follow-redirects
HTTP and HTTPS modules that follow redirects.
Last updated 24 days ago by rubenverborgh .
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Follow Redirects

Drop-in replacement for Node's http and https modules that automatically follows redirects.

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follow-redirects provides request and get methods that behave identically to those found on the native http and https modules, with the exception that they will seamlessly follow redirects.

const { http, https } = require('follow-redirects');

http.get('http://bit.ly/900913', response => {
  response.on('data', chunk => {
    console.log(chunk);
  });
}).on('error', err => {
  console.error(err);
});

You can inspect the final redirected URL through the responseUrl property on the response. If no redirection happened, responseUrl is the original request URL.

https.request({
  host: 'bitly.com',
  path: '/UHfDGO',
}, response => {
  console.log(response.responseUrl);
  // 'http://duckduckgo.com/robots.txt'
});

Options

Global options

Global options are set directly on the follow-redirects module:

const followRedirects = require('follow-redirects');
followRedirects.maxRedirects = 10;
followRedirects.maxBodyLength = 20 * 1024 * 1024; // 20 MB

The following global options are supported:

  • maxRedirects (default: 21) – sets the maximum number of allowed redirects; if exceeded, an error will be emitted.

  • maxBodyLength (default: 10MB) – sets the maximum size of the request body; if exceeded, an error will be emitted.

Per-request options

Per-request options are set by passing an options object:

const url = require('url');
const { http, https } = require('follow-redirects');

const options = url.parse('http://bit.ly/900913');
options.maxRedirects = 10;
options.beforeRedirect = options => {
  // Use this function to adjust the options upon redirecting,
  // or to cancel the request by throwing an error
  if (options.hostname === "example.com") {
    options.auth = "user:password";
  }
};
http.request(options);

In addition to the standard HTTP and HTTPS options, the following per-request options are supported:

  • followRedirects (default: true) – whether redirects should be followed.

  • maxRedirects (default: 21) – sets the maximum number of allowed redirects; if exceeded, an error will be emitted.

  • maxBodyLength (default: 10MB) – sets the maximum size of the request body; if exceeded, an error will be emitted.

  • beforeRedirect (default: undefined) – optionally change the request options on redirects, or abort the request by throwing an error.

  • agents (default: undefined) – sets the agent option per protocol, since HTTP and HTTPS use different agents. Example value: { http: new http.Agent(), https: new https.Agent() }

  • trackRedirects (default: false) – whether to store the redirected response details into the redirects array on the response object.

Advanced usage

By default, follow-redirects will use the Node.js default implementations of http and https. To enable features such as caching and/or intermediate request tracking, you might instead want to wrap follow-redirects around custom protocol implementations:

const { http, https } = require('follow-redirects').wrap({
  http: require('your-custom-http'),
  https: require('your-custom-https'),
});

Such custom protocols only need an implementation of the request method.

Browser Usage

Due to the way the browser works, the http and https browser equivalents perform redirects by default.

By requiring follow-redirects this way:

const http = require('follow-redirects/http');
const https = require('follow-redirects/https');

you can easily tell webpack and friends to replace follow-redirect by the built-in versions:

{
  "follow-redirects/http"  : "http",
  "follow-redirects/https" : "https"
}

Contributing

Pull Requests are always welcome. Please file an issue detailing your proposal before you invest your valuable time. Additional features and bug fixes should be accompanied by tests. You can run the test suite locally with a simple npm test command.

Debug Logging

follow-redirects uses the excellent debug for logging. To turn on logging set the environment variable DEBUG=follow-redirects for debug output from just this module. When running the test suite it is sometimes advantageous to set DEBUG=* to see output from the express server as well.

Authors

License

MIT License

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