@maienm/eslint-config
My personal code style with associated configs and documentation.
Last updated 19 days ago by maienm .
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ESLint Config

This is my personal ESLint config, describing the code style I use for my personal projects. This style is based on the popular airbnb code style, with some additions and tweaks.

Usage

Installation

To use this in a project, do the following:

npm install --save-dev "@maienm/eslint-config"

Then make your .eslintrc.json extend from this config:

{
	"extends": "@maienm/eslint-config"
}

Deviations from airbnb

Group shorthand properties airbnb-grouped-shorthand

This rule overrides airbnb.

It is not required to group shorthand properties at the beginning of your object declaration.

Why? Because sometimes it makes sense to group things together in a certain way, and this meaning of the variable is more important than the way it is defined.

Multiline comments airbnb-comments-multiline

This rule overrides airbnb.

Use multiline comments (/** ... */) only for JSDoc comments. Use single-line comments (// ...) for all other comments. Don't wrap either of these at the line length.

Why? Because there is no need for multiline comments outside of JSDoc if you don't wrap text.

Indents airbnb-indent

This rule overrides airbnb.

Use hard tabs (\t). For line length purposes, these will count as 4 characters.

Why? Enables each developer to use the indentation width of their own preference.

Max line length airbnb-max-len

This rule overrides airbnb.

Set the max line length to 120. Tabs will be counted as 4 characters. Comments, markdown, and long text are excluded from this because you should not wrap text if you can help it.

Why? Avoiding long lines aids readability. 100 is somewhat low, 120 works fine, and still allows two side-by-side files in most cases.

Allow using UPPERCASE_VARIABLES for non-exports airbnb-shout-case

This rule overrides airbnb.

It is common to use SHOUT_CASE for constants that are defined once and then never changed. Usually these would be compile-time constants; in JavaScript no such thing exists, but this naming scheme is a useful reminder that they should be treated as such.

The other points outlines in the airbnb guide stand, so:

  1. The variable must be a const.
  2. The variable and its nested properties must never be changed. Treat it as if it were a compile-time constant.

Why? By following these rules it becomes immediately apparant that a variable is a constant, and that you can trust it (and its properties) to never change during runtime.

Additional rules

Don't wrap text maienm-dont-wrap-text

Don't wrap comments and markdown text at the max line length, but let your editor soft-wrap this.

Why? People are (generally) better a wrapping code in a readable manner than most editors, but the same cannot be said for text. Hard-wrapping text has the same result as letting the editor handle this, with the downside of having to reflow the paragraph if you change it, and more messy diffs.

Empty lines maienm-empty-lines

Don't allow multiple empty lines in a row.

Why? If you feel like you need this for readability, you should probably be adding more comments instead.

/* bad */
const thing = hello
	.do()
	.a()
	.thing();


const anotherThing = hello
	.do()
	.a()
	.thing();

/* good */
// Comment describing the purpose of thing.
const thing = hello
	.do()
	.a()
	.thing();

// Comment describing the purpose of anotherThing.
const anotherThing = hello
	.do()
	.a()
	.thing();

Require JSDoc maienm-require-jsdoc

All non-anonymous functions need to have a JSDoc comment describing their purpose, parameters and return value.

See the JSDoc guidelines for more details on how to write docs.

Why? Because reading a comment is easier than reading code. Additionally, the JSDoc describes the intent, while the code only describes the behavior. Knowing the intent can be useful when a function is misbehaving or when something is being refactored.

Comments format maienm-comment-format

A comment should be a proper sentence, starting with a capital letter, and ending with punctuation.

Why? Making sure to use proper capitalization and punctuation helps to keep things readable. This might feel fuperfluous for short comments, but it's good to keep these consistent, too. Additionally, comments should generally only be left in places where the code isn't obvious enough by itself, and in such cases it is usually best to err on the side of being a bit more verbose.

/* bad */
// this is a comment
// This is a comment
// this is a comment. This is another comment.

/* good */
// This is a comment.
// This is a comment. This is another comment.

Import order maienm-import-order

These rules come from a fork of eslint-plugin-import.

Enforce a consistent import order:

  • Imports from modules, sorted alphabetally by module name.
  • Imports from parent directories. The higher up the tree, the higher up the import. Within that, sorted alphabetically on file name.
  • Imports from the current directory, sorted alphabetically on file name.

Why? This makes it easier to see the dependencies of a file (both external and internal). Alphabetical sort prevents an identical set of dependencies being in a different order in different files, for consistency.

// bad
import _ from 'lodash';
import GrandParent from '../../GrandParent';
import React from 'react';
import Sibling from './Sibling';
import PropTypes from 'prop-types';
import Parent from '../Parent';
import { Table } from 'material-ui';

// good
import _ from 'lodash';
import { Table } from 'material-ui';
import PropTypes from 'prop-types';
import React from 'react';
import GrandParent from '../../GrandParent';
import Parent from '../Parent';
import Sibling from './Sibling';

React

Callback and handler names maienm-react-callback-names

Enforce consistent names for callbacks in props (on*) and in methods that are passed as props to other components (handle*).

Why? By using these conventions you signal your intent clearly.

Conditional JSX maienm-react-conditional-jsx

Conditional JSX should be similar to normal JSX in style. That is, multiline components in parenthesis and on their own lines. Use ternary only if both branches are used, and use && otherwise, making sure to cast truthy values to booleans.

Why? The regular JSX style is chosen for readability, and there's no reason for conditional JSX to be different.

const doRender = truthyValue;

// bad
const a = (
	<div>
		{doRender ? <span
			class="text"
		/> : null}
	</div>
)

// good
const b = (
	<div>
		{!!doRender && <span class="text" />}
	</div>
)

// also good, if the inner component needs to be multiline
const c = (
	<div>
		{!!doRender && (
			<div>
				<span>Here be dragons.</span>
			</div>
		)}
	</div>
)

// also good, if there's something for both branches
const d = (
	<div>
		{doRender ? (
			<span>Here be dragons.</span>
		) : (
			<span class="dead-dragons">Here used to be dragons, long ago.</span>
		)}
	</div>
)

JSDoc in React maienm-react-jsdoc

These are additions to the regular JSDoc require rules.

PropTypes

The propTypes are an important part of the interface of a component, and should therefore be documented. This means that all propTypes should have a JSDoc block. For all built-in types the type is clear and can be skipped, for custom types/validators it should be specified.

Not all methods are created equally

In general, JSDoc is required for all methods. There are some methods in React components that this is not particularly valuable for, mostly because the purpose of the method is clear (and documented by React), and the actions it performs in detail are an irrelevant implementation detail, leaving little to comment on. For these the documentation requirement is lifted.

  • Subclasses of React.Component
    • constructor
    • render
    • componentDidCatch
    • componentDidMount
    • componentDidUpdate
    • componentWillUnmount
    • getDerivedStateFromError
    • getDerivedStateFromProps
    • getSnapshotBeforeUpdate
    • shouldComponentUpdate

NOTE: The UNSAFE_* methods are not in the list above, and this is intentional. These should be avoided, but if they are needed anyway for some reason this should definitely be documented.

Why? Because if there's nothing useful to say about a method, just don't say anything.

Destructure state maienm-react-destructure-state

Always destructure context, props, and state at the start of methods in which these are used, in that order.

Why? To avoid the verbosity and useless repetition of this.context, this.props and this.state, and to make it immediately clear what data is used in a method.


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