AMQP transport plugin for seneca.js
Last updated 2 years ago by xinshangshangxin .
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A Seneca.js transport plugin



This plugin allows seneca listeners and clients to communicate over AMQP.


npm install seneca-amqp-transport


The following snippets showcase the most basic usage examples.


  .add('role:create', function(message, done) {
    return done(null, {
      pid: process.pid,
      id: Math.floor(Math.random() * (message.max - message.min + 1)) + message.min
    name: 'create_act.queue', // This is optional
    type: 'amqp',
    pin: 'role:create'

How it works

A listener always creates one and only one queue. The queue name can be provided via the name parameter, but it will be auto-generated from the pin (or pins) if not.

Be careful with name clashing when specifying a name for a listener. Having more than one queue with the same name declared on the AMQP broker will probably behave unexpectedly. It is recommended that you leave the name generation to the plugin in order to avoid problems, unless you know what you are doing.

If your intention is to create multiple queues, just declare multiple listeners. Each queue will be bound to an exchange (seneca.topic, by default) using routing keys derived from the pin (or pins).

In the example above, the following things are declared:

  • A topic exchange named seneca.topic.
  • A queue named seneca.create_act.
  • A binding between the queue and the exchange using the routing key role.create (named after the pin).

Queue names are prefixed with a configurable word (seneca., by default). It can be disabled or modified during plugin declaration (read below).


var client = require('seneca')()
    type: 'amqp',
    pin: 'role:create'

setInterval(function() {
  client.act('role:create', {
    max: 100,
    min: 50
  }, console.log);
}, 500);

How it works

A client creates an exclusive, randomly named response queue (something similar to seneca.res.x42jK0l) and starts consuming from it - much like a listener would do. On every act, the client publishes the message to the seneca.topic exchange using a routing key built from the pin that matches the act pattern. In the simple example above, the pattern is role:create which equals the only declared pin. With that, the routing key role.create is inferred. An AMQP replyTo header is set to the name of the random queue, in an RPC-schema fashion.

Manual queue naming on a client (using the name parameter as seen in the listener configuration) is not supported. Client queues are deleted once the client disconnect and re-created each time.

As you can see, pins play an important role on routing messages on the broker, so in order for a listener to receive messages from a client, their pins must match.

In the example, the following things are declared:

  • A topic exchange named seneca.topic.
  • An exclusive queue with a random alphanumeric name (like seneca.res.x42jK0l).

Clients do not declare the queue of their listener counterpart. So, if the message does not reach its destination and is discarded, the seneca instance will fail with a TIMEOUT error on the client side.


The following object describes the available options for this transport. These are applicable to both clients and listeners.

  "amqp": {
    "type": "amqp",
    "url": "amqp://localhost",
    "exchange": {
      "type": "topic",
      "name": "seneca.topic",
      "options": {
        "durable": true,
        "autoDelete": false
    "queues": {
      "action": {
        "prefix": "seneca",
        "separator": ".",
        "options": {
          "durable": true
      "response": {
        "prefix": "seneca.res",
        "separator": ".",
        "options": {
          "autoDelete": true,
          "exclusive": true

To override this settings, pass them to the plugin's .use declaration:

  .use('seneca-amqp-transport', {
    queues: {
      action: {
        durable: false
        prefix: 'my.namespace'

Transport options

AMQP related options may be indicated either by the connection URI or by passing additional parameters to the seneca#client() or seneca#listen() functions.


    type: 'amqp',
    url: 'amqp://guest@guest:rabbitmq.host:5672/seneca?locale=es_AR'

will result in the same connection URI as:

    type: 'amqp',
    hostname: 'rabbitmq.host',
    port: 5672,
    vhost: 'seneca',
    locale: 'es_AR',
    username: 'guest',
    password: 'guest'

Socket options

Additionally, you may pass in options to the amqp.connect method of amqplib as documented in its API reference, using the socketOptions parameter.

// Example of using a TLS/SSL connection. Note that the server must be
// configured to accept SSL connections; see http://www.rabbitmq.com/ssl.html.

var fs = require('fs');

var opts = {
  cert: fs.readFileSync('../etc/client/cert.pem'),
  key: fs.readFileSync('../etc/client/key.pem'),
  // cert and key or
  // pfx: fs.readFileSync('../etc/client/keycert.p12'),
  passphrase: 'MySecretPassword',
  ca: [fs.readFileSync('../etc/testca/cacert.pem')]

    type: 'amqp',
    url: 'amqp://guest@guest:rabbitmq.host:5672/seneca?locale=es_AR',
    socketOptions: opts

Snippet above is based on amqplib/examples/ssl.js

Run the examples

There are simple examples under the /examples directory. To run them, just execute:

# Start listener.js
cd examples
AMQP_URL='amqp://guest:guest@dev.rabbitmq.com:5672' node listener.js
2016-01-19T19:43:41.883Z xsgjohldv9st/1453232621872/26290/- INFO	hello	Seneca/1.0.0/xsgjohldv9st/1453232621872/26290/-
2016-01-19T19:43:42.272Z xsgjohldv9st/1453232621872/26290/- INFO	listen	{type:amqp,pin:role:create}
2016-01-19T19:43:45.114Z xsgjohldv9st/1453232621872/26290/- INFO	plugin	amqp-transport	listen	open	{type:amqp,url:amqp://guest:guest@dev.rabbitmq.com:5672,exchange:{name:seneca.direct,options:{durable:true,auto	{did:(4eq8t),fixedargs:{},context:{module:{id:/home/nfantone/dev/js/seneca-amqp-transport/node_modules/seneca/l...

# Start client.js
cd examples
AMQP_URL='amqp://guest:guest@dev.rabbitmq.com:5672' node client.js
2016-01-19T19:45:27.797Z kozrmji8xksw/1453232727786/26313/- INFO	hello	Seneca/1.0.0/kozrmji8xksw/1453232727786/26313/-
2016-01-19T19:45:28.162Z kozrmji8xksw/1453232727786/26313/- INFO	client	{type:amqp,pin:role:create}
null { pid: 26290, id: 46 }
null { pid: 26290, id: 36 }
null { pid: 26290, id: 73 }
# ...

If you don't export the env variable AMQP_URL the default value of amqp://localhost will be used.


  • Mocha unit tests.
  • Functional tests.
  • Setup Travis CI.
  • Support for message TTL and dead-lettering.
  • Better support for work queues.



Any help/contribution is appreciated!

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