mongodb-js-metrics
Shareable metric recording.
Last updated 6 months ago by durran .
Apache-2.0 · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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mongodb-js-metrics is a reusable metrics wrapper for a number of external tracking services. Currently, it supports Google Analytics, Intercom, Bugsnag, and MongoDB Stitch/Atlas.

Quick Start

Here is an example how to set up Google Analytics and Stitch tracking of application launches, screen views and user logins within your app.

// require the built-in resources and the metrics object itself
var resources = require('mongodb-js-metrics').resources;
var metrics = require('mongodb-js-metrics')(); // note the () at the end

// configure Google Analytics with our tracking id
metrics.configure('ga', {
  trackingId: 'UA-########-#',
  enabled: true
});

metrics.configure('stitch', {
  appId: 'metrics-bffii',
  enabled: true
})

// create an app resource with name and version
var app = new resources.AppResource({
  appName: 'My Cool App',
  appVersion: '2.0.1'
});

// create a user resource with client id (UUID v4 recommended)
var user = new resources.UserResource({
  clientId: '3c007a83-e8c3-4b52-9631-b5fd97950dce'
});

// add the resources to the metrics module to set everything up
metrics.addResource(app, user);

// track an application launch event
metrics.track('App', 'launched');

// track a user login event
metrics.track('User', 'login');

// track a screen view of the start screen
metrics.track('App', 'viewed', 'Start Screen');

The call to metrics.track() is just a convenience wrapper. You could also just call the action on the resource itself (actions are methods on the resource). For example, pass the user resource to the code parts that handle user actions, and whenever the user logs in, call:

// assumes you have a reference to the `user` resource above
user.login();

// identical to...
metrics.track('User', 'login');

Because metrics is a singleton, you don't have to worry about passing it (or the resources) around or polluting your global context. Once the Resources are added in your app setup code, you can always just access another reference:

// in some other file in your project, e.g. the Help Screen
var metrics = require('mongodb-js-metrics')();
metrics.track('App', 'viewed', 'Help Screen');

Details

The metrics module is a singleton. Any new instantiation will return a reference to the existing singleton object.

// note the () at the end, to instantiate the singleton
var metrics = require('mongodb-js-metrics')();

The metrics object holds references to trackers and resources, and makes the trackers available to the resources. It also contains convenient helper methods to make tracking very easy.

Trackers

The current version supports 4 trackers:

Google Analytics

Used to send screen views, events, errors, timings. Tracker name is ga. Requires App and User resources.

Intercom

Used to send events and also provides in-app communication. Tracker name is intercom. Requires App and User resources.

MongoDB Stitch/Atlas

Used to track users and events. You need to set up your own Atlas instance and connect a Stitch app, as explained in ./docs/stitch.md. Tracker name is stitch. Requires App and User resources.

Bugsnag

Used to send errors. Tracker name is bugsnag. Requires App resource.

Configuration

You can configure individual trackers with the configure(name, options) syntax. Note the different key names for the keys, which use each of the tracker's terminology for consistency. Trackers are disabled by default, so don't forget to enable them.

// configure Google Analytics
metrics.configure('ga', {
  trackingId: 'UA-########-#',
  enabled: true
});

// configure Bugsnag
metrics.configure('bugsnag', {
  apiKey: '################################',
  enabled: true
});

// configure Intercom
metrics.configure('intercom', {
  appId: '########',
  enabled: true
});

// configure Stitch
metrics.configure('stitch', {
  appId: '########',
  users: 'metrics-db.users-coll',     // optional, default is metrics.users
  events: 'metrics-db.events-coll',   // optional, default is metrics.events
  enabled: true
});

You can also configure multiple trackers at once, by passing in a single object to the configure(options) method. The keys have to match the tracker names:

metrics.configure({
  ga: {
    trackingId: 'UA-########-#',
    enabled: true
  },
  bugsnag: {
    apiKey: '################################',
    enabled: true
  }
});

Configuring a tracker automatically enables it. This behavior can be disabled by explicitly passing in {enabled: false} into the options for the tracker.

Resources

Everything you want to track is organized into resources and their actions. Each resource/action pair can be reported differently to one or more trackers.

For example, if you want to track application launches, you would create an App resource with a launched action. If you want to track different types of errors, you could create an Error resource and give it different actions, like info, warning, error.

Resources have access to the trackers, and by default assign their properties to all trackers that require the properties. For example, the App resource has a property called appName. When the resource is added to metrics, it automatically pushes the appName value to all trackers that define it as one of their properties.

You need to add resources before you can track anything. The App and User resources are almost always required. Once they are added (see Quick Start for an example), you can use the metrics.track() helper to conveniently track events.

The first argument to track() is the name of the resource (as a convention, all resources have uppercase names, and all actions have lowercase names). The second argument is the name of the action you want to call. Subsequent arguments are passed to the action method, including a potential callback parameter at the end.

metrics.track('User', 'login', { timestamp: new Date(), team: 'Awesome' }, function(err, resp) {
  if (err) {
    // warn and silently ignore if the action couldn't be tracked
    console.warn('could not track user login, because: ', err);
    return;
  }
  // should return status code 200
  console.log('error successfully tracked with status code', resp.statusCode);
});

Built-in Resources

mongodb-js-metrics comes with some commonly used built-in resources already. Those resources and their actions are:

  • App

    • launched()
    • quit(exitCode)
    • upgraded(previousVersion)
    • viewed(screenName)
  • User

    • created()
    • login()
    • logout()
  • Error

    • info(err)
    • warning(err)
    • error(err)
  • Feature (derive from this for each feature you use)

    • used(metadata)
  • Host (no tracking action, used for super properties)

Example how to track the usage of a plasma cannon and what strength was used:

var FeatureResource = require('mongodb-js-metrics').resources.FeatureResource;
var metrics = require('mongodb-js-metrics')();

var PlasmaCannon = FeatureResource.extend({
  id: 'Plasma Cannon'
});

metrics.addResource(new PlasmaCannon());

// assumes trackers are configured and `App` and `User` resources added previously
metrics.track('Plasma Cannon', 'used', {
  strength: 19
});

Custom Resources

You can also build custom Resources that are specific to your app and use them as you would use the built-in ones. Make them extend the BaseResource and follow its interface. For an example, look at the built-in resources under ./lib/resources/ to see how they are implemented.

License

Apache 2.0

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