migration plugin for orm
Last updated a year ago by richardo2016 .
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Migration Plugin for @fxjs/orm

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npm install @fxjs/orm-plugin-migration


Migrations using @fxjs/orm model DSL leveraging Visionmedia's node-migrate.


npm install @fxjs/orm-plugin-migration


The example below uses MySQL. Locomote uses @fxjs/orm-plugin-migration with Postgres. Testing was also done with SQLite3, though some driver issues were encountered.

Build a connection & construct the @fxjs/orm-plugin-migration Task object:

var orm         = require('@fxjs/orm');
var MigrateTask = require('@fxjs/orm-plugin-migration');

orm.connect(connectionString, function (err, connection) {
  if (err) throw err;
  var task = new MigrateTask(connection.driver);

The Task constructor function can support options allowing for a custom migrations directory and/or coffeescript support (see 'Usage - opts' below).

A Task object offers three operations - generate, up and down.

Usage - generate

> task.generate('create-users', function(err, result){});
>   create : @fxjs/orm-plugin-migration/migrations/001-create-users.js

The 'migrations' folder is the default but can be overridden in the opts argument (see 'Usage - opts' below).

A skeleton migration file now exists and can be populated with the ORM2 DSL.

A simple example, taken from the tests:

exports.up = function (next) {
  this.createTable('test_table', {
    id     : { type : "serial", key: true }, // auto increment
    name   : { type : "text", required: true }
  }, next);

exports.down = function (next){
  this.dropTable('test_table', next);

You can also write Promise-based migrations, same example, but with no callbacks specified:

exports.up = function () {
  return this.createTable('test_table', {
    id     : { type : "serial", key: true }, // auto increment
    name   : { type : "text", required: true }

exports.down = function () {
  return this.dropTable('test_table');

Both createTable and dropTable, along with other MigrationDSL methods return promises if callback is not specified. Look here for more examples.

Another example for adding or dropping a column:

exports.up = function(next){
  this.addColumn('agency', { preferredProvider: {type: "text", defaultValue: '1G', required: true} }, next);

exports.down = function(next){
  this.dropColumn('agency', 'preferredProvider', next);

An example of adding an index:

exports.up = function (next) {
  this.addIndex('agency_email_idx', {
    table: 'agency',
    columns: ['email'],
    unique: true
  }, next);

exports.down = function (next) {
  this.dropIndex('agency_email_idx', 'agency', next);

There are no built-in operations for inserting, updating, or deleting row data contained in tables. The execQuery operation, which can be used to execute any custom queries, can however be used to perform such actions:

exports.up = function (next) {
  this.execQuery('INSERT INTO agency (email) VALUES (?)', ['info@example.com'], next);

exports.down = function (next) {
  this.execQuery('DELETE FROM agency WHERE email = ?', ['info@example.com'], next);

The full list of operations available through this:

  • createTable
  • dropTable
  • addColumn
  • dropColumn
  • addIndex
  • dropIndex
  • addPrimaryKey
  • dropPrimaryKey
  • addForeignKey
  • dropForeignKey
  • execQuery

These operations are depicted in the examples folder.

We would like to add modifyColumn functionality in the future.

Usage - up

> task.up(function(e,r){});
>   up : migrations/001-create-users.js
  migration : complete

Alternatively, when there are many migrations, a filename can be specified:

> task.generate('create-servers', function(err, result){});
>   create : /Users/nicholasf/code/locomote/node-@fxjs/orm-plugin-migration/migrations/002-create-servers.js

> task.up('001-create-users.js', function(e,r){})
>   up : migrations/001-create-users.js
  migration : complete

This means 'run up to this migration then execute its up function, then stop.'

Usage - down

> task.down(function(e,r){});
>   down : migrations/001-create-users.js
  migration : complete

This means 'rollback the last migration'.

If there are many migrations to rollback a limit can be specified.

> task.down('001-create-users.js', function(e,r){});
>   down : migrations/001-create-users.js
  migration : complete

This means 'rollback all migrations including 001-create-users.js'

Usage - the orm_migrations table

Migrate-orm2 maintains an internal orm_migrations table which allows it to run from previous state.

The table contains a list of migrations applied to the database. By comparing these and the migration files, we can decide on which migrations to run.

mysql> select * from orm_migrations;
| migration           |
| 001-create-users.js |
1 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Usage - opts

The Task object can be modified to work from a different directory or to generate and cooperate with coffee-script migrations.

var task = new Task(connection, {dir: 'data/migrations', coffee: true});

Running Tests

Please note - running all of the tests together can produce database connection pooling problems. We are currently considering these.

Tests work in isolation and when the database is tuned for a greater amount of database connections.

Create test/config.js (see test/config.example.js for instructions)

npm test

This will run the tests against all configurations inside config.js. To run against a single config:

ORM_PROTOCOL=mysql node test/run
# OR
ORM_PROTOCOL=mysql mocha test/integration

Guideline to Contributing

Contributions are welcome. If you want to discuss or request a feature, please open an issue.

We will ask for test coverage of Pull Requests for most issues. Please see the current testing strategy in test/integration.

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