@hayes0724/shopify-packer
Shopify development tool using themekit and webpack. Also a drop in replacement for Slate.
Last updated 24 days ago by hayes0724 .
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Shopify Packer

Shopify development tool using themekit and webpack. Also a drop in replacement for Slate.

  1. Features
  2. Install
  3. Quick Start
  4. Commands
  5. Configuration
  6. Concepts
    1. Theme structure
    2. Local development
    3. SSL
    4. Styles with Liquid
    5. Template and layout bundles
    6. Asset minification
    7. Modify webpack config
  7. Themes
    1. List
    2. Create
    3. Remove
    4. Download

Features

  • Webpack 4
  • Stylelint
  • ESLint
  • Babel
  • PostCSS
  • SCSS
  • Liquid code in stylesheets
  • Webpack config is easy to modify (use dev.config.js and prod.config.js)
  • App server loads scripts and stylesheets locally
  • Hot Module Reloading for rapid development
  • Multiple entrypoints for templates and layouts
  • List themes on store
  • Delete themes from CLI
  • Create new empty theme in Shopify from CLI, adds theme id to config.json
  • Download existing themes
  • Download files/sync changes
  • Init base packer theme from cli or use a custom github repo

Install

npm i @hayes0724/shopify-packer -g
yarn global add @hayes0724/shopify-packer

Quick Start

New project

  1. Create new project with all required files
packer init <dirname>
  1. Add app password and store url to config.json

  2. Create new empty theme on shopify

packer theme:create
  1. Deploy files and start working
packer start

Commands

List of all API commands for Packer:

init

Creates a blank start theme in specified directory. By default, it will use hayes0724/packer-blank-theme unless you specify the repo flag with the name of the themes github repo. It will pull the latest release and fail if the custom theme repo has no releases.

packer init <dir> [--repo=hayes0724/packer-blank-theme]

start

Compiles your local theme files into a dist directory, uploads these files to your remote Shopify store and finally boots up a local Express server that will serve most of your CSS and JavaScript.

packer start [--env=my-custom-env-name] [--skipPrompts] [--skipFirstDeploy]
              Flag               Description
--env Targets a custom environment. Setting --env=production would use the production settings in config.json
--skipPrompts Skips all prompts. This is especially useful when using Packer with continuous integration tools
--skipFirstDeploy Skips the file upload sequence and simply boots up the local Express server

watch

Same as start command except it skips the first deployment

packer watch [--env=my-custom-env-name] [--skipPrompts]

deploy

Uploads the dist folder to the Shopify store.

packer deploy [--env=my-custom-env-name] [--skipPrompts] [--replace]
              Flag               Description
--env Targets a custom environment. Setting --env=production would use the production settings in config.json
--skipPrompts Skips all prompts. This is especially useful when using Packer with continuous integration tools
--nodelete By default deploy will replace all files in theme, use this flag to update without removing existing files

build

packer build

Builds a production-ready version of the theme by compiling the files into the dist folder.

lint

packer lint [--scripts] [--styles] [--locales]
Flag Description
--scripts Runs linting only on script files
--styles Runs linting only on style files
--locales Runs linting only on locales files

format

Formats the theme code according to the rules declared in the .eslintrc and .stylelintrc files. By default, it uses ESLint Fix to format JS files, Stylelint Fix to format CSS files and Prettier to format JSON files.

packer format [--scripts] [--styles] [--json]
Flag Description
--scripts Runs formatting only on script files
--styles Runs formatting only on style files
--locales Runs formatting only on locales files

zip

Compiles the contents of the dist directory and creates a ZIP file in the root of the project.

packer zip

theme:list

Lists all themes (shows name, themeID, etc...) on the site, requires app password and store url be set first. By default looks at the store for development env in config.json

packer theme:list
Flag Description
--env Targets a custom environment. Setting --env=production would use the production settings in config.json

theme:create

Creates a new empty theme on Shopify and updates config.json for the selected env with the proper themeID

packer theme:create
                  Flag                   Description
--env Targets a custom environment. Setting --env=production would use the production settings in config.json
--name=my-theme-name Sets the theme name on Shopify, it's required

theme:remove

Removes the theme set in the selected env from Shopify

packer theme:remove
Flag Description
--env Targets a custom environment. Setting --env=production would use the production settings in config.json

theme:download

Downloads the theme set in the selected env from Shopify

packer theme:download
Flag Description
--env Targets a custom environment. Setting --env=production would use the production settings in config.json

help

Display all commands and flags

packer help

Configuration

All settings are located in config.json in the root directory.

{
  "network": {
    "ipAddress": null,
    "external": false,
    "interface": null
  },
  "themes": {
    "development": {
      "id": "74500041118",
      "password": "ebd6ce7f27aae8cdafb8111a5b887b9",
      "store": "my-store-name.myshopify.com",
      "ignore": [
        "settings_data.json"
      ]
    }
  }
}

By default most commands will use development environment unless you override with the --env flag

packer start --env=production

This will use the settings set under themes production

Network settings

These are not required and by default are blank. If you would like to change the ip address that the local development server runs on manually or by setting the interface (by name) you can change that here. It will otherwise run using the first interface ip address in your system.

Concepts

Theme structure

Packer can be used with existing themes or you can create a new theme. It must follow the following structure:

├── .babelrc [1]
├── .eslintrc [3]
├── .gitignore
├── .stylelintrc [4]
├── package.json [5]
├── config.json [6]
├── dev.config.js [7]
├── prod.config.js [8]
├── yarn.lock [9]
└── src
   ├── assets [8]
   ├── config [9]
   ├── layout [9]
   ├── locales [9]
   ├── scripts [10]
   ├── sections [9]
   ├── snippets [9]
   ├── styles [11]
   └── templates [9]

Script and Style tags

Webpack will create the following snippets that load all style and script chunks. You need to include this in your theme.liquid file.

 {% include 'script-tags' %}
 {% include 'style-tags' %}

See Template and layout bundles for more information

Local development

Packer uses a local server which compiles and serves theme JavaScript and CSS locally. By serving these assets locally, developers don't need to wait for them to be uploaded to Shopify servers to preview the changes they are making. When combined with Hot Module Reloading, developers see changes in their code reflected almost instantly.

For the local server to function properly you must have SSL setup properly.

Developers wanting to share an instance of their store with other developers are often confused when they see their store appear broken. Because CSS and JavaScript are being served locally, your theme won’t function on any machine other than the one the Express server is currently running on.

SSL

For the development server to function you need to accept/setup a SSL cert. When SSL is not working your css/js will be blocked in the browser and the site will appear broken. You can also see the requests being blocked in the network tab chrome developer tools. There are two methods for fixing this:

Accept default cert

This is the fastest method but will often have to be repeated

  1. Run start/watch

  2. When browser launches if there is a warning follow these steps

    1. Click advanced

    SSL Error

    1. Click proceed

    SSL Error 2

Create self signed cert

Create a trusted, self-signed SSL certificate on your device so the assets, served via https, are never blocked. This takes longer and the steps very depending on what OS you are using.

Packer will look for the cert named localhost.cer in ~/.localhost_ssl for windows it will be in the users home directory

The certificate common name must match the ip you are using with packer. When your IP changes you will need to make a new cert

Styles with Liquid

Template and layout bundles

Template and layout bundles are a build-time optimization which ensures that only the JS and CSS needed for the current page is downloaded and executed. This optimization results in improved page load speed, especially on mobile devices with limited computing power and network capacity.

In order to take advantage of template and layout bundles, your Packer project's src/script/ folder must include the following folders:

└── src
   └── scripts
   │   ├── layout
   │   └── templates
   ├── layout
   └── templates

On build, Packer will look for each file in the src/scripts/layout and src/scripts/templates folders and see if there is a matching file in the src/layout and src/templates folders. If there is a match, a template or layout bundle is created for that match.

└── src
   └── scripts
   │   ├── layout
   │   │   └── theme.js
   │   └── templates
   │       ├── index.js
   │       └── product.js
   ├── layout
   │   └── theme.liquid
   └── templates
       ├── index.liquid
       └── product.liquid

Using the example above and calling packer build, Packer will look for matching template and layout files inside the src/scripts/ folder and generate the following JS bundles:

  • layout.theme.js: Both theme.liquid and theme.js exist.
  • template.index.js: Both index.liquid and index.js exist.
  • template.product.js: Both product.liquid and product.js exist.

Note that the following bundles are not generated:

  • template.page.about-us.js: Packer cannot find a src/template/page.about-us.liquid file.
  • template.collection.js: Packer cannot find a scripts/templates/collection.js file.

Shared JS dependencies chunking

A critical optimization needed for template and layout bundles to be successful is to split shared dependencies between bundles into separate chunks. This reduces the amount of duplicate code included in each bundle and further improves page load performance.

Let's continue with the file structure from the previous example, and see how shared dependencies are separated:

index.js

@import depA from 'depA';
@import depB from 'depB';

index.js

@import depB from 'depB';
@import depC from 'depC';

In the example above, we have 2 files which each import 2 dependencies. Both files have a shared dependency, depB. Instead of bundling depB into template.index.js and again in template.product.js, Packer splits depB into its own bundle chunk. The resulting generated files are:

  • template.index.js: Code that is only used on the index template.
  • template.product.js: Code that is only used on the product template.
  • template.index@template.product.js: Code that is used on both index and product templates.

Template and layout styles

It's also possible to structure your styles so that only those needed for the current page are loaded. This is made possible by the JS bundling mentioned above. Let's take a look at what a typical Packer project might look like and how it would take advantage of template and layout styles.

layout/theme.js

import '../../styles/layout/theme.scss';

layout/product.js

import '../../styles/templates/product.scss';

Looking at the above examples, we can see that we are importing two different SCSS files. We can expect that theme.scss contains global styles that are used through most of the theme's pages, such as header and navigation styles. product.scss might include styles that are specific to the product template, such as a product image gallery.

The following imports would generate the following files:

  • layout.theme.css.liquid
  • template.product.css.liquid

Including generated bundles in your theme

Now that you have template and layout bundles with shared dependency chunking, you'll notice that there are a lot of JS files in your compiled Packer project (found in the dist folder). It would be pretty tedious to code and manage all the <script> tags for each of these assets. So let's have Packer handle this!

packer generates script-tags.liquid and styles-tags.liquid snippets which include <script> and <link> tags needed for each bundle. These snippets also include all the liquid logic needed to selectively load these bundles based on the current template and layout. All you need to do is include these snippets in your layout files.

For example, here is what you would include in your layout/theme.liquid:

{% include 'style-tags' %} 
{% include 'script-tags', layout: 'theme' %}

where the layout option value is the name of the layout.

Asset minification

Packer's build script compiles the theme so that it is fully optimized to run in production. These optimizations include:

  • Optimized JS via UglifyJS and bundle splitting
  • Optimized CSS using cssNano
  • Minified HTML

Modify webpack config

This project uses webpack merge to combine webpack config files.

dev.config.js - Add development webpack settings

prod.config.js - Add production webpack settings

Example: add tailwind to postcss plugin

module.exports = {
    module: {
        rules: [
            {
                test: /\.s[ac]ss$/,
                loader: 'postcss-loader',
                options: {
                    ident: 'postcss',
                    sourceMap: false,
                    plugins: (loader) => [
                        require('tailwindcss'),
                        require('postcss-preset-env')(),
                        require('cssnano')()
                    ]
                },
            }
        ],
    },
}

This will modify the current scss rule in packer and add tailwind as a plugin.

Themes

Packer comes with several utilities to make managing and setting up themes easier and without needing to use Shopify admin.

List

Requires password and store URL in config.json. This will list all themes on the store, showing name, id, created/modified dates and role.

packer theme:list

output

╔═════════════╤═════════════╤═══════════════════════════╤═══════════════════════════╤═════════════╗
║ ID          │ NAME        │ CREATED AT                │ UPDATED AT                │ ROLE        ║
╟─────────────┼─────────────┼───────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┼─────────────╢
║ 74500046912 │ Debut       │ 2019-07-05T18:33:52-04:00 │ 2020-06-13T17:21:30-04:00 │ main        ║
╟─────────────┼─────────────┼───────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┼─────────────╢
║ 83174129723 │ development │ 2020-06-16T19:55:40-04:00 │ 2020-06-16T19:56:50-04:00 │ unpublished ║
╚═════════════╧═════════════╧═══════════════════════════╧═══════════════════════════╧═════════════╝

Create

Creates an empty theme on Shopify that you can deploy to or start development on. It will automatically add the theme id to your config.json

packer theme:create --env=development

By default it will use the development environment if no flag is provided.

Download

Downloads the theme from Shopify to your src folder

packer theme:download --env=development

By default, it will use the development environment if no flag is provided.

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