postcss-loader
PostCSS loader for webpack
Last updated 14 days ago by evilebottnawi .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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postcss-loader

Loader to process CSS with PostCSS.

Getting Started

To begin, you'll need to install postcss-loader and postcss:

npm install --save-dev postcss-loader postcss

Then add the plugin to your webpack config. For example:

file.js

import css from 'file.css';

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          'css-loader',
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                plugins: [
                  'postcss-preset-env',
                  {
                    // Options
                  },
                ],
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

Alternative use with config files:

postcss.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    [
      'postcss-preset-env',
      {
        // Options
      },
    ],
  ],
};

The loader automatically searches for configuration files.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: ['style-loader', 'css-loader', 'postcss-loader'],
      },
    ],
  },
};

And run webpack via your preferred method.

Options

Name Type Default Description
execute {Boolean} undefined Enable PostCSS Parser support in CSS-in-JS
postcssOptions {Object\/Function} defaults values for Postcss.process Set PostCSS options and plugins
sourceMap {Boolean} compiler.devtool Enables/Disables generation of source maps

execute

Type: Boolean Default: undefined

If you use JS styles the postcss-js parser, add the execute option.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.style.js$/,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
          },
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                parser: 'postcss-js',
              },
              execute: true,
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

postcssOptions

Type: Object|Function Default: undefined

Allows to set PostCSS options and plugins.

All PostCSS options are supported. There is the special config option for config files. How it works and how it can be configured is described below.

We recommend do not specify from, to and map options, because this can lead to wrong path in source maps. If you need source maps please use the sourcemap option.

Object

Setup plugins:

webpack.config.js (recommended)

const myOtherPostcssPlugin = require('postcss-my-plugin');

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.sss$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            plugins: [
              'postcss-import',
              ['postcss-short', { prefix: 'x' }],
              require.resolve('my-postcss-plugin'),
              myOtherPostcssPlugin({ myOption: true }),
              // Deprecated and will be removed in the next major release
              { 'postcss-nested': { preserveEmpty: true } },
            ],
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

webpack.config.js (deprecated, will be removed in the next major release)

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.sss$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            plugins: {
              'postcss-import': {},
              'postcss-short': { prefix: 'x' },
            },
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Setup syntax:

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.sss$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            // Can be `String`
            syntax: 'sugarss',
            // Can be `Object`
            syntax: require('sugarss'),
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Setup parser:

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.sss$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            // Can be `String`
            parser: 'sugarss',
            // Can be `Object`
            parser: require('sugarss'),
            // Can be `Function`
            parser: require('sugarss').parse,
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Setup stringifier:

webpack.config.js

const Midas = require('midas');
const midas = new Midas();

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.sss$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            // Can be `String`
            stringifier: 'sugarss',
            // Can be `Object`
            stringifier: require('sugarss'),
            // Can be `Function`
            stringifier: midas.stringifier,
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

Function

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.(css|sss)$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: (loaderContext) => {
            if (/\.sss$/.test(loaderContext.resourcePath)) {
              return {
                parser: 'sugarss',
                plugins: [
                  ['postcss-short', { prefix: 'x' }],
                  'postcss-preset-env',
                ],
              };
            }

            return {
              plugins: [
                ['postcss-short', { prefix: 'x' }],
                'postcss-preset-env',
              ],
            };
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

config

Type: Boolean|String Default: undefined

Allows to set options using config files. Options specified in the config file are combined with options passed to the loader, the loader options overwrite options from config.

Config Files

The loader will search up the directory tree for configuration in the following places:

  • a postcss property in package.json
  • a .postcssrc file in JSON or YAML format
  • a .postcss.json, .postcss.yaml, .postcss.yml, .postcss.js, or .postcss.cjs file
  • a postcss.config.js or postcss.config.cjs CommonJS module exporting an object (recommended)
Examples of Config Files

Using Object notation:

postcss.config.js (recommend)

module.exports = {
  // You can specify any options from http://api.postcss.org/global.html#processOptions here
  // parser: 'sugarss',
  plugins: [
    // Plugins for PostCSS
    ['postcss-short', { prefix: 'x' }],
    'postcss-preset-env',
  ],
};

Using Function notation:

postcss.config.js (recommend)

module.exports = (api) => {
  // `api.file` - path to the file
  // `api.mode` - `mode` value of webpack, please read https://webpack.js.org/configuration/mode/
  // `api.webpackLoaderContext` - loader context for complex use cases

  if (/\.sss$/.test(api.file)) {
    return {
      // You can specify any options from http://api.postcss.org/global.html#processOptions here
      parser: 'sugarss',
      plugins: [
        // Plugins for PostCSS
        ['postcss-short', { prefix: 'x' }],
        'postcss-preset-env',
      ],
    };
  }

  return {
    // You can specify any options from http://api.postcss.org/global.html#processOptions here
    plugins: [
      // Plugins for PostCSS
      ['postcss-short', { prefix: 'x' }],
      'postcss-preset-env',
    ],
  };
};

postcss.config.js (deprecated, will be removed in the next major release)

module.exports = {
  // You can specify any options from http://api.postcss.org/global.html#processOptions here
  // parser: 'sugarss',
  plugins: {
    // Plugins for PostCSS
    'postcss-short': { prefix: 'x' },
    'postcss-preset-env': {},
  },
};
Config Cascade

You can use different postcss.config.js files in different directories. Config lookup starts from path.dirname(file) and walks the file tree upwards until a config file is found.

|– components
| |– component
| | |– index.js
| | |– index.png
| | |– style.css (1)
| | |– postcss.config.js (1)
| |– component
| | |– index.js
| | |– image.png
| | |– style.css (2)
|
|– postcss.config.js (1 && 2 (recommended))
|– webpack.config.js
|
|– package.json

After setting up your postcss.config.js, add postcss-loader to your webpack.config.js. You can use it standalone or in conjunction with css-loader (recommended).

Use it before css-loader and style-loader, but after other preprocessor loaders like e.g sass|less|stylus-loader, if you use any (since webpack loaders evaluate right to left/bottom to top).

webpack.config.js (recommended)

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: {
              importLoaders: 1,
            },
          },
          'postcss-loader',
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

Boolean

Enables/Disables autoloading config.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            config: false,
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

String

Allows to specify the path to the config file.

webpack.config.js

const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          postcssOptions: {
            config: path.resolve(__dirname, 'custom.config.js'),
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

sourceMap

Type: Boolean Default: depends on the compiler.devtool value

By default generation of source maps depends on the devtool option. All values enable source map generation except eval and false value.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          { loader: 'style-loader' },
          { loader: 'css-loader', options: { sourceMap: true } },
          { loader: 'postcss-loader', options: { sourceMap: true } },
          { loader: 'sass-loader', options: { sourceMap: true } },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

Alternative setup:

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  devtool: 'source-map',
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          { loader: 'style-loader' },
          { loader: 'css-loader' },
          { loader: 'postcss-loader' },
          { loader: 'sass-loader' },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

Examples

SugarSS

You'll need to install sugarss:

npm install --save-dev sugarss

Using SugarSS syntax.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.sss$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: { importLoaders: 1 },
          },
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                parser: 'sugarss',
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

Autoprefixer

You'll need to install autoprefixer:

npm install --save-dev autoprefixer

Add vendor prefixes to CSS rules using autoprefixer.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: { importLoaders: 1 },
          },
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                plugins: [
                  [
                    'autoprefixer',
                    {
                      // Options
                    },
                  ],
                ],
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

:warning: postcss-preset-env includes autoprefixer, so adding it separately is not necessary if you already use the preset. More information

PostCSS Preset Env

You'll need to install postcss-preset-env:

npm install --save-dev postcss-preset-env

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: { importLoaders: 1 },
          },
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                plugins: [
                  [
                    'postcss-preset-env',
                    {
                      // Options
                    },
                  ],
                ],
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

CSS Modules

What is CSS Modules? Please read.

No additional options required on the postcss-loader side. To make them work properly, either add the css-loader’s importLoaders option.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: {
              modules: true,
              importLoaders: 1,
            },
          },
          'postcss-loader',
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

CSS-in-JS and postcss-js

You'll need to install postcss-js:

npm install --save-dev postcss-js

If you want to process styles written in JavaScript, use the postcss-js parser.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.style.js$/,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          {
            loader: 'css-loader',
            options: {
              importLoaders: 2,
            },
          },
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                parser: 'postcss-js',
              },
              execute: true,
            },
          },
          'babel-loader',
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

As result you will be able to write styles in the following way

import colors from './styles/colors';

export default {
  '.menu': {
    color: colors.main,
    height: 25,
    '&_link': {
      color: 'white',
    },
  },
};

:warning: If you are using Babel you need to do the following in order for the setup to work

  1. Add babel-plugin-add-module-exports to your configuration.
  2. You need to have only one default export per style module.

Extract CSS

Using mini-css-extract-plugin.

webpack.config.js

const isProductionMode = process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production';

const MiniCssExtractPlugin = require('mini-css-extract-plugin');

module.exports = {
  mode: isProductionMode ? 'production' : 'development',
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          isProductionMode ? MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader : 'style-loader',
          'css-loader',
          'postcss-loader',
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
  plugins: [
    new MiniCssExtractPlugin({
      filename: isProductionMode ? '[name].[contenthash].css' : '[name].css',
    }),
  ],
};

Emit assets

To write a asset from PostCSS plugin to the webpack, need to add a message in result.messages.

The message should contain the following fields:

  • type = asset - Message type (require, should be equal asset)
  • file - file name (require)
  • content - file content (require)
  • sourceMap - sourceMap
  • info - asset info

webpack.config.js

const customPlugin = () => (css, result) => {
  result.messages.push({
    type: 'asset',
    file: 'sprite.svg',
    content: '<svg>...</svg>',
  });
};

const postcssPlugin = postcss.plugin('postcss-assets', customPlugin);

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          'css-loader',
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                plugins: [postcssPlugin()],
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

Add dependencies

The dependencies are necessary for webpack to understand when it needs to run recompilation on the changed files.

There are two way to add dependencies:

  1. (Recommended). The plugin may emit messages in result.messages.

The message should contain the following fields:

  • type = dependency - Message type (require, should be equal dependency)
  • file - absolute file path (require)

webpack.config.js

const path = require('path');

const customPlugin = () => (css, result) => {
  result.messages.push({
    type: 'dependency',
    file: path.resolve(__dirname, 'path', 'to', 'file'),
  });
};

const postcssPlugin = postcss.plugin('postcss-assets', customPlugin);

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          'css-loader',
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                plugins: [postcssPlugin()],
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};
  1. Pass loaderContext in plugin.

webpack.config.js

const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/i,
        use: [
          'style-loader',
          'css-loader',
          {
            loader: 'postcss-loader',
            options: {
              postcssOptions: {
                config: path.resolve(__dirname, 'path/to/postcss.config.js'),
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
};

postcss.config.js

module.exports = (api) => ({
  plugins: [
    require('path/to/customPlugin')({
      loaderContext: api.webpackLoaderContext,
    }),
  ],
});

customPlugin.js

const path = require('path');

const customPlugin = (loaderContext) => (css, result) => {
  loaderContext.webpack.addDependency(
    path.resolve(__dirname, 'path', 'to', 'file')
  );
};

module.exports = postcss.plugin('postcss-assets', customPlugin);

Contributing

Please take a moment to read our contributing guidelines if you haven't yet done so.

CONTRIBUTING

License

MIT

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