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利用WIX制作安装包(2)

简介: 原文 利用WIX制作安装包(2) 这一篇文章将为大家介绍如何使用WIX自定义UI。上一篇文章我们讲过WIX为我们提供了五种安装界面。每种安装界面都是由不同的Dialog组成。在这里我们挑选一种比较常用的界面WixUI_FeatureTree Dialog Set 来为大家介绍一下。

原文 利用WIX制作安装包(2)

这一篇文章将为大家介绍如何使用WIX自定义UI。上一篇文章我们讲过WIX为我们提供了五种安装界面。每种安装界面都是由不同的Dialog组成。在这里我们挑选一种比较常用的界面WixUI_FeatureTree Dialog Set 来为大家介绍一下。

WixUI_FeatureTree Dialog Set 中一共包含了如下几种Dialog。

First-time install dialog sequence:
- WixUI_WelcomeDlg
- WixUI_LicenseAgreementDlg
- WixUI_CustomizeDlg
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg
- WixUI_DiskCostDlg

Maintenance dialog sequence:
- WixUI_MaintenanceWelcomeDlg
- WixUI_MaintenanceTypeDlg
- WixUI_CustomizeDlg
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg

Patch dialog sequence:
- WixUI_WelcomeDlg
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg

通过其中的注释我们可以看到:当我们程序第一次安装的时候我们所看见的界面顺序应该是:

- WixUI_WelcomeDlg            欢迎界面
- WixUI_LicenseAgreementDlg   协议同意
- WixUI_CustomizeDlg          自定义功能选择
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg        确认安装界面
- WixUI_DiskCostDlg           磁盘消耗

在WIX上处界面中(除开WixUI_WelcomeDlg之外)每个界面上都有三个按钮:next back 和 cancel 。其中next 和 back 把这所有的界面组成一个双向链表。如果我们需要完全自定义一个界面,我们只需要在界面定义完成之后,把它加入到这个双向链表中来。这样我们自定义的界面就可以显示来。具体操作如下。

  1. 创建Dialog。在项目中添加一个文件customDialog.wxs 并且添加代码如下:
<!--
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Wix xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wix/2006/wi">
  <Fragment>
    <UI>
      <Dialog Id="DatabaseInformationDlg" Width="370" Height="270" Title="[ProductName] [Setup]" NoMinimize="yes">
        <Control Id="ServerLabel" Type="Text" X="20" Y="62" Width="80" Height="25" NoPrefix="yes" Text="SQL Database:" />
        <Control Id="Server" Type="ComboBox" Height="16" Width="180" X="110" Y="60" Property="DATABASE_SERVER">
          <ComboBox Property="DATABASE_SERVER">
            <ListItem Text="[DATABASE_SERVER]" Value="[DATABASE_SERVER]" />
          </ComboBox>
        </Control>

        <Control Id="DatabaseType" Type="RadioButtonGroup" X="20" Y="100" Width="290" Height="40" Property="DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE">
          <RadioButtonGroup Property="DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE">
            <RadioButton Value="DatabaseIntegratedAuth" X="0" Y="0" Width="290" Height="16" Text="Trusted (Windows Authentication)" />
            <RadioButton Value="DatabaseAccount" X="0" Y="20" Width="290" Height="16" Text="Specify Username and Password (SQL Authentication)" />
          </RadioButtonGroup>
        </Control>


        <!-- Login -->
        <Control Type="Text" Id="UsernameLabel" Width="50" Height="15" X="40" Y="150" Text="&amp;Login:">
          <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE <> "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
          <Condition Action="enable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE = "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="Username" Type="Edit" X="110" Y="145" Width="180" Height="18" Property="DATABASE_USERNAME" Text="{80}">
          <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE <> "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
          <Condition Action="enable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE = "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
        </Control>

        <!-- Password -->
        <Control Type="Text" Id="PasswordLabel" Width="50" Height="15" X="40" Y="173" Text="&amp;Password:">
          <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE <> "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
          <Condition Action="enable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE = "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="Password" Type="Edit" X="110" Y="170" Width="180" Height="18" Property="DATABASE_PASSWORD" Text="{80}" Password="yes" >
          <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE <> "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
          <Condition Action="enable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE = "DatabaseAccount"]]></Condition>
        </Control>

        <Control Id="Test" Type="PushButton" X="40" Y="197" Width="100" Height="17" Text="Test Connection">
          <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_SERVER = ""]]></Condition>
          <Condition Action="enable"><![CDATA[DATABASE_SERVER <> ""]]></Condition>
          <!--test connection-->
          <Publish Event="DoAction" Value="VerifySqlConnection" Order="1">1</Publish>
          <Publish Event="SpawnDialog" Value="InvalidLogonDlg" Order="2"><![CDATA[NOT CONNECT_SUCCEED]]></Publish>
        </Control>


        <!-- Back button -->
        <Control Id="Back" Type="PushButton" X="180" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Text="&amp;Back"></Control>

        <Control Id="Next" Type="PushButton" X="236" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Default="yes" Text="&amp;Next"></Control>

        <Control Id="Cancel" Type="PushButton" X="304" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Cancel="yes" Text="Cancel">
          <Publish Event="SpawnDialog" Value="CancelDlg">1</Publish>
        </Control>

        <Control Id="BannerBitmap" Type="Bitmap" X="0" Y="0" Width="370" Height="44" TabSkip="no" Text="WixUI_Bmp_Banner" />
        <Control Id="Description" Type="Text" X="25" Y="23" Width="280" Height="15" Transparent="yes" NoPrefix="yes">
          <Text>Please enter a SQL instance and database name.</Text>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="BottomLine" Type="Line" X="0" Y="234" Width="370" Height="0" />
        <Control Id="Title" Type="Text" X="15" Y="6" Width="200" Height="15" Transparent="yes" NoPrefix="yes">
          <Text>{\WixUI_Font_Title}SQL instance and database information.</Text>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="BannerLine" Type="Line" X="0" Y="44" Width="370" Height="0" />
      </Dialog>

      <!-- INVALIDE SQL LOGIN -->
      <Dialog Id="InvalidLogonDlg" Width="260" Height="105" Title="Invalid Logon">
        <Control Id="Return" Type="PushButton" X="102" Y="77" Width="56" Height="17" Default="yes" Cancel="yes" Text="OK">
          <Publish Event="EndDialog" Value="Return">1</Publish>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="Text" Type="Text" X="48" Y="15" Width="194" Height="50" Text="[ODBC_ERROR]" />
        <Control Id="Icon" Type="Icon" X="15" Y="15" Width="24" Height="24" FixedSize="yes" IconSize="32" Text="WixUI_Ico_Exclam" />
      </Dialog>



      <!--设置默认值-->

      <Property Id="DATABASE_SERVER" Value="(local)"/>
      <Property Id="DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE" Value="DatabaseIntegratedAuth"/>
      <Property Id="DATABASE_USERNAME"/>
      <Property Id="DATABASE_PASSWORD"/>

    </UI>

  </Fragment>
</Wix>

 

在上述界面中我们自定义了一个数据库连接界面。用户在此界面可以选择登录方式:集成登录或者账号密码登录。并且有一个Test Connection的按钮。用户在配置完成之后可以点击按钮测试连接。这里的TestConnection就是用CustomAction完成的。

在上述的代码中大家可以看到有如下一些代码:

<Property Id="DATABASE_SERVER" Value="(local)"/>
<Property Id="DATABASE_LOGON_TYPE" Value="DatabaseIntegratedAuth"/>
<Property Id="DATABASE_USERNAME"/>
<Property Id="DATABASE_PASSWORD"/>
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这些是用来保存用户输入的值的东西。 在WIX中我们可以用Property去定义一个属性,当我们把创建的属性赋值给Control的Value之后,它就跟控件的Value进行了“双向绑定“。我们可以读取Property的值去获取用户的输入,也可以设置Property的初始值去设置界面显示的默认值。

当界面创建完成之后,我们就需要去修改WixUI_FeatureTree Dialog Set 中默认的UI sequence从而让我们的自定义界面得到显示。我们在项目中创建文件UI.wxs 并添加如下代码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!--
 <copyright file="WixUI_FeatureTree.wxs" company="Outercurve Foundation">
   Copyright (c) 2004, Outercurve Foundation.
   This software is released under Microsoft Reciprocal License (MS-RL).
   The license and further copyright text can be found in the file
   LICENSE.TXT at the root directory of the distribution.
 </copyright>
-->

<!--
First-time install dialog sequence:
- WixUI_WelcomeDlg
- WixUI_LicenseAgreementDlg
- WixUI_CustomizeDlg
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg
- WixUI_DiskCostDlg

Maintenance dialog sequence:
- WixUI_MaintenanceWelcomeDlg
- WixUI_MaintenanceTypeDlg
- WixUI_CustomizeDlg
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg

Patch dialog sequence:
- WixUI_WelcomeDlg
- WixUI_VerifyReadyDlg
-->

<Wix xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wix/2006/wi" >
  <Fragment>
    <UI Id="WixUI_CustomerSequence">
      <TextStyle Id="WixUI_Font_Normal" FaceName="Tahoma" Size="8" />
      <TextStyle Id="WixUI_Font_Bigger" FaceName="Tahoma" Size="12" />
      <TextStyle Id="WixUI_Font_Title" FaceName="Tahoma" Size="9" Bold="yes" />

      <Property Id="DefaultUIFont" Value="WixUI_Font_Normal" />
      <Property Id="WixUI_Mode" Value="FeatureTree" />

      <DialogRef Id="ErrorDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="FatalError" />
      <DialogRef Id="FilesInUse" />
      <DialogRef Id="MsiRMFilesInUse" />
      <DialogRef Id="PrepareDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="ProgressDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="ResumeDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="UserExit" />

      <Publish Dialog="ExitDialog" Control="Finish" Event="EndDialog" Value="Return" Order="999">1</Publish>
      <!--保留LicenseAgreementDlg-->
      <!--
      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="LicenseAgreementDlg">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">Installed AND PATCH</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="LicenseAgreementDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="WelcomeDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="LicenseAgreementDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="CustomizeDlg">LicenseAccepted = "1"</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="CustomizeDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Order="1">Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="CustomizeDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="LicenseAgreementDlg" Order="2">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="CustomizeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">1</Publish>
      -->

      <!--去除LicenseAgreementDlg 添加DatabaseDlg-->
      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="DatabaseInformationDlg">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="DoAction" Value="EnumerateSqlServers" Order="1">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg" Order="2">Installed AND PATCH</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="WelcomeDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" Control="Next" Event="DoAction" Value="VerifySqlConnection"  Order="1">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" Control="Next" Event="SpawnDialog" Value="InvalidLogonDlg" Order="2"><![CDATA[NOT CONNECT_SUCCEED]]></Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="CustomizeDlg" Order="2"><![CDATA[CONNECT_SUCCEED]]></Publish>


      <Publish Dialog="CustomizeDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Order="1">Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="CustomizeDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="DatabaseInformationDlg" Order="2">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="CustomizeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">1</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="VerifyReadyDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="CustomizeDlg" Order="1">NOT Installed OR WixUI_InstallMode = "Change"</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="VerifyReadyDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Order="2">Installed AND NOT PATCH</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="VerifyReadyDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="WelcomeDlg" Order="3">Installed AND PATCH</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceWelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceTypeDlg">1</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="ChangeButton" Event="NewDialog" Value="CustomizeDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="RepairButton" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="RemoveButton" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceWelcomeDlg">1</Publish>
    </UI>

    <UIRef Id="WixUI_Common" />
  </Fragment>
</Wix>

 

上面的代码是我们修改了原本WIX中的WixUI_FeatureTree Dialog Set 的代码之后的。 在上面的代码中,我们把我们自定义的Dialog添加到了WelcomeDlg 和 CustomizeDlg 之间。

 <Publish Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" 
          Control="Back" 
          Event="NewDialog"
          Value="WelcomeDlg">1</Publish>
<Publish  Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" 
          Control="Next" Event="DoAction"
          Value="VerifySqlConnection" 
          Order="1">1</Publish>
<Publish  Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" 
          Control="Next" 
          Value="InvalidLogonDlg" 
          Order="2"><![CDATA[NOT CONNECT_SUCCEED]]></Publish>
<Publish  Dialog="DatabaseInformationDlg" 
          Control="Next" 
          Value="CustomizeDlg" 
          Order="2"><![CDATA[CONNECT_SUCCEED]]></Publish>

 

在WIX中Publish 表示出发一个事件。Dialog 表示出发这个事件的控件所属于的Dialog,Control 表示触发这个事件的控件的ID,Event 表示所触发事件的类型,可选有:doActionnewDialog,spawnDialog.分别表示执行自定义方法,跳转到另一对话框和弹出模态对话框。

添加完成之后我们在编译运行就可以看到我们添加的自定义界面生效了。

下一篇讲介绍如何安装服务

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