Lesson 4-vSphere 5.0 网络管理

简介:

Lesson 4 –vSphere 5.0 网络管理

1-概念

虚拟交换机的概念 VSS & VDS

vNetwork Standard Switch (vSwitch): A software-based

switch that resides in the VMkernel and provides traffic

management for virtual machines. Users must manage

vSwitches independently on each ESXi host.

vNetwork Distributed Switch: A software-based switch

that resides in the VMkernel and provides traffic

management for virtual machines the VMkernel. Distributed

vSwitches are shared by and managed across entire clusters

of ESXi hosts.

组接口概念 Port/port group: A logical object on a vSwitch that

provides specialized services for the VMkernel or VMs. A

virtual switch can contain a VMkernel port or a VM port group.

On a vSphere Distributed Switch, these are called dvPort

groups.

VMkernel port :A specialized virtual switch port type that is

configured with an IP address to allow vMotion, iSCSI

storage access, network attached storage (NAS) or Network

File System (NFS) access, or vSphere Fault Tolerance (FT)

logging. Now that vSphere 5 includes only VMware ESXi

hosts, a VMkernel port also provides management

connectivity for managing the host. A VMkernel port is also

referred to as a vmknic.

Virtual machine port group :A group of virtual switch ports

that share a common configuration and allow virtual

machines to access other virtual machines or the physical

network.

2-创建vswitch

默认情况下 exsi host 会自动创建一个标准交换机 和一个虚拟机端口 (max number : 120 )组合一个vmkernel端口

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创建新的VS switch

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可以配置vlan

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3-Vswitch NIC Teaming

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Port和Source Mac负载均衡能够连接多个物理交换

机,802.3ad的link aggregation却不行。

网络故障切换检测的两种方法: 一个是检查链路,一个是发ping包,一般我们选择默认的

通知交换机:通知物理交换机构建新的cam表 (作vmotion一定要有这个功能)

故障恢复:IP存储的接口最好设置故障恢复选项为“no”

一个是 standby 一个是active

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流量控制(Traffic Shaping) :不解释

安全:(1)开启杂合模式相当于把vswitch当作hub使用.

(2)MAC地址更改/伪信号

4-创建VDswitch

分布式交换机与普通交换机相同之处

1. Like a vSwitch, a vNetwork Distributed Switch

provides connectivity for virtual machines, Service

Console or Management traffic, and VMkernel

interfaces.

2. Like a vSwitch, a vNetwork Distributed Switch

leverages physical network adapters as uplinks to

provide connectivity to the external physical network.

3. Like a vSwitch, a vNetwork Distributed Switch can

leverage VLANs for logical network segmentation.

VDS优点:

vNetwork Distributed Switch spans multiple

servers in a cluster instead of each server having its

own set of vSwitches. This greatly reduces complexity

in clustered ESX/ESXi environments and simplifies

the addition of new servers to an ESX/ESXi cluster.

创建VDS

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在VDS下可以创建port group也可以创建 vmkenral port



本文转自 bilinyee博客,原文链接:       http://blog.51cto.com/ericfu/1662104 如需转载请自行联系原作者

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