SMON后台进程的作用还包括维护SMON_SCN_TIME基表。 SMON_SCN_TIME基表用于记录过去时间段中SCN(system change number)与具体的时间戳(timestamp)之间的映射关系,因为是采样记录这种映射关系,所以SMON_SCN_TIME可以较为较为粗糙地(不精确地)定位某个SCN的时间信息。实际的SMON_SCN_TIME是一张cluster table簇表。       SMON_SCN_TIME时间映射表最大的用途是为闪回类型的查询(flashback type queries)提供一种将时间映射为SCN的途径(The SMON time mapping is mainly for flashback type queries to map a time to an SCN)。   Metalink文档<Error ORA-01466 while executing a flashback query. [ID 281510.1]>介绍了SMON更新SMON_SCN_TIME的规律:
  • 在版本10g中SMON_SCN_TIME每6秒钟被更新一次(In Oracle Database 10g, smon_scn_time is updated every 6 seconds hence that is the minimum time that the flashback query time needs to be behind the timestamp of the first change to the table.)
  • 在版本9.2中SMON_SCN_TIME每5分钟被更新一次(In Oracle Database 9.2, smon_scn_time is updated every 5 minutes hence the required delay between the flashback time and table properties change is at least 5 minutes.)
  另外从10g开始SMON也会清理SMON_SCN_TIME中的记录了,SMON后台进程会每5分钟被唤醒一次,检查SMON_SCN_TIME在磁盘上的映射记录总数,若总数超过144000条,则会使用以下语句删除最老的一条记录(time_mp最小):  
delete from smon_scn_time
 where thread = 0
   and time_mp = (select min(time_mp) from smon_scn_time where thread = 0)
  若仅仅删除一条记录不足以获得足够的空间,那么SMON会反复多次执行以上DELETE语句。   触发场景   虽然Metalink文档<Error ORA-01466 while executing a flashback query. [ID 281510.1]>指出了在10g中SMON会以每6秒一次的频率更新SMON_SCN_TIME基表,但是实际观测可以发现更新频率与SCN的增长速率相关,在较为繁忙的实例中SCN的上升极快时SMON可能会以6秒一次的最短间隔频率更新 , 但是在空闲的实例中SCN增长较慢,则仍会以每5或10分钟一次频率更新,例如:  
[oracle@vrh8 ~]$ ps -ef|grep smon|grep -v grep
oracle    3484     1  0 Nov12 ?        00:00:02 ora_smon_G10R21

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bi
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
CORE    10.2.0.1.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production

SQL> select * from global_name;

GLOBAL_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
www.oracledatabase12g.com & www.askmaclean.com

SQL> oradebug setospid 3484;
Oracle pid: 8, Unix process pid: 3484, image: oracle@vrh8.oracle.com (SMON)

SQL> oradebug event 10500 trace name context forever,level 10 : 10046 trace name context forever,level 12;
Statement processed.
SQL>
SQL> oradebug tracefile_name;
/s01/admin/G10R21/bdump/g10r21_smon_3484.trc

/* 等待一定时间 */
  找出SMON trace文件中insert数据到SMON_SCN_TIME的记录:  
 grep -A20 "insert into smon_scn_time" /s01/admin/G10R21/bdump/g10r21_smon_3484.trc

insert into smon_scn_time (thread, time_mp, time_dp, scn, scn_wrp, scn_bas,