@strawbees/desktop-packager
Command line tool to automate the building, packaging and deploying of Strawbees desktop apps
Last updated 5 months ago by paulobarcelos .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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Strawbees Desktop App Packager

An npm module and command line tool to automate the building, packaging and deploying of Strawbees desktop apps. Those steps are:

  • Bundle the NWJS source code using nwjs-builder
  • Package for Windows:
    • Download and run Resource Hacker
    • Create an installer using NSIS:
      • Install drivers if Windows version is lesser than 8.1
      • Require administrator rights when installing drivers
      • Register URL scheme
      • Register uninstaller
  • Package for OSX:
    • Fix symbolic links
    • Create DMG
    • Register URL scheme (modify Info.plist)
  • Output files on file structure compatible with "auto update" server
    • Place installer/dmg
    • Place bundled source code for auto update
    • Generate latest.json
  • Deploy generated files to "auto update" server
  • Sign binaries (TODO)

Installing

Run npm install --save @strawbees/desktop-packager to install and save the app packager to your NWJS project or install it globally with npm install -g @strawbees/desktop-packager.

Usage

Usage: desktop-packager [options] [command]

Packages NWJS application.

Options:
  -v, --version  output the version number
  -h, --help     output usage information

Commands:
  bundle         bundles NWJS source code
  cpdir          copy folders recursively
  package        packages bundled NWJS source code
  sign           sign binaries
  help [cmd]     display help for [cmd]

Run desktop-packager help <command> replacing <command> by one of the available commands to see what each command accepts as arguments.

Use the NODE_ENV environment variable to bundle for one of the available configurations: dev, stage, production. Bundle is the only command that is sensitive to NODE_ENV.

Example of usage:

If desktop-packager is included on a project as dependencies it will register the binaries with strawbees- prefix. To build a packaged binary (installer, dmg or zip), first it's needed to bundle then package the application:

# Defaults to `--source` to `./src` and `--output` to `./dist`.
# Autodetects platform and architecture
./node_modules/.bin/strawbees-desktop-packager-bundle
./node_modules/.bin/strawbees-desktop-packager-package

# Bundling for production
NODE_ENV=production ./node/.bin/strawbees-desktop-packager

# Specifying `--source`, `--output`
./node_modules/.bin/strawbees-desktop-packager-bundle --source ./myapp --output ./build
./node_modules/.bin/strawbees-desktop-packager-package --source ./build/bundle --output ./build

Another way to call it is to register a script on the project's package.json. In this case it's possible to call the binaries without the path and use the commands, for example:

{
	"scripts": {
		"bundle": "strawbees-desktop-packager-bundle",
		"package": "strawbees-desktop-packager-package",
		"build": "npm run bundle && npm run package",
		"other-bundle": "strawbees-desktop-packager-bundle --source ./myapp --output ./build",
		"other-package": "strawbees-desktop-packager-package --source ./build/bundle --output ./build",
		"other-build": "npm run other-bundle && npm run other-package"
	}
}

File structure

The commands bundle and package will output directories of files on the given output path. We'll call this output folder the distribution folder. On the distribution folder you will find:

bundle

Bundled NWJS source code. It should contain the correct NWJS version and the source code. It's possible to run the app on this folder before packaging for debugging.

For example, if you run the following command on a Windows machine (PowerShell) you will get a bundled app for stage environment inside the .\build\bundle folder:

$env:NODE_ENV='stage'
desktop-packager bundle --source .\myapp --output .\build

versions

This is a folder for the "packaged" application. It will create a folder for the operations system, architecture and drop packaged application (dmg or installer), source code for updater and a latest.json manifest file with paths for the latest versions of packged app and source code.

For example, if you have a bundled app on .\build folder you can run (PowerShell on Windows x86):

desktop-packager package --source .\build\bundle --output .\build

This will create the following file structure:

build\versions\win32\x86\latest.json
build\versions\win32\x86\EXECUTABLE_NAME.exe
build\versions\win32\x86\EXECUTABLE_NAME-src.zip

Code signing

Windows 7

We use SignTool to sign both the driver's catalog file (cat) and installer. It says on the documentation that it comes with the Windows SDK but it seems to be a little bit tricker to do it on a fresh Windows 7 VirtualBox image provided by Microsoft:

Once signtool is available from the CMD or PowerShell:

  • Install and activate SafeNet driver and client
  • Connect USB token
  • Run desktop-packager sign -f "PATH TO FILE" and behind the scenes it will select the current platform (assuming Windows 7 x86) and run the appropriate signtool command.

Alternatively you can use the DigiCert tool for signing apps (recommended).

MacOS

Setting up certificates

First of all you must follow the instructions to download the necessary certifications and add to your keychain. Check the documentation for that on Apple's Developer Account Help.

You'll need to create a macOS certificate of type Production: Developer ID for Developer ID Application.

Once you selected it, follow the instructions to create a CSR file and upload it to the website.

To manually generate a Certificate, you need a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file from your Mac. To create a CSR file, follow the instructions below to create one using Keychain Access.

Create a CSR file.
In the Applications folder on your Mac, open the Utilities folder and launch Keychain Access.

Within the Keychain Access drop down menu, select Keychain Access > Certificate Assistant > Request a Certificate from a Certificate Authority.

In the Certificate Information window, enter the following information:
In the User Email Address field, enter your email address.
In the Common Name field, create a name for your private key (e.g., John Doe Dev Key).
The CA Email Address field should be left empty.
In the "Request is" group, select the "Saved to disk" option.
Click Continue within Keychain Access to complete the CSR generating process.

After that you should be able to download the cert files and by double clicking them you can add to your keychain.

Signing

On MacOS you can sign your apps and installers with the codesign command line that comes with XCode.

  • Install XCode
  • Generate (if needed) and download certificates on Apple's Developer Dashboard
  • Add the downloaded certificates to your keychain (double click it)
  • Find out your developer id: $ security find-identity
  • Export your developer id as environment variable for your current session with export APPLE_DEVELOPER_IDENTITY="your developer id here"
  • Run desktop-packager sign -f "PATH TO FILE" and behind the scenes it will select the current platform and run the appropriate codesign command.

Where $APPLE_DEVELOPER_IDENTITY is your developer id and $APP is the bundled .app path.

For example:

export APPLE_DEVELOPER_IDENTITY="4E9E4506CB7AF7AE8FAEB5DB219735484126D652"
desktop-packager sign -f "./dist/bundle/Strawbees CODE.app"

Notarizing

After the app has been signed, it should be submitted for notarization.

  1. Package the application
  2. Send it to apple's notarization service
  3. Poll every minuted for the status of notarization
    • on reject we check the logs apple sends us
    • on success we staple the installer

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