mini-client
Mini client for mini services: Micro services done simply
Last updated 2 years ago by feugy .
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Mini-client

Simplistic µService library

npm package NSP Status dependencies build coverage License: MIT

Mini-client is a generic client for µServices built with mini-service. The goal of mini-service is to give the minimal structure to implement a µService, that can be invoked locally or remotely.

Its principles are the following:

  • very easy to add new service api endpoints
  • easy to use client interface, same usage both locally and remotely
  • hide deployment details and provide simple-yet-working solution
  • promises based

mini-client & mini-service use the latest ES6 features, so they requires node 6+

Please checkout the API reference

This project was kindly sponsored by nearForm.

Generic client for mini-services

Mini-client expose a generic client that can be wired to any service exposed with mini-service. It provides an JavaScript object, that will fetch exposed APIs and creates a function for each of them. This allow to invoke remote API like if they were plain function (it's a kind of good old RPC).

caller-remote.js

const getClient = require('mini-client')

const calc = getClient({
  remote: 'http://localhost:3000'
})
calc.add(10, 5).then(sum => console.log(`Result is: ${sum}`))

Each API will end-up as a function (named after the API itself) that returns a promise. Calling a function that isn't an exposed API will fails as if you try to invoked an unknown property of a regular object.

At the first call, mini-client fetch from the remote server the exposed API and creates the actual functions.

After being initialized, a mini-client can't be wired to another service, and will always try to invoke the one it was initiliazed with.

Please note that you can call init() (see bellow), which doesn't do anything in "remote mode".

Generic client for local services

While calling remote service is a realistic scenario for production environments, it's more convenient to run all code in the same unit on dev (for debugging) and in continuous integration.

That's why mini-client can run the in "local mode". In this case, the service definition is loaded at initialization.

caller-local.js

const getClient = require('mini-client')
const calcService = require('./calc-service')

const calc = getClient(calcService)
calc.init().then(() =>
  calc.add(10, 5).then(sum => console.log(`Result is: ${sum}`))
)

Two noticeable difference with "remote mode":

  • you need to provide the service definition when creating the client
  • you need to invoke init() prior to any call, which run exposed API initialization code (as if the server were starting)

Then, you can invoke exposed APIs as function like in "remote mode".

Validations

When invoking an exposed API, Mini-client can report parameters validation error. If the distant service denies the operation because of a missing or errored parameter, the returned promise will be rejected with the appropriate error message.

Checksum compatibility and automatic reloads

When Mini-client is running in remote mode, it caches remote exposed API at first call. But what would happened if a new version of remote server is redeployed ?

If the list of newer exposed API equals the one used when Mini-client was started, everything will be fine. But if the two lists are different, then there's a chance that Mini-client will invoke URLs that don't exist any more, or requires different parameters.

To detect such changes, the CRC-32 checksum of the exposed Api list is sent by remote server in the X-Service-CRC response header. On each call, Mini-client will compare that checksum with the one valid when it initialized.

If both value differs, then Mini-Client will:

  • mark all existing functions as deprecated (they will reject further call with appropriate error)

    Remote server isn't compatible with current client (expects service-name@x.y.z)

  • fetch new list of exposed APIs on remote server, and creates/updates function
  • invoke the current function to process with call (will succeed if supported)

When Mini-client is running on local mode, such situation can never happen.

License

Copyright Damien Simonin Feugas and other contributors, licensed under MIT.

3.x to 4.x migration

None: v4 is using async/await, which requires node@8+. Code is fully backward compatible.

2.x to 3.x migration

Groups are now used as sub-objects of mini-client.

Given a service exposing:

  • api ping without group (or if group has same name as overall service)
  • group a with apis ping & pong
  • group b with api ping

the final Mini-client will be:

client = {
  ping(),
  a: {
    ping(),
    pong()
  },
  b: {
    ping()
  }
}

1.x to 2.x migration

Local services, as remote services, must have name and version options defined

When loading services, the services property was renamed to groups, and serviceOpts is now groupOpts:

const {startServer} = require('mini-service')

startServer({
  groups: [ // was services previously
    require('../serviceA'),
    require('../serviceB'),
    require('../serviceC')
  ],
  groupOpts: { // was serviceOpts previously
    serviceA: {},
    serviceB: {},
    serviceC: {}
  }
})

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