CBO Cost Formulas成本计算公式大全: 成本模型：连接方式Join method 注意 连接基数(Join Cardinality)不受到连接方式(join method) 的影响， oracle中主要的三种join method HASH JOIN、Nested Loops、Sort Merge:
• Nested Loops嵌套循环成本公式：
• Cost(outer)+Cost(inner))*cardinality(outer)
• Sort merge 合并排序连接成本公式:
• Cost(outer) + Cost(inner) + Sort(outer) + Sort(inner)
• Hash Join 哈希连接公式:
• Cost(outer) + Cost(inner) + Build(outer) + Probe(inner)
Index Unique Scan Cost成本计算 INDEX UNIQUE SCAN COST = (BLEVEL (1-(OIC/100)) + 1) * (OICA/100)   Index Range Scan Cost成本计算 INDEX RANGE SCAN COST = (BLEVEL + FF*LFBL)*(1-(OIC/100))+ FF*CLUF)* (OICA/100)     formula does not include the CPU cost
• BLEVEL = number of branch levels in index
• add +1 for leaf block
• FF = filtering factor – selectivity
• LFBL = number of leaf blocks
• CLUF = index clustering factor
• OIC = optimizer_index_caching(default 0)
CPU costing启用的情况下： mreadtime -Average time , in milliseconds, for a multi-block read (according to sys.aux_stats$) sreadtime - Average time , in milliseconds, for a single-block read (according to sys.aux_stats$) MBRC - Average number of blocks to be read in a multi-block read (according to sys.aux_stats\$ #SRDs - number of single block reads #MRDs - number of multi block reads #CPUCycles - number of CPU Cycles sreadtime = ioseektim + db_block_size/iotfrspeed mreadtim = ioseektim + db_file_multiblock_read_count * db_block_size / iotrfspeed #MRds = #Blks/MBRC Cost 成本本身 =(#SRds * sreadtim +#MRds * mreadtim +