hashids
Generate YouTube-like ids from numbers. Use Hashids when you do not want to expose your database ids to the user.
Last updated 8 months ago by niieani .
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hashids

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Hashids is small JavaScript library to generate YouTube-like ids from numbers. Use it when you don't want to expose your database ids to the user: http://hashids.org/javascript

Play with it using CodeSandbox

Getting started

Install Hashids via:

yarn add hashids

(or just use the code at dist/hashids.js)

Use in ESM-compatible environments (webpack, modern browsers)

import Hashids from 'hashids'
const hashids = new Hashids()

console.log(hashids.encode(1))

Use in CommonJS environments (most often Node.js)

const Hashids = require('hashids/cjs')
const hashids = new Hashids()

console.log(hashids.encode(1))

Note: When using Node that supports conditional exports, require('hashids') will also work.

Use as global in the browser (wherever ES5 is supported; 5KB)

<script type="text/javascript" src="hashids.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">

    var hashids = new Hashids();
    console.log(hashids.encode(1));

</script>

Use in TypeScript:

Import or require based on the environment (see above).

If you get errors stating: Cannot find name 'BigInt', add "esnext.bigint" or "esnext" to your tsconfig.json file, under "lib":

{
  "compilerOptions": {
    ...
    "lib": [
      "esnext.bigint",
      ...
    ]
  }
}

Quick example

const hashids = new Hashids()

const id = hashids.encode(1, 2, 3) // o2fXhV
const numbers = hashids.decode(id) // [1, 2, 3]

More options

A few more ways to pass to encode():

const hashids = new Hashids()

console.log(hashids.encode(1, 2, 3)) // o2fXhV
console.log(hashids.encode([1, 2, 3])) // o2fXhV
// strings containing integers are coerced to numbers:
console.log(hashids.encode('1', '2', '3')) // o2fXhV
console.log(hashids.encode(['1', '2', '3'])) // o2fXhV
// BigInt support:
console.log(hashids.encode([1n, 2n, 3n])) // o2fXhV
// Hex notation BigInt:
console.log(hashids.encode([0x1n, 0x2n, 0x3n])) // o2fXhV

Make your ids unique:

Pass a "salt" to make your ids unique (e.g. a project name):

var hashids = new Hashids('My Project')
console.log(hashids.encode(1, 2, 3)) // Z4UrtW

var hashids = new Hashids('My Other Project')
console.log(hashids.encode(1, 2, 3)) // gPUasb

Use padding to make your ids longer:

Note that ids are only padded to fit at least a certain length. It doesn't mean that your ids will be exactly that length.

const hashids = new Hashids() // no padding
console.log(hashids.encode(1)) // jR

const hashids = new Hashids('', 10) // pad to length 10
console.log(hashids.encode(1)) // VolejRejNm

Pass a custom alphabet:

const hashids = new Hashids('', 0, 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz') // all lowercase
console.log(hashids.encode(1, 2, 3)) // mdfphx

Default alphabet is abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ1234567890.

Since v2.0 you can even use emojis as the alphabet.

Encode hex instead of numbers:

Useful if you want to encode numbers like Mongo's ObjectIds.

Note that there is no limit on how large of a hex number you can pass.

var hashids = new Hashids()

var id = hashids.encodeHex('507f1f77bcf86cd799439011') // y42LW46J9luq3Xq9XMly
var hex = hashids.decodeHex(id) // 507f1f77bcf86cd799439011

Please note that this is not the equivalent of:

const hashids = new Hashids()

const id = Hashids.encode(BigInt('0x507f1f77bcf86cd799439011')) // y8qpJL3ZgzJ8lWk4GEV
const hex = Hashids.decode(id)[0].toString(16) // 507f1f77bcf86cd799439011

The difference between the two is that the built-in encodeHex will always result in the same length, even if it contained leading zeros.

For example hashids.encodeHex('00000000') would encode to qExOgK7 and decode back to '00000000' (length information is preserved).

Pitfalls

  1. When decoding, output is always an array of numbers (even if you encode only one number):

    const hashids = new Hashids()
    
    const id = hashids.encode(1)
    console.log(hashids.decode(id)) // [1]
    
  2. Encoding negative numbers is not supported.

  3. If you pass bogus input to encode(), an empty string will be returned:

    const hashids = new Hashids()
    
    const id = hashids.encode('123a')
    console.log(id === '') // true
    
  4. Do not use this library as a security tool and do not encode sensitive data. This is not an encryption library.

Randomness

The primary purpose of Hashids is to obfuscate ids. It's not meant or tested to be used as a security or compression tool. Having said that, this algorithm does try to make these ids random and unpredictable:

No repeating patterns showing there are 3 identical numbers in the id:

const hashids = new Hashids()
console.log(hashids.encode(5, 5, 5)) // A6t1tQ

Same with incremented numbers:

const hashids = new Hashids()

console.log(hashids.encode(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)) // wpfLh9iwsqt0uyCEFjHM

console.log(hashids.encode(1)) // jR
console.log(hashids.encode(2)) // k5
console.log(hashids.encode(3)) // l5
console.log(hashids.encode(4)) // mO
console.log(hashids.encode(5)) // nR

Curses! #$%@

This code was written with the intent of placing created ids in visible places, like the URL. Therefore, by default the algorithm tries to avoid generating most common English curse words by generating ids that never have the following letters next to each other:

c, f, h, i, s, t, u

You may customize the chars that shouldn't be placed next to each other by providing a 4th argument to the Hashids constructor:

// first 4 arguments will fallback to defaults (empty salt, no minimum length, default alphabet)
const hashids = new Hashids(undefined, undefined, undefined, 'zyxZYX')

BigInt

If your environment supports BigInt, you can use the standard API to encode and decode them the same way as ordinary numbers.

Trying to decode a BigInt-encoded hashid on an unsupported environment will throw an error.

License

MIT License. See the LICENSE file. You can use Hashids in open source projects and commercial products. Don't break the Internet. Kthxbye.

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