json-schema-sequelizer
Sequelize models with JSON-Schema powers!
Last updated 4 months ago by pateketrueke .
MIT · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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JSON-Schema Sequelizer

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Declare your Sequelize models using JSON-Schema today!

$ npm i json-schema-sequelizer --save

This is a work in progress, any feedback is very welcome!

Features

  • Model definitions are JSON-Schema
  • Associations are made from $refs
  • Migrations generator/runner
  • Abstract CRUD builder
  • CLI support

Setup

const JSONSchemaSequelizer = require('json-schema-sequelizer');

// connection settings for Sequelize
const settings = {
  dialect: 'sqlite',
  storage: ':memory:',
};

// external references (not models)
// can be an array or object
const definitions = {
  dataTypes: {
    definitions: {
      PK: {
        type: 'integer',
        minimum: 1,
        primaryKey: true,
        autoIncrement: true,
      },
    },
  },
};

// resolve local references from this directory
const builder = new JSONSchemaSequelizer(settings, definitions, process.cwd());

Definition

Models are just Javascript objects:

// for validations below
const assert = require('assert');

// add a Tag model
builder.add({
  // the $schema object is required at top-level
  $schema: {
    // model options placed here can be persisted
    options: {
      paranoid: true,
      timestamps: false,
    },

    // the $schema.id is required (don't forget it!)
    id: 'Tag',

    // model fields
    properties: {
      // resolved from an external/local reference (see below)
      id: {
        $ref: 'dataTypes#/definitions/PK',
      },

      // regular fields
      name: {
        type: 'string',
      },

      // ID-references are used for associating things
      children: {
        items: {
          $ref: 'Tag',
        },
      },
    },
    required: ['id', 'name'],
  },
  // UI-specific details
  $uiSchema: {
    // use with react-jsonschema-form (built-in)
  },
  // RESTful settings
  $attributes: {
    // ensure all read-operations retrieve Tag's name
    // for individual actions try setting up `findOne`
    findAll: [
      'name',
    ],
  },
  // any other property will be used as the model definition
  hooks: {},
  getterMethods: {},
  setterMethods: {},
  classMethods: {},
  instanceMethods: {},
  // etc.
});

Basic usage

For interacting with your models you need a connection:

builder.connect()
  .then(() => builder.models.Tag.sync())
  .then(() => {
    // create a Tag with some children
    return builder.models.Tag.create({
      name: 'Root',
      children: [
        { name: 'Leaf' },
      ],
    }, {
      // associations are set explicitly
      include: [builder.models.Tag.associations.children],
    });
  })
  .then(tag => {
    assert(tag.id === 1);
    assert(tag.name === 'Root');
    assert(tag.children[0].id === 2);
    assert(tag.children[0].name === 'Leaf');
  })

Migrations

Get free code for migrating your database:

  1. Add or change as many models and definitions you need
  2. The first time, generate javascript code passing an empty previousBundle
  3. Just call JSONSchemaSequelizer.migrate(..., yourMigration, true).up()
  4. Save a snapshot of the current schema with JSONSchemaSequelizer.bundle(...)
  5. The next time, use this (latest) snapshot when calling JSONSchemaSequelizer.generate(...)
  6. This will generate javascript code with the differences only, save them and repeat (4)
  7. After this point you can use the umzug wrapper for all the generated migrations (1, 5, 6, ...)

All migration methods will return promises, ensure you catch everything.

Snapshots

Bundle all your definitions:

  .then(() => {
    // built-in schemas from given models, e.g.
    const set = Object.keys(builder.models).map(m => builder.$refs[m].$schema);

    // dump current schema
    const bundle = JSONSchemaSequelizer.bundle(set, definitions, 'Latest changes!');

    // save all schemas as single JSON-Schema
    require('fs').writeFileSync('current_schema.json', JSON.stringify(bundle, null, 2));
  })

The generated file is a full JSON-Schema representation of your models, quite useful isn't?

Generating code

Exporting and loading changes:

  .then(() => {
    // if true, all up/down/change calls will be merged
    const squashMigrations = true;
    const bindMigration = true;

    // any diff from here will generate its migration code
    const previousBundle = {};

    // dump migration code
    const fixedModels = Object.values(builder.models);

    return JSONSchemaSequelizer.generate(previousBundle, fixedModels, squashMigrations)
      .then(result => {
        // save as module
        require('fs').writeFileSync('current_schema.js', result.code);

        // after saving to disk, you can load the schema later by instantiating a custom `umzug` wrapper
        const fixedSchema = require('./current_schema.js');

        // since it's a single migration-file you MUST pass `true` as last argument to bind it
        const wrapper = JSONSchemaSequelizer
          .migrate(builder.sequelize, fixedSchema, bindMigration);

        return wrapper.up().then(() => {
          console.log('Done!');
        });
      });
  })

Migrating from code

Initial or full migrations:

  .then(() => {
    // this can be a module, or json-object
    const options = {
      configFile: 'db/migrations.json',
      baseDir: 'db/migrations',
      logging(message) {
        console.log(message);
      },
    };

    // `params` are used to properly invoke umzug
    const params = {
      migrations: [],
      only: [], // filter out models to operate on
      make: false, // if true, generate migration files
      apply: false, // save schema changes, optional message
      create: false, // if true, recreate database from snapshot (up)
      destroy: false, // if true, drop all tables from snapshot (down)
      up: false, // if true, apply all pending migrations
      down: false, // if true, revert all applied migrations
      next: false, // if true, apply just one pending migration
      prev: false, // if true, revert last applied migration
      from: null, // range for multiple migrations, use with --to
      to: null, // range for multiple migrations, use with --from
    };

    // execute migration from code
    return JSONSchemaSequelizer
      .migrate(builder.sequelize, options)
      .up(params);
  })

Migrating from CLI

You can add your own command-line interface to list and run migrations, e.g.

const cli = require('json-schema-sequelizer/cli');
const cmd = process.argv.slice(2)[0];

let _error;

function db(cb) {
  if (cmd === 'migrate' || cmd === 'backup') {
    return cb(require('./path/to/your/builder/instance'));
  }
}

Promise.resolve()
  .then(() => db(x => x.connect()))
  .then(() => {
    if (cmd === 'migrate' || cmd === 'backup') {
      return db(x => cli.execute(x));
    }

    process.stderr.write(`${cli.usage('bin/db')}\n`);
    process.exit(1);
  })
  .catch(e => {
    process.stderr.write(`${e.stack}\n`);
    _error = true;
  })
  .then(() => db(x => x.close()))
  .catch(e => {
    process.stderr.write(`${e.stack}\n`);
    _error = true;
  })
  .then(() => {
    if (_error) {
      process.exit(1);
    }
  });

Migration options are taken from sequelize settings, so you can declare its details along with your database configuration, e.g.

module.exports = {
  dialect: 'sqlite',
  storage: ':memory:',
  directory: `${__dirname}/db`,
  // alternative options for:
  /* migrations: {
       database: true || { ... },
       directory: `${__dirname}/db`,
     },
  */
};

Available options for customizing the database setup: modelName, tableName and columnName.

Resources

Abstract methods for CRUDs:

  .then(() => {
    // prepare the resource handler
    const res = JSONSchemaSequelizer.resource(builder, null, 'Tag');

    // resource details, references and UI
    console.log(JSON.stringify(res.options, null, 2));
    /*
    {
      "model": "Tag",
      "refs": {
        "Tag": { ... },
        "children": { ... },
        "dataTypes": { ... }
      },
      "schema": { ... },
      "uiSchema": { ... },
      "attributes": { ... }
    }
    */

    // try several actions in order
    return Promise.resolve()
      .then(() => {
        // associations are automatic
        return res.actions.create({
          name: 'Root',
          children: [
            { name: 'Leaf A' },
            { name: 'Leaf B' },
          ],
        })
          .then(pk => res.actions.findOne({ where: { id: pk } }))
          .then(result => {
            assert(result.id === 3);
            assert(result.name === 'Root');
          });
      })
      .then(() => {
        return res.actions.update({
          name: 'Roots',
          children: [
            { name: 'Leaf X', id: 4 },
          ],
        }, { where: { id: 3 } });
      })
      .then(() => {
        // attribute filters are taken from attribuets
        builder.models.Tag.options.$attributes = {
          findOne: [
            'name',
            'children.name',
          ],
        };

        return res.actions.findOne({
          where: { id: 3 },
        }).then(result => {
          assert(result.name === 'Roots');
          assert(result.children[0].name === 'Leaf X');
          assert(result.children[1].name === 'Leaf B');
        });
      });
  })

CRUD example

RESTful API in ~80 LOC:

  .then(() => {
    // instantiate a plain http-server
    require('http').createServer((req, res) => {
      // extract the params from the given URL, e.g. /Model/ID
      const parts = req.url.split('?')[0].split('/');
      const model = parts[1];
      const param = parts[2];

      // finalize the request as JSON
      function end(result, headers) {
        let status = 200;

        if (typeof result === 'number') {
          status = result;
          result = arguments[1];
          headers = arguments[2];
        }

        res.writeHead(status, Object.assign({
          'Content-Type': 'application/json',
        }, headers));

        res.end(JSON.stringify(result));
      }

      // no given model, return resource list
      if (!model) {
        end({
          resources: Object.keys(builder.models),
        });
        return;
      }

      // model found
      if (builder.models[model]) {
        const where = {
          [builder.models[model].primaryKeyAttribute]: param,
        };

        // resource handler and options
        const obj = JSONSchemaSequelizer.resource(builder, null, model);

        // write operations
        if (req.method === 'POST') {
          let data = '';

          // try to read input as JSON
          req.setEncoding('utf8');
          req.on('data', chunk => {
            data += chunk;
          });

          req.on('end', () => {
            try {
              const payload = JSON.parse(data);

              if (param) {
                obj.actions.update(payload, { where }).then(end);
              } else {
                obj.actions.create(payload).then(end);
              }
            } catch (e) {
              end(400, { error: e.message });
            }
          });
        } else if (param) {
          // found params, read/destroy
          if (req.method === 'DELETE') {
            obj.actions.destroy({ where }).then(end);
          } else {
            obj.actions.findOne({ where }).then(end);
          }
        } else {
          // return resource options
          end(obj.options);
        }
      } else {
        // unknown resource
        end(400, { error: 'unknown' });
      }
    }).listen(8080);

    console.log('Server running at http://localhost:8080/');

    // try `curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"name":"TEST"}' http://localhost:8080/Tag/1`
    // and then `curl http://localhost:8080/Tag/1`
  })
  .catch(e => {
    console.log(e.stack);
  });

Associations

Relationships between models are declared with references:

  • hasOne{ x: { $ref: 'Model' } }
  • hasMany{ x: { items: { $ref: 'Model' } } }
  • belongsTo{ x: { $ref: 'Model', belongsTo: true } }
  • belongsToMany{ x: { items: { $ref: 'Model', belongsToMany: true } } }

Additionally you can pass an object to provide options to the association, e.g.

{
  $schema: {
    id: 'Post',
    properties: {
      tags: {
        items: {
          $ref: 'Tag',
          belongsToMany: {
            through: 'PostTags',
          },
        },
      },
    },
  },
}

E.g., if you've defined PostTags it will be used instead, otherwise the options are passed as is to Sequelize (which in turn can create the intermediate table as well).

Options

  • settings — Connection settings for Sequelize. Any supported value for new Sequelize(settings) is fine
  • refs — Additional references for definitions. Can be an object or an array, schemas should have a valid id property.
  • cwd — Local references resolve from here. If not provided it will use process.cwd()

Instance properties

  • sequelize — Holds the current Sequelize connection
  • schemas — Normalized schemas from loaded models
  • models — A proxy for sequelize.models
  • $refs — All registered schemas. Additional fields will be present as result of associated models

Instance methods

  • add(definition) — Define a new model on Sequelize. The $schema property is mandatory for modules only (this way), everything else will become the Sequelize model
  • scan(callback) — Scan models and definitions from given cwd. Only JSON files does not require the top-level $schema keyword
  • refs(directory[, prefix]) — Will invoke static refs() to include found definitions in the current instance.
  • sync(options) — Calls sequelize.sync() with the given options
  • close() — Calls sequelize.close()
  • connect() — Starts a new Sequelize connection once. Next calls will receive the same connection instance

Static methods

  • bundle(schemas, definitions[, description]) — Generate a bundle with all models and additional references as JSON-Schema
  • generate(dump, models, definitions[, squashMigrations]) — Generate javascript code of the current schema in form of migrations
  • resource(sequelize, options, model)— Abstract CRUD wrapper for RESTful resources. It returns a functional API to read, update and delete from given model
  • migrate(sequelize, options[, bind])— Executes a plain migration if bind is true, instantiate a umzug wrapper otherwise. When binding ensure you pass a valid object with up/down/change functions
  • sync(models[, options])— WIll call sequelize.sync() by executing definitions in order, all dependencies are synced first, dependants last
  • clear(models[, options])— Will call model.destroy() on each instance, providing a truncate or where option is mandatory
  • refs(directory[, prefix]) — Scan and load for *.json definitions. Set prefix to filter out scanned files, e.g. **/PREFIX/*.json

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