express

Express: Fast, unopinionated, minimalist web framework for Node.js

const express = require('express');
const yoem = require('yoem');

const app = express();

app.get('/embed', yoem.express({
  // See the Options documentation above
}));

app.listen(3000, () => console.log('Listening on http://localhost:3000/'));

Koa

Koa: Next generation web framework for Node.js

const Koa = require('koa');
const yoem = require('yoem');

const app = new Koa();

app.get('/embed', yoem.koa({
  // See the Options documentation above
}));

app.listen(3000, () => console.log('Listening on http://localhost:3000/'));

Micro

micro: Asynchronous HTTP microservices

const yoem = require('yoem');

module.exports = yoem.micro({
  // See the Options documentation above
});

Zeit Now

ZEIT Now: A cloud platform for Serverless Functions.

const yoem = require('yoem');

module.exports = yoem.zeit({
  // See the Options documentation above
}));

Adonis

AdonisJs: Alternative Node.js web framework

// start/routes.js
const yoem = require('yoem');

Route.get('/embed', yoem.adonis({
  // See the Options documentation above
}));

AWS Lambda

provider:
  name: aws
  runtime: nodejs10.x
functions:
  embed:
    handler: yoem.awsLambda

AWS API Gateway

provider:
  name: aws
  runtime: nodejs10.x
functions:
  embed:
    handler: yoem.awsApiGateway
    events:
      - http: GET /embed

AWS Application Load Balancer

provider:
  name: aws
  runtime: nodejs10.x
functions:
  embed:
    handler: yoem.awsApplicationLoadBalancer
    events:
      - alb:
          listenerArn: arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:...
          priority: 1
          conditions:
            method: GET
            path: /embed

Azure HTTP Function

provider:
  name: azure
  location: UK South
functions:
  embed:
    handler: yoem.azureHttp
    events:
      - http: true
        x-azure-settings:
          name: req
          methods:
            - GET
          route: embed
          authLevel: anonymous

Google Cloud Function

provider:
  name: google
functions:
  embed:
    handler: yoem.googleCloudFunction
    events:
      - http: embed

Programatically

  • Assuming the Serverless framework
  • And assuming you want to add custom services in a Serverless environment
provider:
  name: aws
  runtime: nodejs10.x
functions:
  embed:
    handler: handler.embed
const assert = require('assert');
const yoem = require('yoem');

module.exports.embed = function embed(event, context, callback) {
  try {
    const { url } = event || {};
    assert(typeof url === 'string', 'Missing URL from event');

    const result = await yoem({
      url,
      services: {
        // Include the default list of services
        ...yoem.services,
        // And your own custom one
        someimportantcompany: {
          name: 'SomeImportantService',
          matches: [ 'someimportantcompany.com/**' ],
          url: 'https://someimportantcompany.com/oembed.json?url={{url}}'
        },
      },
    });

    callback(null, result);
  } catch (err) {
    callback(err);
  }
};

Custom Embeds

Each service is made up of the following properties:

  • name: The service name.
  • matches: An array of URLs to match against the service.
  • get: A function to return the embed data for the service.
  • url: A function, or string, to drop the incoming URL in & fetch the embed data back from the service.
{
  someimportantcompany: {
    name: 'SomeImportantService',
    matches: [ 'someimportantcompany.com/**' ],

    // `url` can be a string with the placeholder
    url: 'https://someimportantcompany.com/oembed.json?url={{url}}'

    // Or a function that returns the URL to hit:
    url: ({ url }) => `https://someimportantcompany.com/oemned.json?url=${url}&time=${Date.now()}`,
  },
}
  • Either get or url is required. If both are passed get will take priority.
  • With url:
    • The fetchData function will insert your URL into the {{url}} placeholder, and an error will be thrown if service.url does not contain this placeholder.
    • If the URL returns a HTTP 3XX redirect status, the service.url will not be considered when following redirects.
  • With get:
    • This (likely async) function takes the same arguments as the fallback option, and should return the embed data for this URL. If this is your service ensure it responds in under 30s as a lot of serverless APIs (including API-Gateway) enforce a 30s timeout.
{
  someimportantcompany: {
    name: 'SomeImportantService',
    matches: [ 'someimportantcompany.com/**' ],

    // This could be as simple as a static return value
    get() {
      return {
        version: '1.0',
        type: 'link',
        title: 'Some Important Title'
        provider_name: 'Some Important Company',
        provider_url: 'https://someimportantcompany.com',
        description: 'Cupcake ipsum dolor. Sit amet pie caramels soufflé cupcake.',
        thumbnail_url: 'https://avatars3.githubusercontent.com/u/16253596?s=200&v=4',
        thumbnail_height: '200',
        thumbnail_width: '200',
      };
    },

    // A function that returns a promise
    async get({ url }) {
      return axios.get('https://someimportantcompany.com/oembed.json', {
        maxRedirects: 0,
        params: { url },
        responseType: 'json',
        validateStatus: s => s === 200,
      }).then(({ data }) => data);
    },

    // Or an async function
    async get({ url }) {
      const { data } = await axios.get('https://someimportantcompany.com/oembed.json', {
        maxRedirects: 0,
        params: { url },
        responseType: 'json',
        validateStatus: s => s === 200,
      });

      return data;
    },
  },
}

Release Notes

  • 2.0.0: Rewrite release, including support for all other use-cases.
  • 1.0.0: Initial release, including Express support only.

Current Tags

  • 2.0.0                                ...           latest (3 months ago)

16 Versions

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