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SpringAOP使用及源码分析(SpringBoot下)

简介:

SpringAOP使用及源码分析(SpringBoot下)

一、SpringAOP应用
先搭建一个SpringBoot项目
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.7.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.mmc</groupId>
<artifactId>springboot-study</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>springboot-study</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

<properties>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    
</dependencies>

<build>
    <plugins>
        <plugin>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</build>


定义一个业务逻辑类,作为切面
public interface CalculationService {
/**
 * 加法运算
 * @param x
 * @param y
 * @return
 */
public Integer add(Integer x,Integer y);

}

/**

  • @description:
  • @author: mmc
  • @create: 2020-06-01 14:22
    **/

@Service
public class CalculationServiceImpl implements CalculationService {

@Override
public Integer add(Integer x, Integer y) {
    if(x==null||y==null){
        throw  new NullPointerException("参数不能为空");
    }
    return x+y;
}

}
定义一个切面类,添加通知方法
前置通知(@Before):logStart:在目标方法(div)运行之前运行
后置通知(@After):logEnd:在目标方法(add)运行结束之后运行(无论方法正常结束还是异常结束)
返回通知(@AfterReturning):logReturn:在目标方法(add)正常返回之后运行
异常通知(@AfterThrowing):logException:在目标方法(add)出现异常以后运行
环绕通知(@Around):动态代理,手动推进目标方法运行(joinPoint.procced())

/**

  • @description: 切面类
  • @author: mmc
  • @create: 2020-06-01 14:24
    **/

@Aspect
@Component
public class LogAspects {

//抽取公共的切入点表达式
//1、本类引用
//2、其他的切面引用
@Pointcut("execution(public Integer com.mmc.springbootstudy.service.CalculationService.*(..))")
public void pointCut(){};

@Before("pointCut()")
public void logStart(JoinPoint joinPoint){
    Object[] args = joinPoint.getArgs();
    System.out.println(""+joinPoint.getSignature().getName()+"运行。。。@Before:参数列表是:{"+Arrays.asList(args)+"}");
}

@After("pointCut()")
public void logEnd(JoinPoint joinPoint){
    System.out.println(""+joinPoint.getSignature().getName()+"结束。。。@After");
}
//JoinPoint一定要出现在参数表的第一位
@AfterReturning(value="pointCut()",returning="result")
public void logReturn(JoinPoint joinPoint,Object result){
    System.out.println(""+joinPoint.getSignature().getName()+"正常返回。。。@AfterReturning:运行结果:{"+result+"}");
}

@AfterThrowing(value="pointCut()",throwing="exception")
public void logException(JoinPoint joinPoint,Exception exception){
    System.out.println(""+joinPoint.getSignature().getName()+"异常。。。异常信息:{"+exception+"}");
}

}
写一个controller测试
@RequestMapping("/testaop")
@ResponseBody

public Integer testaop(Integer x,Integer y){
   Integer result = calculationService.add(x, y);
   return result;

}
测试
add运行。。。@Before:参数列表是:{[2, 3]}
add结束。。。@After
add正常返回。。。@AfterReturning:运行结果:{5}

二、源码分析
主线流程图:

spring.factories文件里引入了AopAutoConfiguration类
@Configuration
@ConditionalOnClass({ EnableAspectJAutoProxy.class, Aspect.class, Advice.class, AnnotatedElement.class })
@ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "spring.aop", name = "auto", havingValue = "true", matchIfMissing = true)
public class AopAutoConfiguration {

@Configuration
@EnableAspectJAutoProxy(proxyTargetClass = false)
//看配置文件,如果配置的spring.aop.proxy-target-class为false则引入JdkDynamicAutoProxyConfiguration
@ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "spring.aop", name = "proxy-target-class", havingValue = "false",
        matchIfMissing = false)
public static class JdkDynamicAutoProxyConfiguration {

}

@Configuration
//开启AspectJAutoProxy
@EnableAspectJAutoProxy(proxyTargetClass = true)
//看配置文件,如果配置的spring.aop.proxy-target-class为true则引入CglibAutoProxyConfiguration 
@ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "spring.aop", name = "proxy-target-class", havingValue = "true",
        matchIfMissing = true)
public static class CglibAutoProxyConfiguration {

}

}
在包目录下找到配置文件,并且发现他的值为true

在上面的方法上有EnableAspectJAutoProxy注解,并传入了proxyTargetClass=true

进入@EnableAspectJAutoProxy注解
@Target({ElementType.TYPE})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
//引入了AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar
@Import({AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar.class})
public @interface EnableAspectJAutoProxy {

boolean proxyTargetClass() default false;

boolean exposeProxy() default false;

}
进入AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar类
class AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar implements ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar {

AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar() {
}

public void registerBeanDefinitions(AnnotationMetadata importingClassMetadata, BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
    //注册了自动自动代理类
    AopConfigUtils.registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary(registry);
    AnnotationAttributes enableAspectJAutoProxy = AnnotationConfigUtils.attributesFor(importingClassMetadata, EnableAspectJAutoProxy.class);
    if (enableAspectJAutoProxy != null) {
        if (enableAspectJAutoProxy.getBoolean("proxyTargetClass")) {
            AopConfigUtils.forceAutoProxyCreatorToUseClassProxying(registry);
        }

        if (enableAspectJAutoProxy.getBoolean("exposeProxy")) {
            AopConfigUtils.forceAutoProxyCreatorToExposeProxy(registry);
        }
    }

}

}
进入registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary方法里面
public static BeanDefinition registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary(BeanDefinitionRegistry registry, @Nullable Object source) {

    return registerOrEscalateApcAsRequired(AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator.class, registry, source);
}

可以看到返回了一个BeanDefinition,里面的BeanClass类型是AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator,这个类看名字是一个AOP的动态代理创建类,里面没有啥可疑的方法。在IDEA里按Ctrl+H看他的继承结构。有一个父类AbstractAutoProxyCreator,这个类实现了BeanPostProcessor接口。这个接口是Bean的扩展接口,在bean初始化完成后会调用到他的postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName)方法。

方法内容如下
public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(@Nullable Object bean, String beanName) {

    if (bean != null) {
        Object cacheKey = this.getCacheKey(bean.getClass(), beanName);
        if (this.earlyProxyReferences.remove(cacheKey) != bean) {
            //如果有必要,进行包装  
            return this.wrapIfNecessary(bean, beanName, cacheKey);
        }
    }

    return bean;
}

protected Object wrapIfNecessary(Object bean, String beanName, Object cacheKey) {
    if (StringUtils.hasLength(beanName) && this.targetSourcedBeans.contains(beanName)) {
        return bean;
    } else if (Boolean.FALSE.equals(this.advisedBeans.get(cacheKey))) {
        return bean;
    } else if (!this.isInfrastructureClass(bean.getClass()) && !this.shouldSkip(bean.getClass(), beanName)) {
    //获取切面的方法,第9点那里展开讨论
        Object[] specificInterceptors = this.getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(bean.getClass(), beanName, (TargetSource)null);
        if (specificInterceptors != DO_NOT_PROXY) {
            this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.TRUE);
            //创建动态代理
            Object proxy = this.createProxy(bean.getClass(), beanName, specificInterceptors, new SingletonTargetSource(bean));
            this.proxyTypes.put(cacheKey, proxy.getClass());
            return proxy;
        } else {
            this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.FALSE);
            return bean;
        }
    } else {
        this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.FALSE);
        return bean;
    }
}

可以看出这里已经在开始创建动态代理了
protected Object createProxy(Class<?> beanClass, @Nullable String beanName, @Nullable Object[] specificInterceptors, TargetSource targetSource) {

    if (this.beanFactory instanceof ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) {
        AutoProxyUtils.exposeTargetClass((ConfigurableListableBeanFactory)this.beanFactory, beanName, beanClass);
    }
    //动态代理工厂
    ProxyFactory proxyFactory = new ProxyFactory();
    proxyFactory.copyFrom(this);
    if (!proxyFactory.isProxyTargetClass()) {
        if (this.shouldProxyTargetClass(beanClass, beanName)) {
            proxyFactory.setProxyTargetClass(true);
        } else {
            this.evaluateProxyInterfaces(beanClass, proxyFactory);
        }
    }

    Advisor[] advisors = this.buildAdvisors(beanName, specificInterceptors);
    //切面那里的方法
    proxyFactory.addAdvisors(advisors);
    proxyFactory.setTargetSource(targetSource);
    this.customizeProxyFactory(proxyFactory);
    proxyFactory.setFrozen(this.freezeProxy);
    if (this.advisorsPreFiltered()) {
        proxyFactory.setPreFiltered(true);
    }
    //获取动态代理类
    return proxyFactory.getProxy(this.getProxyClassLoader());
}

学过AOP的人都知道动态代理的方式有两种,一种JDK代理,一种CGLIB动态代理。那么Spring里面是怎么选择的呢?答案就在这里:
public AopProxy createAopProxy(AdvisedSupport config) throws AopConfigException {
// 1.config.isOptimize()是否使用优化的代理策略,目前使用与CGLIB

    // config.isProxyTargetClass() 是否目标类本身被代理而不是目标类的接口
    // hasNoUserSuppliedProxyInterfaces()是否存在代理接口

    if (!config.isOptimize() && !config.isProxyTargetClass() && !this.hasNoUserSuppliedProxyInterfaces(config)) {
        return new JdkDynamicAopProxy(config);
    } else {
        Class<?> targetClass = config.getTargetClass();
        if (targetClass == null) {
            throw new AopConfigException("TargetSource cannot determine target class: Either an interface or a target is required for proxy creation.");
        } else {
            //目标类不是接口或不是代理类就使用cglib代理
            return (AopProxy)(!targetClass.isInterface() && !Proxy.isProxyClass(targetClass) ? new ObjenesisCglibAopProxy(config) : new JdkDynamicAopProxy(config));
        }
    }
}

Cglib的代理类是CglibAopProxy、ObjenesisCglibAopProxy,JDK的代理类是JdkDynamicAopProxy。在这些类里面对目标类进行了代理,在执行方法的时候就是执行的代理类的方法,而实现了切面编程的效果。
主线流程就是这些了,还有一个没说的就是我们如何获取的切面方法,@Before("pointCut()")这些注解又是如何生效的?再回到AbstractAutoProxyCreator的wrapIfNecessary()方法
里面有这句代码:
Object[] specificInterceptors = this.getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(bean.getClass(), beanName, (TargetSource)null);

@Nullable

protected Object[] getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(Class<?> beanClass, String beanName, @Nullable TargetSource targetSource) {
    List<Advisor> advisors = this.findEligibleAdvisors(beanClass, beanName);
    return advisors.isEmpty() ? DO_NOT_PROXY : advisors.toArray();
}

protected List<Advisor> findEligibleAdvisors(Class<?> beanClass, String beanName) {
    //查找候选的要切面附加的方法,这里加进去的
    List<Advisor> candidateAdvisors = this.findCandidateAdvisors();
    List<Advisor> eligibleAdvisors = this.findAdvisorsThatCanApply(candidateAdvisors, beanClass, beanName);
    this.extendAdvisors(eligibleAdvisors);
    if (!eligibleAdvisors.isEmpty()) {
        eligibleAdvisors = this.sortAdvisors(eligibleAdvisors);
    }

    return eligibleAdvisors;
}


他会找到Aspect类,然后遍历里面的方法,并获取Pointcut,然后构造出Advisor,加入到集合List advisors里,供动态代理时使用
原文地址https://www.cnblogs.com/javammc/p/13028129.html

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