uflux
Minimal flux implementation
Last updated 5 years ago by rstacruz .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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μflux

uflux - Another implementation for the Flux architecture for React apps that pushes minimalism far.

  • Store works with immutable objects
  • Unidirectional flow

But also:

  • Reduced verbosity. no action constants, no action methods. To fire a method, just emit a signal from the disptacher.

See API.md for full API documentation.

Status

Usage

When used via npm/bower/browserify/webpack/etc:

import { Dispatcher, Store, connectToStores } from 'uflux'

Composition

Your application will be composed of:

  • One and only one Dispatcher singleton.
  • Many stores (singletons), each listening to the one Dispatcher.
  • Many React components, with some listening to changes to one or more stores.

Dispatcher

A disptacher is simply an EventEmitter.

const App = new Dispatcher()

App.on('eventname', function () { ... })
App.emit('eventname')
App.emit('eventname', arg1, arg2)

Store

A store is an object that keeps a state and listens to dispatcher events. Create a new store using new Store(dispatcher, initialState, handlers).

It listens to events from the dispatcher and responds by updating the store's state.

Each handler is a pure function that takes in the state and returns the new state—no mutation should be done here.

const ListStore = new Store(App, {
  items: []
}, {
  'list:add': function (state, item) {
    return {
      ...state,
      items: state.items.concat([ item ])
    }
  }
})

App.emit('list:add', '2')
ListStore.getState() /* { items: [2] } */

Actions

To fire an action, just emit directly on your main dispatcher. No need for action methods.

App.emit('list:add')

If you're firing within an event listener (such as in a store), you can use emitAfter() to make the event trigger after all other events have triggered.

const DiceStore = new Store(App, { }, {
  'dice:roll': function (state) {
    App.emitAfter('dice:refresh')
    return { number: Math.floor(Math.random() * 6) + 1 }
  }
})

React

You can connect a react Component to a store using connectToStores(). The state of the store will be available as properties (this.props).

const ListView = React.createClass({
  statics: {
    getStores () {
      return [ ListStore ]
    },
 
    getPropsFromStores() {
      return ListStore.getState()
    }
  },
  render () {
    return <div>hi, {this.props.name}</div>
  }

})

ListView = connectToStores(ListView)

Chaining events

You can emit events inside handlers. They will be fired after committing the new state to the store.

const ListStore = new Store(App, {
  items: []
}, {
  'list:add': function (state, item) {
    if (state.locked) {
      const err = new Error('List is locked')
      App.emit('list:error', err)
      return { ...state, error: err }
    }
  }
})

App.on('list:error', function (err) {
  console.log(err.message) //=> "List is locked"
  console.log(ListStore.getState().error.message) //=> "List is locked"
})

Testing stores

Create unit tests for stores by duplicating it and assigning it to a new dispatcher via .dup().

const ListStore = new Store(...)

const App = new Dispatcher()
const TestListStore = ListStore.dup(App)

App.emit('list:clear')
// ...will only be received by TestListStore, not ListStore.

API

See API.md for full API documentation.

Unresolved API questions:

  • should we allow naming stores? this'd be a great way to make a global "save state" for your entire app
  • atomicity - is it possible?
  • can/should components listen to dispatch events?
  • is there a better function signature for new Store()?
  • what about stores that need to interact with each other (say AuthenticationStore)?
  • it should be possible to debounce store change events (eg, a chain of dispatch events that modify stores). but how?
  • ...post yours in issues/

Extra notes

Regular usage

<script src="https://cdn.rawgit.com/rstacruz/uflux/v0.8.0/dist/index.js"></script>

var Store = window.uflux.Store
var Dispatcher = window.uflux.Dispatcher
var connectToStores = window.uflux.connectToStores

Babel

Using Babel is recommended for JSX parsing and enabling ES2015 features. --stage 0 is recommended, too, for rest spreading support ({ ...state, active: true })—a feature very useful for Stores.


Disclaimer

This is built as a proof-of-concept and has not been battle-tested in a production setup.


Thanks

uflux © 2015+, Rico Sta. Cruz. Released under the MIT License.
Authored and maintained by Rico Sta. Cruz with help from contributors (list).

ricostacruz.com  ·  GitHub @rstacruz  ·  Twitter @rstacruz

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