Memcached源码分析 - LRU淘汰算法(6)-阿里云开发者社区

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Memcached源码分析 - LRU淘汰算法(6)

简介: Memcached源码分析 - 网络模型(1)Memcached源码分析 - 命令解析(2)Memcached源码分析 - 数据存储(3)Memcached源码分析 - 增删改查操作(4)Memcached源码分析 - 内存存储机制Slabs(5)Memcached源码分析 - LRU淘汰算法(6)Memcached源码分析 - 消息回应(7) Memcached的LRU几种策略 惰性删除。

Memcached源码分析 - 网络模型(1)
Memcached源码分析 - 命令解析(2)
Memcached源码分析 - 数据存储(3)
Memcached源码分析 - 增删改查操作(4)
Memcached源码分析 - 内存存储机制Slabs(5)
Memcached源码分析 - LRU淘汰算法(6)
Memcached源码分析 - 消息回应(7)

Memcached的LRU几种策略

  • 惰性删除。memcached一般不会主动去清除已经过期或者失效的缓存,当get请求一个item才会去检查item是否失效。
  • flush命令。flush命令会将所有的item设置为失效。
  • 创建的时候检查。Memcached会在创建ITEM的时候去LRU的链表尾部开始检查,是否有失效的ITEM,如果没有的话就重新创建。
  • LRU爬虫。memcached默认是关闭LRU爬虫的。LRU爬虫是一个单独的线程,会去清理失效的ITEM。
  • LRU淘汰。当缓存没有内存可以分配给新的元素的时候,memcached会从LRU链表的尾部开始淘汰一个ITEM,不管这个ITEM是否还在有效期都将会面临淘汰。LRU链表插入缓存ITEM的时候有先后顺序,所以淘汰一个ITEM也是从尾部进行 也就是先淘汰最早的ITEM。
img_ede7640c6e2efcbffd87d2d22fc193c9.png
LRU队列.png

说明:
Item.c当中维护了LRU的list列表的数组,其中数组的下表是slabclass的id。

static item *heads[LARGEST_ID]; //存储头部地址
static item *tails[LARGEST_ID]; //存储尾部地址

针对list的操作包括添加到队列(头部插入法)和从队列中删除两个操作。

static void item_link_q(item *it) {
    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[it->slabs_clsid]);
    do_item_link_q(it);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[it->slabs_clsid]);
}


static void do_item_link_q(item *it) { /* item is the new head */
    item **head, **tail;
    assert((it->it_flags & ITEM_SLABBED) == 0);

    head = &heads[it->slabs_clsid];
    tail = &tails[it->slabs_clsid];
    assert(it != *head);
    assert((*head && *tail) || (*head == 0 && *tail == 0));
    it->prev = 0;
    it->next = *head;
    if (it->next) it->next->prev = it;
    *head = it;
    if (*tail == 0) *tail = it;
    sizes[it->slabs_clsid]++;
#ifdef EXTSTORE
    if (it->it_flags & ITEM_HDR) {
        sizes_bytes[it->slabs_clsid] += (ITEM_ntotal(it) - it->nbytes) + sizeof(item_hdr);
    } else {
        sizes_bytes[it->slabs_clsid] += ITEM_ntotal(it);
    }
#else
    sizes_bytes[it->slabs_clsid] += ITEM_ntotal(it);
#endif

    return;
}
static void item_unlink_q(item *it) {
    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[it->slabs_clsid]);
    do_item_unlink_q(it);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[it->slabs_clsid]);
}


static void do_item_unlink_q(item *it) {
    item **head, **tail;
    head = &heads[it->slabs_clsid];
    tail = &tails[it->slabs_clsid];

    if (*head == it) {
        assert(it->prev == 0);
        *head = it->next;
    }
    if (*tail == it) {
        assert(it->next == 0);
        *tail = it->prev;
    }
    assert(it->next != it);
    assert(it->prev != it);

    if (it->next) it->next->prev = it->prev;
    if (it->prev) it->prev->next = it->next;
    sizes[it->slabs_clsid]--;
#ifdef EXTSTORE
    if (it->it_flags & ITEM_HDR) {
        sizes_bytes[it->slabs_clsid] -= (ITEM_ntotal(it) - it->nbytes) + sizeof(item_hdr);
    } else {
        sizes_bytes[it->slabs_clsid] -= ITEM_ntotal(it);
    }
#else
    sizes_bytes[it->slabs_clsid] -= ITEM_ntotal(it);
#endif

    return;
}


惰性删除

惰性删除删除其实就是在get数据的时候进行比较判断数据是否过期,这里会跟flush_all命令过期结合起来使用,判断的时候依据了flush_all设置的过期时间settings.oldest_live。

#define refcount_incr(it) ++(it->refcount)

/** wrapper around assoc_find which does the lazy expiration logic */
item *do_item_get(const char *key, const size_t nkey, const uint32_t hv, conn *c, const bool do_update) {
    item *it = assoc_find(key, nkey, hv);
    if (it != NULL) {
        refcount_incr(it);
    }
    int was_found = 0;

    if (it != NULL) {
        was_found = 1;

        //it->time用来记录item最近set/add/replce等操作的时间(get操作不会改变)
        //然后判断it->time是否在执行flush命令之前,如果是执行flush之前,说明该item已经失效
        if (item_is_flushed(it)) {
            //  //LRU链表和HASHTABLE上解除绑定
            do_item_unlink(it, hv);
            STORAGE_delete(c->thread->storage, it);

            //删除该Item
            do_item_remove(it);
            it = NULL;
            pthread_mutex_lock(&c->thread->stats.mutex);
            c->thread->stats.get_flushed++;
            pthread_mutex_unlock(&c->thread->stats.mutex);

            was_found = 2;

        //检查是否过期,主要是检查有效期时间
        //如果数据已经过期,则需要清除
        } else if (it->exptime != 0 && it->exptime <= current_time) {
            do_item_unlink(it, hv);
            STORAGE_delete(c->thread->storage, it);
            do_item_remove(it);
            it = NULL;
            pthread_mutex_lock(&c->thread->stats.mutex);
            c->thread->stats.get_expired++;
            pthread_mutex_unlock(&c->thread->stats.mutex);
            if (settings.verbose > 2) {
                fprintf(stderr, " -nuked by expire");
            }
            was_found = 3;
        } else {
           // 省略了一些代码,暂时看不懂
        }
    }

    return it;
}


flush_all命令删除

将settings.oldest_live设置为当前过期时间,然后在惰性删除的时候用于判断数据是否过期,本身flush_all命令不删除数据。

int item_is_flushed(item *it) {
    rel_time_t oldest_live = settings.oldest_live;
    uint64_t cas = ITEM_get_cas(it);
    uint64_t oldest_cas = settings.oldest_cas;
    if (oldest_live == 0 || oldest_live > current_time)
        return 0;
    if ((it->time <= oldest_live)
            || (oldest_cas != 0 && cas != 0 && cas < oldest_cas)) {
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}


else if (ntokens >= 2 && ntokens <= 4 && (strcmp(tokens[COMMAND_TOKEN].value, "flush_all") == 0)) {
        time_t exptime = 0;
        rel_time_t new_oldest = 0;

        set_noreply_maybe(c, tokens, ntokens);

        pthread_mutex_lock(&c->thread->stats.mutex);
        c->thread->stats.flush_cmds++;
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&c->thread->stats.mutex);

        if (ntokens != (c->noreply ? 3 : 2)) {
            exptime = strtol(tokens[1].value, NULL, 10);
            if(errno == ERANGE) {
                out_string(c, "CLIENT_ERROR bad command line format");
                return;
            }
        }

        if (exptime > 0) {
            new_oldest = realtime(exptime);
        } else { /* exptime == 0 */
            new_oldest = current_time;
        }

        if (settings.use_cas) {
            settings.oldest_live = new_oldest - 1;
            if (settings.oldest_live <= current_time)
                settings.oldest_cas = get_cas_id();
        } else {
            settings.oldest_live = new_oldest;
        }
        out_string(c, "OK");
        return;
    }


新建item会检查数据过期

 新建item的时候会去检查是否有数据过期,然后进行回收,这个逻辑有一点绕但是我相信我能够讲解清楚,整个过程如下:

  • 1.do_item_alloc进入新增item的内存申请流程。
  • 2.do_item_alloc_pull进入item申请的逻辑处理,最多处理10次。
  • 3.do_item_alloc_pull内部逻辑是尝试通过slabs_alloc申请内存,失败则尝试通过lru_pull_tail方法释放LRU队列中的item变成可用item。
  • 4.lru_pull_tail执行释放LRU队列中item的过程,内部包括各种过期item的回收
  • 5.在lru_pull_tail当中调用do_item_unlink_nolock进行item回收
  • 6.在do_item_unlink_nolock当中调用do_item_unlink_q释放LRU链表,调用do_item_remove回收item为可用item。
item *do_item_alloc(char *key, const size_t nkey, const unsigned int flags,
                    const rel_time_t exptime, const int nbytes) {
    uint8_t nsuffix;
    item *it = NULL;
    char suffix[40];

    size_t ntotal = item_make_header(nkey + 1, flags, nbytes, suffix, &nsuffix);
    unsigned int id = slabs_clsid(ntotal);
    unsigned int hdr_id = 0;

    if (ntotal > settings.slab_chunk_size_max) {
        int htotal = nkey + 1 + nsuffix + sizeof(item) + sizeof(item_chunk);
        if (settings.use_cas) {
            htotal += sizeof(uint64_t);
        }
        hdr_id = slabs_clsid(htotal);
        it = do_item_alloc_pull(htotal, hdr_id);
        if (it != NULL)
            it->it_flags |= ITEM_CHUNKED;
    } else {
        it = do_item_alloc_pull(ntotal, id);
    }

    // 省略一堆代码
    return it;
}


item *do_item_alloc_pull(const size_t ntotal, const unsigned int id) {
    item *it = NULL;
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        uint64_t total_bytes;
        if (!settings.lru_segmented) {
            lru_pull_tail(id, COLD_LRU, 0, 0, 0, NULL);
        }

        // 先尝试申请新的内存
        it = slabs_alloc(ntotal, id, &total_bytes, 0);

        if (settings.temp_lru)
            total_bytes -= temp_lru_size(id);

        if (it == NULL) {
            // 再尝试lru_pull_tail执行COLD_LRU当中释放item
            if (lru_pull_tail(id, COLD_LRU, total_bytes, LRU_PULL_EVICT, 0, NULL) <= 0) {
                if (settings.lru_segmented) {
                    // 最后尝试lru_pull_tail执行HOT_LRU当中释放item
                    lru_pull_tail(id, HOT_LRU, total_bytes, 0, 0, NULL);
                } else {
                    break;
                }
            }
        } else {
            break;
        }
    }

    return it;
}



 slabs_alloc是尝试申请slab的过程,主要是为了使得当前slab下有可用的item可供申请,具体逻辑自行阅读不是特别复杂。

void *slabs_alloc(size_t size, unsigned int id, uint64_t *total_bytes,
        unsigned int flags) {
    void *ret;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&slabs_lock);
    ret = do_slabs_alloc(size, id, total_bytes, flags);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&slabs_lock);
    return ret;
}



static void *do_slabs_alloc(const size_t size, unsigned int id, uint64_t *total_bytes,
        unsigned int flags) {
    slabclass_t *p;
    void *ret = NULL;
    item *it = NULL;

    p = &slabclass[id];
    if (total_bytes != NULL) {
        *total_bytes = p->requested;
    }

    // 如果slab下可用的item个数为空,就进入slab的申请流程
    if (p->sl_curr == 0 && flags != SLABS_ALLOC_NO_NEWPAGE) {
        do_slabs_newslab(id);
    }

    //申请以后取p->slots的头部指针,然后将头部指针指向下一个位置
    if (p->sl_curr != 0) {
        it = (item *)p->slots;
        p->slots = it->next;
        if (it->next) it->next->prev = 0;
        it->it_flags &= ~ITEM_SLABBED;
        it->refcount = 1;
        p->sl_curr--;
        ret = (void *)it;
    } else {
        ret = NULL;
    }

    return ret;
}



 lru_pull_tail是指释放内存的过程,包括过期数据的释放,各种HOT_LRU,COLD_LRU等队列的释放等,核心就是释放内存。
  do_item_unlink_nolock内部会释放item到可用item队列当中。

int lru_pull_tail(const int orig_id, const int cur_lru,
        const uint64_t total_bytes, const uint8_t flags, const rel_time_t max_age,
        struct lru_pull_tail_return *ret_it) {
    item *it = NULL;
    int id = orig_id;
    int removed = 0;

    int tries = 5;
    item *search;
    item *next_it;
    void *hold_lock = NULL;
    unsigned int move_to_lru = 0;
    uint64_t limit = 0;

    id |= cur_lru;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[id]);

    // 获取slabclass对应id的LRU队列的队尾元素
    search = tails[id];
    for (; tries > 0 && search != NULL; tries--, search=next_it) {
        
        next_it = search->prev;
        // 如果item内容为空,则继续往LRU列表尾部搜索。
        if (search->nbytes == 0 && search->nkey == 0 && search->it_flags == 1) {
            if (flags & LRU_PULL_CRAWL_BLOCKS) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[id]);
                return 0;
            }
            tries++;
            continue;
        }

        // 如果item被其它worker引用锁定等情况,则继续往LRU列表尾部搜索。
        uint32_t hv = hash(ITEM_key(search), search->nkey);
        if ((hold_lock = item_trylock(hv)) == NULL)
            continue;

        if (refcount_incr(search) != 2) {
            itemstats[id].lrutail_reflocked++;
            if (settings.tail_repair_time &&
                    search->time + settings.tail_repair_time < current_time) {
                itemstats[id].tailrepairs++;
                search->refcount = 1;

                do_item_unlink_nolock(search, hv);
                item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
                continue;
            }
        }

        if ((search->exptime != 0 && search->exptime < current_time)
            || item_is_flushed(search)) {
            itemstats[id].reclaimed++;
            if ((search->it_flags & ITEM_FETCHED) == 0) {
                itemstats[id].expired_unfetched++;
            }

            do_item_unlink_nolock(search, hv);
            STORAGE_delete(ext_storage, search);
            do_item_remove(search);
            item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
            removed++;

            continue;
        }

        /* If we're HOT_LRU or WARM_LRU and over size limit, send to COLD_LRU.
         * If we're COLD_LRU, send to WARM_LRU unless we need to evict
         */
        switch (cur_lru) {
            case HOT_LRU:
                limit = total_bytes * settings.hot_lru_pct / 100;
            case WARM_LRU:
                if (limit == 0)
                    limit = total_bytes * settings.warm_lru_pct / 100;
                if ((search->it_flags & ITEM_ACTIVE) != 0) {
                    search->it_flags &= ~ITEM_ACTIVE;
                    removed++;
                    if (cur_lru == WARM_LRU) {
                        itemstats[id].moves_within_lru++;
                        do_item_update_nolock(search);
                        do_item_remove(search);
                        item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
                    } else {
                        itemstats[id].moves_to_warm++;
                        move_to_lru = WARM_LRU;
                        do_item_unlink_q(search);
                        it = search;
                    }
                } else if (sizes_bytes[id] > limit ||
                           current_time - search->time > max_age) {
                    itemstats[id].moves_to_cold++;
                    move_to_lru = COLD_LRU;
                    do_item_unlink_q(search);
                    it = search;
                    removed++;
                    break;
                } else {
                    /* Don't want to move to COLD, not active, bail out */
                    it = search;
                }
                break;
            case COLD_LRU:
                it = search; /* No matter what, we're stopping */
                if (flags & LRU_PULL_EVICT) {
                    if (settings.evict_to_free == 0) {
                        /* Don't think we need a counter for this. It'll OOM.  */
                        break;
                    }
                    itemstats[id].evicted++;
                    itemstats[id].evicted_time = current_time - search->time;
                    if (search->exptime != 0)
                        itemstats[id].evicted_nonzero++;
                    if ((search->it_flags & ITEM_FETCHED) == 0) {
                        itemstats[id].evicted_unfetched++;
                    }
                    if ((search->it_flags & ITEM_ACTIVE)) {
                        itemstats[id].evicted_active++;
                    }
                    LOGGER_LOG(NULL, LOG_EVICTIONS, LOGGER_EVICTION, search);
                    STORAGE_delete(ext_storage, search);
                    do_item_unlink_nolock(search, hv);
                    removed++;
                    if (settings.slab_automove == 2) {
                        slabs_reassign(-1, orig_id);
                    }
                } else if (flags & LRU_PULL_RETURN_ITEM) {
                    /* Keep a reference to this item and return it. */
                    ret_it->it = it;
                    ret_it->hv = hv;
                } else if ((search->it_flags & ITEM_ACTIVE) != 0
                        && settings.lru_segmented) {
                    itemstats[id].moves_to_warm++;
                    search->it_flags &= ~ITEM_ACTIVE;
                    move_to_lru = WARM_LRU;
                    do_item_unlink_q(search);
                    removed++;
                }
                break;
            case TEMP_LRU:
                it = search; /* Kill the loop. Parent only interested in reclaims */
                break;
        }
        if (it != NULL)
            break;
    }

    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[id]);

    if (it != NULL) {
        if (move_to_lru) {
            it->slabs_clsid = ITEM_clsid(it);
            it->slabs_clsid |= move_to_lru;
            item_link_q(it);
        }
        if ((flags & LRU_PULL_RETURN_ITEM) == 0) {
            do_item_remove(it);
            item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
        }
    }

    return removed;
}


void do_item_unlink_nolock(item *it, const uint32_t hv) {
    MEMCACHED_ITEM_UNLINK(ITEM_key(it), it->nkey, it->nbytes);
    if ((it->it_flags & ITEM_LINKED) != 0) {
        it->it_flags &= ~ITEM_LINKED;
        STATS_LOCK();
        stats_state.curr_bytes -= ITEM_ntotal(it);
        stats_state.curr_items -= 1;
        STATS_UNLOCK();
        item_stats_sizes_remove(it);
        assoc_delete(ITEM_key(it), it->nkey, hv);
        // 从LRU的链表中删除
        do_item_unlink_q(it);
        // 回收到可用的item列表当中
        do_item_remove(it);
    }
}


LRU爬虫线程定时清理

首先需要启动爬虫线程,这里通过pthread_create进行线程启动。

int start_item_crawler_thread(void) {
    int ret;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    do_run_lru_crawler_thread = 1;
    // 启动item_crawler_thread线程
    if ((ret = pthread_create(&item_crawler_tid, NULL,
        item_crawler_thread, NULL)) != 0) {

        pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
        return -1;
    }
   
    pthread_cond_wait(&lru_crawler_cond, &lru_crawler_lock);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);

    return 0;
}


  • item_crawler_thread线程是真正执行过期数据遍历的工作线程,遍历的逻辑其实很巧妙的,外层遍历所有的slab,内层遍历slab下对应的item,按照slab1->item1;slab2->item2的顺序循环遍历,结束的标记是所有的item都完成遍历。
  • lru_crawler_class_done用于标记遍历是否完成。
  • active_crawler_mod.mod->eval回调crawler_expired_eval释放过期item。
static void *item_crawler_thread(void *arg) {
    int i;
    int crawls_persleep = settings.crawls_persleep;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    pthread_cond_signal(&lru_crawler_cond);
    settings.lru_crawler = true;
   
    while (do_run_lru_crawler_thread) {
    pthread_cond_wait(&lru_crawler_cond, &lru_crawler_lock);

    while (crawler_count) {
        item *search = NULL;
        void *hold_lock = NULL;

        for (i = POWER_SMALLEST; i < LARGEST_ID; i++) {
            pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[i]);
            search = do_item_crawl_q((item *)&crawlers[i]);
           
            uint32_t hv = hash(ITEM_key(search), search->nkey);
 
            crawlers[i].checked++;

            if (!active_crawler_mod.mod->needs_lock) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);
            }
            
           if (search == NULL ||
                (crawlers[i].remaining && --crawlers[i].remaining < 1)) {
                if (settings.verbose > 2)
                    fprintf(stderr, "Nothing left to crawl for %d\n", i);
                lru_crawler_class_done(i);
                continue;
            }
            // 核心评估item是否过期
            active_crawler_mod.mod->eval(&active_crawler_mod, search, hv, i);

            if (hold_lock)
                item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
            if (active_crawler_mod.mod->needs_lock) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);
            }

            if (crawls_persleep-- <= 0 && settings.lru_crawler_sleep) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
                usleep(settings.lru_crawler_sleep);
                pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
                crawls_persleep = settings.crawls_persleep;
            } else if (!settings.lru_crawler_sleep) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
                pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
            }
        }
    }

    STATS_LOCK();
    stats_state.lru_crawler_running = false;
    STATS_UNLOCK();
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    
    return NULL;
}


static void lru_crawler_class_done(int i) {
    crawlers[i].it_flags = 0;
    crawler_count--;
    do_item_unlinktail_q((item *)&crawlers[i]);
    do_item_stats_add_crawl(i, crawlers[i].reclaimed,
            crawlers[i].unfetched, crawlers[i].checked);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);
    if (active_crawler_mod.mod->doneclass != NULL)
        active_crawler_mod.mod->doneclass(&active_crawler_mod, i);
}


static void crawler_expired_eval(crawler_module_t *cm, item *search, uint32_t hv, int i) {
    struct crawler_expired_data *d = (struct crawler_expired_data *) cm->data;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&d->lock);
    crawlerstats_t *s = &d->crawlerstats[i];
    int is_flushed = item_is_flushed(search);

    if ((search->exptime != 0 && search->exptime < current_time)
        || is_flushed
        ) {
        crawlers[i].reclaimed++;
        s->reclaimed++;

        if (settings.verbose > 1) {
            int ii;
            char *key = ITEM_key(search);
            // 释放相关item内存并回收item
            do_item_unlink_nolock(search, hv);
            do_item_remove(search);
    } else {
         // 省略相关代码
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&d->lock);
}



我们可以理解这部分功能是为了开始过期数据爬虫工作的前置工作。
这里的核心逻辑设置了那些需要遍历的sid的标记位设置,crawlers[sid].it_flags = 1。

int lru_crawler_start(uint8_t *ids, uint32_t remaining,
                             const enum crawler_run_type type, void *data,
                             void *c, const int sfd) {
    int starts = 0;
    bool is_running;
     //省略相关代码,这里只需要关注do_lru_crawler_start
    for (int sid = POWER_SMALLEST; sid < POWER_LARGEST; sid++) {
        if (ids[sid])
            starts += do_lru_crawler_start(sid, remaining);
    }
    if (starts) {
        pthread_cond_signal(&lru_crawler_cond);
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    return starts;
}



static int do_lru_crawler_start(uint32_t id, uint32_t remaining) {
    uint32_t sid = id;
    int starts = 0;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[sid]);
    if (crawlers[sid].it_flags == 0) {
        if (settings.verbose > 2)
            fprintf(stderr, "Kicking LRU crawler off for LRU %u\n", sid);
        crawlers[sid].nbytes = 0;
        crawlers[sid].nkey = 0;
        // 核心在于把爬虫需要处理的slab的flag设置为1
        crawlers[sid].it_flags = 1; /* For a crawler, this means enabled. */
        crawlers[sid].next = 0;
        crawlers[sid].prev = 0;
        crawlers[sid].time = 0;
        if (remaining == LRU_CRAWLER_CAP_REMAINING) {
            remaining = do_get_lru_size(sid);
        }

        if (remaining) remaining++;
        crawlers[sid].remaining = remaining;
        // 
        crawlers[sid].slabs_clsid = sid;
        crawlers[sid].reclaimed = 0;
        crawlers[sid].unfetched = 0;
        crawlers[sid].checked = 0;

        // 伪装item挂到LRU的链表尾部开始遍历
        do_item_linktail_q((item *)&crawlers[sid]);
        crawler_count++;
        starts++;
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[sid]);
    if (starts) {
        STATS_LOCK();
        stats_state.lru_crawler_running = true;
        stats.lru_crawler_starts++;
        STATS_UNLOCK();
    }
    return starts;
}


过期数据清理效果图

img_0f3f6e951ebded719617f5088c19fdb5.png
过期数据清理效果图


参考文章

memcached LRU队列状态转换
《Memcached源码分析 - Memcached源码分析之LRU算法(6)》
Memcache-LRU爬虫线程-源码分析

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