1-9. openssh-server-阿里云开发者社区

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1-9. openssh-server

简介:

openssh-server

  1. openssh-server

功能:让远程主机可以通过网络访问sshd服务,开始一个安全shell

2.客户端连接方式

ssh远程主机用户@远程主机ip

[root@desktop0 ~]# ssh root@172.25.0.11

The authenticity of host '172.25.0.11 (172.25.0.11)' can't be established.

ECDSA key fingerprint is eb:24:0e:07:96:26:b1:04:c2:37:0c:78:2d:bc:b0:08.

Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes

            ##连接陌生主机时需要建立认证关系

Warning: Permanently added '172.25.0.11' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.

root@172.25.0.11's password:     ##远程用户密码

Last login: Mon Oct  3 03:13:47 2016

[root@server0 ~]    ###登陆成功

wKioL1jt3RyDlW1GAADVeIM9NY8460.png 

ssh 远程主机用户@远程主机ip -X    ##调用远程主机图形工具wKioL1jt3RzAsYjoAABJjYcXOq8206.png

ssh   远程主机用户@远程主机ipcommand    ##直接在远程主机运行某条命令

wKiom1jt3R3BXQHWAAE1eObLuKE538.png

 

3.sshkey加密

1.生成公钥私钥

[root@server0 ~]# ssh-keygen ##生成公钥私钥工具

Generating public/private rsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa):[enter] ##加密字符保存文件(建议用默认)

Created directory '/root/.ssh'.

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): [enter]##密钥密码,必须>4个字符

Enter same passphrase again: [enter]##确认密码

Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

ab:3c:73:2e:c8:0b:75:c8:39:3a:46:a2:22:34:84:81 root@server0.example.com

The key's randomart image is:

+--[ RSA 2048]----+

|o                |

|E.               |

|..               |

|.  . o           |

|.o. * . S        |

|oo.o o   .       |

|+ =. .  .        |

|o. oo.+..        |

|    ..o*.        |

+-----------------+wKiom1jt3R6gA8dOAAD1QcPS0Mo206.png

[root@server0 ~]# ls /root/.ssh/

id_rsa  id_rsa.pub

id_rsa##私钥,就是钥匙

id_rsa.pub##公钥,就是锁

wKioL1jt3R7SxWMpAAA9L1FFnRY344.png 

2.添加key认证方式

[root@server0 ~]# ssh-copy-id -i /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub  root@172.25.0.11

ssh-copy-id##添加key认证方式的工具

-i##指定加密key文件

/root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub    ##加密key

root    ##加密用户为root

172.25.0.11    ##被加密主机ip

wKiom1jt3R-TISk6AAFptXRbD5w241.png 

3.分发钥匙给client主机

[root@server0 ~]# scp /root/.ssh/id_rsa root@172.25.0.10:/root/.ssh/

wKioL1jt3R-hAfv3AABeNv3M5Bc579.png 

4.测试

[root@desktop0 ~]# ssh root@172.25.0.11

        ##通过id_rsa直接连接不需要输入用户密码

Last login: Mon Oct  3 03:58:10 2016 from 172.25.0.250

[root@server0 ~]#

wKioL1jt3R_RV5VcAABIJ7wyG5w409.png 

4.提升openssh的安全级别

1.openssh-server配置文件

/etc/ssh/sshd_config

78 PasswordAuthentication yes|no##是否开启用户密码认证,yes为支持no为关闭

wKiom1jt3SDwiPTpAABH6CjHsyI257.png

48 PermitRootLogin yes|no   ##是否允许超级用户登陆

49 AllowUsers student westos  ##用户白名单,只有在名单中出现的用户可以使用sshd建立shell

50 DenyUsers westos    ##用户黑名单wKiom1jt3SDTa5M6AABMerJoqC8453.png



本文转自cuijb0221 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/cuijb/1915253


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