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RFC2616-HTTP1.1-Status Code(状态码规定部分—单词注释版)

简介: part of Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1RFC 2616 Fielding, et al. 10 Status Code Definitions Each Status-Code is described below, including a d...
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part of Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1
RFC 2616 Fielding, et al.

10 Status Code Definitions

Each Status-Code is described below, including a description of which method(s) it can follow and any metainformation(元信息) required in the response.

10.1 Informational 1xx

This class of status code indicates a provisional(暂定的;暂时的,临时的) response, consisting(包括;由…组成) only of the Status-Line and optional headers, and is terminated(结束) by an empty line. There are no required headers for this class of status code. Since HTTP/1.0 did not define any 1xx status codes, servers MUST NOT send a 1xx response to an HTTP/1.0 client except under experimental(实验的;根据实验的;试验性的) conditions(状况;环境;).

A client MUST be prepared(准备) to accept one or more 1xx status responses prior(优先的;占先的;在…之前) to a regular(有规律的;规则,整齐的;) response, even if the client does not expect a 100 (Continue) status message. Unexpected 1xx status responses MAY be ignored by a user agent.

Proxies MUST forward 1xx responses, unless the connection between the proxy and its client has been closed, or unless the proxy itself requested the generation of the 1xx response. (For example, if a proxy adds a "Expect: 100-continue" field when it forwards a request, then it need not forward the corresponding(相当的,对应的;通信的;符合的,符合) 100 (Continue) response(s).)

10.1.1 100 Continue

The client SHOULD continue with its request. This interim(暂时的,临时的;期中的) response is used to inform(通知;使活跃,使充满;预示) the client that the initial part of the request has been received and has not yet been rejected(排斥;拒收;拒绝) by the server. The client SHOULD continue by sending the remainder(剩余物;) of the request or, if the request has already been completed, ignore this response. The server MUST send a final response after the request has been completed. See section 8.2.3 for detailed discussion of the use and handling of this status code.

10.1.2 101 Switching Protocols

The server understands and is willing to comply(遵从;依从,顺从;应允,同意) with the client's request, via(经过;通过,凭借;取道) the Upgrade message header field (section 14.42), for a change in the application protocol being used on this connection. The server will switch protocols to those defined by the response's Upgrade header field immediately after the empty line which terminates(结束) the 101 response.

The protocol SHOULD be switched only when it is advantageous(有利的;优越) to do so. For example, switching to a newer version of HTTP is advantageous over older versions, and switching to a real-time, synchronous(同时存在[发生]的,同步的) protocol might be advantageous when delivering(发表;递送,交付) resources that use such features(特征).

10.2 Successful 2xx

This class of status code indicates that the client's request was successfully received, understood, and accepted.

10.2.1 200 OK

The request has succeeded. The information returned with the response is dependent(依赖的;依靠的;取决于…的;) on the method used in the request, for example:

GET an entity corresponding(相当的,对应的;通信的;) to the requested resource is sent in the response;

HEAD the entity-header fields corresponding to the requested resource are sent in the response without any message-body;

POST an entity describing or containing the result of the action;

TRACE an entity containing the request message as received by the end server.

10.2.2 201 Created

The request has been fulfilled(应验;满足) and resulted in a new resource being created. The newly created resource can be referenced(参考的,引用的) by the URI(s) returned in the entity of the response, with the most specific(具体的;明确的;) URI for the resource given by a Location header field. The response SHOULD include an entity containing a list of resource characteristics and location(s) from which the user or user agent can choose the one most appropriate. The entity format is specified by the media type given in the Content-Type header field. The origin server MUST create the resource before returning the 201 status code. If the action cannot be carried out immediately, the server SHOULD respond with 202 (Accepted) response instead.

A 201 response MAY contain an ETag response header field indicating the current value of the entity tag for the requested variant(变形,变量,转化;) just created, see section 14.19.

10.2.3 202 Accepted

The request has been accepted for processing, but the processing has not been completed. The request might or might not eventually(终究;终于) be acted upon(采取行动), as it might be disallowed when processing actually takes place. There is no facility(设备;容易;能力;灵巧) for re-sending a status code from an asynchronous(异步的) operation such as this.

The 202 response is intentionally(有意地,故意地) non-committal(拘押;收监;送入医院). Its purpose is to allow a server to accept a request for some other process (perhaps a batch-oriented(导向的;定向的;) process that is only run once per day) without requiring that the user agent's connection to the server persist(坚持;存留;固执;) until the process is completed. The entity returned with this response SHOULD include an indication of the request's current status and either a pointer to a status monitor(监督;监控,监听;) or some estimate(估计,预测;) of when the user can expect the request to be fulfilled(应验;满足).

10.2.4 203 Non-Authoritative Information(非授权信息)

The returned metainformation in the entity-header is not the definitive(最后的;确定的,决定性的;) set as available(可获得的;有空的;可购得的;能找到的) from the origin server, but is gathered(集合;(使)聚集;推断;了解) from a local or a third-party copy. The set presented MAY be a subset(子集) or superset(超集,扩展集,父集) of the original version. For example, including local annotation(注释) information about the resource might result in a superset of the metainformation known by the origin server. Use of this response code is not required and is only appropriate(适当的;合适的;恰当的) when the response would otherwise(否则;另外;别的方式) be 200 (OK).

10.2.5 204 No Content

The server has fulfilled(应验;满足) the request but does not need to return an entity-body, and might want to return updated metainformation. The response MAY include new or updated metainformation in the form of entity-headers, which if present SHOULD be associated(合伙,合营;联合,结合;联想) with the requested variant.

If the client is a user agent, it SHOULD NOT change its document view from that which caused the request to be sent. This response is primarily(首先;首要地,主要地;) intended(预期的;有意的) to allow input for actions to take place without causing a change to the user agent's active document view, although any new or updated metainformation SHOULD be applied to the document currently in the user agent's active view.

The 204 response MUST NOT include a message-body, and thus is always terminated(结束) by the first empty line after the header fields.

10.2.6 205 Reset Content

The server has fulfilled the request and the user agent SHOULD reset the document view which caused the request to be sent. This response is primarily intended to allow input for actions to take place via(经过;通过,凭借;取道) user input, followed by a clearing of the form in which the input is given so that the user can easily initiate(开始,发起;) another input action. The response MUST NOT include an entity.

10.2.7 206 Partial(部分的) Content

The server has fulfilled the partial GET request for the resource. The request MUST have included a Range header field (section 14.35) indicating the desired range, and MAY have included an If-Range header field (section 14.27) to make the request conditional(有条件的,由一定条件诱发的).

The response MUST include the following header fields:

      - Either a Content-Range header field (section 14.16) indicating the range included with this response, or a multipart/byteranges Content-Type including Content-Range fields for each part. If a Content-Length header field is present in the response, its value MUST match the actual number of OCTETs(八位位组,八位字节) transmitted(传播;发射,播送,广播) in the message-body.

      - Date

      - ETag and/or Content-Location, if the header would have been sent in a 200 response to the same request

      - Expires, Cache-Control, and/or Vary, if the field-value might differ from that sent in any previous response for the same variant.

If the 206 response is the result of an If-Range request that used a strong cache validator (see section 13.3.3), the response SHOULD NOT include other entity-headers. If the response is the result of an If-Range request that used a weak validator, the response MUST NOT include other entity-headers; this prevents(阻止;阻碍;) inconsistencies(矛盾) between cached entity-bodies and updated headers. Otherwise(否则;另外;), the response MUST include all of the entity-headers that would have been returned with a 200 (OK) response to the same request.

A cache MUST NOT combine(使结合;使化合;兼有;) a 206 response with other previously cached content if the ETag or Last-Modified headers do not match exactly, see 13.5.4.

A cache that does not support the Range and Content-Range headers MUST NOT cache 206 (Partial) responses.

10.3 Redirection(重定向) 3xx

This class of status code indicates that further action needs to be taken by the user agent in order to fulfill the request. The action required MAY be carried out by the user agent without interaction(互动;一起活动;合作;互相影响) with the user if and only if the method used in the second request is GET or HEAD. A client SHOULD detect(查明,发现;洞察;侦察,侦查;) infinite(无限的,无穷的;) redirection(改方向,改寄) loops(环;回路;循环;圈), since such loops generate(形成,造成;) network traffic for each redirection.

      Note: previous versions of this specification recommended a maximum of five redirections. Content developers should be aware(意识到的;知道的;觉察到的) that there might be clients that implement(实施,执行;) such a fixed  limitation(限制;局限;极限;).

10.3.1 300 Multiple Choices(多重选择)

The requested resource corresponds(相当;相符合) to any one of a set of representations(陈述;陈述,投诉,抗议;), each with its own specific location, and agent-driven negotiation(协商,谈判;转让;通过) information (section 12) is being provided so that the user (or user agent) can select a preferred representation and redirect its request to that location.

Unless it was a HEAD request, the response SHOULD include an entity containing a list of resource characteristics and location(s) from which the user or user agent can choose the one most appropriate. The entity format is specified by the media type given in the Content-Type header field. Depending upon the format and the capabilities of the user agent, selection of the most appropriate choice MAY be performed(表演;履行;执行) automatically(自动地;无意识地;不自觉地;机械地). However, this specification does not define any standard for such automatic selection.

If the server has a preferred choice of representation, it SHOULD include the specific URI for that representation in the Location field; user agents MAY use the Location field value for automatic redirection. This response is cacheable unless indicated otherwise.

10.3.2 301 Moved Permanently(永久地,长期不变地)

The requested resource has been assigned(指定;指派;分配) a new permanent(永久(性)的,永恒的,不变的,耐久的,持久的,经久的;稳定的;常务的,常设的) URI and any future references(参考) to this resource SHOULD use one of the returned URIs. Clients with link editing capabilities(容量;能力) ought to automatically re-link references to the Request-URI to one or more of the new references returned by the server, where possible. This response is cacheable unless indicated otherwise.

The new permanent URI SHOULD be given by the Location field in the response. Unless the request method was HEAD, the entity of the response SHOULD contain a short hypertext note with a hyperlink to the new URI(s).

If the 301 status code is received in response to a request other than GET or HEAD, the user agent MUST NOT automatically redirect the request unless it can be confirmed by the user, since this might change the conditions(状况;环境;) under which the request was issued(发行者).

      Note: When automatically redirecting a POST request after receiving a 301 status code, some existing HTTP/1.0 user agents will erroneously(错误,不正确) change it into a GET request.

10.3.3 302 Found

The requested resource resides(属于) temporarily(暂时地;临时地) under a different URI. Since the redirection might be altered(改变,更改) on occasion(场合;机会,时机;理由;需要), the client SHOULD continue to use the Request-URI for future requests. This response is only cacheable if indicated by a Cache-Control or Expires header field.

The temporary URI SHOULD be given by the Location field in the response. Unless the request method was HEAD, the entity of the response SHOULD contain a short hypertext note with a hyperlink to the new URI(s).

If the 302 status code is received in response to a request other than GET or HEAD, the user agent MUST NOT automatically redirect the request unless it can be confirmed by the user, since this might change the conditions under which the request was issued.

      Note: RFC 1945 and RFC 2068 specify that the client is not allowed to change the method on the redirected request.  However, most existing user agent implementations treat 302 as if it were a 303 response, performing a GET on the Location field-value regardless(不顾后果地;) of the original request method. The status codes 303 and 307 have been added for servers that wish to make unambiguously(明白地,不含糊地) clear which kind of reaction(反应;反作用力;反动;保守) is expected of the client.

10.3.4 303 See Other

The response to the request can be found under a different URI and SHOULD be retrieved(恢复;取回) using a GET method on that resource. This method exists primarily(首先;首要地,主要地;根本上;本来) to allow the output of a POST-activated(有活性的) script to redirect the user agent to a selected resource. The new URI is not a substitute(代替,替换,代用) reference(参考;参考书;提及,涉及;) for the originally(本;起初,原来;独创地,独出心裁地;自来) requested resource. The 303 response MUST NOT be cached, but the response to the second (redirected) request might be cacheable.

The different URI SHOULD be given by the Location field in the response. Unless the request method was HEAD, the entity of the response SHOULD contain a short hypertext note with a hyperlink to the new URI(s).

      Note: Many pre-HTTP/1.1 user agents do not understand the 303 status. When interoperability(互用性,协同工作的能力) with such clients is a concern, the 302 status code may be used instead, since most user agents react  to a 302 response as described here for 303.

10.3.5 304 Not Modified(修改)

If the client has performed(表演;履行;执行) a conditional(视…而定的;) GET request and access is allowed, but the document has not been modified, the server SHOULD respond with this status code. The 304 response MUST NOT contain a message-body, and thus is always terminated(结束) by the first empty line after the header fields.

The response MUST include the following header fields:

      - Date, unless its omission(遗漏;疏忽;省略,删节;) is required by section 14.18.1

If a clockless origin server obeys(服从,听从) these rules, and proxies and clients add their own Date to any response received without one (as already specified by [RFC 2068], section 14.19), caches will operate(操作;经营;运转;管理) correctly.

      - ETag and/or Content-Location, if the header would have been sent in a 200 response to the same request

      - Expires, Cache-Control, and/or Vary, if the field-value might differ from that sent in any previous response for the same variant

If the conditional(视…而定的;) GET used a strong cache validator (see section 13.3.3), the response SHOULD NOT include other entity-headers. Otherwise (i.e., the conditional GET used a weak validator), the response MUST NOT include other entity-headers; this prevents inconsistencies(矛盾) between cached entity-bodies and updated headers.

If a 304 response indicates an entity not currently cached, then the cache MUST disregard(不顾;不理会;漠视,忽视;蔑视,轻视) the response and repeat the request without the conditional.

If a cache uses a received 304 response to update a cache entry, the cache MUST update the entry to reflect(反射;映出;) any new field values given in the response.

10.3.6 305 Use Proxy

The requested resource MUST be accessed(接近,进入) through the proxy given by the Location field. The Location field gives the URI of the proxy. The recipient(接受者;容器;容纳者) is expected to repeat this single request via the proxy. 305 responses MUST only be generated(生成;引起;) by origin servers.

      Note: RFC 2068 was not clear that 305 was intended to redirect a single request, and to be generated by origin servers only.  Not observing(注意的,留心的) these limitations(局限;限制,边界;) has significant(重要的;有意义的;) security consequences(结果;重要).

10.3.7 306 (Unused)

The 306 status code was used in a previous version of the specification, is no longer used, and the code is reserved(预订的;矜持的;储藏着的).

10.3.8 307 Temporary Redirect(临时重定向)

The requested resource resides(属于) temporarily under a different URI. Since the redirection MAY be altered(改变) on occasion(场合;机会,时机;理由;需要), the client SHOULD continue to use the Request-URI for future requests. This response is only cacheable if indicated by a Cache-Control or Expires header field.

The temporary URI SHOULD be given by the Location field in the response. Unless the request method was HEAD, the entity of the response SHOULD contain a short hypertext note with a hyperlink to the new URI(s) , since many pre-HTTP/1.1 user agents do not understand the 307 status. Therefore(因此;所以), the note SHOULD contain the information necessary for a user to repeat the original request on the new URI.

If the 307 status code is received in response to a request other than GET or HEAD, the user agent MUST NOT automatically redirect the request unless it can be confirmed by the user, since this might change the conditions under which the request was issued.

10.4 Client Error 4xx

The 4xx class of status code is intended(意指) for cases(案例) in which the client seems to have erred(犯错误,做错事). Except when responding(回答,回报,响应) to a HEAD request, the server SHOULD include an entity containing an explanation(解释;说明;辩解;) of the error situation(情况;局面,形势,处境;), and whether it is a temporary or permanent(永久) condition. These status codes are applicable to any request method. User agents SHOULD display any included entity to the user.

If the client is sending data, a server implementation(贯彻;成就;) using TCP SHOULD be careful to ensure that the client acknowledges receipt of the packet(s) containing the response, before the server closes the input connection. If the client continues sending data to the server after the close, the server's TCP stack will send a reset packet to the client, which may erase(抹去;清除;擦掉) the client's unacknowledged(不被承认的,未答复的) input buffers(缓冲) before they can be read and interpreted(理解;解释) by the HTTP application.

10.4.1 400 Bad Request

The request could not be understood by the server due to malformed(难看的,畸形的) syntax(语法;句法;). The client SHOULD NOT repeat the request without modifications(改变;更改;缓和).

10.4.2 401 Unauthorized(未经授权的)

The request requires user authentication. The response MUST include a WWW-Authenticate header field (section 14.47) containing a challenge applicable to the requested resource. The client MAY repeat the request with a suitable Authorization header field (section 14.8). If the request already included Authorization credentials(证书;凭证,证件), then the 401 response indicates that authorization has been refused for those credentials. If the 401 response contains the same challenge as the prior response, and the user agent has already attempted authentication at least once, then the user SHOULD be presented the entity that was given in the response, since that entity might include relevant(有关的,中肯的;) diagnostic(诊断的,判断的;) information. HTTP access authentication is explained in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest(吸收;领悟;玩味) Access Authentication" [43].

10.4.3 402 Payment Required

This code is reserved for future use.

10.4.4 403 Forbidden

The server understood the request, but is refusing to fulfill(履行) it. Authorization will not help and the request SHOULD NOT be repeated. If the request method was not HEAD and the server wishes to make public why the request has not been fulfilled, it SHOULD describe the reason for the refusal(拒绝;优先取舍权) in the entity. If the server does not wish to make this information available to the client, the status code 404 (Not Found) can be used instead.

10.4.5 404 Not Found

The server has not found anything matching the Request-URI. No indication is given of whether the condition(状态;环境;健康状况;条款) is temporary or permanent. The 410 (Gone) status code SHOULD be used if the server knows, through some internally(内地;内心地;国内地;本质地) configurable(结构的,可配置的) mechanism, that an old resource is permanently unavailable and has no forwarding address. This status code is commonly used when the server does not wish to reveal(揭露;泄露;显露;[神]启示) exactly why the request has been refused, or when no other response is applicable.

10.4.6 405 Method Not Allowed

The method specified in the Request-Line is not allowed for the resource identified(确认;辨认;认出) by the Request-URI. The response MUST include an Allow header containing a list of valid methods for the requested resource.

10.4.7 406 Not Acceptable

The resource identified by the request is only capable of generating response entities which have content characteristics(性质;特性,特征) not acceptable according to the accept headers sent in the request.

Unless it was a HEAD request, the response SHOULD include an entity containing a list of available entity characteristics and location(s) from which the user or user agent can choose the one most appropriate. The entity format is specified by the media type given in the Content-Type header field. Depending(依赖;依靠) upon the format and the capabilities of the user agent, selection of the most appropriate choice MAY be performed automatically. However, this specification does not define any standard for such automatic selection.

      Note: HTTP/1.1 servers are allowed to return responses which are not acceptable according to the accept headers sent in the request. In some cases, this may even be preferable(更好的,更可取的;略胜一筹的) to sending a 406 response. User agents are encouraged to inspect the headers of an incoming response to determine if it is acceptable.

If the response could be unacceptable, a user agent SHOULD temporarily stop receipt of more data and query the user for a decision on further actions.

10.4.8 407 Proxy Authentication Required

This code is similar to 401 (Unauthorized), but indicates that the client must first authenticate itself with the proxy. The proxy MUST return a Proxy-Authenticate header field (section 14.33) containing a challenge applicable to the proxy for the requested resource. The client MAY repeat the request with a suitable Proxy-Authorization header field (section 14.34). HTTP access authentication is explained in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" [43].

10.4.9 408 Request Timeout

The client did not produce a request within(不超过,在…的范围内;在…能达到的地方;在…内,在…里面) the time that the server was prepared(准备) to wait. The client MAY repeat the request without modifications at any later time.

10.4.10 409 Conflict(冲突;矛盾;)

The request could not be completed due to a conflict with the current state of the resource. This code is only allowed in situations where it is expected that the user might be able to resolve the conflict and resubmit the request. The response body SHOULD include enough information for the user to recognize the source of the conflict. Ideally, the response entity would include enough information for the user or user agent to fix the problem; however, that might not be possible and is not required.

Conflicts are most likely to occur in response to a PUT request. For example, if versioning were being used and the entity being PUT included changes to a resource which conflict with those made by an earlier (third-party) request, the server might use the 409 response to indicate that it can't complete the request. In this case, the response entity would likely contain a list of the differences between the two versions in a format defined by the response Content-Type.

10.4.11 410 Gone

The requested resource is no longer available at the server and no forwarding address is known. This condition is expected to be considered permanent. Clients with link editing capabilities SHOULD delete references to the Request-URI after user approval. If the server does not know, or has no facility to determine, whether or not the condition is permanent, the status code 404 (Not Found) SHOULD be used instead. This response is cacheable unless indicated otherwise.

The 410 response is primarily intended to assist the task of web maintenance by notifying the recipient that the resource is intentionally unavailable and that the server owners desire that remote links to that resource be removed. Such an event is common for limited-time, promotional(促销的;增进的) services and for resources belonging to individuals(与众不同的人;某种类型的人) no longer working at the server's site(遗址;地点,位置,场所;). It is not necessary to mark all permanently unavailable resources as "gone" or to keep the mark for any length of time -- that is left to the discretion of the server owner.

10.4.12 411 Length Required

The server refuses to accept the request without a defined Content- Length. The client MAY repeat the request if it adds a valid Content-Length header field containing the length of the message-body in the request message.

10.4.13 412 Precondition(前提;先决条件) Failed

The precondition given in one or more of the request-header fields evaluated(估价的,已评估的) to false when it was tested on the server. This response code allows the client to place preconditions on the current resource metainformation (header field data) and thus prevent the requested method from being applied to a resource other than the one intended.

10.4.14 413 Request Entity Too Large

The server is refusing to process a request because the request entity is larger than the server is willing or able to process. The server MAY close the connection to prevent the client from continuing the request.

If the condition is temporary, the server SHOULD include a Retry-After header field to indicate that it is temporary and after what time the client MAY try again.

10.4.15 414 Request-URI Too Long

The server is refusing to service the request because the Request-URI is longer than the server is willing to interpret(解释;理解;). This rare(罕见的,特殊的;) condition(状态;环境;) is only likely to occur(发生;出现;闪现) when a client has improperly(不正确地,不适当地) converted(更换信仰的,修改的) a POST request to a GET request with long query information, when the client has descended(继承,遗传下来;) into a URI "black hole" of redirection (e.g., a redirected URI prefix(前缀) that points to a suffix(后缀,词尾) of itself), or when the server is under attack by a client attempting to exploit(开拓;剥削;开采;) security holes present in some servers using fixed-length buffers for reading or manipulating((暗中)控制,操纵,影响;) the Request-URI.

10.4.16 415 Unsupported Media Type

The server is refusing to service the request because the entity of the request is in a format not supported by the requested resource for the requested method.

10.4.17 416 Requested Range Not Satisfiable

A server SHOULD return a response with this status code if a request included a Range request-header field (section 14.35), and none of the range-specifier values in this field overlap(互搭,重叠;) the current extent of the selected resource, and the request did not include an If-Range request-header field. (For byte-ranges, this means that the first-byte-pos of all of the byte-range-spec values were greater than the current length of the selected resource.)

When this status code is returned for a byte-range request, the response SHOULD include a Content-Range entity-header field specifying the current length of the selected resource (see section 14.16). This response MUST NOT use the multipart/byteranges content-type.

10.4.18 417 Expectation Failed

The expectation given in an Expect request-header field (see section 14.20) could not be met by this server, or, if the server is a proxy, the server has unambiguous(清楚的;不含糊的;明白的) evidence(证据;迹象;证词;明显) that the request could not be met by the next-hop(下一个节点;下一跳节点) server.

10.5 Server Error 5xx

Response status codes beginning with the digit "5" indicate cases in which the server is aware(意识到的;) that it has erred or is incapable(无能力的,不会的;) of performing(表演的,履行的) the request. Except when responding to a HEAD request, the server SHOULD include an entity containing an explanation of the error situation, and whether it is a temporary or permanent condition. User agents SHOULD display any included entity to the user. These response codes are applicable to any request method.

10.5.1 500 Internal Server Error

The server encountered(遭遇;) an unexpected(意外的;) condition(状态;环境;) which prevented it from fulfilling(使人满足的) the request.

10.5.2 501 Not Implemented(执行)

The server does not support the functionality required to fulfill the request. This is the appropriate response when the server does not recognize the request method and is not capable of supporting it for any resource.

10.5.3 502 Bad Gateway

The server, while acting as a gateway or proxy, received an invalid response from the upstream server it accessed in attempting to fulfill the request.

10.5.4 503 Service Unavailable

The server is currently unable to handle the request due to a temporary overloading or maintenance(维护;维修;) of the server. The implication(含义;) is that this is a temporary condition which will be alleviated(减轻,缓解,缓和) after some delay. If known, the length of the delay MAY be indicated(指示的;表明的) in a Retry-After header. If no Retry-After is given, the client SHOULD handle the response as it would for a 500 response.

      Note: The existence(存在,实在;) of the 503 status code does not imply that a server must use it when becoming overloaded. Some servers may wish to simply refuse the connection.

10.5.5 504 Gateway Timeout

The server, while acting as a gateway or proxy, did not receive a timely response from the upstream server specified by the URI (e.g. HTTP, FTP, LDAP) or some other auxiliary(辅助的;备用的,补充的;附加的;副的) server (e.g. DNS) it needed to access in attempting(尝试;试图) to complete the request.

      Note: Note to implementors(实现): some deployed proxies are known to return 400 or 500 when DNS lookups time out.

10.5.6 505 HTTP Version Not Supported

The server does not support, or refuses to support, the HTTP protocol version that was used in the request message. The server is indicating that it is unable or unwilling to complete the request using the same major(主要的;重要的;) version as the client, as described in section 3.1, other than with this error message. The response SHOULD contain an entity describing why that version is not supported and what other protocols are supported by that server.

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