@nofrills/env
Provides a simple conversion from config object to environment variable.
Last updated 2 months ago by teegee .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
$ cnpm install @nofrills/env 
SYNC missed versions from official npm registry.

@nofrills/env

npm

Install

yarn add @nofrills/env

npm install --save @nofrills/env

Merge with Environment Variables

env can merge configuration values with their environment variable declarations. Provided with the following runtime configuration:

export const ConfigurationInstance = {
  database: {
    host: 'localhost',
    name: 'database',
    username: ?,
    password: ?,
    port: 3306,
  },
  version: {
    major: 1,
    minor: 0,
  }
}

Seems we need to somehow fill the username and password. Since we don't want to store usernames and password when we commit our file, we can merge it with environment variables to determine the credentials to use. Environment variables are a great way to quickly configure an application without messing with files or interfering with other running instances. Let's go ahead and use the env object to merge our configuration and environment variables. It does this through the convention of object keys being names of the variables. First, let's see what those keys look like.

const env = Env.merge([ConfigurationInstance])
const key = Env.key('database.host') // APP_DATABASE_HOST

Note that we always will emit environment variables as upper cased names, prepended with a prefix. However, the case of the environment variables do not matter as we will find them anyway.

Next, let's export our environment variables and use them with our configuration.

export APP_DATABASE_USERNAME="test"
export APP_DATABASE_PASSWORD="test-password"
const env = Env.merge([ConfigurationInstance])
const username = env.value('database.username') // test
const password = env.value('database.password') // test-password

As you can see, it will try to grab the value from the environment if it exists. However, if it does not exist, a default value or an empty string is returned.

What if we specified the username and password, but wanted to override the values from the environment instead? We can do that as well, by specifying to use the environment variables first.

const env = Env.merge([ConfigurationInstance], { override: EnvOverrideType.EnvironmentFirst })

Now, when we wrap the configuration instance, we will use overrides from the environment.

export APP_DATABASE_HOST=my.example.com
const host = env.value('database.host') // my.example.com

Import from Environment Variables

We can also import and create a configuration object from environment variables, so long as they are created with the convention. Note how we use the toObject method to materialize a configuration object.

Also note how we are able to control the casing of the object by the casing of the environment variable. However, this behavior may change in the future, as it presents a consistency issue when used across machines.

export APP_RUNTIME_DATABASE="mssql"
export APP_RUNTIME_HOST="localhost"
export APP_version="1.0"
const env = Env.from()
const config = env.toObject()
console.log(config.RUNTIME.DATABASE) // mssql
console.log(config.RUNTIME.HOST) // localhost
console.log(config.version) // 1.0

Options

export interface EnvOptions {
  env: DictionaryOf<string | undefined>
  override?: EnvOverrideType
  prefix: string
  sync: boolean
}

env

Specifies the object that contains the environment variables, usually from process.env. Can also be used when testing to use a known set of environment variables.

override

An enum value indicating configuration value preference. The default value is ConfigFirst, which means values are read from the configuration object when avialable, falling back to the default value, and finally using the environment variable, if it has one.

EnvironmentFirst will always use the environment variable, regardless of whether the configuration object contains a value or not.

export enum EnvOverrideType {
  ConfigFirst = 'config-first',
  EnvironmentFirst = 'environment-first',
}

prefix

Specifies the prefix to use when looking for environment variables. The default is app.

sync

Specifies whether or not to sync environment variables with the underlying configuration object. The default is false.

Misc

For further use cases, please see the unit tests.

FAQ

Q: Why is sync not the default option?

Syncing doesn't truly mean anything except that it keeps track of the underling configuration object values as they are read from the environment (when a configuration value does not exist).

Q: Why is EnvironmentFirst not the default option?

Currently, using EnvironmentFirst will skip checking the configuration object. Why would you want to do this? Because you might have an environment only configuration that you want to materialize as a JS object.

Q: Why can't I add configuration variables at runtime?

Your configuration object should be immutable once you've materialized it (however that is done).

License

Copyright 2018 NativeCode Development opensource@nativecode.com

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Current Tags

  • 4.0.1-canary.0                                ...           canary (a year ago)
  • 11.0.1                                ...           latest (2 months ago)
  • 11.0.1-next.1                                ...           next (2 months ago)

51 Versions

  • 11.0.1                                ...           2 months ago
  • 11.0.1-next.1                                ...           2 months ago
  • 11.0.0                                ...           8 months ago
  • 11.0.0-next.0                                ...           8 months ago
  • 10.1.0-next.3                                ...           8 months ago
  • 10.1.0-next.2                                ...           8 months ago
  • 10.1.0-next.1                                ...           8 months ago
  • 10.1.0                                ...           8 months ago
  • 10.1.0-next.0                                ...           8 months ago
  • 10.0.1                                ...           8 months ago
  • 4.0.2                                ...           10 months ago
  • 4.0.2-next.0                                ...           10 months ago
  • 4.0.1                                ...           a year ago
  • 4.0.1-next.2                                ...           a year ago
  • 4.0.1-next.1                                ...           a year ago
  • 4.0.1-canary.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 4.0.1-next.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 4.0.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 4.0.0-next.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 3.1.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 3.1.0-next.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 3.0.1-canary.1                                ...           a year ago
  • 3.0.1                                ...           a year ago
  • 3.0.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.8                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.7                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.6                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.5                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.4                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.3                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.2                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.1                                ...           a year ago
  • 2.0.0                                ...           a year ago
  • 1.4.7                                ...           a year ago
  • 1.4.6                                ...           a year ago
  • 1.4.5                                ...           a year ago
  • 1.4.4                                ...           a year ago
  • 1.4.3                                ...           a year ago
  • 1.4.0                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.3.5                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.3.4                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.3.3                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.3.2                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.3.1                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.3.0                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.2.0                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.1.0                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.0.3                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.0.2                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.0.1                                ...           2 years ago
  • 1.0.0                                ...           2 years ago
Downloads
Today 0
This Week 0
This Month 0
Last Day 0
Last Week 0
Last Month 0
Dependencies (6)
Dev Dependencies (2)

Copyright 2014 - 2016 © taobao.org |