timple
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Last updated 2 years ago by henrikjoreteg .
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timple

An extremely simplistic template system for generating JS files from valid JS files.

Created primarily for templating ServiceWorker scripts.

"What the crap, Henrik. Why?!"

Stay with me... say you're templating out something like a ServiceWorker file. I want to be able to create my own sw.js file, I don't want some lib to generate the entire thing. But, inevitably I want to be able to inject some stuff, like for example, a file manifest as is required by workbox for precaching, as an example.

In addition, I may want to inject some JS library code like sw-toolbox or workbox, or I may have some CDN urls that only apply when building for production.

But here's the thing, I don't want some full-fledged friggin' template language like handlebars or whatnot and here's the kicker: I want my template itself to just be a normal javascript file you know?! One containing actual, valid JavaScript in it so my editor knows how to handle it if it just give it a .js file extension.

I basically want to be able to create a sw.js file in my project that looks something like this:

sw.js:

// inject lib
'{{{ swLibraryCode }}}'

const workbox = new Workbox()

// file manifest
workbox.precache('{{{ fileManifest }}}')

workbox.route('/api', workbox.routing.networkOnly)
workbox.route('{{cdnUrl}}/images/*', workbox.routing.cacheFirst)

:point-up: note that the above is completely valid JavaScript.

Then as part of the build process, or if I want to serve the SW dynamically I want to be able to inject some variables into that JS file intellgently.

That is what this library does.

There's no support for loops, no if statements, just simple interpolation with a twist:

Everything that is dynamic must be a string in your original template. This ensures that the template itself is still valid JS, which keeps the editors (and their code coloring logic) happy.

Anything that is a string with triple curlies '{{{ someVar }}}' will turn into a literal, so for example if you pass it a value for someVar tha is a Number it will become a number (not wrapped as a string), if you pass it an Object it will be JSON.stringify()-ed, if you pass it a RegExp it will turn it into a /regexp/ literal.

Anything that is a string with double curlies '{{ otherVar }}' will remain wrapped as a string. In addition it tolerates not being the entire string. So you can have something like this '{{someBaseCDN}}/other/path' the result will still be a string: 'https://the.passed.in.cdn.url/other/path'

That's it!

  1. Strings with double curlies; stay strings
  2. Strings with triple curlies; become JS literals

install

npm install timple

example

const { populateTemplate } = require('timple')
const template = require('fs').readFileSync('./sw.js')

const templateData = {
  cdnUrl: 'https://assets.something.com'
}

const finalString = populateTemplate(template, templateData)

API reference

Timple exports an object with the following methods:

  • populateTemplate(templateString, variablesObject): returns string with template variables populated.
  • getTemplateFunctionFromFile(templatePath): returns a ready-to-go template function that can be called with just the variables object.
  • writeTemplatedFileSync(templateFilePath, outputFilePath, variablesObject): convenience function for build scripts and such. Just takes an input pathname, and output pathname, and writes the output to the outputFilePath with populated variables.

Changelog

  • 2.0.0: now exporting several functions instead of just the template population function.
  • 1.0.0: initial release

credits

If you like this follow @HenrikJoreteg on twitter.

license

MIT

Current Tags

  • 2.0.0                                ...           latest (2 years ago)

2 Versions

  • 2.0.0                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.0.0                                ...           3 years ago
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