Last updated a year ago by freeformflow .
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$ cnpm install biscotti 
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Like Legos for building domain-specific languages (DSLs).

For example, suppose we want an HTML DSL. We can implement one that uses CoffeeScript and VDOM like this:

import {loader, fallback, buffer, include,
  filters, sandbox, engine} from "biscotti"
import {HTML} from "panda-vdom"

render = do ->

  globals = Object.assign {}, {require}, HTML

  engine [
    sandbox: sandbox globals
        index: true
        extensions: [ ".vhtml" ]
    do fallback
    include isBuffered: false

export {render as default}

You could then call the resulting render function:

# will load ./html/index.vhtml
render path: "./vhtml"

You probably don't want to use this directly. Instead, check out the various engines we've written that use Biscotti:


The engine function takes an array containing an initial definition of the engine and a list of mixins that will add capabilities to it. Typically, that initial definition defines the sandbox property, whose value must be a sandbox, which is a V8 VM. It returns a render function that takes an options object with either a path (and option encoding) or a content property.


Mixins include:

  • loader - A dictionary of file types and descriptions for loading a file given a path. The index property determines whether to try adding index to the path. The extensions property is a list of extensions to try.

  • fallback - Defines the assumptions to make if no path is given. The default is to assume a CoffeeScript file. You can pass an options object with a language property to provide a different fallback.

  • include — Adds an include method to the sandbox's globals. This allows a given file to include another file using a relative path. Effectively allows for the equivalent of partials, or partial templates.

  • buffer — Adds functions to the sandbox's globals allowing included files to add values to a buffer. This way you can return values from the files your engine processes. The get function returns the buffer, in case you want to manipulate it from within a file. The append function adds to it. The $$ function is equivalent to append. The $ modifies another function so that it's return value is appended to the buffer.

  • filters — Includes various post-processing functions for transforming the buffer into a usable return value. filters.string converts each element into a string and appends it to single return string.

  • embedded — Allows you to process arbitrary text, embedding code between delimiters. You must provide an options object with the delimiters as open and close (which will default to open if undefined).

Language Support

Biscotti supports JavaScript and CoffeeScript out of the box. You can add support for additional languages by adding definitions to the sanbox's generic run method. See the code for the sandbox and embedded mixins for examples.

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