C# 对Word文档进行处理-阿里云开发者社区

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C# 对Word文档进行处理

简介: public partial class Form1 : Form { public Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Document document; public Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.ApplicationClass wd = null; public stri
public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Document document;
        public Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.ApplicationClass wd = null;
        public string filename = null;
        private bool deactivateevents = false;
        public int iWordID = 0;
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }
        #region 加载文档
        /// <summary>
        ///加载需要处理的文档,备份,处理新生成的文档
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="t_filename">需要处理的文件路径及名称,比如:C:\Users\jiankunking\Desktop\11.doc</param>
        /// <param name="NewFileName">新文件名(包含路径),比如:C:\Users\jiankunking\Desktop\22.doc</param>
        public void WordHandle(string t_filename, string NewFileName)
        {
            deactivateevents = true;
            filename = t_filename;
            if (wd == null) wd = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.ApplicationClass();
            try
            {
                if (wd == null)
                {
                    //自定义处理
                }
                if (wd.Documents == null)
                {
                    //自定义处理
                }
                wd.CommandBars.AdaptiveMenus = false;
                wd.DocumentBeforeClose += new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.ApplicationEvents4_DocumentBeforeCloseEventHandler(OnClose);
                wd.DocumentOpen += new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.ApplicationEvents4_DocumentOpenEventHandler(OnOpenDoc);
                wd.ApplicationEvents4_Event_Quit += new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.ApplicationEvents4_QuitEventHandler(OnQuit);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
            }
            if (document != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    object dummy = null;
                    wd.Documents.Close(ref dummy, ref dummy, ref dummy);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
                }
            }
            object fileName = filename;
            object newTemplate = false;
            object docType = 0;
            object isVisible = true;
            object missing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            try
            {
                document = wd.Documents.Add(ref fileName, ref newTemplate, ref docType, ref isVisible);
                if (document == null)
                {
                    //自定义处理
                }
                //这里获取进程信息,是为了关闭进程用的
                //Process[] processes = Process.GetProcessesByName("WINWORD");
                //iWordID = processes[processes.Length - 1].Id;
                object newfileName = NewFileName;
                document.SaveAs(ref newfileName, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing);
                string sBKName = string.Empty;         
                foreach (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Bookmark bk in document.Bookmarks)
                {
                    sBKName = bk.Name;
                    //word中的书签操作
                }
                document.Save();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
            }
            deactivateevents = false;
        }
        #endregion

        /// <summary>
        /// catches Word's close event 
        /// starts a Thread that send a ESC to the word window ;)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="doc"></param>
        /// <param name="test"></param>
        private void OnClose(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Document doc, ref bool cancel)
        {
            if (!deactivateevents)
            {
                cancel = true;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// catches Word's open event
        /// just close
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="doc"></param>
        private void OnOpenDoc(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Document doc)
        {
            OnNewDoc(doc);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// catches Word's newdocument event
        /// just close
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="doc"></param>
        private void OnNewDoc(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word._Document doc)
        {
            if (!deactivateevents)
            {
                deactivateevents = true;
                object dummy = null;
                doc.Close(ref dummy, ref dummy, ref dummy);
                deactivateevents = false;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// catches Word's quit event
        /// normally it should not fire, but just to be shure
        /// safely release the internal Word Instance 
        /// </summary>
        private void OnQuit()
        {
            //wd=null;
        }
    }

该代码段可以用来实现,打开某个Word文档,对其中的内容进行修改替换,比如:修改书签或者替换书签之类的。
该代码段部分来自于: http://www.codeproject.com/cs/miscctrl/winwordcontrol.asp

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