expo-firebase-notifications

Expo Unimodule for interfacing with Firebase Remote Notifications

Read more: https://gist.github.com/brentvatne/9038b16b4f42a21cea40ad5c35fdb74c
Last updated 2 years ago by tsapeta .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
$ cnpm install expo-firebase-notifications 
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expo-firebase-notifications

expo-firebase is still in RC and therefore subject to breaking changings. Be sure to run yarn upgrade and cd ios; pod install when upgrading.

expo-firebase-notifications enables support for both remote (FCM) and local notifications.

Full documentation

Installation

First you need to install expo-firebase-messaging.

Now, you need to install the package from npm registry.

npm install expo-firebase-notifications or yarn add expo-firebase-notifications

iOS

Cocoapods

If you're using Cocoapods, add the dependency to your Podfile:

pod 'EXFirebaseNotifications', path: '../node_modules/expo-firebase-notifications/ios'

and run pod install.

Common Setup

Update AppDelegate.m

Add the following import to the top of your ios/[App Name]/AppDelegate.m:

#import "<EXFirebaseNotifications/EXFirebaseNotifications.h>"

Add the following to the didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions method, at the end of the function.

[EXFirebaseNotifications configure];

Based on the RNFirebase iOS setup

Remote Notifications (Optional)

If you would like to support Remote Notifications via FCM, also add the following import to the top of your ios/[App Name]/AppDelegate.m:

import <EXFirebaseMessaging/EXFirebaseMessaging.h>

Then add the following methods to your ios/[App Name]/AppDelegate.m:

- (void)application:(UIApplication *)application didReceiveRemoteNotification:(nonnull NSDictionary *)userInfo
                                                       fetchCompletionHandler:(nonnull void (^)(UIBackgroundFetchResult))completionHandler{
  [[EXFirebaseNotifications instance] didReceiveRemoteNotification:userInfo fetchCompletionHandler:completionHandler];
}

Android

  1. Append the following lines to android/settings.gradle:

    include ':expo-firebase-notifications'
    project(':expo-firebase-notifications').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/expo-firebase-notifications/android')
    

    and if not already included

    include ':expo-core'
    project(':expo-core').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/expo-core/android')
    
    include ':expo-firebase-app'
    project(':expo-firebase-app').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/expo-firebase-app/android')
    
    include ':expo-firebase-messaging'
    project(':expo-firebase-messaging').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/expo-firebase-messaging/android')
    
  2. Insert the following lines inside the dependencies block in android/app/build.gradle:

    api project(':expo-firebase-notifications')
    

    and if not already included

    api project(':expo-core')
    api project(':expo-firebase-app')
    api project(':expo-firebase-messaging')
    
  3. In order to use the module in Expo, add it to the Activity: ./android/app/src/main/java/host/exp/exponent/MainActivity.java

    /*
    * At the top of the file.
    * This is automatically imported with Android Studio, but if you are in any other editor you will need to manually import the module.
    */
    import expo.modules.firebase.app.FirebaseAppPackage; // This should be here for all Expo Firebase features.
    import expo.modules.firebase.notifications.FirebaseNotificationsPackage;
    
    // Later in the file...
    
    @Override
    public List<Package> expoPackages() {
      // Here you can add your own packages.
      return Arrays.<Package>asList(
        new FirebaseAppPackage(), // This should be here for all Expo Firebase features.
        new FirebaseNotificationsPackage() // Include this.
      );
    }
    
  4. Add permissions to the manifest android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml:

    <manifest ...>
      <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
      <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />
      <!-- Not included in ExpoKit by default -->
      <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED" />
    
  5. Set app launch mode inside activity props android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml:

    <activity
        ...
        android:launchMode="singleTop">
    
  6. Optional: Scheduled Notifications If you would like to schedule local notifications then you also need to add the following to the application component of android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml:

    <application ...>
      <!-- Scheduled Notifications -->
      <receiver android:name="expo.modules.firebase.notifications.FirebaseNotificationReceiver"/>
      <receiver android:enabled="true" android:exported="true"  android:name="expo.modules.firebase.notifications.FirebaseNotificationsRebootReceiver">
        <intent-filter>
          <action android:name="android.intent.action.BOOT_COMPLETED"/>
          <action android:name="android.intent.action.QUICKBOOT_POWERON"/>
          <action android:name="com.htc.intent.action.QUICKBOOT_POWERON"/>
          <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
        </intent-filter>
      </receiver>
    </application>
    
  7. Optional: Default icon and color can be set in the manifest android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml: Within the application component, add metadata elements to set a default notification icon and color. Android uses these values whenever incoming messages do not explicitly set icon or color.

    <application ...>
      <!-- Set custom default icon. This is used when no icon is set for incoming notification messages.
          See README(https://goo.gl/l4GJaQ) for more. -->
      <meta-data
        android:name="com.google.firebase.messaging.default_notification_icon"
        android:resource="@drawable/ic_stat_ic_notification" />
      <!-- Set color used with incoming notification messages. This is used when no color is set for the incoming
          notification message. See README(https://goo.gl/6BKBk7) for more. -->
      <meta-data
        android:name="com.google.firebase.messaging.default_notification_color"
        android:resource="@color/colorAccent" />
    </application>
    
  8. Optional: Notification Channels from Android 8.0 (API level 26) and higher, notification channels are supported and recommended. FCM provides a default notification channel with basic settings. If you prefer to create and use your own default channel, set default_notification_channel_id to the ID of your notification channel object as shown; FCM will use this value whenever incoming messages do not explicitly set a notification channel. android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml:

    <application ...>
      <!-- Notification Channels -->
      <meta-data
        android:name="com.google.firebase.messaging.default_notification_channel_id"
        android:value="@string/default_notification_channel_id"/>
    </application>
    

Usage

import React from 'react';
import { Text, View } from 'react-native';
import firebase from 'expo-firebase-app';
import { Permissions } from 'expo-permissions';

import type { Notification } from 'expo-firebase-notifications';

// API can be accessed with: firebase.notifications();

export default class DemoView extends React.Component {
  state = { user: null };

  async componentDidMount() {
    const { status } = await Permissions.askAsync(Permissions.NOTIFICATIONS);
    // Optionally: Permissions.USER_FACING_NOTIFICATIONS;
    if (status !== 'granted') return;

    this.notificationDisplayedListener = firebase
      .notifications()
      .onNotificationDisplayed((notification: Notification) => {
        // Process your notification as required
        // ANDROID: Remote notifications do not contain the channel ID. You will have to specify this manually if you'd like to re-display the notification.
      });
    this.notificationListener = firebase
      .notifications()
      .onNotification((notification: Notification) => {
        // Process your notification as required
      });

    // Get device push token
    const token = await firebase.iid().getToken();
  }

  componentWillUnmount() {
    // Clean up: remove the listener
    this.notificationDisplayedListener();
    this.notificationListener();
  }

  render() {
    return <View />;
  }
}

Performing the action in the background

By default, the action will cause your application to open and come to the foreground. If you'd like to override this behaviour, for example, to support a snooze action then you need to follow these steps.

If the app is already in the foreground then the action will still need to be handled in the normal onNotificationOpened listener

  1. Update AndroidManifest.xml If you would like to schedule local notifications then you also need to add the following to the application component of android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml:

    <application ...>
      <receiver android:name="expo.modules.firebase.notifications.FirebaseBackgroundNotificationActionReceiver" android:exported="true">
        <intent-filter>
          <action android:name="expo.modules.firebase.notifications.BackgroundAction"/>
        </intent-filter>
      </receiver>
      <service android:name="expo.modules.firebase.notifications.FirebaseBackgroundNotificationActionsService"/>
    </application>
    
  2. Handle background actions Create a new Javascript file (for this example we'll call it bgActions.js) which has the following structure:

    // @flow
    import firebase from 'expo-firebase-app';
    // Optional flow type
    import type { NotificationOpen } from 'expo-firebase-notifications';
    
    export default async (notificationOpen: NotificationOpen) => {
      if (notificationOpen.action === 'snooze') {
        // handle the action
      }
    
      return Promise.resolve();
    };
    

    This handler method must return a promise and resolve within 60 seconds.

  3. Register the background handler In your main App.js you need to register your background handler as follows:

    import bgActions from './bgActions'; // <-- Import the file you created in (2)
    // New task registration
    AppRegistry.registerHeadlessTask('FirebaseBackgroundNotificationAction', () => bgActions);
    

    The name "FirebaseBackgroundNotificationAction" is very important!

  4. Create your action with showUserInterface false

    // Set up your listener
    firebase.notifications().onNotificationOpened(notificationOpen => {
      // notificationOpen.action will equal 'snooze'
    });
    
    // Build your notification
    const notification = new firebase.notifications.Notification()
      .setTitle('Android Notification Actions')
      .setBody('Action Body')
      .setNotificationId('notification-action')
      .setSound('default')
      .android.setChannelId('notification-action')
      .android.setPriority(firebase.notifications.Android.Priority.Max);
    // Build an action
    const action = new firebase.notifications.Android.Action(
      'snooze',
      'ic_launcher',
      'My Test Action'
    );
    // This is the important line
    action.setShowUserInterface(false);
    // Add the action to the notification
    notification.android.addAction(action);
    
    // Display the notification
    firebase.notifications().displayNotification(notification);
    

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